Results for 'Valerie A. Glesnes-Anderson'

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  1.  14
    Health Care Ethics: A Guide for Decision Makers.Gary R. Anderson & Valerie A. Glesnes-Anderson (eds.) - 1987 - Aspen Publishers.
    The purpose of this book is to assist health care professionals in understanding some of the complex contemporary issues that they confront and to provide guidance in making decisions. These issues are described and analyzed in the context of philosophical principles and methods in language that is understandable to the professional who is unfamiliar with the study of philosophy and ethics. -from Preface.
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  2.  4
    Individual Differences and Predictive Validity in Student Modeling.Albert T. Corbett, John R. Anderson, Valerie H. Carver & Scott A. Brancolini - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 213.
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  3.  12
    A Companion to Cognitive Science.George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.) - 1998 - Blackwell.
    Part I: The Life of Cognitive Science:. William Bechtel, Adele Abrahamsen, and George Graham. Part II: Areas of Study in Cognitive Science:. 1. Analogy: Dedre Gentner. 2. Animal Cognition: Herbert L. Roitblat. 3. Attention: A.H.C. Van Der Heijden. 4. Brain Mapping: Jennifer Mundale. 5. Cognitive Anthropology: Charles W. Nuckolls. 6. Cognitive and Linguistic Development: Adele Abrahamsen. 7. Conceptual Change: Nancy J. Nersessian. 8. Conceptual Organization: Douglas Medin and Sandra R. Waxman. 9. Consciousness: Owen Flanagan. 10. Decision Making: J. Frank Yates (...)
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  4.  20
    Meta-Reasoning: Monitoring and Control of Thinking and Reasoning.Rakefet Ackerman & Valerie A. Thompson - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (8):607-617.
  5.  40
    Do 5-Month-Old Infants See Humans as Material Objects?Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 2004 - Cognition 94 (1):95-103.
  6.  16
    People V. Objects: A Reply to Rakison and Cicchino.Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Karen Wynn & Paul Bloom - 2004 - Cognition 94 (1):109-112.
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  7.  30
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
    Although widely studied in other domains, relatively little is known about the metacognitive processes that monitor and control behaviour during reasoning and decision-making. In this paper, we examined the conditions under which two fluency cues are used to monitor initial reasoning: answer fluency, or the speed with which the initial, intuitive answer is produced, and perceptual fluency, or the ease with which problems can be read. The first two experiments demonstrated that answer fluency reliably predicted Feeling of Rightness judgments to (...)
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  8.  43
    Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  9.  22
    Do Smart People Have Better Intuitions?Valerie A. Thompson, Gordon Pennycook, Dries Trippas & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):945-961.
  10.  5
    Keep Calm and Comp. Cog. On. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone?Valerie A. Kuhlmeier & Mary C. Olmstead - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  11.  22
    A Unique Role for the Hippocampus in Recollecting the Past and Remembering the Future.Valerie A. Carr & Indre V. Viskontas - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):319-320.
    Suddendorf & Corballis (S&C) argue that episodic memory is the most flexible and recently evolved memory system, and point to the reorganization of prefrontal cortex throughout human evolution as the neuroanatomical substrate. Their approach, however, fails to address the unique role that the hippocampus, a primitive brain region, plays in creating and recalling episodic memories, as well as future event construction.
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  12.  41
    Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good.Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  13.  10
    Anthropograms: A Self-Critical Approach.Valery A. Podoroga - 2016 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 54 (4):267-358.
    This book-length essay introduces and discusses main theoretical positions the author uses in his study of Russian literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. It offers new original approaches, in particular the systematic analysis of anthropological foundations that determine how the idea of the Work is being formed. The author focuses on the specific literary tradition going from Nikolai Gogol, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Andrei Bely to Andrey Platonov and Oberiu, the group represented by such names as Alexander Vvedensky, Daniil Kharms, (...)
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  14.  44
    Antigone's Dilemma: A Problem in Political Membership.Valerie A. Hartouni - 1986 - Hypatia 1 (1):3 - 20.
    What constitutes an adequate basis for feminist consciousness? What values and concerns are feminists to bring to bear in challenging present standards of well-being and articulating alternative visions of collective life? This essay takes a close and critical look at these questions as they are addressed in the work of political theorist Jean Elshtain. An outspoken defender of "pro-family feminism," Elshtain has urged contemporary feminists to reclaim the "female subject" within the private sphere. Enormous problems attend Elshtain's counsel and these (...)
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  15.  12
    The Task-Specific Nature of Domain-General Reasoning.Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 76 (3):209-268.
  16.  19
    La poétique de Dostoïevski. De la voix à l'ouïe.Valeri A. Podoroga - 2013 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138 (2):227-238.
    Согласно тем истолкованиям Достоевского, которые предложены Бахтиным, голос предполагает диалог и тем самым участие сознания, а также смысла; этим путем мы приходим к личности. Однако эта интерпретация оставляет в стороне - уже у самого Достоевского - другие существенные моменты: например, спонтанныешумы и особенно слушание. Следовало бы также более внимательно исследовать отношения между диалогом и встречей. Selon Bakhtine interprétant Dostoïevski, la voix implique le dialogue et par là l’intervention de la conscience, et aussi le sens ; on arrive ainsi à la (...)
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  17.  6
    The Smart Intuitor: Cognitive Capacity Predicts Intuitive Rather Than Deliberate Thinking.Matthieu Raoelison, Valerie A. Thompson & Wim De Neys - 2020 - Cognition 204:104381.
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  18. Paul Valéry a Philosopher for Philosophers, the Sage.William Kluback - 1999 - Peter Lang.
    who is absorbed by science and medicine. This is William Kluback's seventh volume in a series of studies on Paul Valéry. This book shows how Valéry went beyond philosophy to wisdom. His achievement was so rare that we remain fascinated by his writings. We see in him a man whose constructions build bridges from one human endeavor. He is a poet who is absorbed by science and medicine.
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  19.  40
    Effects of Perspective and Belief on Analytic Reasoning in a Scientific Reasoning Task.Erin L. Beatty & Valerie A. Thompson - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (4):441-460.
  20.  19
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency in the Monitoring and Control of Reasoning: Reply To.Valerie A. Thompson, Rakefet Ackerman, Yael Sidi, Linden J. Ball, Gordon Pennycook & Jamie A. Prowse Turner - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):256-258.
    In this reply, we provide an analysis of Alter et al. response to our earlier paper. In that paper, we reported difficulty in replicating Alter, Oppenheimer, Epley, and Eyre’s main finding, namely that a sense of disfluency produced by making stimuli difficult to perceive, increased accuracy on a variety of reasoning tasks. Alter, Oppenheimer, and Epley argue that we misunderstood the meaning of accuracy on these tasks, a claim that we reject. We argue and provide evidence that the tasks were (...)
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  21.  11
    Steps Toward Categorizing Motivation: Abilities, Limitations, and Conditional Constraints.Valerie A. Kuhlmeier & Susan A. J. Birch - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):706-707.
    Tomasello et al. have not characterized the motivation underlying shared intentionality, and we hope to encourage research on this topic by offering comparative paradigms and specific empirical questions. Although we agree that nonhuman primates differ greatly from us in terms of shared intentionality, we caution against concluding that they lack all aspects of it before other empirical tools have been exhausted. In addition, identifying the conditions in which humans spontaneously engage in shared intentionality, and the conditions in which we fail, (...)
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  22. Eye-Tracking IQ: Cognitive Capacity and Strategy Use on a Ratio-Bias Task.Valerie A. Thompson - 2021 - Cognition 208:104523.
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  23.  34
    Overcoming Greed: An Eastern Christian Perspective.Valerie A. Karras - 2005 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 24 (1):47-53.
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  24.  24
    Normativism Versus Mechanism.Valerie A. Thompson - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):272-273.
    Using normative correctness as a diagnostic tool reduces the outcome of complex cognitive functions to a binary classification (normative or non-normative). It also focuses attention on outcomes, rather than processes, impeding the development of good cognitive theories. Given that both normative and non-normative responses may be produced by the same process, normativity is a poor indicator of underlying processes.
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  25.  71
    Difference and Repetition in Both Sitting Duet.Valerie A. Briginshaw - 2004 - Topoi 24 (1):15-28.
    In this paper I identify and explore resonances between a contemporary dance piece – Jonathan Burrowss and Matteo Fargions Both Sitting Duet (2003) – and some theories from Gilles Deleuzes Difference and Repetition (1994). The duet consists of rhythmic, repetitive patterns of mainly hand movements performed by two men, for the most part, sitting on chairs. My argument, with Deleuze, is that the repetitions in the dance are productive rather than reductive. They are never repetitions of the same. The ways (...)
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  26.  15
    EHR Adoption Among Doctors Who Treat the Elderly.Valerie A. Yeager, Nir Menachemi & Robert G. Brooks - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1103-1107.
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  27.  10
    Books in Review.Valerie A. Malhotra - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (3):443-448.
  28. Valery A. Kuvakin, Ed., A History of Russian Philosophy: From the Tenth Through the Twentieth Centuries.J. P. Scanlan - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34:627-628.
     
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  29. Valery A. Kuvakin , "A History of Russian Philosophy".Philip T. Grier - 1994 - Metaphilosophy 25 (2):228.
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  30.  6
    Why Have Non-Communicable Diseases Been Left Behind?Florencia Luna & Valerie A. Luyckx - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (1):5-25.
    Non-communicable diseases are no longer largely limited to high-income countries and the elderly. The burden of non-communicable diseases is rising across all country income categories, in part because these diseases have been relatively overlooked on the global health agenda. Historically, communicable diseases have been prioritized in many countries as they were perceived to constitute the greatest disease burden, especially among vulnerable and poor populations, and strategies for prevention and treatment, which had been successful in high-income settings, were considered feasible and (...)
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  31.  81
    Conditional Probability and Pragmatic Conditionals: Dissociating Truth and Effectiveness.Eyvind Ohm & Valerie A. Thompson - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):257 – 280.
    Recent research (e.g., Evans & Over, 2004) has provided support for the hypothesis that people evaluate the probability of conditional statements of the form if p then q as the conditional probability of q given p , P( q / p ). The present paper extends this approach to pragmatic conditionals in the form of inducements (i.e., promises and threats) and advice (i.e., tips and warnings). In so doing, we demonstrate a distinction between the truth status of these conditionals and (...)
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  32.  46
    Everyday Reasoning with Inducements and Advice.Eyvind Ohm & Valerie A. Thompson - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (3):241 – 272.
    In two experiments, we investigated how people interpret and reason with realistic conditionals in the form of inducements (i.e., promises and threats) and advice (i.e., tips and warnings). We found that inducements and advice differed with respect to the degree to which the speaker was perceived to have (a) control over the consequent, (b) a stake in the outcome, and (c) an obligation to ensure that the outcome occurs. Inducements and advice also differed with respect to perceived sufficiency and necessity, (...)
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  33.  21
    Comprehensive Support for Family Caregivers of Post-9/11 Veterans Increases Veteran Utilization of Long-Term Services and Supports: A Propensity Score Analysis. [REVIEW]Megan Shepherd-Banigan, Valerie A. Smith, Karen M. Stechuchak, Katherine E. M. Miller, Susan Nicole Hastings, Gilbert Darryl Wieland, Maren K. Olsen, Margaret Kabat, Jennifer Henius, Margaret Campbell-Kotler & Courtney Harold Van Houtven - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801876291.
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  34.  3
    A. R. Anderson's "Minds and Machines". [REVIEW]James E. Tomberlin - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):278.
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  35.  4
    Intention Attribution and the Development of Moral Evaluation.Brooke C. Hilton & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  36.  18
    Corrigendum to “The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking” [COGNIT 128/2 237–251]. [REVIEW]Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):140.
  37.  18
    Recommendations on COVID‐19 Triage: International Comparison and Ethical Analysis.Susanne Jöbges, Rasita Vinay, Valerie A. Luyckx & Nikola Biller‐Andorno - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (9):948-959.
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  38.  1
    Reasoning Strategy Vs Cognitive Capacity as Predictors of Individual Differences in Reasoning Performance.Valerie A. Thompson & Henry Markovits - 2021 - Cognition 217:104866.
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  39.  19
    Spencer, Darwin, and the Question of Reciprocal Influence.Valerie A. Haines - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (3):409-431.
  40.  10
    A System of Modal Logic.Ivo Thomas, A. N. Prior & Alan Ross Anderson - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):293-296.
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  41.  17
    Time's Arrow in Society: A Philosophy of Progress. [REVIEW]H. A. L. & Anderson Woods - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (15):418.
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  42.  16
    From Organicist to Relational Human Ecology.Valerie A. Haines - 1985 - Sociological Theory 3 (1):65-74.
  43.  23
    Towards a New Philosophical Imaginary.A. W. Moore, Sabina Lovibond & Pamela Sue Anderson - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (1-2):8-22.
    The paper builds on the postulate of “myths we live by,” which shape our imaginative life, but which are also open to reflective study and reinvention. It applies this principle, in particular, to the concepts of love and vulnerability. We are accustomed to think of the condition of vulnerability in an objectifying and distancing way, as something that affects the bearers of specific social identities. Against this picture, which can serve as a pretext for paternalist and controlling attitudes to the (...)
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  44.  60
    Consumers' Evaluation of Unethical Marketing Behaviors: The Role of Customer Commitment. [REVIEW]Rhea Ingram, Steven J. Skinner & Valerie A. Taylor - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):237 - 252.
    While there is a significant amount of research investigating managerial ethical judgments, a limited amount examines consumer judgments of unethical corporate behavior and its impact on the marketplace. This study examines how consumers’ commitment to a company impacts not only their ethical judgment of corporate behavior but also the outcomes of that judgment. The authors test hypotheses with data from 334 consumers and find that consumers’ level of commitment attenuates the level of perceived fairness. More specifically, highly committed consumers may (...)
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  45.  41
    Examining the Representation of Causal Knowledge.Jonathan A. Fugelsang, Valerie A. Thompson & Kevin N. Dunbar - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):1 – 30.
    Three experiments investigated reasoners' beliefs about causal powers; that is, their beliefs about the capacity of a putative cause to produce a given effect. Covariation-based theories (e.g., Cheng, 1997; Kelley, 1973; Novick & Cheng, 2004) posit that beliefs in causal power are represented in terms of the degree of covariation between the cause and its effect; covariation is defined in terms of the degree to which the effect occurs in the presence of the cause, and fails tooccur in the absence (...)
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  46. A Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 173 Pauen, Michael, 202 Peters, Madelon L., 27 Heywood, CA, 410 Azzopardi, Paul, 292 Hirshman, Elliot, 103 Hobson, J. Allan, 67 R B. [REVIEW]Valerie Huemer, Cristina Ramponi, Talis Bachmann, G. Keith Humphrey, Antti Revonsuo, Marlene Behrmann, Raffaella Ricci, Neil Binder, Edoardo Bisiach & Marc Jeannerod - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7:647.
  47.  9
    Infants’ Understanding of Object-Directed Action: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis.Scott J. Robson & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  48.  16
    Consumers’ Evaluation of Unethical Marketing Behaviors: The Role of Customer Commitment.Rhea Ingram, Steven J. Skinner & Valerie A. Taylor - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):237-252.
    While there is a significant amount of research investigating managerial ethical judgments, a limited amount examines consumer judgments of unethical corporate behavior and its impact on the marketplace. This study examines how consumers' commitment to a company impacts not only their ethical judgment of corporate behavior but also the outcomes of that judgment. The authors test hypotheses with data from 334 consumers and find that consumers' level of commitment attenuates the level of perceived fairness. More specifically, highly committed consumers may (...)
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  49.  34
    Uncertain Deduction and Conditional Reasoning.Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Valerie A. Thompson & David E. Over - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  50.  10
    Evidence for Partner Choice in Toddlers: Considering the Breadth of Other-Oriented Behaviours.Kristen A. Dunfield & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):88-89.
    When do humans become moral beings? This commentary draws on developmental psychology theory to expand the understanding of early moral behaviours. We argue that by looking at a broader range of other-oriented acts than what has been considered by Baumard et al., we can find support for the mutualistic approach to morality even in early instances of other-oriented behaviours.
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