Results for 'Valeri��i Serd��i��uchenko'

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  1.  11
    Effects of Solutes on the Thermal Stability of Nanotwinned Materials.Valery Borovikov, Mikhail I. Mendelev & Alexander H. King - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (25):2875-2885.
  2. «DANGEROUS KNOWLEDGE» IN «THE RISK SOCIETY» (Age of Genetics and Biotec.Cheshko Valentin Glazko Valery I. (ed.) - 2007 - Publ.House "INGEK".
    At the heart of the book - two views (naturalist and humanist) on the dangers of and Prospects of "scientific and technological progress," that defining the face of modern civilization. Its leaders are now the information, genetic cal and biological technology.
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  3. Bioethics: Reincarnation of Natural Philosophy in Modern Science.Valentin Teodorovich Cheshko, Valery I. Glazko & Yulia V. Kosova - 2017 - Biogeosystem Technique 4 (2):111-121.
    The theory of evolution of complex and comprising of human systems and algorithm for its constructing are the synthesis of evolutionary epistemology, philosophical anthropology and concrete scientific empirical basis in modern (transdisciplinary) science. «Trans-disciplinary» in the context is interpreted as a completely new epistemological situation, which is fraught with the initiation of a civilizational crisis. Philosophy and ideology of technogenic civilization is based on the possibility of unambiguous demarcation of public value and descriptive scientific discourses (1), and the object and (...)
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  4.  21
    The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus.Valerie I. J. Flint.Scott D. Westrem - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):764-768.
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  5.  40
    Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good.Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  6.  12
    The Rise of Magic in Early Medieval Europe.Valerie I. J. Flint.Jean A. Truax - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):768-770.
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  7. Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Locating Consciousness.I. R. Marshall - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7:315-320.
  8.  16
    Discovering the Moment of Consciousness? I: Bridging Techniques at Work.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):149 – 166.
    Connectionist views in psychology and neuroscience give the impression that there is no one place in the brain into which all information funnels. If these impression are accurate, then we will have great difficulty picking out a point in neuronal or psychological time at which phenomena become conscious. If so, pointing to one place in which we are conscious of a particular event and expecting a psychophysical correlation between qualitative and neural events seems hopeless. In response to this worry, I (...)
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  9.  6
    Book Reviews : Harold I. Brown, Observation and Objectivity. Oxford University Press, New York, 1987. Pp. 255, $37.50. [REVIEW]Valerie Schweitzer - 1990 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (2):257-259.
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  10.  15
    “We Like Insects Here”: Entomophagy and Society in a Zambian Village.Valerie J. Stull, Mukata Wamulume, Mwangala I. Mwalukanga, Alisad Banda, Rachel S. Bergmans & Michael M. Bell - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (4):867-883.
    Entomophagy—the practice of eating insects—has been touted as a means to combat undernutrition and food insecurity globally. Insects offer a nutritious, environmentally friendly alternative to resource-intensive livestock. But the benefits of edible insects cannot be realized if people do not choose to eat them. We therefore examine the social acceptability of edible insects in rural Zambia, where entomophagy is common but underexplored. Through a village case study, we show that edible insects are not valued equally, are understood socially, and seem (...)
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  11.  27
    Mary Felicitas Madigan I.B.V.M., The “Passio Domini” Theme in the Works of Richard Rolle: His Personal Contribution in Its Religions, Cultural, and Literary Context. Salzburg: Institut Für Englische Sprache Und Literatur, Universität Salzburg, 1978. Paper. Pp. Iv, 347. $19.75. Distributed in the USA by Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, N.J. [REVIEW]Valerie M. Lagorio - 1980 - Speculum 55 (2):409-410.
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  12.  48
    Hierarchies, Power Inequalities, and Organizational Corruption.Valerie Rosenblatt - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):237-251.
    This article uses social dominance theory (SDT) to explore the dynamic and systemic nature of the initiation and maintenance of organizational corruption. Rooted in the definition of organizational corruption as misuse of power or position for personal or organizational gain, this work suggests that organizational corruption is driven by the individual and institutional tendency to structure societies as group-based social hierarchies. SDT describes a series of factors and processes across multiple levels of analysis that systemically contribute to the initiation and (...)
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  13. Constructivism and Wise Judgment.Valerie Tiberius - 2012 - In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 195.
    In this paper I introduce a version of constructivism that relies on a theory of practical wisdom. Wise judgment constructivism is a type of constructivism because it takes correct judgments about what we have “all-in” reason to do to be the result of a process we can follow, where our interest in the results of this process stems from our practical concerns. To fully defend the theory would require a comprehensive account of wisdom, which is not available. Instead, I describe (...)
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  14. How Theories of Well-Being Can Help Us Help.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Journal of Practical Ethics 2 (2):1-19.
    Some theories of well-being in philosophy and in psychology define people’s well-being in psychological terms. According to these theories, living well is getting what you want, feeling satisfied, experiencing pleasure, or the like. Other theories take well-being to be something that is not defined by our psychology: for example, they define well-being in terms of objective values or the perfection of our human nature. These two approaches present us with a trade-off: The more we define well-being in terms of people’s (...)
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  15. How to Think About Virtue and Right.Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (2):247-265.
    Robert Johnson argues that virtue ethical accounts of right action fail because they cannot take account of the fact that there are things we ought to do precisely because we do not possess virtuous character traits. Self-improving actions are his paradigm case and it would indeed be a problem if virtue ethics could not make sense of the propriety of self-improvement. To solve this serious problem, I propose that virtue ethics ought to define right action in terms of the virtuous (...)
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  16.  89
    Substance and Procedure in Theories of Prudential Value.Valerie Tiberius - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):373 – 391.
    In this paper I argue that the debate between subjective and objective theories of prudential value obscures the way in which elements of both are needed for a comprehensive theory of prudential value. I suggest that we characterize these two types of theory in terms of their different aims: procedural (or subjective) theories give an account of the necessary conditions for something to count as good for a person, while substantive (or objective) theories give an account of what is good (...)
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  17.  37
    How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - SUNY Press.
    What is required to be an interdisciplinary theory in cognitive science is for it to span more than one traditional domain. Generally speaking, as I discuss ...
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  18. Cultural Differences and Philosophical Accounts of Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius - 2004 - Journal of Happiness Studies 5:293-314.
    In cross-cultural studies of well-being psychologists have shown ways in which well-being or its constituents are tailored by culture (Arrindell et. al. 1997, Diener and Diener 1995, Kitayama et. al. 2000, Oishi & Diener 2001, Oishi et. al. 1999). Some psychologists have taken the fact of cultural variance to imply that there is no universal notion of well-being (Ryan and Deci, 2001, Christopher 1999). Most philosophers, on the other hand, have assumed that there is a notion of well-being that has (...)
     
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  19.  49
    Directory of Members, I. Compiled by Valerie Voorhies; Ed. George F. McLean, 0.M.I.George P. Klubertanz - 1969 - Modern Schoolman 46 (4):370-370.
  20.  25
    Directory of Members, I. Compiled by Valerie Voorhies; Ed. George F. McLean, 0.M.I. [REVIEW]Lee C. Rice - 1969 - Modern Schoolman 46 (4):370-370.
  21.  2
    F. Mora, Il pensiero storico-religioso antico. Autori greci e Roma I: Dionigi d'Alicarnasso.Valérie Fromentin - 1999 - Kernos 12:315-316.
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  22.  11
    Andrew Bolton, Ed., Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic Imagination. Vol. 1, I. The Vatican Collection. Vol. 2, II. Fashioning Worship; III. Fashioning Devotion, with Barbara Drake Boehm, Marzia Cataldi Gallo, C. Griffith Mann, David Morgan, Cardinal Gianfranco Ravasi, and David Tracy, and Images by Katerina Jebb. New Haven and London: Yale University Press for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2018. Pp. 335; Many Color Figures. $65. ISBN: 978-1-58839-645-7. [REVIEW]Valerie L. Garver - 2020 - Speculum 95 (1):203-204.
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  23. Why Be Moral? Can the Psychological Literature on Well-Being Shed Any Light?Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (3):347-364.
    In Plato’s dialogue the Republic, Glaucon challenges Socrates to prove that the just (or moral) life is better or more advantageous than the unjust one. Socrates’s answer to the challenge is notoriously unsatisfying. Could new research on well-being in philosophy and psychology allow us to do better? After distinguishing two different approaches to the question “why be moral?” I argue that while new research on well-being does not provide an answer that would satisfy Glaucon, it does shed light on the (...)
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  24.  68
    Psychology's "Binding Problem" and Possible Neurobiological Solutions.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1):66-90.
    Given what we know about the segregated nature of the brain and the relative absence of multi-modal association areas in the cortex, how percepts become unified is not clear. However, if we could work out how and where the brain joins together segregated outputs, we would have a start in localizing the neuronal processes that correlate with conscious perceptual experiences. In this essay, I critically examine data relevant for understanding the neurophysiological underpinnings of perception. In particular, I examine the possibility (...)
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  25.  72
    Humean Heroism: Value Commitments and the Source of Normativity.Valerie Tiberius - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):426–446.
    This paper addresses the question "In virtue of what do practical reasons have normative force or justificatory power?" There seems to be good reason to doubt that desires are the source of normativity. However, I argue that the reasons to be suspicious of desire-based accounts of normativity can be overcome by a sufficiently sophisticated account. The position I defend in this paper is one according to which desires, or more generally, proattitudes, do constitute values and provide rational justifications of actions (...)
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  26. The Binding Problem.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - manuscript
    It is important to separate the question of binding from the problem of consciousness. Undoubtedly, there are some close connections between the two: my conscious experience is of a bound unity. But my unconscious experiences -- subliminal impressions, masked primings, etc. -- might be bound too for all I know. Hence, some of the recent commentators speak too loosely when they talk of 40 Hz oscillations solving some problem of conscious perception.
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  27.  46
    Belief Bias in Informal Reasoning.Valerie Thompson & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):278 - 310.
    In two experiments we tested the hypothesis that the mechanisms that produce belief bias generalise across reasoning tasks. In formal reasoning (i.e., syllogisms) judgements of validity are influenced by actual validity, believability of the conclusions, and an interaction between the two. Although apparently analogous effects of belief and argument strength have been observed in informal reasoning, the design of those studies does not permit an analysis of the interaction effect. In the present studies we redesigned two informal reasoning tasks: the (...)
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  28.  56
    Husserl, Schutz, “Paul” and Me: Reflections on Writing Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Valerie Malhotra Bentz - 1995 - Human Studies 18 (1):41 - 62.
    This paper is a reflection on the boundaries of academic discourse as I came to be acutely aware of them while attempting to teach a graduate seminar in qualitative research methods. The purpose of the readings in Husserl and Schutz and the writing exercises was to assist students trained in quantitative methods and steeped in positivistic assumptions about research to write phenomenological descriptions of lived experience. Paul could not write the assigned papers due to a diagnosed writing disability but he (...)
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  29. The Why of Consciousness: A Non-Issue for Materialists.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):7-13.
    In this essay, I hope to make clearer what the points of division between the materialists and the sceptics are. I argue that the rifts are quite deep and turn on basic differences in understanding the scientific enterprise. In section I, I outline the disagreements between David Chalmers and me, arguing that consciousness is not a brute fact about the world. In section II, I point out the fundamental difference between the materialists and the sceptics, suggesting that this difference is (...)
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  30.  76
    Virtue and Practical Deliberation.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 111 (2):147-172.
    The question of how to reason well is an important normative question,one which ultimately motivates some of our interest in the more abstracttopic of the principles of practical reason. It is this normative questionthat I propose to address by arguing that given the goal of an importantkind of deliberation, we will deliberate better if we develop certainvirtues. I give an account of the virtue of stability and I argue thatstability makes reasoners reason better. Further,I suggest at the end of the (...)
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  31.  1
    ‘I Get High with a Little Help From My Friends’ - How Raves Can Invoke Identity Fusion and Lasting Co-Operation Via Transformative Experiences.Martha Newson, Ragini Khurana, Freya Cazorla & Valerie van Mulukom - forthcoming - Frontiers in Psychology.
    Psychoactive drugs have been central to many human group rituals throughout modern human evolution. Despite such experiences often being inherently social, bonding and associated prosocial behaviors have rarely been empirically tested as an outcome. Here we investigate a novel measure of the mechanisms that generate altered states of consciousness during group rituals, the 4Ds: dance, drums, sleep deprivation, and drugs. We conducted a retrospective online survey examining experiences at a highly ritualized cultural phenomenon where drug use is relatively uninhibited- raves (...)
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  32.  53
    Pleasure Gone Awry? A New Conceptualization of Chronic Pain and Addiction.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (1):71-85.
    I examine what happens in the brain when patients experience chronic pain and when subjects are addicted to alcohol. We can find important parallels between these two cases, and these parallels can perhaps point us toward new ways of treating (or at least understanding) both issues. Interestingly, we can understand both cases as our pleasure system gone awry. In brief, I argue that chronic pain and alcohol addiction both stem from a dysregulation in our brain’s reward structure. This dysregulation in (...)
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  33.  76
    Practical Reason and the Stability Standard.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (3):339-354.
    In this paper I argue that one of the standards that governs practical reasoning is the stability standard. The stability standard, I argue, is a norm that is constitutive of practical reasoning: insofar as we do not take violations of this norm to be relevant considerations, we do not count as engaged in reasoning at all. Furthermore, I argue that it is a standard we can explicitly employ in order to deliberate about our ends or desires themselves. Importantly, this standard (...)
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  34.  70
    Full Information and Ideal Deliberation.Valerie Tiberius - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (3):329-338.
    When we are confronted with choices we take to be important, choices that affect our more important ends or goals, we usually attempt to judge what would be best for us. We reflect on what is best for us when we have to decide such things as which college to attend, whether to go to graduate school or law school, whether to marry, or whether to take our parents in when they need care. When we make such decisions, we think (...)
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  35.  13
    Discovering the Moment of Consciousness? I: Bridging Techniques at Work, & II.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):149-96.
    Abstract Connectionist views in psychology and neuroscience give the impression that there is no one place in the brain into which all information funnels. If these impression are accurate, then we will have great difficulty picking out a point in neuronal or psychological time at which phenomena become conscious. If so, pointing to one place in which we are conscious of a particular event and expecting a psychophysical correlation between qualitative and neural events seems hopeless. In response to this worry, (...)
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  36. Unself-Conscious Control: Broadening the Notion of Control Through Experiences of Flow and Wu-Wei.Valérie De Prycker - 2011 - Zygon 46 (1):5-25.
    Abstract. This paper both clarifies and broadens the notion of control and its relation to the self. By discussing instances of skillful absorption from different cultural backgrounds, I argue that the notion of control is not as closely related to self-consciousness as is often suggested. Experiences of flow and wu-wei exemplify a nonself-conscious though personal type of control. The intercultural occurrence of this type of behavioral control demonstrates its robustness, and questions two long-held intuitions about the relation between self-consciousness and (...)
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  37.  7
    (A.) Moreau Mythes grecs I: Origines. Montpellier: Publications de la Recherche, Université Paul-Valéry, 1999. Pp. 270. FF 120. 284269239X. [REVIEW]Richard Buxton - 2001 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 121:177-178.
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  38.  5
    Anthropological Search for Value Orientations of a New Culture by Aurelius Augustine.V. V. Kuzmenko, V. O. Boniak & I. A. Serdіuk - 2019 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 16:157-170.
    Purpose. The article is aimed to reveal the essence of the eternal problem, comprehended by Augustine Aurelius in the culture of the early Middle Ages – the focus of the value orientations of the anthropological search. Theoretical basis. Only in the twentieth century, various aspects of Augustine’s creative legacy became the subject of scientific research by many authors. As the direction of their scientific research, the problem of the relationship of reason, faith, knowledge, which has risen sharply in medieval Christian (...)
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  39.  96
    Reduction, Explanatory Extension, and the Mind/Brain Sciences.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):408-28.
    In trying to characterize the relationship between psychology and neuroscience, the trend has been to argue that reductionism does not work without suggesting a suitable substitute. I offer explanatory extension as a good model for elucidating the complex relationship among disciplines which are obviously connected but which do not share pragmatic explanatory features. Explanatory extension rests on the idea that one field can "illuminate" issues that were incompletely treated in another. In this paper, I explain how this "illumination" would work (...)
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  40.  23
    Predicting the Self: Lessons From Schizophrenia.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (2):381-400.
    Newly developed Bayesian perspectives on schizophrenia hold out the promise that a common underlying mechanism can account for many, if not all, of the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. If this is the case, then understanding how schizophrenic minds go awry could shine light on how healthy minds maintain a sense of self. This article investigates this Bayesian promise by examining whether the approach can indeed account for the difficulties with self-awareness experienced in schizophrenia. While I conclude that it cannot, I (...)
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  41.  20
    Why “Moral Enhancement” Isn’T Always Moral Enhancement: The Case of Traumatic Brain Injury in American Vets.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (5):527-546.
    In this article, I argue that as we learn more about how we might intervene in the brain in ways that impact human behavior, the scope of what counts as “moral behavior” becomes smaller and smaller because things we successfully manipulate using evidence-based science are often things that fall outside the sphere of morality. Consequently, the argument that we are morally obligated to morally enhance our neighbors starts to fall apart, not because humans should be free to make terrible choices, (...)
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  42.  37
    A. Moreau: Mythes grecs I, Origines. Publié avec le concours du Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur les Civilisations antiques de la Méditerranée et du Conseil Scientifique de l'Université Paul-Valéry. Pp. 264, ills. Montpellier: Université Paul-Valéry, 1999. Paper, frs. 120. ISBN: 2-84269-239-X. O. Strid: Die Dryoper. Eine Untersuchung der Überlieferung . Pp. 126, map, figs. Uppsala: Uppsala University Library, 1999. Paper. ISBN: 91-554-4497-. [REVIEW]Emma M. Griffiths - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (01):175-.
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  43.  14
    A. Moreau: Mythes Grecs I, Origines. Publié Avec le Concours du Centre D’Études Et de Recherches Sur les Civilisations Antiques de la Méditerranée Et du Conseil Scientifique de L’Université Paul-Valéry. Pp. 264, Ills. Montpellier: Université Paul-Valéry, 1999. Paper, Frs. 120. ISBN: 2-84269-239-X. - O. Strid: Die Dryoper. Eine Untersuchung der Überlieferung. Pp. 126, Map, Figs. Uppsala: Uppsala University Library, 1999. Paper. ISBN: 91-554-4497-0. [REVIEW]Emma Griffiths - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (1):175-176.
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  44.  11
    Intellectual Disability, Brain Damage, and Group-to-Individual Inferences.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2018 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):5-16.
    In this essay, I home in on the difficulties with group-to-individual inferences in neuroscience and how they impact the legal system. I briefly outline how cognitive shortcutting can distort legal decisions, and then turn my attention to G2i inferences, with a special focus on issues of intellectual disability and brain damage. I argue that judges and juries are not situated to appreciate the nuances in brain data and that they are required to make clinical decisions without clinical training. As a (...)
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  45.  68
    The Image of Observables.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):585-597.
    This paper challenges a central tenet of constructive empiricism, namely that empirical adequacy has a privileged epistemic status. I argue that perceptions of observables are theory-wrought, and theory-wrought in the same ways as the observation sentences we use to describe those perceptions, van Fraassen can draw no privileged or fundamental distinction between what we observe and interpreting those observations through theory. Since empirical adequacy depends upon accurately describing what we observe, and we have no theory-independent reason to believe that what (...)
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  46.  23
    Folk Psychology Wins the DAY! Daubert and the Challenge of False Confessions.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (3):269-281.
    It has been more than 20 years since the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark decision in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. on the admissibility of scientific expert witness testimony in legal proceedings. It is time, perhaps, to look back at the history of Daubert decisions to determine whether it and its progeny have lived up to their collective promises to keep bad science out of the courtroom, while allowing in good, especially where the mind and brain sciences are concerned.In this (...)
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  47. Value Commitments and the Balanced Life.Valerie Tiberius - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):24-45.
    According to critics such as Bernard Williams, traditional ethical theories render it impossible to lead good and meaningful lives because they emphasize moral duty or the promotion of external values at the expense of the personal commitments that make our lives worth living from our own perspective. Responses to this criticism have not addressed the fundamental question about the proper relationship between a person's commitments to moral values and her commitments to non-moral or personal values. In this article, I suggest (...)
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  48.  13
    The Moral Dimensions of Human Social Intelligence: Domain-Specific and Domain-General Mechanisms.Valerie Stone - 2006 - Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):55 – 68.
    Human moral behaviour ranges from vicious cruelty to deep compassion, and any explanation of morality must address how our species is capable of such a range. Darwin argued that any social animal, with sufficient intellectual capacity, would develop morality. In agreement, I argue that human morality is unique in the animal kingdom not because of any particular moral capacity, but because some very abstract cognitive abilities that are unique to our species are layered on top of phylogenetically older emotional instincts (...)
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  49.  20
    It's Ok to Be Complicated: The Case of Emotion.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):237-249.
    Since at least the time of Darwin, we have recognized that our human emotional life is very similar to the emotional life of other creatures. We all react in characteristic ways to emotionally valenced stimuli. Though other animals may not blush or cry, we all have prototypical ways of expressing anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, and curiosity. In assuming that the neural circuits underlying these reactions are homologous or at least analogous across species, neurophysiologists and neuropsychologists have been able to (...)
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  50. The Practical Irrelevance of Relativism.Valerie Tiberius - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):722-731.
    I learned a lot from reading Jesse Prinz's ambitious and entertaining book, The Emotional Construction of Morals. I think he’d be pleased to know that I learned many interesting things that I would not ordinarily find in a book of academic philosophy. Also, even when I disagreed with him, almost all of my questions were anticipated and addressed as the book proceeded, which is a very satisfying experience as a reader and high praise in philosophy. I say ‘almost all’ of (...)
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