29 found
Order:
  1.  22
    The Scholar and the “Wolfhound Era”: The Fate of Ivan E. Orlov's Ideas in Logic, Philosophy, and Science.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2003 - Science in Context 16 (4).
  2.  40
    Mathematical Proof as a Form of Appeal to a Scientific Community.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2012 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 50 (4):56-72.
    The author analyzes proof and argumentation as a form of appeal to a scientific community with deep ethical meaning. He presents proof primarily as an effort to persuade a scientific community rather than a search for true knowledge, as an instrument by which responsibility is taken for the correctness of the thesis being proved, which usually originates in a sudden flash of insight.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  38
    Restoration: S. A. Yanovskaya's path in logic.Valentin Bazhanov - 2001 - History and Philosophy of Logic 22 (3):129-133.
    This article presents the story of S. A. Yanovskaya's epiphany—particularly, her shift from hard-line communist orthodoxy and hostility towards ‘bourgeois minded’ Soviet-Russian mathematicians to vigorous support of mathematical logic. In light of this evidence, S. A. Yanovskaya (1896–1966) may be considered as a spiritual leader and administrative founder of modern mathematical research and education in the USSR/russia.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  4.  9
    The Vienna Circle – A Modernist Project.Valentin A. Bazhanov, Ilya T. Kasavin & Alexander L. Nikiforov - 2024 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 61 (1):6-23.
    The article examines the main ideological content of the work of the community of scientists and philosophers, which entered the history of philosophy under the name “The Vienna Circle”. Representatives of this association viewed their main methodological task in the logical analysis of the language of science in order to eliminate metaphysical – pseudoscientific – concepts. They investigated the structure of scientific theories, the functions of the theory – explanation and prediction, the processes of justification, confirmation and refutation of theories. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. How are Pseudosciences Possible?Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2024 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 61 (2):6-22.
    The article has the goal to conceptualize the phenomenon of pseudoscience and its scope at the first quarter of the XXI century expires. The relevance, social and political importance of analyzing this phenomenon both at present and in historical retrospect in terms of studying the problem of demarcation of scientific and non-scientific knowledge emphasized. The existence of different types of scientific, quasi-scientific (deviant, proto-scientific) and non-scientific knowledge (pseudoscience, paranormal science, pseudoscience, shadow science) is pointed out. The expansion of pseudoscientific ideas (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  30
    The dawn of paraconsistency: Russia's logical thought in the turn of XX century.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2011 - Manuscrito 34 (1):89-98.
    The paper deals with the factors which enabled N. A. Vasiliev to put forward in 1910 - 12 the idea of logics free of the laws of contradiction and excluded middle, the idea of metalogic and to construct his imaginary logic as novel non-classical system. It is shown that background of Vasiliev’s ideas lies deeply in Russia’s culture and particular approach to logical discourse. Several Russian scholars expressed ideas similar to Vasiliev’s though not in such explicit form. This period might (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7. Philosophy in post-soviet russia (1992--1997).Valentin Bazhanov - 1999 - Studies in East European Thought 51 (3):219-241.
    The author argues that the decline of philosophical thought and research in Russia is over. He describes the state of present-day philosophy in Russia, its background, and prospects for development citing concrete examples and little known facts.Any survey of the state of the philosophy in post-Communist Russia is a complicated task requiring accuracy and completness. Whether I succeed in this task remains to be seen, although I shall be content if I manage to present a clear picture. It will of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8.  27
    The fate of one forgotten idea: N. A. Vasiliev and his imaginary logic.Valentine A. Bazhanov - 1990 - Studies in Soviet Thought 39 (3-4):333-341.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9. The fate of one forgotten idea: N. A. vasiliev and his imaginary logic.Valentine A. Bazhanov - 1990 - Studies in East European Thought 39 (3-4):333-341.
  10.  27
    On the Analysis of the Reflexion in Science, in the Russian Philosophy, and the STS Strong Program.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (4):31-37.
    This reply draws attention to the importance of taking into account the results of the study of the phenomenon of reflexivity in scientific knowledge, which have been obtained in the domestic philosophical and methodological tradition. We believe that taking this kind of results into account could enrich the analysis of the strong programme in the STS. We touch the origins of reflexive tendencies, the reflexive and non-reflexive in scientific knowledge, personal and transpersonal forms, the types and levels of reflexion in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  11
    Abstractions and scientific knowledge representation.Valentin Bazhanov - 2013 - Epistemologia 36 (1):74-80.
  12.  25
    Abstraction Through the Lens of Neuroscience.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (2):6-18.
    The interpretation of the abstraction process and the use of various abstractions are consistent with the trends associated with the naturalistic turn in modern cognitive and neural studies. Logic of dealing with abstractions presupposes not only acts of digress from the insignificant details of the object, but also the replenishment of the image due to idealization, endowing the object with properties that are absent from it. Thus, abstraction expresses not only the activity of the subject but the fact of “locking” (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  6
    Cultural-Historical Theory in a Dialectical Optic.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (4):237-243.
    This is review of the book: M. Dafermos. Rethinking Cultural-Historical Theory. A Dialectical Perspective to Vygotsky. (Springer: Singapore, 2018. IX, 309 P. ISBN 978‒981‒13‒0190‒2. Doi: 10.1007/978‒981‒13‒0191‒9). The book is devoted to the making of the cultural-historical approach in psychology in the works of Vygotsky. The author claim that Vygotsky, relying on the ideas of Spinoza, Hegel, Feuerbach and Marx, developed this approach by mastering the dialectical method in his Hegel-Marxist version. The atmosphere of the storm and the onslaught in the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  28
    Epistemological contributions to the study of science in the latter days of the USSR: rethinking orthodox Marxist principles.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2015 - Studies in East European Thought 67 (1-2):111-121.
    During the last quarter of the twentieth century, Soviet Russian philosophy did away with ideology in the fields of Science; but until the mid-1980s, scientists could not escape intense ideological scrutiny. A great number of Soviet scientists did their best to avoid this ideological supervision, and pursued their research, remaining neutral toward Marxist ideology. Among these fields of research were so called “philosophical problems of natural sciences”. Some Soviet Russian philosophers put forward original conceptions of scientific development, the structural features (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  33
    From Under the Rubble: Logic and Philosophy of Logic in the USSR and the Ideologized Science Phenomenon.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (1):66-77.
    The assessment of Soviet logic and philosophy of logic development in the 20th and even the dawn of the twenty-first century shows the tight correlation between state policy towards higher education and the official attitude towards these fields of research. Progressive stages of Russia’s/Soviet State evolvement are marked with positive treatment of logic and philosophy of logic. Reactionary stages may be described in the context of the so-called ideologized science phenomenon, and they are marked by negative treatment of philosophy of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  28
    Heuristic Ground of Paraconsistent Logic.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 13:5-8.
    The paper deals with the heuristic prerequisites of paraconsistent logic in the case of imaginary logic of N.A. Vasiliev proposed in 1910.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  9
    Heuristic Ground of Paraconsistent Logic.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 13:5-8.
    The paper deals with the heuristic prerequisites of paraconsistent logic in the case of imaginary logic of N.A. Vasiliev proposed in 1910.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  39
    It's Not Given Us to Foretell How Our Words Will Echo through the Ages: The Reception of Novel Ideas by Scientific Community.Valentin Bazhanov - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (2):129-136.
    The paper reveals some mostly unnoticed and unexpected trends in reception of novel ideas in science. The author formulates certain principles of the reception of these ideas by scientific communities and justifies them by examples from modern mathematics and non-classical logic.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  13
    It's Not Given Us to Foretell How Our Words Will Echo through the Ages: The Reception of Novel Ideas by Scientific Community.Valentin Bazhanov - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (2):129-136.
    The paper reveals some mostly unnoticed and unexpected trends in reception of novel ideas in science. The author formulates certain principles of the reception of these ideas by scientific communities and justifies them by examples from modern mathematics and non-classical logic.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  15
    Marxism and Philosophy of Science.Valentin A. Bazhanov & Elena V. Kudryashova - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (3):211-217.
    This is a review of the book: Sheehan H. Marxism and the Philosophy of Science. A Critical History. The First Hundred Years. (L.: Verso, 2017. XII. 450 p.). The keynote of the book serves the conviction that Marxism is a sort of “super-theory” that can explain not only any social and political life, but also profound philosophy of science, including natural science. Science is presented in the book as a form of social practice. The main idea of the Marxist philosophy (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  24
    Modern Neuroscience and the Nature of the Subject of Cognition.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2015 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 45 (3):133-149.
    The paper presents an attempt to reassess from the philosophical standpoint the latest social and cultural neuroscience results. These results enables to put forward the idea that traditional comprehension of subject of cognition interpretation should be reconstruct radically. We must move from its universalistic interpretation mostly manifested in transcendentalism to interpretation explicitly taking into account socio-culturalcontext of subject's activity, and sometimes its biological background.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  8
    Naturalism and Kantianism.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):114-123.
    An article by T. Rockmore, published in the journal “Epistemology and Philosophy of Science” in 2009 (Vol. XXII. No. 4, pp. 14‒29), claim that naturalism is by its nature an example of anti-Kantianism, for it treats philosophy as a continuation science and recognizes science as a legitimate source of knowledge, does not allow a priori, relies on an a posteriori approach, empiricism in the pre-Kantian sense, and insists on the possibility of revising the knowledge acquired. This article has a goal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Nikolai A. Vasiliev, His Life and Imaginary Logic Legacy.Valentin Bazhanov - 2017 - In Dmitry Zaitsev & Vladimir Markin (eds.), The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic. Cham: Springer Verlag.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  13
    Proof as an Ethical Procedure.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2008 - In Evandro Agazzi & Fabio Minazzi (eds.), Science and ethics: the axiological contexts of science. New York: P.I.E. Peter Lang. pp. 14--185.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  8
    Political Ideologies through the Lens of Modern Neuroscience.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):117-135.
    The article presents the standpoint that naturalistic tendencies in modern science, which are especially expressed in neuroscience, push up social knowledge toward the need to revise its attitudes and norms, which consist in consistent sociocentrism and biophobia, and, hence, a simplified understanding of the phenomenon of “genetic reductionism”. We show that the application of the methods of natural science to social disciplines often marked visible progress and even conceptual breakthroughs in their development. Achievements of modern neuroscience affect a traditional area (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Social milieu and evolution of logic, epistemology, and the history of science: The case of marxism.Valentín A. Bazhanov - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):157-169.
    The impact of social factors upon the philosophical investigations in a broad sense is quite evident. Nevertheless their impact upon epistemology as a branch of philosophy, logic, and history of science as fields of research with noticeable philosophical content is not evident enough. We are keen to claim that this impact exists within some limits, although it is not so overtly evident. Moreover in the case of Marxism it is of a paradoxical nature. Marxism always puts the accent on the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  17
    Subject of Cognition from a Cultural Neuroscience Perspective.Valentin Bazhanov - 2019 - Axiomathes 29 (6):599-606.
    This paper assesses, from a philosophical point of view, the latest cultural neuroscience results that suggest the traditional interpretation of subject of cognition be essentially reconstructed. We must move from a universalistic interpretation of cognitive process to an interpretation taking into explicit account the socio-cultural context of the subject’s activity, as well as often its biological nature. The principle of cultural and cognitive neurobiological determination of knowledge acquisition is proposed. We claim that subject of cognition is fixed in the historical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  64
    Non-Classical Stems from Classical: N. A. Vasiliev’s Approach to Logic and his Reassessment of the Square of Opposition. [REVIEW]Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2008 - Logica Universalis 2 (1):71-76.
    . In the XIXth century there was a persistent opposition to Aristotelian logic. Nicolai A. Vasiliev (1880–1940) noted this opposition and stressed that the way for the novel – non-Aristotelian – logic was already paved. He made an attempt to construct non-Aristotelian logic (1910) within, so to speak, the form (but not in the spirit) of the Aristotelian paradigm (mode of reasoning). What reasons forced him to reassess the status of particular propositions and to replace the square of opposition by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  8
    Transdist︠s︡iplinarnostʹ v filosofii i nauke: podkhody, problemy, perspektivy = Transdisciplinarity in philosophy and science. Approaches. Problems. Prospects.Valentin Aleksandrovich Bazhanov (ed.) - 2015 - Moskva: Izdatelʹskiĭ dom "Navigator".
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark