Results for 'Universals (Philosophy'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Universals: An Opinionated Introduction.D. M. Armstrong - 1989 - Westview Press.
    In this short text, a distinguished philosopher turns his attention to one of the oldest and most fundamental philosophical problems of all: How it is that we are able to sort and classify different things as being of the same natural class? Professor Armstrong carefully sets out six major theories—ancient, modern, and contemporary—and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each. Recognizing that there are no final victories or defeats in metaphysics, Armstrong nonetheless defends a traditional account of universals as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   382 citations  
  2. Universals and Scientific Realism: A Theory of Universals.David Malet Armstrong - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    v. 1. Nominalism and realism.--v. 2. A theory of universals.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   285 citations  
  3.  16
    Thomas S. Knight. Questions and Universals. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 27 No. 4 , Pp. 564–576.Gerold Stahl - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):612-613.
  4.  16
    Leblanc Hugues. Positions and Propositions on Universals. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, T. 12 N° 1 , P. 95–104. [REVIEW]J. Dopp - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):317-317.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  31
    The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy.Raja Ram Dravid - 1972 - Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
    The author gives a critical and comprehensive study of the fundamental problem of universals in Indian Philosophy. The centre of the study is the controversy between the Nyaya-Vaisesika and the Mimamsa realists on the one hand and the Buddhist nominalists on the other. The author discusses not only the epistemological and metaphysical approach to the problem of universals but also the semantic approach made by the various systems of Indian Philosophy. In this context the view of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  6. On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Fraser MacBride - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The concepts of particular and universal have grown so familiar that their significance has become difficult to discern, like coins that have been passed back and forth too many times, worn smooth so their values can no longer be read. On the Genealogy of Universals seeks to overcome our sense of over-familiarity with these concepts by providing a case study of their evolution during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, a study that shows how the history of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  7.  5
    Universals in Classical Period of Islamic Philosophy by H. Akkanat.Fatih Özkan - 2018 - Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 2 (2):127-132.
    Hasan Akkanat, Universals in Classical Period of Islamic Philosophy [Klasik Dönem İslam Felsefesinde Tümeller], 498 pp.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  9
    The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy.Gabriele Galluzzo & Michael J. Loux (eds.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Are there any universal entities? Or is the world populated only by particular things? The problem of universals is one of the most fascinating and enduring topics in the history of metaphysics, with roots in ancient and medieval philosophy. This collection of new essays provides an innovative overview of the contemporary debate on universals. Rather than focusing exclusively on the traditional opposition between realism and nominalism, the contributors explore the complexity of the debate and illustrate a broad (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9.  16
    On Universals: An Essay in Ontology.Nicholas Wolterstorff - 1970 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  10. Causation and Universals.Evan Fales - 1990 - Routledge.
    The world contains objective causal relations and universals, both of which are intimately connected. If these claims are true, they must have far-reaching consequences, breathing new life into the theory of empirical knowledge and reinforcing epistemological realism. Without causes and universals, Professor Fales argues, realism is defeated, and idealism or scepticism wins. Fales begins with a detailed analysis of David Hume's argument that we have no direct experience of necessary connections between events, concluding that Hume was mistaken on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   145 citations  
  11.  56
    Philosophy and the Second Person: Peirce, Humboldt, Benveniste, and Personal Pronouns as Universals of Communication. Viola - 2011 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 47 (4):389.
    It is well known that Charles S. Peirce's first attempt to construct a theory of metaphysical categories, already displaying the triadic pattern that would later become the keystone of his philosophy, directed itself towards the three English personal pronouns: I, IT, THOU.2 As many scholars have already noted, these three spheres of the phenomenal world identified by the young Peirce prelude to the 1867 "New List" (Quality, Relation and Representation) as well as to the later categories of Firstness, Secondness (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  25
    The Philosophy of Linguistic Analysis and the Problem of Universals.H. J. McCloskey - 1964 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (3):329-338.
    IT IS ARGUED THAT LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS DOES NOT DEAL WITH\nTHE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IN A SATISFACTORY WAY. THE\nCONTRIBUTIONS OF RYLE, WITTGENSTEIN AND PEARS ARE\nCONSIDERED. IT IS HELD THAT THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IS A\nGENUINE METAPHYSICAL PROBLEM AND DOES NOT ADMIT OF BEING\nDISPOSED OF BY CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS. MOREOVER, THE FAILURE\nOF ATTEMPTS BY LINGUISTIC ANALYSTS HERE MUST CAST DOUBT ON\nTHE SOUNDNESS OF THEIR BOLD ANTIMETAPHYSICAL CLAIMS. IT IS\nCONCLUDED THAT THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALS IS NOT PRIMARILY\nONE OF NAMING, BUT RATHER (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13. Universals. Rubenstein, Mary C. MacLeod & M. Eric - manuscript
    Universals are a class of mind independent entities, usually contrasted with individuals, postulated to ground and explain relations of qualitative identity and resemblance among individuals. Individuals are said to be similar in virtue of sharing universals. An apple and a ruby are both red, and their common redness results from sharing a universal. If they are both red at the same time, the universal, red, must be in two places at once. This makes universals quite different from (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  33
    Cultural Universals and Particulars in the Philosophy of Kwasi Wiredu: Some Comments.Ademola Kazeem Fayemi - 2010 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 2 (2):19-47.
    This paper seeks to advance the horizon of Kwasi Wiredu’s philosophical defense of the compatibility of cultural universals and particulars. Wiredu reflects on language, biological identity, inter/intra cultural communication, as well as epistemic and moral fundamentals as cultural universals. In pursuing further Wiredu’s thesis on cultural universals, the present paper critically examines some of the inconsistencies implicit in Wiredu’s position. As a consequence, the paper extends the frontiers of the realm of universals by establishing the plausibility (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  38
    Universals and Property Instances: The Alphabet of Being.John Bacon - 1995 - Blackwell.
    In this volume, John Bacon argues that it is difficult to deny the existence of particularized properties and relations, which in modern philosophy are sometimes called `tropes'. In so doing, he advances a powerful and sophisticated metaphysical theory according to which both ordinary particulars and properties and relations are bundles of tropes.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  16.  20
    Universals and Particulars: Readings in Ontology.Michael J. Loux (ed.) - 1970 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Universals: Loux, M. J. The existence of universals. Russell, B. The world of universals. Quine, W. V. O. On what there is. Pears, D. F. Universals. Strawson, P. F. Particular and general. Wolterstorff, N. Qualities. Bambrough, R. Universals and family resemblances. Donagan, A. Universals and metaphysical realism. Sellars, W. Abstract entities. Wolterstorff, N. On the nature of universals.--Particulars: Loux, M. J. Particulars and their individuation. Black. M. The identity of indiscernibles. Ayer, A. J. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. Cultural Universals and Particulars: An African Perspective.Kwasi Wiredu - 1996 - Indiana University Press.
    The eminent Ghanaian philosopher Kwasi Wiredu confronts the paradox that while Western cultures recoil from claims of universality, previously colonized peoples, seeking to redefine their identities, insist on cultural particularities.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   87 citations  
  18. Universals, Tropes and the Philosophy of Mind.Simone Gozzano & Francesco Orilia (eds.) - 2008 - Ontos Verlag.
    Table of Contents; Introduction by Francesco Orilia and Simone Gozzano; Modes and Mind by John Heil; Does Ontology Matter? by Anna-Sofia Maurin; Basic Ontology, Multiple Realizability and Mental Causation by Francesco Orilia; The “Supervenience Argument”:Kim’s Challenge to Nonreductive Physicalism by Ausonio Marras and Juhani Yli-Vakkuri; Tropes’ Simplicity and Mental Causation by Simone Gozzano; Zombies from Below by David Robb; Tropes and Perception by E. Jonathan Lowe; About the authors.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  83
    Universals: Studies in Indian Logic and Linguistics.Frits Staal - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    This collection of articles and review essays, including many hard to find pieces, comprises the most important and fundamental studies of Indian logic and linguistics ever undertaken. Frits Staal is concerned with four basic questions: Are there universals of logic that transcend culture and time? Are there universals of language and linguistics? What is the nature of Indian logic? And what is the nature of Indian linguistics? By addressing these questions, Staal demonstrates that, contrary to the general assumption (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  20. A Study of Universals, with Special Reference to Indian Philosophy.Sushanta Sen - 1978 - Research Publications Committee, Visva-Bharati.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Universals.George Bealer - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):5-32.
    Presented here is an argument for the existence of universals. Like Church's translation- test argument, the argument turns on considerations from intensional logic. But whereas Church's argument turns on the fine-grained informational content of intensional sentences, this argument turns on the distinctive logical features of 'that'-clauses embedded within modal contexts. And unlike Church's argument, this argument applies against truth-conditions nominalism and also against conceptualism and in re realism. So if the argument is successful, it serves as a defense of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  22.  30
    Universals: An Opinionated Introduction.Jerrold Levinson & D. M. Armstrong - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):654.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   117 citations  
  23.  8
    Tropes, Universals and the Philosophy of Mind, Edited by Simone Gozzano and Francesco Orilia.Paul Noordhof - 2014 - Mind 123 (491):913-916.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  91
    Indiscernible Universals.Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (6):604-624.
    Universals have traditionally thought to obey the identity of indiscernibles, that is, it has traditionally been thought that there can be no perfectly similar universals. But at least in the conception of universals as immanent, there is nothing that rules out there being indiscernible universals. In this paper, I shall argue that there is useful work indiscernible universals can do, and so there might be reason to postulate indiscernible universals. In particular, I shall argue (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  25. Universals, Metaphysical Explanations, and Pragmatism.Robert Kraut - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (11):590-609.
  26. Structural Universals.A. R. J. Fisher - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (10):e12518.
    Structural universals are a kind of complex universal. They have been put to work in a variety of philosophical theories but are plagued with problems concerning their compositional nature. In this article, we will discuss the following questions. What are structural universals? Why believe in them? Can we give a consistent account of their compositional nature? What are the costs of doing so?
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  27.  4
    Universals: A New Look at an Old Problem.Farhang Zabeeh - 1966 - The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
    Farhang Zabeeh. in any recognizable sense at all. This is a very common case; and the dangers are obvious, when we search for something 'identical' in all of them! 15 To say, for example, that two faces resemble each other and the second  ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  16
    On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy[REVIEW]Samuel Lebens - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (281):877-880.
    On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy. By Macbride Fraser.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Tropes, Universals and Visual Phenomenology.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2021 - Theoria 87 (2):435-456.
    Both philosophers of perception and analytic metaphysicians apply the tropes/universals distinction when considering the ontological status of visual properties. One way of arguing in favor of the trope interpretation of visual properties is to claim that the way in which we visually experience properties makes it plausible to characterize them as tropes. In this paper, I argue for a different position, namely that the way in which we visually experience properties provides a serious challenge for the trope interpretation, but (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Universals as Sense-Data.Peter Forrest - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):622 - 631.
    This paper concerns the structure of appearances. I argue that to be appeared to in a certain way is to be aware of one or more universals. Universals therefore function like the sense-data, once highly favoured but now out of fashion. For instance, to be appeared to treely, in a visual way, is to be aware of the complex relation, being tree-shaped and tree-coloured and being in front of, a relation of a kind which could be instantiated by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  31.  22
    Universals of Human Thought: Some African Evidence.Barbara Bloom Lloyd & John Gay (eds.) - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book was originally published in 1981 and the theme of universals attracted a great deal of attention in the decade preceding publication.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  37
    On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy, by Fraser MacBride.Peter Sullivan - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1380-1389.
    On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy, by MacBrideFraser. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. viii + 263.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  70
    Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1997 - Cornell University Press.
    The Theme A substance is a composite particular. If it is composed of further particulars, will the substance itself be one or many? ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  34. Universals of Law and of Fact.Frank Plumpton Ramsey - 1928 - In Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Press. pp. 140-144.
    The article argues that universals of law, i.e. the laws of nature, are the general axioms of a deductive system of all knowledge, and their deductive consequences. Universals of fact are generalisations deducible from these together with particular facts.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  35.  16
    The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy.Stefano Di Bella & Tad M. Schmaltz (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a collection of essays from an international group of scholars that explore the ways in which the ancient problem of universals was transformed in modern philosophy. Essays consider the various forms of "Platonism," "conceptualism" and "nominalism" in the writings of a broad range of modern thinkers.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  19
    On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy by Fraser MacBride.Cheryl Misak - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (2):356-357.
    In the preface to this excellent book, Fraser MacBride says he decided to write it because he had "become convinced that there is far more to find out and far more to learn from the history of early analytic philosophy". He is right; the history of early analytic philosophy holds insights for us today, and most of them lie outside of what MacBride calls our "cartoon histories." In punchy prose, he mines gems from what one of his heroes, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  51
    The Problem of Universals.Charles Landesman - 1971 - New York: Basic Books.
    On the relations of universals and particulars, by B. Russell.--Universals and resemblances, by H. H. Price.--On concept and object, by G. Frege.--Frege's hidden nominalism, by G. Bergmann.--Universals, by F. P. Ramsey.--Universals and metaphysical realism, by A. Donagan.--Universals and family resemblances, by R. Bambrough.--Particular and general, by P. F. Strawson.--The nature of universals and propositions, by G. F. Stout.--Are characteristics of particular things universal or particular? By G. E. Moore and G. F. Stout.--The relation of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38. Concrete Universals and Spatial Relations.Antti Keskinen, Jani Hakkarainen & Markku Keinänen - 2015 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 11 (1):57-71.
    According to strong immanent realism, proposed for instance by David M. Armstrong, universals are concrete, located in their instances. E.J. Lowe and Douglas Ehring have presented arguments to the effect that strong immanent realism is incoherent. Cody Gilmore has defended strong immanent realism against the charge of incoherence. Gilmore’s argument has thus far remained unanswered. We argue that Gilmore’s response to the charge of incoherence is an ad hoc move without support independent of strong immanent realism itself. We conclude (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  39. Biological Universals and the Nature of Fear.Mohan Matthen - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):105-132.
    Cognitive definitions cannot accommodate fear as it occurs in species incapable of sophisticated cognition. Some think that fear must, therefore, be noncognitive. This paper explores another option, arguably more in line with evolutionary theory: that like other "biological universals" fear admits of variation across and within species. A paradigm case of such universals is species: it is argued that they can be defined by ostension in the manner of Putnam and Kripke without implying that they must have an (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  40. Universals and Existents.Donald C. Williams - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):1 – 14.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  41. Structural Universals and Formal Relations.Joan Pagés - 2002 - Synthese 131 (2):215 - 221.
    I will consider Armstrong's problems in trying to account for structural universals, i.e., a kind of complex universal whose instantiation by particulars involves different parts of those particulars instantiating several basic properties and relations, such as the property of being a molecule of methane. I present and criticise Armstrong's most recent attempt to explain structural properties by means of the identification of universals with types of states of affairs and I state my own solution to the problem by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  42.  65
    The Theory of Universals.Richard Ithamar Aaron - 1952 - Oxford, England: Oxford [Eng.]Clarendon Press.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  43.  20
    The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy Ed. By Stefano Di Bella and Tad M. Schmaltz.Christopher Martin - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (4):754-755.
    Di Bella and Schmaltz write in their introduction that the early modern problem of universals originates largely in a turn away from ancient and late-medieval problems. The modern problem, they suggest, investigates universals by asking what it means to include them as contents of our thoughts. The collection of essays that follows demonstrates persuasively, however, that we should resist the impulse, no matter how heuristic, to regard each era as having its own—much less a single—problem of universals. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Universals and the Methodenstreit: A Re-Examination of Carl Menger's Conception of Economics as an Exact Science.Uskali Mäki - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (3):475-495.
    In the latter half of the 19th century, economic thought in the Germanspeaking world was dominated, both intellectually and academically, by the so-called historical school, from Wilhelm Roscher to Gustav Schmoller and others. In 1871, the Austrian Carl Menger published his Grun&tze der Volkswirtschaftslehre (Menger, 1976 (1871)), customarily referred to as one of the three simultaneous discoveries of marginalist economics-the other two marginalist ‘revolutionaries’ being Jevons in England and Walras in France. Twelve years later, in 1883, Menger published a major (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  45. Resemblance Nominalism: A Solution to the Problem of Universals.Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra offers a fresh philosophical account of properties. How is it that two different things (such as two red roses) can share the same property (redness)? According to resemblance nominalism, things have their properties in virtue of resembling other things. This unfashionable view is championed with clarity and rigor.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   122 citations  
  46. Universals and Scientific Realism.[author unknown] - 1980 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 31 (1):69-79.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   67 citations  
  47.  35
    Semantic Universals and Universal Semantics.Dietmar Zaefferer (ed.) - 1991 - Foris Publications.
    Dietmar Zaefferer Institutfiir Deutsche Philologie Universitdt Munchen Schellingstr. 3 D-8000 Munchen 40 Semantic universals are the properties the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  17
    Biological Universals and the Nature of Fear.Mohan Matthen - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):105.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  49. Universals and Metaphysical Realism.Alan Donagan - 1963 - The Monist 47 (2):211-246.
  50. Universales y criterio de verdad en la concepción russelliana del lenguaje.Carlos-Germán van der Linde - 2005 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 8:21-34.
    This writing is part of a body of reflections about the ‘researching programs’ and ‘categories’ used in philosophy, philology and linguistics to explain human language. Within this framework, several categories like Modell, Vorbild and Paradigm are covered from a descriptive sense according to the ‘Wittgenstein’ research program. From Russell’s conception of language, there is a treatment to the prescriptive aspects of Plato’s ideas and their relation to universals. Then, the universal category in the predicament act and the denotation (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000