Results for 'Ulrike Brandt'

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  1.  9
    Kommentar zu Epiktets Encheiridion.Ulrike Brandt - 2015 - Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
    English summary: Contrary to the prevailing view that the 'Encheiridion' is a second rate summary of the 'Diatribai', this commentary makes clear the unique significance of this so-called handbook on stoic morality, which must rank as one of the first philosophical handbooks ever to be published. The commentary places the most popular work of this Stoic of the Roman Empire in the overall context of Epictetus's thought and discusses its significance in Stoic schools as well as with regard to both (...)
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  2.  29
    Index sets in the arithmetical Hierarchy.Ulrike Brandt - 1988 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 37 (2):101-110.
    We prove the following results: every recursively enumerable set approximated by finite sets of some set M of recursively enumerable sets with index set in π 2 is an element of M , provided that the finite sets in M are canonically enumerable. If both the finite sets in M and in M̄ are canonically enumerable, then the index set of M is in σ 2 ∩ π 2 if and only if M consists exactly of the sets approximated by (...)
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  3.  61
    The kind of group you want to belong to: Effects of group structure on group accuracy.Martin L. Jönsson, Ulrike Hahn & Erik J. Olsson - 2015 - Cognition 142 (C):191-204.
    There has been much interest in group judgment and the so-called 'wisdom of crowds'. In many real world contexts, members of groups not only share a dependence on external sources of information, but they also communicate with one another, thus introducing correlations among their responses that can diminish collective accuracy. This has long been known, but it has-to date-not been examined to what extent different kinds of communication networks may give rise to systematically different effects on accuracy. We argue that (...)
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  4. The Enmity Relationship as Justified Negative Partiality.Benjamin Lange & Joshua Brandt - forthcoming - In Monika Betzler & Jörg Löschke (eds.), The Ethics of Relationships: Broadening the Scope. Oxford University Press.
    Existing discussions of partiality have primarily examined special personal relationships between family, friends, or co-nationals. The negative analogue of such relationships – for example, the relationship of enmity – has, by contrast, been largely neglected. This chapter explores this adverse relation in more detail and considers the special reasons generated by it. We suggest that enmity can involve justified negative partiality, allowing members to give less consideration to each other’s interests. We then consider whether the negative partiality of enmity can (...)
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  5. Restraining Police Use of Lethal Force and the Moral Problem of Militarization.Shannon Brandt Ford - 2022 - Criminal Justice Ethics 41 (1):1-20.
    I defend the view that a significant ethical distinction can be made between justified killing in self-defense and police use of lethal force. I start by opposing the belief that police use of lethal force is morally justified on the basis of self-defense. Then I demonstrate that the state’s monopoly on the use of force within a given jurisdiction invests police officers with responsibilities that go beyond what morality requires of the average person. I argue that the police should primarily (...)
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  6.  13
    Computing desirable partitions in additively separable hedonic games.Haris Aziz, Felix Brandt & Hans Georg Seedig - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence 195 (C):316-334.
  7.  16
    Dependencies in evidential reports: The case for informational advantages.Toby D. Pilditch, Ulrike Hahn, Norman Fenton & David Lagnado - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104343.
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  8.  8
    Göttlich legitimierter Eigensinn. Gewissensfreiheit als Option im Umgang mit dem exkommunizierten Ludwig dem Bayern und dem Interdikt.Katharina Ulrike Mersch - 2013 - Frühmittelalterliche Studien 47 (1):209-238.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Frühmittelalterliche Studien Jahrgang: 47 Heft: 1 Seiten: 209-238.
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  9.  56
    Source Reliability and the Conjunction Fallacy.Andreas Jarvstad & Ulrike Hahn - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (4):682-711.
    Information generally comes from less than fully reliable sources. Rationality, it seems, requires that one take source reliability into account when reasoning on the basis of such information. Recently, Bovens and Hartmann (2003) proposed an account of the conjunction fallacy based on this idea. They show that, when statements in conjunction fallacy scenarios are perceived as coming from such sources, probability theory prescribes that the “fallacy” be committed in certain situations. Here, the empirical validity of their model was assessed. The (...)
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  10. An overview of tableau algorithms for description logics.Franz Baader & Ulrike Sattler - 2001 - Studia Logica 69 (1):5-40.
    Description logics are a family of knowledge representation formalisms that are descended from semantic networks and frames via the system Kl-one. During the last decade, it has been shown that the important reasoning problems (like subsumption and satisfiability) in a great variety of description logics can be decided using tableau-like algorithms. This is not very surprising since description logics have turned out to be closely related to propositional modal logics and logics of programs (such as propositional dynamic logic), for which (...)
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  11. Partiality, Asymmetries, and Morality's Harmonious Propensity.Benjamin Lange & Joshua Brandt - 2023 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 109 (1):1-42.
    We argue for asymmetries between positive and negative partiality. Specifically, we defend four claims: i) there are forms of negative partiality that do not have positive counterparts; ii) the directionality of personal relationships has distinct effects on positive and negative partiality; iii) the extent of the interactions within a relationship affects positive and negative partiality differently; and iv) positive and negative partiality have different scope restrictions. We argue that these asymmetries point to a more fundamental moral principle, which we call (...)
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  12.  35
    Transformation and alignment in similarity.Carl J. Hodgetts, Ulrike Hahn & Nick Chater - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):62-79.
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  13.  43
    Comparison of philosophical concerns between professionals and the public regarding two psychiatric treatments.Laura Yenisa Cabrera, Marisa Brandt, Rachel McKenzie & Robyn Bluhm - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (4):252-266.
    Background: Psychiatric interventions are a contested area in medicine, not only because of their history of abuses, but also because their therapeutic goal is to affect emotions, thoughts, beliefs...
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  14.  16
    Are perceptuo-motor decisions really more optimal than cognitive decisions?Andreas Jarvstad, Ulrike Hahn, Paul A. Warren & Simon K. Rushton - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):397-416.
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  15. The meaning of 'wertfreiheit' on the background and motives of Max Weber's "postulate".Wilhelm Hennis, Ulrike Brisson & Roger Brisson - 1994 - Sociological Theory 12 (2):113-125.
  16.  24
    Iconicity affects children’s comprehension of complex sentences: The role of semantics, clause order, input and individual differences.Laura E. de Ruiter, Anna L. Theakston, Silke Brandt & Elena V. M. Lieven - 2018 - Cognition 171 (C):202-224.
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  17.  34
    Social values as arguments: similar is convincing.Gregory R. Maio, Ulrike Hahn, John-Mark Frost, Toon Kuppens, Nadia Rehman & Shanmukh Kamble - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  18.  20
    Between the Wars, Facing a Scientific Crisis: The Theoretical and Methodological Bottleneck of Interwar Biology.Jan Baedke & Christina Brandt - 2022 - Journal of the History of Biology 55 (2):209-217.
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  19.  18
    Realismus und Konstruktivismus in der kantianischen Moralphilosophie - das Beispiel der Diskursethik Habermas und Kant.Cristina Lafont & Reinhard Brandt - 2002 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 50 (1):39-52.
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  20.  17
    It takes me back: The mnemonic time-travel effect.Aleksandar Aksentijevic, Kaz R. Brandt, Elias Tsakanikos & Michael J. A. Thorpe - 2019 - Cognition 182 (C):242-250.
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  21.  3
    The problems of philosophy.William P. Alston & Richard B. Brandt - 1967 - Boston,: Allyn & Bacon. Edited by Richard B. Brandt.
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  22. Eingegangene schriften.Christopher B. Balme & Ulrich Brandt - 2004 - In John Hawthorne (ed.), Ethics. Wiley Periodicals. pp. 76-00.
     
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  23.  34
    How the language capacity was naturally selected: Altriciality and long immaturity.D. Kimbrough Oller & Ulrike Griebel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):293-294.
    Critical factors that appear to encourage vocal development in humans are altriciality and long immaturity. Hominid infants appear to have evolved a specific tendency to use elaborate vocalization as a means of soliciting long-term investment from caregivers. The development of such vocal capacity provides necessary infrastructure for language development across human life history.
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  24.  36
    Ensouling the Beatific Vision. Motivating the Reformed Impulse.Joshua R. Farris & Ryan A. Brandt - 2017 - Perichoresis 15 (1):67-84.
    The beatific vision is a subject of considerable importance both in the Christian Scriptures and in the history of Christian dogmatics. In it, humans experience and see the perfect immaterial God, which represents the final end for the saints. However, this doctrine has received less attention in the contemporary theological literature, arguably, due in part to the growing trend toward materialism and the sole emphasis on bodily resurrection in Reformed eschatology. As a piece of retrieval by drawing from the Scriptures, (...)
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  25.  4
    Hermann Cohens Spinoza-Rezeption.Beate Ulrike La Sala - 2012 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
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  26. Rights-based Justifications for Self-Defense.Shannon Brandt Ford - 2022 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (1):49-65.
    I defend a modified rights-based unjust threat account for morally justified killing in self-defense. Rights-based moral justifications for killing in self-defense presume that human beings have a right to defend themselves from unjust threats. An unjust threat account of self-defense says that this right is derived from an agent’s moral obligation to not pose a deadly threat to the defender. The failure to keep this moral obligation creates the moral asymmetry necessary to justify a defender killing the unjust threat in (...)
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  27.  19
    Pädagogik.Friedrich Kreppel, Ulrike Mayer, Peep Koort & Joachim H. Knoll - 1976 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 28 (1-4):378-384.
  28.  21
    A Theology of Seeing, Experiencing, and Vision. An Editorial Introduction.Joshua R. Farris & Ryan A. Brandt - 2019 - Perichoresis 17 (2):3-18.
    What may seem astonishing is the near dismissal of the beatific vision doctrine in the last 50+ years of biblical and theological scholarship in contrast to the emphasis given to it throughout church history. The state of theological scholarship is changing. In what follows, we set forth a short survey of a theology of the beatific vision, while also introducing the rest of the volume on the beatific vision and theosis, of which we take to have an intimate and overlapping (...)
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  29. Weaponising social media.Shannon Brandt Ford - 2017 - In Thomas R. Frame & Albert Palazzo (eds.), Ethics under fire: challenges for the Australian Army. Sydney, New South Wales: University of New South Wales Press.
  30.  13
    Mit welcher Haltung Haltung lehren? Skizzierung eines Umfrageprojekts.Henriette Krug & Ulrike Ritterbusch - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (3):467-474.
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  31.  1
    Alpbach ohne Albert – undenkbar!Ulrike Leopold-Wildburger - 2018 - In Giuseppe Franco (ed.), Begegnungen Mit Hans Albert: Eine Hommage. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 217-218.
    „Keiner merkte, dass die Unterhaltung eigentlich nur schreiend vor sich ging …“ Das sind Tagebuchaufzeichnungen eines charakteristischen Abends im Alpbacherhof, wo man sich nach getaner Arbeit zu ausgiebigen Diskussionen beim Jazz-Abend zusammentraf, um über die aktuellsten Themen weiter zu debattieren. Es war in den 1970er Jahren, dass mir mehrmals die Gelegenheit geboten worden war, am Europäischen Hochschulforum in Alpbach teilzunehmen; es war die Zeit des kritischen Rationalismus und wir hörten Hans Alberts Ideen zum Positivismusstreit. Als junge Studentin nahm ich an (...)
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  32.  5
    Editorial zum Schwerpunktheft Sportbezogene Sozialisationsforschung.Michael Mutz & Ulrike Burrmann - 2016 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 13 (3):213-214.
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  33.  16
    Functionally Flexible Signaling and the Origin of Language.D. Kimbrough Oller & Ulrike Griebel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:626138.
    At the earliest break of ancient hominins from their primate relatives in vocal communication, we propose a selection pressure on vocal fitness signaling by hominin infants. Exploratory vocalizations, not tied to expression of distress or immediate need, could have helped persuade parents of the wellness and viability of the infants who produced them. We hypothesize that hominin parents invested more in infants who produced such signals of fitness plentifully, neglecting or abandoning them less often than infants who produced the sounds (...)
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  34.  6
    Reconsidering Constitutional Formation I National Sovereignty: A Comparative Analysis of the Juridification by Constitution.Ulrike Müssig (ed.) - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    Legal studies and consequently legal history focus on constitutional documents, believing in a nominalist autonomy of constitutional semantics.Reconsidering Constitutional Formation in the late 18th and 19th century, kept historic constitutions from being simply log-books for political experts through a functional approach to the interdependencies between constitution and public discourse. Sovereignty had to be 'believed' by the subjects and the political élites. Such a communicative orientation of constitutional processesbecame palpable in the 'religious' affinities of the constitutional preambles. They were held as (...)
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  35.  11
    A general non-linear multilevel structural equation mixture model.Augustin Kelava & Holger Brandt - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:75570.
    In the past 2 decades latent variable modeling has become a standard tool in the social sciences. In the same time period, traditional linear structural equation models have been extended to include non-linear interaction and quadratic effects (e.g., Klein and Moosbrugger, 2000 ), and multilevel modeling (Rabe-Hesketh et al., 2004 ). We present a general non-linear multilevel structural equation mixture model (GNM-SEMM) that combines recent semiparametric non-linear structural equation models (Kelava and Nagengast, 2012 ; Kelava et al., 2014 ) with (...)
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  36.  11
    Zur kritischen Funktion von Rechtsgeschichte und Rechtsphilosophie: Symposium zu Ehren von Marcel Senn.Marcel Senn & Ulrike Babusiaux (eds.) - 2020 - Zürich: Schulthess.
    Essays in this volume honor Marcel Senn on the occasion of his retirement from the law department of Universität Zürich. The contributors of the essays are colleagues and friends.
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  37.  63
    Previews: Gestures at the transition place.Jürgen Streeck & Ulrike Hartge - 1992 - In Peter Auer & Aldo Di Luzio (eds.), The Contextualization of language. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 135--157.
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  38.  9
    Optimism where there is none: Asymmetric belief updating observed with valence-neutral life events.Jason W. Burton, Adam J. L. Harris, Punit Shah & Ulrike Hahn - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104939.
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  39.  3
    Long Term Follow-Up on Pediatric Cases With Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes—A Retrospective Single Centre Cohort Study.Adela Della Marina, Eva Wibbeler, Angela Abicht, Heike Kölbel, Hanns Lochmüller, Andreas Roos & Ulrike Schara - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Introduction: Congenital myasthenic syndromes refer to a heterogenic group of neuromuscular transmission disorders. CMS-subtypes are diverse regarding exercise intolerance and muscular weakness, varying from mild symptoms to life-limiting forms with neonatal onset. Long-term follow-up studies on disease progression and treatment-response in pediatric patients are rare.Patients and Methods: We analyzed retrospective clinical and medication data in a cohort of 32 CMS-patients including the application of a standardized, not yet validated test to examine muscular strength and endurance in 21 patients at the (...)
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  40.  23
    Allocation concealment: a methodological review.Laura Clark, Ulrike Schmidt, Puvan Tharmanathan, Joy Adamson, Catherine Hewitt & David Torgerson - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):708-712.
  41.  6
    ftz Evolution: Findings, hypotheses and speculations (response to DOI 10.1002/bies.201100019).Alison Heffer, Ulrike Löhr & Leslie Pick - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (12):910-918.
    In a recent paper, Merabet and Hudry discuss models explaining the functional evolution of fushi tarazu (ftz) from an ancestral homeotic to a pair‐rule segmentation gene in Drosophila. As most of the experimental work underlying these models comes from our research, we wish to reply to Merabet and Hudry providing an explanation of the experimental approaches and logical framework underlying them. We review experimental data that support our hypotheses and discuss misconceptions in the literature. We emphasize that the change in (...)
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  42.  7
    Den Glauben leben - Frauen in der charismatischen Bewegung1.Ulrike Popp-Baier - 1992 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 20 (1):234-244.
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  43.  16
    Ritual Studies in Psychology of Religion.Ulrike Popp-Baier - 2002 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 24 (1):154-166.
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  44.  29
    Moral Exceptionalism and the Just War Tradition: Walzer’s Instrumentalist Approach and an Institutionalist Response to McMahan’s “Nazi Military” Problem.Shannon Brandt Ford - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (3):210-227.
    The conventional view of Just War thinking holds that militaries operate under “special” moral rules in war. Conventional Just War thinking establishes a principled approach to such moral exceptionalism in order to prevent arbitrary or capricious uses of military force. It relies on the notion that soldiers are instruments of the state, which is a view that has been critiqued by the Revisionist movement. The Revisionist critique rightly puts greater emphasis on the moral agency of individual soldiers: they are not (...)
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  45.  3
    Education as Humanisation: Dialogic Pedagogy in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding.Scherto Gill & Ulrike Niens (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Over the past decades, there has been a consistent and poignant ambiguity with regard to the role of education in the context of post-conflict and divided societies working towards building peace. Most recently, global developments, including the after-effects of the Arab Spring, the devastating wars in Syria, and the refugee crisis in Europe, have directed our attention once more to the part that education can play in building peace at many levels. In this context, it is timely to create a (...)
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  46.  12
    How to make replications mainstream.Hans IJzerman, Jon Grahe & Mark J. Brandt - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  47.  21
    Case Studies in Bioethics: A Suicide Attempt & Emergency Room Ethics.Michael Jellinek, Richard B. Brandt & Robert E. Litman - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (4):12.
  48.  22
    Introduction to Spoken Chinese.George A. Kennedy & J. J. Brandt - 1942 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 62 (2):143.
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  49.  14
    fMRI Activation and Graph Theoretical Analysis of Unfamiliar versus Self-Selected Music towards developing an optimal Paradigm for Music Therapy.Karmonik Christof, Brandt Anthony, Anderson Jeff, Fung Steve, Brooks Forrest & Frazier Todd - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  50.  33
    Matter and Mind: Two Essays in Epistemology.Martha Brandt Bolton & Ilham Dilman - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):414.
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