Results for 'Trond Halvorsen'

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  1. Filosofi Og Vitenskap I Antikken Trond Berg Eriksen ; Tegninger, Finn Graff.Trond Berg Eriksen - 1983
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  2.  18
    Priority Dilemmas in Dialysis: The Impact of Old Age.K. Halvorsen, A. Slettebo, P. Nortvedt, R. Pedersen, M. Kirkevold, M. Nordhaug & B. S. Brinchmann - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (8):585-589.
    Aim: This study explores priority dilemmas in dialysis treatment and care offered elderly patients within the Norwegian public healthcare system.Background: Inadequate healthcare due to advanced age is frequently reported in Norway. The Norwegian guidelines for healthcare priorities state that age alone is not a relevant criterion. However, chronological age, if it affects the risk or effect of medical treatment, can be a legitimate criterion.Method: A qualitative approach is used. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analysed through hermeneutical content analysis. (...)
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  3.  13
    Achieving Concrete Utopia Through Knowledge, Ethics and Transformative Learning.Trond Gansmo Jakobsen - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (3):282-296.
    ABSTRACTRoy Bhaskar's concrete utopianism assumes that a key role for intellectuals, given the current precarious situation of humanity, is the envisaging of alternative possible futures, coherently grounded in the deep structure of what already exists, which includes what people already know and have. Without this grounding, people will not be able to make a persuasive case for change. With this grounding, and by combining the realism of the intellect with the optimism of the will, they may be able to usher (...)
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  4.  64
    Is It Better That ten Guilty Persons Go Free Than That One Innocent Person Be Convicted?Vidar Halvorsen - 2004 - Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (2):3-13.
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  5.  13
    Professional Challenges of Bedside Rationing in Intensive Care.Kristin Halvorsen, Reidun Førde & Per Nortvedt - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (6):715-728.
    As the pressure on available health care resources grows, an increasing moral challenge in intensive care is to secure a fair distribution of nursing care and medical treatment. The aim of this article is to explore how limited resources influence nursing care and medical treatment in intensive care, and to explore whether intensive care unit clinicians use national prioritization criteria in clinical deliberations. The study used a qualitative approach including participant observation and in-depth interviews with intensive care unit physicians and (...)
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  6.  24
    The Principle of Justice in Patient Priorities in the Intensive Care Unit: The Role of Significant Others.K. Halvorsen, R. Forde & P. Nortvedt - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):483-487.
    Background: Theoretically, the principle of justice is strong in healthcare priorities both nationally and internationally. Research, however, has indicated that questions can be raised as to how this principle is dealt with in clinical intensive care. Objective: The objective of this article is to examine how significant others may affect the principle of justice in the medical treatment and nursing care of intensive care patients. Method: Field observations and in-depth interviews with physicians and nurses in intensive care units (ICU). Emphasis (...)
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  7.  89
    Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies.Trond Grønli Åm - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):15-28.
    Trust has become an important aspect of evaluating the relationship between lay public and technology implementation. Experiences have shown that a focus on trust provides a richer understanding of reasons for backlashes of technology in society than a mere focus of public understanding of risks and science communication. Therefore, trust is also widely used as a key concept for understanding and predicting trust or distrust in emerging technologies. But whereas trust broadens the scope for understanding established technologies with well-defined questions (...)
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  8.  8
    The Cognitive Philosophy of Reflection.Andreas Stephens & Trond Arild Tjöstheim - 2020 - Erkenntnis:1-24.
    Hilary Kornblith argues that many traditional philosophical accounts involve problematic views of reflection. According to Kornblith, reflection does not add reliability, which makes it unfit to underlie a separate form of knowledge. We show that a broader understanding of reflection, encompassing Type 2 processes, working memory, and episodic long-term memory, can provide philosophy with elucidating input that a restricted view misses. We further argue that reflection in fact often does add reliability, through generalizability, flexibility, and creativity that is helpful in (...)
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  9.  6
    Altruism and Mature Care: Some Rival Moral Considerations in Care Ethics.M. H. Hem, K. Halvorsen & P. Nortvedt - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (7):794-802.
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  10.  29
    Action Research and Innovation in Networks, Dilemmas and Challenges: Two Cases. [REVIEW]Trond Haga - 2005 - AI and Society 19 (4):362-383.
    Innovation plays a central role in economic development, at regional and national level. The paper takes a practical approach to innovation and the support of entrepreneurship, based on experience of facilitating two contrasting networks of enterprises. Action research is seen as having a central role, but with different approaches according to the innovation process concerned, and the part of the process.
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  11.  14
    Thinking Like a Mountain: Encountering Nature as an Antidote to Humankind’s Hostility Towards the Earth.Trond Gansmo Jakobsen - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (1):45-55.
    ABSTRACTPatric Baert suggests that ‘encountering difference’, as we might when immersing ourselves in new cultural settings, allows us to redescribe and reconceptualise ourselves, our culture and our surroundings. By so doing, individuals can learn to see themselves, their own culture and their own presuppositions from a different point of view. They can then contrast their interpretations with alternative forms of life; and this is a requirement both for learning about themselves and coming to understand others. There is evidence that such (...)
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  12.  87
    Montague's 'Universal Grammar': An Introduction for the Linguist. [REVIEW]Per-Kristian Halvorsen & William A. Ladusaw - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (2):185 - 223.
  13.  21
    Resource Allocation and Rationing in Nursing Care: A Discussion Paper.P. Anne Scott, Clare Harvey, Heike Felzmann, Riitta Suhonen, Monika Habermann, Kristin Halvorsen, Karin Christiansen, Luisa Toffoli & Evridiki Papastavrou - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (5):1528-1539.
    Driven by interests in workforce planning and patient safety, a growing body of literature has begun to identify the reality and the prevalence of missed nursing care, also specified as care left undone, rationed care or unfinished care. Empirical studies and conceptual considerations have focused on structural issues such as staffing, as well as on outcome issues – missed care/unfinished care. Philosophical and ethical aspects of unfinished care are largely unexplored. Thus, while internationally studies highlight instances of covert rationing/missed care/care (...)
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  14.  2
    Letters to the Editor.Trond Adreassen & John Edmondson - 2003 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 14 (3):138-139.
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  15.  23
    Centre and Periphery of Nano—A Norwegian Context.Kåre Nolde Nielsen, Trond Grønli Åm & Rune Nydal - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):87-98.
    This work describes the nano field in Norway as currently emerging in the dynamics between two forms of nano research activities described along a centre-periphery axis. 1) There are strategic research initiatives committed to redeem the envisioned potential of the field by means of social and material reorganisation of existing research activities. This activity is seen as central as it is one of our premises that the standard circulating nano vision implies such a work of reorganisation. The fact that nano (...)
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  16.  2
    Dateline Oslo: Norway – the Out-of-Step Country: But for How Much Longer?Trond Andreassen - 2002 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 13 (3):136-144.
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  17.  2
    Alienation in a digitalized world.Trond Haga - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-14.
    In this paper, the aim is to study how the work organization in one specific company for one specific trade has changed over time and with these changes, the presence and absence of alienation of employees in this trade. Blauner’s U-shaped alienation development trend has been a reference in discussions on alienation. It displays a connection between the degree of alienation and technological development. The findings from this study verify the trend and the connection in the case company. However, although (...)
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  18.  5
    Pedagogy and Neoliberalism.Trond Sandvik - 2020 - Phenomenology and Practice 14 (1):118-129.
    Reflections on an Interview with Jan Masschelein.
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  19.  5
    Tillitens mange ansikter.Trond Åm - 2009 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (2).
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  20.  5
    Social Psychology of Coronavirus Disease 2019: Do Fatalism and Comparative Optimism Affect Attitudes and Adherence to Sanitary Protocols?Trond Nordfjaern, Milad Mehdizadeh & Mohsen Fallah Zavareh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The potential of mitigating the spreading rate and consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 currently depends on adherence to sanitary protocols. The current study aimed to investigate the role of fatalism and comparative optimism for adherence to COVID-19 protocols. We also tested whether these factors are directly associated with adherence or associated through attitudinal mediation. The results were based on a web survey conducted among university students in Tehran, Iran. The respondents completed a multidimensional measure of fatalism and measures of (...)
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  21.  12
    “[My] Family has Gone Through That”: How High School Students Determine the Trustworthiness of Historical Documents.Lauren McArthur Harris, Anne-Lise Halvorsen & Gerardo J. Aponte-Martínez - 2016 - Journal of Social Studies Research 40 (2):109-121.
  22. Ecophilosophy and Critical Realism: From Science to Human to Eco-Emancipation.Trond Jakobsen - 2012 - Routledge.
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  23.  18
    Funksjonell realisme og Dawkins’ gener. Et filosofisk og metafysisk alternativ til tesen om det «selviske genet».Trond Gansmo Jakobsen - 2003 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 38 (1-02):39-57.
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  24.  19
    Orchestration of Network Instruments: A Way to de-Emphasize the Partition Between Incremental Change and Innovation? [REVIEW]Trond Haga - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (1):17-31.
    Incremental change and innovation are often regarded as two separate concepts, with some interconnections. Based on two practical cases that emphasize respectively incremental change and innovation, the article discusses whether a division between these concepts can be maintained. Action research is seen as having a central role, offering an integral working method in industrial networks.
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  25.  8
    Measuring Social Performance in Social Enterprises: A Global Study of Microfinance Institutions.Leif Atle Beisland, Kwame Ohene Djan, Roy Mersland & Trond Randøy - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (1):51-71.
    Social enterprises in the microfinance industry need to adhere to both financial and social demands. Critics argue that there is a mission drift away from the social mission, and this has motivated the introduction of social rating agencies to strengthen the business ethics of microfinance institutions. Using a global dataset of 204 socially rated MFIs from 58 countries, we assess the factors that drive the social performance ratings of MFIs. Overall our results show that social ratings of MFIs are significantly (...)
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  26.  24
    Bios Theoretikos: Notes on Aristotle's Ethica Nicomachea X, 6-.Trond Berg Eriksen - 1978 - Universitetsforl..
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  27. Bios theoretikos, Notes on Aristotle's "Ethica Nicomachea", X.Trond Berg Eriksen - 1980 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 85 (3):418-419.
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  28. Filosofi Og Vitenskap Fra Antikken Til Hømiddelalderen.Trond Berg Eriksen & Knut Erik Tranø - 1991
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  29. Nietzsche Og Det Moderne.Trond Berg Eriksen - 1989
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  30.  13
    Alone and Far From Home: Are Separated Refugee Children Adequately Protected?Kate Halvorsen - 2005 - Human Rights Review 7 (1):76-91.
    Among the thousands who arrive in Europe to seek asylum each year, a significant number are children traveling on their own. Like adults, they are fleeing from war and armed conflict situations, persecution, severe poverty, and deprivation. Some arrive because they have been trafficked and some are fleeing for reasons specifically related to their status as children. They need special attention, not only in terms of specialized care and assistance, but also in terms of the refugee status determination procedure. When (...)
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  31.  2
    If Multi-Agent Learning is the Answer, What is the Question?Yoav Shoham, Rob Powers & Trond Grenager - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (7):365-377.
  32.  18
    Ideal Football Culture: A Cultural Take on Self‐Determination Theory.James Cresswell, Cody Rogers, Jon Halvorsen & Stephan Bonfield - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (2):198-211.
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  33.  21
    Aligning Semantic Graphs for Textual Inference and Machine Reading.Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Trond Grenager, Bill MacCartney, Daniel Cer, Daniel Ramage, Chloe Kiddon & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    This paper presents our work on textual inference and situates it within the context of the larger goals of machine reading. The textual inference task is to determine if the meaning of one text can be inferred from the meaning of another and from background knowledge. Our system generates semantic graphs as a representation of the meaning of a text. This paper presents new results for aligning pairs of semantic graphs, and proposes the application of natural logic to derive inference (...)
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  34.  16
    Resistance to Change in the Corporate Elite: Female Directors’ Appointments Onto Nordic Boards.Aleksandra Gregorič, Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randøy & Steen Thomsen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):267-287.
    In this empirical study, we investigate the variation in firms’ response to institutional pressure for gender-balanced boards, focusing specifically on the preservation of prevailing practices of director selection and its impact on the representation of women on the board of directors. Using 8 years of data from publicly listed Nordic corporations, we show societal pressure to be one of the determinants of female directorship. Moreover, in some corporations, the director selection process may work to maintain “a traditional type of board”. (...)
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  35.  13
    The Missing Link Between Memory and Reinforcement Learning.Christian Balkenius, Trond A. Tjøstheim, Birger Johansson, Annika Wallin & Peter Gärdenfors - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Reinforcement learning systems usually assume that a value function is defined over all states that can immediately give the value of a particular state or action. These values are used by a selection mechanism to decide which action to take. In contrast, when humans and animals make decisions, they collect evidence for different alternatives over time and take action only when sufficient evidence has been accumulated. We have previously developed a model of memory processing that includes semantic, episodic and working (...)
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  36.  3
    Reflections on Philosophy of Nanoscience From Nanoscience Practitioners.Fern Wickson, Raymond Nepstad, Trond Åm & Mathias Winkler - 2008 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2).
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  37.  54
    Learning Alignments and Leveraging Natural Logic.Nathanael Chambers, Daniel Cer, Trond Grenager, David Hall, Chloe Kiddon, Bill MacCartney, Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Daniel Ramage, Eric Yeh & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    We describe an approach to textual inference that improves alignments at both the typed dependency level and at a deeper semantic level. We present a machine learning approach to alignment scoring, a stochastic search procedure, and a new tool that finds deeper semantic alignments, allowing rapid development of semantic features over the aligned graphs. Further, we describe a complementary semantic component based on natural logic, which shows an added gain of 3.13% accuracy on the RTE3 test set.
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  38.  6
    A Dynamical Perspective on the Generality Problem.Andreas Stephens, Trond A. Tjøstheim, Maximilian K. Roszko & Erik J. Olsson - 2021 - Acta Analytica 36 (3):409-422.
    The generality problem is commonly considered to be a critical difficulty for reliabilism. In this paper, we present a dynamical perspective on the problem in the spirit of naturalized epistemology. According to this outlook, it is worth investigating how token belief-forming processes instantiate specific types in the biological agent’s cognitive architecture and background experience, consisting in the process of attractor-guided neural activation. While our discussion of the generality problem assigns “scientific types” to token processes, it represents a unified account in (...)
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  39.  14
    Intelligence as Accurate Prediction.Trond A. Tjøstheim & Andreas Stephens - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1:1-25.
    This paper argues that intelligence can be approximated by the ability to produce accurate predictions. It is further argued that general intelligence can be approximated by context dependent predictive abilities combined with the ability to use working memory to abstract away contextual information. The flexibility associated with general intelligence can be understood as the ability to use selective attention to focus on specific aspects of sensory impressions to identify patterns, which can then be used to predict events in novel situations (...)
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  40.  4
    The Cognitive Philosophy of Communication.Trond A. Tjøstheim, Andreas Stephens, Andrey Anikin & Arthur Schwaninger - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (39):39-0.
    Numerous species use different forms of communication in order to successfully interact in their respective environment. This article seeks to elucidate limitations of the classical conduit metaphor by investigating communication from the perspectives of biology and artificial neural networks. First, communication is a biological natural phenomenon, found to be fruitfully grounded in an organism’s embodied structures and memory system, where specific abilities are tied to procedural, semantic, and episodic long-term memory as well as to working memory. Second, the account explicates (...)
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  41.  24
    Reviews. [REVIEW]F. R. Drake & Trond Berg Eriksen - 1972 - Synthese 23 (4):491-496.
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  42.  8
    Nurses’ Role and Care Practices in Decision-Making Regarding Artificial Ventilation in Late Stage Pulmonary Disease.Heidi Jerpseth, Vegard Dahl, Per Nortvedt & Kristin Halvorsen - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (7):821-832.
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  43. Leader Humility and Knowledge Sharing Intention: A Serial Mediation Model.Diep T. N. Nguyen, Stephen T. T. Teo, Beni Halvorsen & Warren Staples - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    PurposeThis paper examines the influence of leader humility on knowledge sharing intention. Drawing on social exchange theory, we test the direct and indirect mechanisms to explain the influence leader humility has on knowledge sharing intention.Design/Methodology/ApproachA two-wave, time-lagged field study was conducted. We surveyed 252 professional employees from Australia.FindingsResults show a significant direct, positive association between leader humility and knowledge sharing intention. While leader humility had a direct, positive association with affective trust in supervisor and work engagement, it did not directly (...)
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  44.  11
    Alexandre Ier de Liège Et Raoul de Saint-Trond : Une Alliance de Circonstance?Kevin Schmidt - 2015 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 93 (3):647-667.
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  45.  3
    Gender Differences in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms After a Terrorist Attack: A Network Approach.Marianne S. Birkeland, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg & Trond Heir - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  46.  11
    “It's Not Like They're Selling Your Data to Dangerous People”: Internet Privacy, Teens, and Controversial Public Issues.Margaret S. Crocco, Avner Segall, Anne-Lise Halvorsen, Alexandra Stamm & Rebecca Jacobsen - 2020 - Journal of Social Studies Research 44 (1):21-33.
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  47.  1
    Neurocognitive Outcome and Compensating Possibilities in Children and Adolescents Treated for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia With Chemotherapy Only.Grete Elisabeth Lofstad, Trude Reinfjell, Siri Weider, Trond H. Diseth & Knut Hestad - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48.  3
    Does Wealth Matter for Responsible Investment? Experimental Evidence on the Weighing of Financial and Moral Arguments.Lars Jacob Tynes Pedersen & Trond Døskeland - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (3):650-683.
    Responsible investment is increasingly prevalent, and both financial and moral concerns can drive such investment. In this article, we investigate how responsible investors of different wealth weigh financial and moral arguments. Prior research on different factors that may codetermine responsible investment behavior yield competing predictions about the influence of personal wealth on investment. We conduct a large-scale natural field experiment on responsible investment, wherein we treat investors with financial, moral, and no arguments. We find that there is a statistically and (...)
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  49.  4
    The Aftermath of Terrorism: Posttraumatic Stress and Functional Impairment After the 2011 Oslo Bombing.Øivind Solberg, Ines Blix & Trond Heir - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  50.  6
    Notes critico-historiques . Confusions paléographiques concernant l'abbaye de Saint-Trond.Jean Gessler - 1941 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 20 (1):127-134.
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