Results for 'Torben Bra��ner'

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  1. Torben Braüner, Per Hasle and Peter Øhrstrøm/Preface Patrick Blackburn/Arthur Prior and Hybrid Logic B. Jack Copeland/Meredith, Prior, and the History of Possible Worlds Semantics.Torben Braüner - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):509-510.
     
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  2. Trusting the Media? TV News as a Source of Knowledge.Nicola Mößner - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (2):205-220.
    Why do we trust TV news? What reasons might support a recipient’s assessment of the trustworthiness of this kind of information? This paper presents a veritistic analysis of the epistemic practice of news production and communication. The topic is approached by discussing a detailed case study, namely the characteristics of the most popular German news programme, called the ‘Tagesschau’. It will be shown that a veritistic analysis can indeed provide a recipient with relevant reasons to consider when pondering on the (...)
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  3. Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition.Torben Grodal - 1999 - Clarendon Press.
    Providing an alternative to pyschoanalytically based descriptions, this major study presents a unique, new theoretical account of the way emotions and thought patterns interact in creating aesthetic effects in films. Using diverse examples, Torben Grodal shows how films activate effects in the viewer and how these effects are moulded by genres which determine the way in which characters will react in given situations.
     
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  4.  12
    Dopamine and Cognitive Control in Prefrontal Cortex.Torben Ott & Andreas Nieder - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (3):213-234.
  5.  37
    Wissen aus dem Zeugnis anderer - der Sonderfall medialer Berichterstattung.Nicola Mößner - 2010 - Paderborn: mentis Verlag.
    Wendet man sich der Frage nach den Quellen unseres Wissens zu, so muss man feststellen, dass wir zweifelsohne einen großen Teil unseres Wissens über die Welt aus dem Zeugnis anderer gewinnen. In der gegenwärtigen erkenntnistheoretischen Diskussion wird nicht in Frage gestellt, dass das Zeugnis anderer zur Genese unseres Wissens beiträgt. Umstritten ist dagegen,ob die Anführung des Ursprungs solcher Überzeugungen auch zu deren Rechtfertigung in hinreichendem Maße beiträgt. Dieses Buch bietet einen systematischen Einblick in die verschiedenen epistemologischen Positionen dieser Debatte – (...)
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  6.  9
    Die Logik der Normalität: Untersuchungen Zur Semantik von Normalitätsurteilen.Corina Strößner - 2014 - De Gruyter.
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  7.  4
    Criteria for Naturalness in Conceptual Spaces.Corina Strößner - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-36.
    Conceptual spaces are a frequently applied framework for representing concepts. One of its central aims is to find criteria for what makes a concept natural. A prominent demand is that natural concepts cover convex regions in conceptual spaces. The first aim of this paper is to analyse the convexity thesis and the arguments that have been advanced in its favour or against it. Based on this, I argue that most supporting arguments focus on single-domain concepts. Unfortunately, these concepts are not (...)
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  8.  3
    Kelsen’s Metaethics.Torben Spaak - 2022 - Ratio Juris 35 (2):158-190.
    Ratio Juris, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 158-190, June 2022.
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  9. Scientific Images as Circulating Ideas: An Application of Ludwik Fleck’s Theory of Thought Styles.Nicola Mößner - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (2):307-329.
    Without doubt, there is a great diversity of scientific images both with regard to their appearances and their functions. Diagrams, photographs, drawings, etc. serve as evidence in publications, as eye-catchers in presentations, as surrogates for the research object in scientific reasoning. This fact has been highlighted by Stephen M. Downes who takes this diversity as a reason to argue against a unifying representation-based account of how visualisations play their epistemic role in science. In the following paper, I will suggest an (...)
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  10. Sefer Ner Mi-Nerot: Ṿe-Hu Ḳitsur Kol Ha-Agadot Ha-Hilkhatiyot Shebe-Khol Ha-Shas Bavli Ṿi-Yerushalmi Ṿe-Shulḥan ʻarukh.Duber Minḳes - 2007 - Ḥ. Mo. L.].
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  11. The Epistemology of Measurement: Representational and Technological Dimensions.Nicola Moeßner & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - forthcoming - Chatto & Pickering.
     
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  12. Schopenhauer Lezen.Torben Wolfs (ed.) - 2010 - Garant.
    Artikelen over aspecten van het gedachtegoed van de Duitse filosoof en de huidiger betekenis daarvan.
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  13.  7
    The Role of Reasoning and Pragmatics in the Modifier Effect.Corina Strößner & Gerhard Schurz - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (2).
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  14.  33
    Predicate Change: A Study on the Conservativity of Conceptual Change.Corina Strößner - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (6):1159-1183.
    Like belief revision, conceptual change has rational aspects. The paper discusses this for predicate change. We determine the meaning of predicates by a set of imaginable instances, i.e., conceptually consistent entities that fall under the predicate. Predicate change is then an alteration of which possible entities are instances of a concept. The recent exclusion of Pluto from the category of planets is an example of such a predicate change. In order to discuss predicate change, we define a monadic predicate logic (...)
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  15.  31
    The Axiom of Choice in Second‐Order Predicate Logic.Christine Gaßner - 1994 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (4):533-546.
    The present article deals with the power of the axiom of choice within the second-order predicate logic. We investigate the relationship between several variants of AC and some other statements, known as equivalent to AC within the set theory of Zermelo and Fraenkel with atoms, in Henkin models of the one-sorted second-order predicate logic with identity without operation variables. The construction of models follows the ideas of Fraenkel and Mostowski. It is e. g. shown that the well-ordering theorem for unary (...)
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  16. Thought Styles and Paradigms—a Comparative Study of Ludwik Fleck and Thomas S. Kuhn.Nicola Mößner - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):362–371.
    At first glance there seem to be many similarities between Thomas S. Kuhn’s and Ludwik Fleck’s accounts of the development of scientific knowledge. Notably, both pay attention to the role played by the scientific community in the development of scientific knowledge. But putting first impressions aside, one can criticise some philosophers for being too hasty in their attempt to find supposed similarities in the works of the two men. Having acknowledged that Fleck anticipated some of Kuhn’s later theses, there seems (...)
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  17.  48
    Normality and Majority: Towards a Statistical Understanding of Normality Statements.Corina Strößner - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (4):793-809.
    Normality judgements are frequently used in everyday communication as well as in biological and social science. Moreover they became increasingly relevant to formal logic as part of defeasible reasoning. This paper distinguishes different kinds of normality statements. It is argued that normality laws like “Birds can normally fly” should be understood essentially in a statistical way. The argument has basically two parts: firstly, a statistical semantic core is mandatory for a descriptive reading of normality in order to explain the logical (...)
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  18.  5
    Farklı İki Meclisten Bir Portre: Abdulkadir Cami Bey R.1293 - 1949.Abdulnasır Yi̇ner - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 11):407-407.
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  19.  7
    Conceptual Learning and Local Incommensurability: A Dynamic Logic Approach.Corina Strößner - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-21.
    In recent decades, the logical study of rational belief dynamics has played an increasingly important role in philosophy. However, the dynamics of concepts such as conceptual learning received comparatively little attention within this debate. This is problematic insofar as the occurrence of conceptual change has been an influential argument against a merely logical analysis of beliefs. Especially Kuhn’s ideas about the incommensurability, i.e., untranslatability, of succeeding theories seem to stand in the way of logical reconstruction. This paper investigates conceptual change (...)
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  20.  4
    Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference.Torben Thrane - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this distinction and (...)
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  21. Udforskningen af det danske sprog fra 1800.Torben Arboe - 2009 - In Ole Hã¸Iris & Thomas Ledet (eds.), Modernitetens Verden: Tiden, Videnskab, Historien Og Kunst. Aarhus Universitetsforlag. pp. 349.
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  22. The Anti-Authoritarian Revolt: Right-Wing Populism as Self-Empowerment?Torben Lütjen - 2022 - European Journal of Social Theory 25 (1):75-93.
    Right-wing populism and authoritarianism are often thought to be closely linked to each other: conceptually, ideologically, historically. This article challenges that assumption by reinterpreting right-wing populism as an essentially anti-authoritarian movement. Right-wing populism diverges from the clearly authoritarian movements of the past, such as classic conservatism and fascism, in at least two important ways: first, it follows a distinctive epistemology with a different idea what constitutes the truth and who has access to it. Second, populism has a peculiar understanding of (...)
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  23. De onschuld voorbij: Jeff McMahans Killing in War. [REVIEW]Koos ten Bras & Thomas Mertens - 2011 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 40 (1):64-74.
    Jeff McMahan, one of the leading contemporary writers on ‘just war thinking’, argues in the book under review, Killing in War, that one of the central tenets of the ‘ius in bello’, namely the moral equality of combatants, is both conceptually and morally untenable. This results from a reflection upon and a departure from two basic assumptions in Walzer’s work, namely the idea that war itself isn’t a relation between persons, but between political entities and their human instruments and the (...)
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  24.  11
    The Concept of Legal Competence: An Essay in Conceptual Analysis.Torben Spaak - 1994 - Dartmouth Pub. Co..
    Explains the concept of legal competence (or power). This book then discusses the analysis and definition of legal concepts in general; the relation between the concept of competence and (in)validity; what it means to exercise competence; different types of competence; and competence norms.
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  25.  21
    Existential Import, Aristotelian Logic, and its Generalizations.Corina Strößner - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (1):69-102.
    The paper uses the theory of generalized quantifiers to discuss existential import and its implications for Aristotelian logic, namely the square of opposition, conversions and the assertoric syllogistic, as well as for more recent generalizations to intermediate quantifiers like “most”. While this is a systematic discussion of the semantic background one should assume in order to obtain the inferences and oppositions Aristotle proposed, it also sheds some light on the interpretation of his writings. Moreover by applying tools from modern formal (...)
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  26.  7
    Contributions to an intercultural philosophy from a critical reviene of the Mapuche concept of ‘Rakiduam’.Torben Albertsen & Lorena Zuchel - 2019 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 43:69-85.
    Resumen El propósito de este artículo es introducir al concepto de rakiduam del pueblo mapuche como término relevante para la revisión crítica de una filosofía intercultural. Se propone este término como parte de un diálogo de racionalidades con el que se pretende, como segundo objetivo, vincular el conocimiento de este horizonte-otro con el reconocimiento de nuestros propios horizontes y límites de comprensión, desde dentro de la tradición de la filosofía occidental, y además, en diálogo con la antropología.The purpose of this (...)
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  27.  5
    AnatoleLe Bras. Un Enfant À L'Asile. Vie de Paul Taesch (1874–1914). Paris, France: CNRS Editions, 2018, 298 Pp. ISBN: 9782271115003. [REVIEW]Kim M. Hajek - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (1):213-215.
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  28.  14
    Compositionality Meets Belief Revision: a Bayesian Model of Modification.Corina Strößner - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (4):859-880.
    The principle of compositionality claims that the content of a complex concept is determined by its constituent concepts and the way in which they are composed. However, for prototype concepts this principle is often too rigid. Blurring the division between conceptual composition and belief update has therefore been suggested. Inspired by this idea, we develop a normative account of how belief revision and meaning composition should interact in modifications such as “red apple” or “pet hamster”. We do this by combining (...)
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  29. Knowledge, Democracy, and the Internet.Nicola Mößner & Philip Kitcher - 2017 - Minerva 55 (1):1-24.
    The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a democratization of knowledge. In the following text, we will analyze this statement. In particular, we will focus on a potential change in epistemic structure. Does the internet change our common epistemic practice to rely on expert opinions? Does it (...)
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  30.  1
    Hybrid Logic and its Proof-Theory.Torben Braüner - 2010 - Dordrecht and New York: Springer.
    This is the first book-length treatment of hybrid logic and its proof-theory. Hybrid logic is an extension of ordinary modal logic which allows explicit reference to individual points in a model. This is useful for many applications, for example when reasoning about time one often wants to formulate a series of statements about what happens at specific times. There is little consensus about proof-theory for ordinary modal logic. Many modal-logical proof systems lack important properties and the relationships between proof systems (...)
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  31.  30
    Intuitionistic Hybrid Logic.Torben Braüner & Valeria de Paiva - 2006 - Journal of Applied Logic 4 (3):231-255.
    Hybrid logics are a principled generalization of both modal logics and description logics, a standard formalism for knowledge representation. In this paper we give the first constructive version of hybrid logic, thereby showing that it is possible to hybridize constructive modal logics. Alternative systems are discussed, but we fix on a reasonable and well-motivated version of intuitionistic hybrid logic and prove essential proof-theoretical results for a natural deduction formulation of it. Our natural deduction system is also extended with additional inference (...)
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  32.  23
    Legal Positivism, Conventionalism, and the Normativity of Law.Torben Spaak - 2018 - Jurisprudence 9 (2):319-344.
    ABSTRACTThe aim of this article is to see whether we can account for the normativity of law within the framework of legal positivism and whether the idea of a social convention could be of help in this endeavour. I argue, inter alia, that we should distinguish between the problem of accounting for the normativity of law, conceived as a necessary property of law, and the problem of accounting for the use of normative legal language on the part of legal actors; (...)
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  33.  48
    Reasoning in Measurement: History and Philosophy of Technoscience Volume 9.Nicola Mößner & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    This collection offers a new understanding of the epistemology of measurement. The interdisciplinary volume explores how measurements are produced, for example, in astronomy and seismology, in studies of human sexuality and ecology, in brain imaging and intelligence testing. It considers photography as a measurement technology and Henry David Thoreau's poetic measures as closing the gap between mind and world. -/- By focusing on measurements as the hard-won results of conceptual as well as technical operations the authors of the book no (...)
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  34. Youare Sitting in a Cafe on a Tuesday Afternoon. People Are Seated in Small Groups, Chatting, Drinking, Smoking, Eating. In The. [REVIEW]Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge. pp. 257.
     
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  35.  7
    Le bras long du sens commun : En guise de théorie de la méthode scientifique.Susan Haack - 2003 - Philosophiques 30 (2):295-320.
  36. Glitch, the Beauty of Malfunction.Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge.
     
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  37.  64
    Natural Deduction for First-Order Hybrid Logic.Torben BraÜner - 2005 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (2):173-198.
    This is a companion paper to Braüner where a natural deduction system for propositional hybrid logic is given. In the present paper we generalize the system to the first-order case. Our natural deduction system for first-order hybrid logic can be extended with additional inference rules corresponding to conditions on the accessibility relations and the quantifier domains expressed by so-called geometric theories. We prove soundness and completeness and we prove a normalisation theorem. Moreover, we give an axiom system first-order hybrid logic.
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  38.  17
    Foucault on Parrhesia.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2016 - Political Theory 44 (2):265-288.
    Foucault’s discussions of parrhesia provide fertile ground for raising a number of classical and pertinent issues in political theory related to critique, citizenship, and political authority. Foucault situates parrhesia in his analytical grid of power/knowledge/ethics, which maps political participation and experience, and he looks at how those who pursue or contest political power articulate and integrate these three facets of politics, which might well pull in opposite directions. Power concerns the ability and the audacity to face up to important political (...)
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  39. [Horizons].Gérard Bras & François Noudelmann - forthcoming - Rue Descartes.
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  40.  20
    Mil'ner-Irinin's Metaphysical Ethics Between God and Nature.Assen Ignatow - 1989 - Studies in East European Thought 37 (2):119-131.
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  41. Nominaler, nominaliseringer og semantisk kompleksitet.Torben Thrane - 1998 - Hermes 21:39-66.
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  42.  61
    The Burden of the Asburd: Camus on the Problem of Suicide.Torben Wolfs - 2010 - Bijdragen 71 (1):65-84.
    In Le mythe de Sisyphe Camus deals with the problem of suicide because of the absurdity of life. He sees people committing suicide because they think life, being absurd, is no longer worthwhile. But does the absurdity of life imply that life is not worthwhile? He argues this is not the case. The logic of the absurd leads to revolt, freedom and passion for life. These make life worthwhile. So suicide is not the conclusion of the logic of the absurd. (...)
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  43.  11
    Being Deceived: Information Asymmetry in Second‐Order False Belief Tasks.Torben Braüner, Patrick Blackburn & Irina Polyanskaya - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):504-534.
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  44.  34
    The Leftist Fascination with Schmitt and the Esoteric Quality of `the Political'.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (6):649-669.
    The article looks critically at the Schmitt revival among radical leftists, how they try to insulate his work from his political conviction and make a problematic distinction between liberalism and democracy, which undercuts the specificity of modern democracy and plays into reactionary identity politics. I then turn to how Schmitt conceptualizes the political and argue that the structure of his argument is antithetic to modern democracy. Against those who hold that it is possible to use Schmitt against himself, I argue (...)
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  45.  22
    Richard Swinburne: Christian Philosophy in a Modern World.Nicola Mößner, Sebastian Schmoranzer & Christian Weidemann (eds.) - 2008 - ontos.
    Richard Swinburne is one of the most influential contemporary proponents of the analytical philosophy of religion. He is, above all, a traditional theist. However, his interests are very wide-ranging. He has written about nearly all central theological and philosophical issues such as epistemology, metaphysics, theory of mind and ethics. During the “Münstersche Vorlesungen 2007” students and faculty members of the Department of Philosophy at Münster University entered into a skilful and interesting discussion concerning most of Swinburne’s positions. This volume presents (...)
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  46.  3
    Stift Melk und die Melker Reform im 15. Jahrhundert.Christine Glaßner - 2013 - In Martin Thurner & Franz Xaver Bischof (eds.), Die Benediktinische Klosterreform Im 15. Jahrhundert. Akademie Verlag. pp. 75-92.
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  47. Zu Platon,«Politeia» 352d-357d.Norbert Blößner - 1991 - Hermes 119 (1):61-73.
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  48.  14
    Torben Braüner, Hybrid Logic and its Proof-Theory, Applied Logic Series Volume 37, Springer, 2011, Pp. XIII+231. ISBN: 978-94-007-0001-7 (Hardcover) EURO 99,95, ISBN: 978-94-007-0002-4 (eBook) EURO 99,99. [REVIEW]Melvin Fitting - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (5):1051-1053.
  49.  81
    Visual Representations in Science - Concept and Epistemology.Nicola Mößner - 2018 - London AND New York: Routledge.
    Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as evidence or as surrogates for research objects which are otherwise cognitively inaccessible. Despite their important functional roles in scientific practices, philosophers of science have more or less neglected visual representations in their analyses of epistemic methods and tools of reasoning in science. (...)
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  50. Levinas, Euthanasia and the Presence of Non-Sense.Torben Wolfs - 2008 - In Roger Burggraeve (ed.), The Awakening to the Other: A Provocative Dialogue with Emmanuel Levinas. Peeters.
     
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