Results for 'Tomas da Costa'

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  1.  41
    Os dois sentidos da crítica nietzscheana: Sócrates como um caso exemplar.Ana Carolina da Costa E. Fonseca - 2012 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 57 (1).
    Toma-se a crítica de Nietzsche a Sócrates como um caso exemplar que mostra os dois sentidos fundamentais da crítica nietzscheana: (i) a crítica nietzscheana consiste em censura e em elogio de modo dual, ou seja, censura e elogio são aspectos da crítica; e (ii) ao criticar alguém, Nietzsche está, igualmente, se autocriticando.
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  2.  51
    “Como Deus É Ciente Em Sua Essência Divina”: A Presciência de Deus Em Santo Tomás de Aquino E No Livro da Contemplação de Ramon Llull.Ricardo da Costa & Sidney Silveira - 2015 - Trans/Form/Ação 38 (2):9-34.
    A proposta deste trabalho é analisar a concepção filosófica depresciência em Santo Tomás de Aquino e Ramon Llull, nas obrasSuma Teológicae O Livro da Contemplação. Para isso, discorremos previamente sobre o conceito deciência, base aristotélica tomista. Por fim, apresentamos a tradução de um extrato doLivro da Contemplação, como base documental para a segunda parte do trabalho. The purpose of this article is to analyze the philosophical conception of prescience in St. Thomas Aquinas in the Summa Theologica and Ramon Llull and (...)
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  3.  5
    A Ontologização da Lógica Em Hegel Como Critica À Critica Kantiana À Ontologia Clássica.Regenaldo Rodrigues da Costa - 1997 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 42 (4):845.
    Durante aproximadamente vinte séculos o que se entendia predominantemente como ciência era a ontologia clássica, entretanto, a partir da modernidade ela começou a perder o status de cientificidade e foi a filosofia crítica de Kant que de forma radical apontou para a sua impossibilidade enquanto ciência. Hegel, porém, acha que a ciência só é verdadeiramente efetiva enquanto ontologia, de modo que ele toma como tarefa de sua filosofia o resgate da ontologia enquanto ciência. Neste horizonte, Hegel através da ontologização da (...)
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  4.  61
    A estética do corpo na filosofia e na arte da Idade Média: texto e imagem.Ricardo Luiz Silveira da Costa - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (s1):161-178.
    A ideia de beleza – e sua consequente fruição estética – variou conforme as transformações das sociedades humanas, no tempo. Durante a Idade Média, coexistiram diversas concepções de qual era o papel do corpo na hierarquia dos valores estéticos, tanto na Filosofia quanto na Arte. Nossa proposta é apresentar a estética do corpo medieval que alguns filósofos desenvolveram em seus tratados (particularmente Isidoro de Sevilha, Hildegarda de Bingen, João de Salisbury, Bernardo de Claraval e Tomás de Aquino), além de algumas (...)
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  5.  50
    The Aesthetics of the Body in the Philosophy and Art of the Middle Ages: Text and Image.Ricardo Luiz Silveira da Costa - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (s1):161-178.
    A ideia de beleza - e sua consequente fruição estética - variou conforme as transformações das sociedades humanas, no tempo. Durante a Idade Média, coexistiram diversas concepções de qual era o papel do corpo na hierarquia dos valores estéticos, tanto na Filosofia quanto na Arte. Nossa proposta é apresentar a estética do corpo medieval que alguns filósofos desenvolveram em seus tratados (particularmente Isidoro de Sevilha, Hildegarda de Bingen, João de Salisbury, Bernardo de Claraval e Tomás de Aquino), além de algumas (...)
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  6. Uma política do corpo como alvo das tecnologias de poder em Michel Foucault: tensionamentos aos discursos que circulam na revista AnaMaria.Bárbara Hees Garré & Suélem Costa - 2021 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 26:021014.
    O presente artigo tem como objetivo problematizar o discurso de emagrecimento presente na mídia contemporânea. Para tanto, foi realizada uma discussão teórico-conceitual acerca de uma política de corpo como alvo das tecnologias de poder em Michel Foucault, tomando-se, como corpus empírico, reportagens da seção “dieta” de alguns exemplares das edições semanais da revista AnaMaria. Tal revista é uma mídia impressa e eletrônica, com periodicidade semanal. Na análise, utilizam-se ferramentas foucaultianas para tensionar e provocar fissuras em discursividades que reverberam pelos mais (...)
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  7. A Analítica Do Poder Pastoral Na Genealogia Das Artes de Governo Em Foucault.Helrison Silva Costa - 2018 - Griot : Revista de Filosofia 18 (2):421-434.
    No curso de 1978 Segurança, Território, População Foucault toma como objeto de análise o poder pastoral desenvolvido e ampliado pela Igreja Católica do século III ao século XVI. Como podemos situar esse estudo no percurso foucaultiano? Pensamos que a analítica do poder estendida ao âmbito pastoral serve à realização da genealogia da governamentalidade moderna, de modo que a arte de governar cristã é inserida no interior da história das práticas políticas racionalizadas. Procuramos demonstrar a tese do autor de que as (...)
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  8.  5
    Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 2003 - Oup Usa.
    Da Costa and French explore the consequences of adopting a 'pragmatic' notion of truth in the philosophy of science. Their framework sheds new light on issues to do with belief, theory acceptance, and the realism-antirealism debate, as well as the nature of scientific models and their heuristic development.
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  9. Professor Newton CA da Costa Awarded Nicholas Copernicus University Medal of Merit.Newton C. A. da Costa, Jean-Yves Béziau & Otávio Bueno - 1999 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 7:7-10.
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  10.  26
    Newton da Costa E a Filosofia de Quase-Verdade.Décio Krause - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (2):105-128.
    This paper intends to introduce the three issues of Principia which will appear in a sequel honoring Newton da Costa’s 80th birthday. Instead of presenting the papers one by one, as it is common in presentations such as this one, we have left the papers speak by themselves, and instead we have preferred to present to the Brazilian readers, specialty to our students, some aspects of Newton da Costa’s conception of science and of the scientific activity, grounded on (...)
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  11.  37
    A Semantical Analysis of the Calculi C N.Newton C. A. Da Costa & E. H. Alves - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal Fo Formal Logic 18 (4):621-630.
  12.  43
    Full-Blooded Anti-Exceptionalism About Logic.Newton Da Costa & Jonas R. Becker Arenhart - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Logic 15 (2):362-380.
    Problems of logical theory choice are current being widely dis- cussed in the context of anti-exceptionalist views on logic. According to those views, logic is not a special science among others, so, in particular, the methodology for theory choice should be the same in logic as for other scientific disciplines. Richard Routley advanced one such methodology which meshes well with anti-exceptionalism, and argued that it leads one to choosing one single logic, which is a kind of ultralogic. We argue that (...)
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  13. On the Theory of Inconsistent Formal Systems.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (4):497-510.
  14. Julho-agosto setembro-outubro ano XV—n. 4—vol. 19 sumário ruy Afonso da Costa Nunes.Ruy Afonso da Costa Nunes - 1977 - Convivium: revista de filosofía 20:105.
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  15. The Logic of Pragmatic Truth.Newton C. A. Da Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (6):603-620.
    The mathematical concept of pragmatic truth, first introduced in Mikenberg, da Costa and Chuaqui (1986), has received in the last few years several applications in logic and the philosophy of science. In this paper, we study the logic of pragmatic truth, and show that there are important connections between this logic, modal logic and, in particular, Jaskowski's discussive logic. In order to do so, two systems are put forward so that the notions of pragmatic validity and pragmatic truth can (...)
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  16.  44
    An Intensional Schrödinger Logic.Newton C. A. da Costa & Décio Krause - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):179-194.
    We investigate the higher-order modal logic , which is a variant of the system presented in our previous work. A semantics for that system, founded on the theory of quasi sets, is outlined. We show how such a semantics, motivated by the very intuitive base of Schrödinger logics, provides an alternative way to formalize some intensional concepts and features which have been used in recent discussions on the logical foundations of quantum mechanics; for example, that some terms like 'electron' have (...)
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  17. The Model-Theoretic Approach in the Philosophy of Science.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):248 - 265.
    An introduction to the model-theoretic approach in the philosophy of science is given and it is argued that this program is further enhanced by the introduction of partial structures. It is then shown that this leads to a natural and intuitive account of both "iconic" and mathematical models and of the role of the former in science itself.
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  18. The Paraconsistent Logic of Quantum Superpositions.Newton C. A. da Costa & Christian de Ronde - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (7):845-858.
    Physical superpositions exist both in classical and in quantum physics. However, what is exactly meant by ‘superposition’ in each case is extremely different. In this paper we discuss some of the multiple interpretations which exist in the literature regarding superpositions in quantum mechanics. We argue that all these interpretations have something in common: they all attempt to avoid ‘contradiction’. We argue in this paper, in favor of the importance of developing a new interpretation of superpositions which takes into account contradiction, (...)
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  19.  54
    Is There a Zande Logic?Newton C. A. Da Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (1):41-54.
    The issue of what consequences to draw from the existence of non-classical logical systems has been the subject of an interesting debate across a diversity of fields. In this paper the matter of alternative logics is considered with reference to a specific belief system and its propositions :the Azande are said to maintain beliefs about witchcraft which, when expressed propositionally, appear to be inconsistent. When the Azande have been presented with such inconsistencies, they either fail to see them as such (...)
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  20.  23
    The Paraconsistent Logics PJ.Newton C. A. da Costa, V. S. Subrahmanian & Carlo Vago - 1991 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 37 (9-12):139-148.
  21.  12
    Revisiting da Costa Logic.Mauricio Osorio Galindo, Verónica Borja Macías & José Ramón Enrique Arrazola Ramírez - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 16:111-127.
  22.  50
    A Semantical Analysis of the Calculi Cn.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18:621.
  23.  34
    The Making of Extraordinary Facts: Authentication of Singularities of Nature at the Royal Society of London in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):265-288.
    This paper is concerned with the particular problems raised by observations of phenomena outside the common course of nature for their validation as knowledge. It examines to what extent the content of the reports and, in particular, their lack of intrinsic plausibility affected the methods used in their authentication and the assessment of testimony at the Royal Society in the first half of the eighteenth century. I show that literary strategies were usually necessary but not sufficient for the validation of (...)
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  24. Kant: critica e história.Abrahão Costa Andrade - 2002 - Princípios 9 (11):126-144.
    O presente texto visa abordar a pertinência crítica da filosofia kantiana da história tentando assinalar o lugar transcendental da noçáo de fio condutor da natureza, para nós urn princípio regulativo passível de ser usado pelo discurso filosófico da história, que por isso náo se toma urn conhecimento teórico, mas nem por isso deixa de ser uma espécie de conhecimento, de cunho prático.
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  25.  14
    The Paraconsistent Logics PJ.Newton C. A. da Costa, V. S. Subrahmanian & Carlo Vago - 1991 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 37 (9‐12):139-148.
  26.  55
    Variations on da Costa C Systems and Dual-Intuitionistic Logics I. Analyses of Cω and CCω.Richard Sylvan - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (1):47-65.
    Da Costa's C systems are surveyed and motivated, and significant failings of the systems are indicated. Variations are then made on these systems in an attempt to surmount their defects and limitations. The main system to emerge from this effort, system CC , is investigated in some detail, and dual-intuitionistic semantical analyses are developed for it and surrounding systems. These semantics are then adapted for the original C systems, first in a rather unilluminating relational fashion, subsequently in a more (...)
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  27.  33
    Α Logic and Infinitary Languages.Newton C. A. da Costa & Charles C. Pinter - 1976 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 22 (1):105-112.
  28.  1
    Two Decision Procedures for da Costa’s $$C_n$$ C N Logics Based on Restricted Nmatrix Semantics.Marcelo E. Coniglio & Guilherme V. Toledo - forthcoming - Studia Logica:1-42.
    Despite being fairly powerful, finite non-deterministic matrices are unable to characterize some logics of formal inconsistency, such as those found between mbCcl and Cila. In order to overcome this limitation, we propose here restricted non-deterministic matrices (in short, RNmatrices), which are non-deterministic algebras together with a subset of the set of valuations. This allows us to characterize not only mbCcl and Cila (which is equivalent, up to language, to da Costa's logic C_1) but the whole hierarchy of da (...)'s calculi C_n. This produces a novel decision procedure for these logics. Moreover, we show that the RNmatrix semantics proposed here induces naturally a labelled tableau system for each C_n, which constitutes another decision procedure for these logics. This new semantics allows us to conceive da Costa's hierarchy of C-systems as a family of (non deterministically) (n+2)-valued logics, where n is the number of "inconsistently true" truth-values and 2 is the number of "classical" or "consistent" truth-values, for every C_n. (shrink)
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  29.  59
    On Suppes' Set Theoretical Predicates.Newton C. A. da Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (1):95-112.
  30.  70
    Definability and Invariance.N. C. A. da Costa & A. A. M. Rodrigues - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (1):1-30.
    In his thesis Para uma Teoria Geral dos Homomorfismos (1944), the Portuguese mathematician José Sebastião e Silva constructed an abstract or generalized Galois theory, that is intimately linked to F. Klein’s Erlangen Program and that foreshadows some notions and results of today’s model theory; an analogous theory was independently worked out by M. Krasner in 1938. In this paper, we present a version of the theory making use of tools which were not at Silva’s disposal. At the same time, we (...)
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  31. Extensions of Priest-da Costa Logic.Thomas Macaulay Ferguson - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (1):145-174.
    In this paper, we look at applying the techniques from analyzing superintuitionistic logics to extensions of the cointuitionistic Priest-da Costa logic daC (introduced by Graham Priest as “da Costa logic”). The relationship between the superintuitionistic axioms- definable in daC- and extensions of Priest-da Costa logic (sdc-logics) is analyzed and applied to exploring the gap between the maximal si-logic SmL and classical logic in the class of sdc-logics. A sequence of strengthenings of Priest-da Costa logic is examined (...)
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  32.  14
    Revisiting the Applicability of Metaphysical Identity in Quantum Mechanics.Newton C. A. da Costa & Christian de Ronde - unknown
    We discuss the hypothesis that the debate about the interpretation of the orthodox formalism of quantum mechanics might have been misguided right from the start by a biased metaphysical interpretation of the formalism and its inner mathematical relations. In particular, we focus on the orthodox interpretation of the congruence relation, '=', which relates equivalent classes of different mathematical representations of a vector in Hilbert space, in terms of metaphysical identity. We will argue that this seemingly "common sense" interpretation, at the (...)
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  33.  42
    Belief, Contradiction and the Logic of Self-Deception.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (3):179 - 197.
    The apparently paradoxical nature of self-deception has attracted a great deal of controversy in recent years. Focussing on those aspects of the phenomenon which involve the holding of "contradictory" beliefs, it is our intention to argue that this presents no "paradox" if a non-classical, "paraconsistent", doxastic logic is adopted. (On such logics, see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa, 'On the theory of inconsistent formal systems', Notre Dame J Formal Logic 11(1974), 497-510, and A. I. Arruda, 'A survey (...)
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  34.  49
    Quantum Mechanics: Ontology Without Individuals.Newton da Costa & Olimpia Lombardi - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (12):1246-1257.
    The purpose of the present paper is to consider the traditional interpretive problems of quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of a modal ontology of properties. In particular, we will try to delineate a quantum ontology that (i) is modal, because describes the structure of the realm of possibility, and (ii) lacks the ontological category of individual. The final goal is to supply an adequate account of quantum non-individuality on the basis of this ontology.
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  35.  34
    Pragmatic Probability.Newton C. A. Da Costa - 1986 - Erkenntnis 25 (2):141 - 162.
  36.  22
    Variations on Da Costa C Systems and Dual-Intuitionistic Logics I. Analyses of $C{\omega}$ and $CC{\omega}$.Richard Sylvan - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (1):47 - 65.
    Da Costa's C systems are surveyed and motivated, and significant failings of the systems are indicated. Variations are then made on these systems in an attempt to surmount their defects and limitations. The main system to emerge from this effort, system $CC_{\omega}$ , is investigated in some detail, and "dual-intuitionistic" semantical analyses are developed for it and surrounding systems. These semantics are then adapted for the original C systems, first in a rather unilluminating relational fashion, subsequently in a more (...)
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  37.  37
    A Model Theoretic Approach to 'Natural' Reasoning.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1993 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):177-190.
    Abstract A general framework is proposed for accommodating the recent results of studies into ?natural? decision making. A crucial element of this framework is the notion of a ?partial structure?, recently introduced into the semantic approach to scientific theories. It is through the introduction of this element that connections can be made with certain problems regarding inconsistency and rationality in general.
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  38.  68
    Pragmatic Truth and the Logic of Induction.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):333-356.
    We apply the recently elaborated notions of 'pragmatic truth' and 'pragmatic probability' to the problem of the construction of a logic of inductive inference. It is argued that the system outlined here is able to overcome many of the objections usually levelled against such attempts. We claim, furthermore, that our view captures the essentially cumulative nature of science and allows us to explain why it is indeed reasonable to accept and believe in the conclusions reached by inductive inference.
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  39.  13
    On the Edge of the Unknown.Tiago da Costa E. Silva - 2020 - American Journal of Semiotics 36 (3):217-255.
    The present paper intends to discuss the process of design and its peculiar location at the threshold between the unknown and already established, well-accepted knowledge. The process of design is known for its catalyzing possibilities, often suggesting connections between conceptions, ideas, and solutions to problems by linking an initial formulation with the innovative and upcoming development of a project within a given design context. Thus, the process of design has the power to provide a space for playing, where experiments of (...)
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  40.  55
    A Modal Ontology of Properties for Quantum Mechanics.Newton da Costa, Olimpia Lombardi & Mariano Lastiri - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3671-3693.
    Our purpose in this paper is to delineate an ontology for quantum mechanics that results adequate to the formalism of the theory. We will restrict our aim to the search of an ontology that expresses the conceptual content of the recently proposed modal-Hamiltonian interpretation, according to which the domain referred to by non-relativistic quantum mechanics is an ontology of properties. The usual strategy in the literature has been to focus on only one of the interpretive problems of the theory and (...)
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  41.  10
    On Paraconsistent Deontic Logic.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Walter A. Carnielli - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):293-305.
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  42.  4
    Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In the past thirty years, two fundamental issues have emerged in the philosophy of science. One concerns the appropriate attitude we should take towards scientific theories--whether we should regard them as true or merely empirically adequate, for example. The other concerns the nature of scientific theories and models and how these might best be represented. In this ambitious book, da Costa and French bring these two issues together by arguing that theories and models should be regarded as partially rather (...)
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  43. Non-Reflexive Logical Foundation for Quantum Mechanics.Newton C. A. da Costa & Christian de Ronde - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (12):1369-1380.
    On the one hand, non-reflexive logics are logics in which the principle of identity does not hold in general. On the other hand, quantum mechanics has difficulties regarding the interpretation of ‘particles’ and their identity, also known in the literature as ‘the problem of indistinguishable particles’. In this article, we will argue that non-reflexive logics can be a useful tool to account for such quantum indistinguishability. In particular, we will provide a particular non-reflexive logic that can help us to analyze (...)
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  44.  40
    Who Rules the Ruler? On the Misconduct of Journal Editors.Aurora A. C. Teixeira & Mariana Fontes da Costa - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (2):111-128.
    There are very few (published) accounts of editorial misconduct, and those that do exist are almost exclusively focused on medicine-related areas. In the present article we detail a case of editorial misconduct in a rather underexplored domain, the social sciences. This case demonstrates that although legal systems provide different instruments of protection to avoid, compensate for, and punish misconduct on the part of journal editors, the social and economic power unbalance between authors and publishers suggests the importance of alternative solutions (...)
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  45. On the da Costa, Dubikajtis and Kotas' System of the Discursive Logic, D* 2.Janusz Ciuciura - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):235-252.
    In the late forties, Stanisław Jaśkowski published two papers onthe discursive sentential calculus, D2. He provided a definition of it by an interpretation in the language of S5 of Lewis. The knownaxiomatization of D2 with discursive connectives as primitives was introduced by da Costa, Dubikajtis and Kotas in 1977. It turns out, however,that one of the axioms they used is not a thesis of the real Jaśkowski’s calculus. In fact, they built a new system, D∗2 for short, that differs (...)
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  46.  7
    The Mathematical Descriptions of Truth and Change.Joseph Kouneiher & Newton da Costa - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (3):647-670.
    Our aim in this paper is to replace the old concept of truth in mathematics, based on the Set Structure provided with idea of true and false characterized by the presence of a characteric function \, by a mathematical structures founded on the idea of Topos, the triple structure \\}\) and the notion of Gradual Truth or Steps from the truth. Our motivations is to understand the mathematical structures underlying the emergence’s mechanism and phenomena. We think that this approach could (...)
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  47.  5
    The Patient Pathway in Cardiovascular Care: A Position Paper From the International Pharmacists for Anticoagulation Care Taskforce.Filipa Alves da Costa, Silas Rydant & Sotiris Antoniou - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (2):670-681.
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  48.  17
    Partial Structures and the Logic of Azande.Newton da Costa & Steven French - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (4):325 - 339.
  49.  72
    Logical and Philosophical Remarks on Quasi-Set Theory.Newton Da Costa - 2007 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 15 (5-6):421-431.
    Quasi-set theory is a theory for dealing with collections of indistinguishable objects. In this paper we discuss some logical and philosophical questions involved with such a theory. The analysis of these questions enable us to provide the first grounds of a possible new view of physical reality, founded on an ontology of non-individuals, to which quasi-set theory may constitute the logical basis.
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  50.  10
    $\alpha$-Models and the Systems $T$ and $T^\ast$.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (3):443-454.
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