Results for 'Tom Scanlon'

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  1. News hound academics and religious schools under fire, oak felled and more 9.in Praise Of Putnam, Open Debate, Russell'S. Politics & Tom Scanlon - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 13:4.
     
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  2.  31
    2010 north american annual meeting of the association for symbolic logic.Alexander Razborov, Bob Coecke, Zoé Chatzidakis, Bjørn Kjos, Nicolaas P. Landsman, Lawrence S. Moss, Dilip Raghavan, Tom Scanlon, Ernest Schimmerling & Henry Towsner - 2011 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 17 (1):127-154.
  3. Being Realistic About Reasons.Thomas Scanlon - 2014 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    It is often claimed that irreducibly normative truths would have unacceptable metaphysical implications, and are incompatible with a scientific view of the world. The book argues, on the basis of a general account of the relevance of ontological questions, that this claim is mistaken. It is also a mistake to think that interpreting normative judgments as beliefs would make it impossible to explain their connection with action. An agent’s acceptance of a normative judgment can explain that agent’s subsequent action because (...)
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  4. What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):323-354.
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  5. Contractualism and utilitarianism.Thomas M. Scanlon - 1982 - In Amartya Kumar Sen & Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (eds.), Utilitarianism and Beyond. Cambridge University Press. pp. 103--128.
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  6.  67
    Why People Obey the Law.Tom R. Tyler - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    Tyler conducted a longitudinal study of 1,575 Chicago inhabitants to determine why people obey the law. His findings show that the law is obeyed primarily because people believe in respecting legitimate authority, not because they fear punishment. The author concludes that lawmakers and law enforcers would do much better to make legal systems worthy of respect than to try to instill fear of punishment.
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  7. A theory of freedom of expression.Thomas Scanlon - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (2):204-226.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact [email protected].
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  8. Structural Irrationality.Thomas Scanlon - 2007 - In Geoffrey Brennan, Robert Goodin, Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), Common minds: themes from the philosophy of Philip Pettit. Clarendon Press.
     
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  9. Contractualism and Utilitarianism.T. M. Scanlon - 1998 - In James Rachels (ed.), Ethical Theory 2: Theories About How We Should Live. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  10. 3 Rawls on Justification.T. M. Scanlon - 2002 - In Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Rawls. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 139.
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  11. Promises and practices.Thomas Scanlon - 1990 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (3):199-226.
  12.  23
    Generalization as search.Tom M. Mitchell - 1982 - Artificial Intelligence 18 (2):203-226.
  13. The Significance of Choice.T. M. Scanlon - 1988 - In Sterling M. McMurrin (ed.), The Tanner Lectures on Human Values (Vol. 8, pp. 149-216). University of Utah Press.
     
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  14. Thomson on privacy.Thomas Scanlon - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):315-322.
  15. Can businesses effectively regulate employee conduct?: The antecedents of rule adherence in work settings.Tom R. Tyler & Steven L. Blader - forthcoming - Ethics.
     
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  16.  76
    Replies.T. M. Scanlon - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):337-358.
  17. Rights, goals, and fairness.T. M. Scanlon - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):81 - 95.
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  18. Reasons: A Puzzling Duality?T. M. Scanlon - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace (ed.), Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  19. Replies.T. M. Scanlon - 2003 - Ratio 16 (4):424–439.
  20. Reply to Zofia Stemplowska.T. M. Scanlon - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):508-514.
    Describes the author’s value of choice account of responsibility and examines a response by Stemplowska to an objection to this account, raised by Alex Voorhoeve. Argues that the problem raised by Voorhoeve’s example concerns the way in which risk is taken into account in contractualism rather than the value of choice account of responsibility. Departs from the author’s earlier work in arguing that the risk of harm should sometimes be taken into account on an ex ante rather than an ex (...)
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  21. Reply to Leif Wenar.T. M. Scanlon - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):400-405.
    Explains how a contractualist moral theory can explain the moral phenomena commonly called rights, although it does not appeal to the notion of a right as a basic element of moral thinking, or explain the difference between rights violations and wrongs of other kinds. Argues that the latter failure is not an important fault.
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  22. Nozick on rights, liberty, and property.Thomas Scanlon - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (1):3-25.
  23. Reasons, responsibility, and reliance: Replies to Wallace, Dworkin, and Deigh.T. M. Scanlon - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):507-528.
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    Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance.T. M. Scanlon - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (2):312.
  25. Thickness and Theory.Thomas M. Scanlon - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (6):275-287.
    Argues that there is a puzzle about how our own thick concepts, which motivate us simply because they are our own, can be legitimated in any stronger sense than that, from a perspective which is not an “insider perspective.”.
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  26.  35
    Model theory of fields with free operators in characteristic zero.Rahim Moosa & Thomas Scanlon - 2014 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 14 (2):1450009.
    Generalizing and unifying the known theorems for difference and differential fields, it is shown that for every finite free algebra scheme.
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  27.  30
    Rawls and Religion.Tom Bailey & Valentina Gentile (eds.) - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    John Rawls's influential theory of justice and public reason has often been thought to exclude religion from politics, out of fear of its illiberal and destabilizing potentials. It has therefore been criticized by defenders of religion for marginalizing and alienating the wealth of religious sensibilities, voices, and demands now present in contemporary liberal societies. In this anthology, established scholars of Rawls and the philosophy of religion reexamine and rearticulate the central tenets of Rawls's theory to show they in fact offer (...)
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  28. A Simulation Theory of Musical Expressivity.Tom Cochrane - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):191-207.
    This paper examines the causal basis of our ability to attribute emotions to music, developing and synthesizing the existing arousal, resemblance and persona theories of musical expressivity to do so. The principal claim is that music hijacks the simulation mechanism of the brain, a mechanism which has evolved to detect one's own and other people's emotions.
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  29. The moral basis of interpersonal comparisons.Thomas M. Scanlon - 1991 - In Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.), Interpersonal comparisons of well-being. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 17--44.
  30. Wrongness and Reasons: A Re-examination.T. M. Scanlon - 2007 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Clarendon Press.
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  31. The appeal and limits of constructivism.T. M. Scanlon - 2012 - In James Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  32. Fear of relativism.Thomas M. Scanlon - 1995 - In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), Virtues and Reasons: Philippa Foot and Moral Theory: Essays in Honour of Philippa Foot. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 219--246.
     
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  33. Wrongness and Reasons: A Re-examination.T. M. Scanlon - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 2:5-20.
     
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  34.  90
    Bioethics as ideology: Conditional and unconditional values.Tom Koch - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (3):251 – 267.
    For all its apparent debate bioethical discourse is in fact very narrow. The discussion that occurs is typically within limited parameters, rarely fundamental. Nor does it accommodate divergent perspectives with ease. The reason lies in its ideology and the political and economic perspectives that ideology promotes. Here the ideology of bioethics' fundamental axioms is critiqued as arbitrary and exclusive rather than necessary and inclusive. The result unpacks the ideological and political underpinnings of bioethical thinking and suggests new avenues for a (...)
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    Aristotle and the Charge of Egoism.Tom Peter Stephen Angier - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (4):457-475.
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  36. Responsibility and the value of choice.T. M. Scanlon - 2013 - Think 12 (33):9-16.
    ExtractImagine that you are struggling to finish a project, with the deadline fast approaching. Nearly done, you are about to print out what you have finished when a dialog box appears on your computer screen telling you that you must download and install an update for some piece of software. Frustrated, you try to make it go away, but it keeps reappearing. So you relent and click on ‘Install’, and your screen is filled with small print listing ‘Terms and Conditions’. (...)
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    MAID’s slippery slope: a commentary on Downie and Schuklenk.Tom Koch - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (10):670-671.
    Canadian ethicists Jocelyn Downie and Udo Schuklenk seek to assess the effect of Canada’s decriminalisation of ‘medical assistance in dying’ ‘to inform Canada’s ongoing discussions and because other countries will confront the same questions if they contemplate changing their assisted dying law.’1 Their assessment focuses on two arguments earlier levied against expansion of these procedures. The first is that of a ‘slippery slope’ and the second is what they disingenuously call, ‘social determinants of health’. They conclude that, in both cases, (...)
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  38. Termination of Pregnancy After NonInvasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Ethical Considerations.Tom Shakespeare & Richard Hull - 2018 - Journal of Practical Ethics 6 (2):32-54.
    This article explores the Nuffield Council on Bioethics’ recent report about non-invasive prenatal testing. Given that such testing is likely to become the norm, it is important to question whether there should be some ethical parameters regarding its use. The article engages with the viewpoints of Jeff McMahan, Julian Savulescu, Stephen Wilkinson and other commentators on prenatal ethics. The authors argue that there are a variety of moral considerations that legitimately play a significant role with regard to (prospective) parental decision-making (...)
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  39.  61
    George Edward Moore.Tom Baldwin - 2004 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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    A Brave New World of Bespoke Babies?Tom Shakespeare - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):19-20.
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  41.  7
    Contestatory Cosmopolitanism.Tom Bailey (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Contemporary global politics poses urgent challenges – from humanitarian, migratory and environmental problems to economic, religious and military conflicts – that strain not only existing political systems and resources, but also the frameworks and concepts of political thinking. The standard cosmopolitan response is to invoke a sense of global community, governed by such principles as human rights or humanitarianism, free or fair trade, global equality, multiculturalism, or extra-national democracy. Yet, the contours, grounds and implications of such a global community remain (...)
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  42.  4
    Ciferae: A Bestiary in Five Fingers.Tom Tyler - 2012 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    The Greek philosopher Protagoras, in the opening words of his lost book _Truth_, famously asserted, “Man is the measure of all things.” This contention—that humanity cannot know the world except by means of human aptitudes and abilities—has endured through the centuries in the work of diverse writers. In this bold and creative new investigation into the philosophical and intellectual parameters of the question of the animal, Tom Tyler explores a curious fact: in arguing or assuming that knowledge is characteristically human, (...)
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  43.  7
    The online support group as a community: A micro-analysis of the interaction with a new member.Tom Koole & Wyke Stommel - 2010 - Discourse Studies 12 (3):357-378.
    Generally, online support groups are viewed as low-threshold services. We challenge this assumption with an investigation, based on Conversation Analysis and Membership Categorization Analysis, of contributions to an online support group on eating disorders. In this analysis we show how a new member interacts with existing members in order to display legitimacy for membership of the group. The group operates as a Community of Practice, since membership is organized as joined participation in a writing practice. It becomes clear that becoming (...)
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  44. Rights, goals, and fairness.T. M. Scanlon - 1988 - In Samuel Scheffler (ed.), Consequentialism and its critics. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  45.  65
    The difference that difference makes: Bioethics and the challenge of "disability".Tom Koch - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):697 – 716.
    Two rival paradigms permeate bioethics. One generally favors eugenics, euthanasia, assisted suicide and other methods for those with severely restricting physical and cognitive attributes. The other typically opposes these and favors instead ample support for "persons of difference" and their caring families or loved ones. In an attempt to understand the relation between these two paradigms, this article analyzes a publicly reported debate between proponents of both paradigms, bioethicist Peter Singer and lawyer Harriet McBryde Johnson. At issue, the article concludes, (...)
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    Lacanian Materialism and the Question of the Real.Tom Eyers - 2011 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 7 (1):155-166.
    This article attempts to explain the ambiguous association of Lacanian psychoanalysis with materialism. Resisting attempts to divide Lacan’s work into discrete periods, I argue that, throughout his work, Lacan was concerned with articulating aspects of language and subjectivity that resist incorporation into networks of idealised meaning or sense, and that it is this emphasis on the materiality of language, routed through the concept of the Real, that makes up theparticular ‘materialism’ of Lacanian theory. The emergence of this strain of thinking (...)
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    The concise argument – choice, choices and the choice agenda.Lucy Frith - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (1):1-2.
    Choice is probably one of the most often discussed areas in bioethics, alongside the related concepts of informed consent and autonomy. It is generally, prima facie, portrayed as a good thing. In healthcare, the 2000s saw the UK Prime Minister Tony Blair pursue the ‘Choice Agenda’ where, ‘As capacity expands, so choice will grow. Choice will fundamentally change the balance of power in the NHS.’1 In a consumerist society giving consumers more choice is seen as desirable. However, choice is not (...)
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  48. Reasons and Passions.Thomas M. Scanlon - 2002 - In Sarah Buss & Lee Overton (eds.), Contours of Agency: Essays for Harry Frankfurt. MIT Press.
    This sense of attributability, or internality, is the quarry in many of Frankfurt's articles, and it has proved to be an elusive one. In this paper I want to explore, in a tentative fashion, the question of why we should be interested in finding this quarry. It seems to me that there are at least two quite distinct kinds of reason for this concern, and that when they are distinguished the problem may look less difficult than it has seemed.
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  49. Symposium on Amartya Sen's philosophy: 3 Sen and consequentialism.T. M. Scanlon - 2001 - Economics and Philosophy 17 (1):39-50.
    It is a particular pleasure to be able to participate in this symposium in honor of Amartya Sen. We agree on a wide range of topics, but I will focus here on an area of relative disagreement. Sen is much more attracted to consequentialism than I am, and the main topic of my paper will be the particular version of consequentialism that he has articulated and the reasons why he is drawn to this view.
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  50. Toward a Theory of Dementia Care: Ethics and Interaction.Tom Kitwood - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (1):23-34.
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