Results for 'Tom Polger'

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  1. Computational functionalism.Tom Polger - 2009 - In Sarah Robins, John Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. New York, NY: Routledge.
    An introduction to functionalism in the philosophy of psychology/mind, and review of the current state of debate pro and con. Forthcoming in the Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Psychology (John Symons and Paco Calvo, eds.).
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  2. A posteriori physicalism.Tom Polger - manuscript
    A consideration of the benefits of taking physicalism to be necessarily true if true, against the standard view that physicalism is at best contingently true. Presented at the 2006 Central Division meeting of the APA, in the session Themes from Jaegwon Kim, sponsored by the Society for Asian and Asian-American Philosophy.
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  3.  76
    Some concerns with Polger and Shapiro’s view.Mark Couch - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (3):419-430.
    This paper provides some responses to Tom Polger and Larry Shapiro’s The Multiple Realization Book (2016). I first provide a description of the authors’ framework for thinking about multiple realization and the conditions they claim this involves. I explain what I think they get right and what they get wrong with this framework. After this, I then consider a few examples of multiple realization they discuss and the interpretations they offer. While I am sympathetic to several things they say (...)
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  4. Multiple realization and compositional variation.Kevin Morris - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2593-2611.
    It has often been thought that compositional variation across systems that are similar from the point of view of the special sciences provides a key point in favor of the multiple realization of special science kinds and in turn the broadly nonreductive consequences often thought to follow from multiple realization. Yet in a series of articles, and culminating in The Multiple Realization Book, Tom Polger and Larry Shapiro argue that an account of multiple realization demanding enough to yield such (...)
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  5.  12
    Where Biology Meets Psychology.Valerie Gray Hardcastle (ed.) - 1999 - MIT Press.
    A great deal of interest and excitement surround the interface between the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of psychology, yet the area is neither well defined nor well represented in mainstream philosophical publications. This book is perhaps the first to open a dialogue between the two disciplines. Its aim is to broaden the traditional subject matter of the philosophy of biology while informing the philosophy of psychology of relevant biological constraints and insights.The book is organized around six themes: functions (...)
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  6. What's Wrong With Brute Supervenience? A Defense of Horgan on Physicalism and Superdupervenience.Kevin Morris - 2018 - Analytic Philosophy 59 (2):256-280.
    This paper offers a qualified defense of Terry Horgan’s view of brute, inexplicable supervenience theses as physically unacceptable—as having no place in physicalist metaphysics—and his corresponding emphasis on the importance of “superdupervenience”, metaphysical supervenience that can be explained in a “materialistically acceptable” way. I argue, in response to Tom Polger, that it may be possible to ground the physical unacceptability of brute supervenience in its relation physically unacceptable properties supervening on physical properties; moreover, I argue that Horgan’s emphasis on (...)
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  7.  92
    Two Dogmas of (Modern) Aristotle Scholarship.Tom Angier - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy Today 1 (2):237-255.
    Two dogmas lie at the heart of modern work on Aristotle's ethical theory. The first is that that theory is essentially secular or non-theistic. The second is that Aristotle's ethics assumes what Gr...
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  8.  40
    Emergence and topological order in classical and quantum systems.Tom McLeish, Mark Pexton & Tom Lancaster - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 66:155-169.
  9.  6
    Aristotle on work.Tom Angier - 2017 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 278 (4):435-449.
    I begin by detailing the semantic range of the English terms ‘work’ and ‘labour’, in comparison with that of their closest Greek equivalents. Narrowing matters down to work in the sense of ‘occupation’, what is striking about Aristotle, I maintain, is his willingness to sort occupations into a hierarchy. This hierarchy is fourfold. At the bottom we have servile work, which is directed at life’s ‘necessities’, and is founded on mere habit. Then we have technē or skilled work, which typically (...)
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  10. Ethical Theory and Business.Tom L. Beauchamp & Norman E. Bowie - 1981 - Ethics 91 (3):525-530.
     
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  11.  65
    Standing on principles: collected essays.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume will collect Tom Beauchamp's 15 most important published articles in bioethics, most of which were published over the last 25 years, and most of ...
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  12.  23
    Plato and Aristotle on Virtue and Practical Reason.Tom Angier - 2021 - In Christoph Halbig & Felix Timmermann (eds.), Handbuch Tugend Und Tugendethik. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 147-163.
    In this chapter, I argue that Plato and Aristotle provide analyses of virtue and practical reason that are strongly shaped by the structure of the technai. Socrates assimilates virtue to skill, while Aristotle assimilates practical reason to a means-end technique. While both philosophers are sensitive to the problems these technē models generate, and try either to escape or to remedy them, they nonetheless remain under the impress of those models. I end by drawing a general lesson from this fascinating episode (...)
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  13.  23
    A Short Commentary on Allen Alvarez’s Case: Protecting Intellectual Property Versus Making Essential Medicines Affordable: A Case of Weighing Long-Term Versus Short-Term Interests?Tom Andreassen - 2013 - Asian Bioethics Review 5 (4):374-375.
  14.  18
    Virtue Ethics. Critical Concepts in Philosophy.Tom Angier (ed.) - 2018 - Routledge.
    Explorations about and around the ethics of virtue dominated philosophical thinking in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a massive revival of interest in virtue ethics as a rival to Kantian and utilitarian approaches. To help users make sense of the gargantuan--and, often, dauntingly complex--body of literature on the subject, this new four-volume collection is the latest addition to Routledge's acclaimed Critical Concepts in Philosophy series. The editor has carefully assembled classic contributions, as well as more recent (...)
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  15.  25
    Seeing the forest for the trees: Scene perception and the admissible contents of perceptual Experience.Tom McClelland - 2021 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 2:1-27.
    Debates surrounding the high-level contents of perceptual experience focus on whether weperceive the high-level properties of visual objects, such as the property of being a pine tree. Thispaper considers instead whether we perceive the high-level properties of visual scenes, such asthe property of being a forest. Liberals about the contents of perceptual experience have offered avariety of phenomenal contrast cases designed to reveal how the high-level properties of objectsfigure in our visual experience. I offer a series of equivalent phenomenal contrast (...)
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  16.  33
    Justice.Tom Campbell - 1988 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press.
    Political theorists agree that justice is a fundamental political value but disagree profoundly about its proper analysis and philosophical justification. This substantially revised and updated second edition of Tom Campbell's highly acclaimed and widely used text provides a much-expanded overview of the nature and scope of justice, as well as presenting clear exposition and critiques of the principal contending theorists of most relevance to the contemporary world.
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  17. Expression and Extended Cognition.Tom Cochrane - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):59-73.
    I argue for the possibility of an extremely intimate connection between the emotional content of the music and the emotional state of the person who produces that music. Under certain specified conditions, the music may not just influence, but also partially constitute the musician’s emotional state.
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  18.  31
    Forcing materialism upon metaphysics: Three approaches to Adorno's method.Tom Whyman - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):484-499.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  19.  56
    Experimental philosophy and the history of philosophy.Tom Sorell - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (5):829-849.
    Contemporary experimental philosophers sometimes use versions of an argument from the history of philosophy to defend the claim that what they do is philosophy. Although experimental philosophers conduct surveys and carry out what appear to be experiments in psychology, making them methodologically different from most analytic philosophers working today, techniques like theirs were not out of the ordinary in the philosophy of the past, early modern philosophy in particular. Or so some of them argue. This paper disputes the argument, citing (...)
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  20.  32
    The Obligation to Provide Information where Valid Consent is Not Needed.Tom Walker - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (4):501-524.
    Within medical ethics it is widely agreed both that it would be morally wrong to give a competent patient medical treatment without his consent, and that for his agreement to treatment to constitute valid consent it needs to meet certain criteria. In illustrating why these requirements are needed it is common to use treatments that involve a healthcare professional doing something to the patient's body—for example, performing surgery, giving an injection, or taking a blood sample or swab (see, for example, (...)
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  21.  15
    Two sorts of philosophical therapy: Ordinary language philosophy, social criticism and the Frankfurt school.Tom Whyman - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    In a recent article, Fabian Freyenhagen argues that we should understand first-generation Frankfurt School critical theory (in particular, the work of Adorno and Horkheimer) as being defined by a kind of ‘linguistic turn’ analogous to one present in the later Wittgenstein. Here, I elaborate on this hypothesis – initially by calling it into question, by detailing Herbert Marcuse’s extensive criticisms of Wittgenstein (and other analytic philosophers of language) in One-Dimensional Man. While Marcuse is harshly critical of analytic ordinary language philosophy, (...)
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  22.  81
    Aristotle and the Charge of Egoism.Tom Peter Stephen Angier - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (4):457-475.
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  23.  73
    Rethinking the ethics of research involving nonhuman animals: introduction.Tom L. Beauchamp, Hope R. Ferdowsian & John P. Gluck - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):91-96.
    In the relatively short time since 2006—when Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics published an issue on moral issues relevant to the use of nonhuman animals in research [1]—significant changes have occurred for nonhuman animals in many quarters. Public sentiment, new policy initiatives, and scientific studies of nonhuman animals’ capacities have all influenced the ways in which nonhuman animals are perceived and treated in research. Today, a large body of information is available for use in decision making about the acceptability of using (...)
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  24. Self-Representationalism and the Neo-Russellian Ignorance Hypothesis: A Hybrid Account of Phenomenal Consciousness.Tom McClelland - 2012 - Dissertation, Sussex
    This thesis introduces the Problem of Consciousness as an antinomy between Physicalism and Primitivism about the phenomenal. I argue that Primitivism is implausible, but is supported by two conceptual gaps. The ‘–tivity gap’ holds that physical states are objective and phenomenal states are subjective, and that there is no entailment from the objective to the subjective. The ‘–trinsicality gap’ holds that physical properties are extrinsic and phenomenal qualities are intrinsic, and that there is no entailment from the extrinsic to the (...)
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  25.  38
    Critique is a thing of this world: Towards a genealogy of critique.Tom Boland - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (1):108-123.
    Although Foucault was clearly a critical thinker, his approach also provides for the possibility of a genealogy of critique. Such an approach problematizes critique, and I trace the emergent problematization of critique in Foucault’s later works, and briefly in Latour and Boltanski. From this I move on to the ‘critical problematic’, that is, how critique operates as a form of power/knowledge, as a discourse that creates subjects through a critical regime of truth and critical truth-games. Specifically, I argue that critique (...)
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  26.  28
    Countable structures, Ehrenfeucht strategies, and wadge reductions.Tom Linton - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (4):1325-1348.
    For countable structures U and B, let $\mathfrak{U}\overset{\alpha}{\rightarrow}\mathfrak{B}$ abbreviate the statement that every Σ0 α (Lω1,ω) sentence true in U also holds in B. One can define a back and forth game between the structures U and B that determines whether $\mathfrak{U}\overset{\alpha}{\rightarrow}\mathfrak{B}$ . We verify that if θ is an Lω,ω sentence that is not equivalent to any Lω,ω Σ0 n sentence, then there are countably infinite models U and B such that $\mathfrak{U} \vDash \theta, \mathfrak{B} \vDash \neg \theta$ , (...)
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  27.  9
    Plastic bodies: rebuilding sensation after phenomenology.Tom Lordan - 2018 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 10 (2):197-199.
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  28.  10
    Poetry and Poetics in the Presocratic Philosophers: Reading Xenophanes, Parmenides and Empedocles as Literature.Tom Mackenzie - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Of the Presocratic thinkers traditionally credited with the foundation of Greek philosophy, Xenophanes, Parmenides and Empedocles are exceptional for writing in verse. This is the first book-length, literary-critical study of their work. It locates the surviving fragments in their performative and wider cultural contexts, applying intertextual and intratextual analyses in order to reconstruct the significance and impact they conveyed for ancient audiences and readers. Building on insights from literary theory and the philosophy of literature, the book sheds new light on (...)
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  29.  6
    Die Entstehung der Welt: Studien zum Straßburger Empedokles-Papyrus.Tom Wellmann - 2020 - De Gruyter.
    Die Entdeckung des Straßburger Empedokles-Papyrus und seine 1999 erfolgte Publikation war für die Erforschung der antiken Philosophie ein einzigartiger Glücksfall. Die neu hinzugekommenen Texte ergänzten die fragmentarische Überlieferung von Empedokles’ naturphilosophischem Lehrgedicht Physika (so der in der Antike gebräuchliche Titel) an entscheidenden Stellen. Allerdings wurde das Potenzial des Papyrus zur Klärung ungelöster Interpretationsprobleme in der auf die Veröffentlichung folgenden Forschungsdiskussion noch nicht ausgeschöpft. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird auf der Basis einer kontinuierlichen inhaltlichen und sprachlichen Analyse des Textes eine Gesamtrekonstruktion (...)
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  30.  71
    Martin O'Shaughnessy (2007) The New Face of Political Cinema: Commitment in French Film Since 1995.Tom Whittaker - 2009 - Film-Philosophy 13 (1):199-205.
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  31.  59
    Symbolic and nonsymbolic pathways of number processing.Tom Verguts & Wim Fias - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (4):539 – 554.
    Recent years have witnessed an enormous increase in behavioral and neuroimaging studies of numerical cognition. Particular interest has been devoted toward unraveling properties of the representational medium on which numbers are thought to be represented. We have argued that a correct inference concerning these properties requires distinguishing between different input modalities and different decision/output structures. To back up this claim, we have trained computational models with either symbolic or nonsymbolic input and with different task requirements, and showed that this allowed (...)
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  32.  40
    Plastic Bodies: Rebuilding Sensation After Phenomenology.Tom Sparrow - 2014 - London: Open Humanities Press.
    Sensation is a concept with a conflicted philosophical history. It has found as many allies as enemies in nearly every camp from empiricism to poststructuralism. Polyvalent, with an uncertain referent, and often overshadowed by intuition, perception, or cognition, sensation invites as much metaphysical speculation as it does dismissive criticism. -/- The promise of sensation has certainly not been lost on the phenomenologists who have sought to ‘rehabilitate’ the concept. In Plastic Bodies, Tom Sparrow argues that the phenomenologists have not gone (...)
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  33.  20
    Getting interaction theory together: Integrating developmental, phenomenological, enactive, and dynamical approaches to social interaction.Tom Froese & Shaun Gallagher - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):436-468.
    We argue that progress in our scientific understanding of the ‘social mind’ is hampered by a number of unfounded assumptions. We single out the widely shared assumption that social behavior depends solely on the capacities of an individual agent. In contrast, both developmental and phenomenological studies suggest that the personal-level capacity for detached ‘social cognition’ is a secondary achievement that is dependent on more immediate processes of embodied social interaction. We draw on the enactive approach to cognitive science to further (...)
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  34.  31
    Art and Truth After Plato.Tom Rockmore - 2013 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In Art and Truth after Plato, Tom Rockmore argues that Plato has in fact never been satisfactorily answered—and to demonstrate that, he offers a comprehensive account of Plato’s influence through nearly the whole history of Western ...
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  35.  87
    The social construction of consciousness. Part 1: collective consciousness and its socio-cultural foundations.Tom R. Burns & Erik Engdahl - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (1):67-85.
    This paper outlines, from a sociological and social psychological perspective, a theoretical framework with which to define and analyse consciousness, emphasizing the importance of language, collective representations, conceptions of self, and self-reflectivity in understanding human consciousness. It argues that the shape and feel of consciousness is heavily social, and this is no less true of our experience of collective consciousness than it is of our experience of individual consciousness. The paper is divided into two parts. Part One argues that the (...)
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  36.  9
    Reform within the Common Rule?Tom Puglisi - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):40-42.
    In their papers in this supplement, Ruth Faden and colleagues conclude that research ethics and regulation must change to accommodate a changed and changing health care environment. The reality, however, is that the widely understood and accepted ethical framework embedded in the regulatory requirements known as the Common Rule, and recent proposals to modify the Common Rule have become stalled, at least for the foreseeable future, if not permanently. Meaningful systemic modernization of the Common Rule is not likely to occur (...)
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  37. Toward a Theory of Dementia Care: Ethics and Interaction.Tom Kitwood - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (1):23-34.
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  38. Relativism, multiculturalism, and universal norms : their role in business ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford handbook of business ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  39.  15
    Faith and Wisdom in Science.Tom McLeish - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Takes a fresh approach to the 'science and religion' debate, taking a scientist's reading of the enigmatic and beautiful Book of Job as a centrepiece, and asking what science might ultimately be for. Rather than conflicting with faith, science can be seen as a deeply religious activity.
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  40. Rights.Tom Campbell - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. New York: Routledge.
  41.  32
    Making sense of the chronology of Paleolithic cave painting from the perspective of material engagement theory.Tom Froese - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):91-112.
    There exists a venerable tradition of interdisciplinary research into the origins and development of Paleolithic cave painting. In recent years this research has begun to be inflected by rapid advances in measurement techniques that are delivering chronological data with unprecedented accuracy. Patterns are emerging from the accumulating evidence whose precise interpretation demands corresponding advances in theory. It seems that cave painting went through several transitions, beginning with the creation of simple lines, dots and disks, followed by hand stencils, then by (...)
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  42.  52
    Animal Minds and Neuroimaging: Bridging the Gap between Science and Ethics?Tom Buller - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):173-181.
    As Colin Allen has argued, discussions between science and ethics about the mentality and moral status of nonhuman animals often stall on account of the fact that the properties that ethics presents as evidence of animal mentality and moral status, namely consciousness and sentience, are not observable “scientifically respectable” properties. In order to further discussion between science and ethics, it seems, therefore, that we need to identify properties that would satisfy both domains.In this article I examine the mentality and moral (...)
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  43.  24
    Magic, Emotion and Practical Metabolism: Affective Praxis in Sartre and Collingwood.Tom Greaves - 2021 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 53 (3):276-297.
    This article develops a new way of understanding the integration of emotions in practical life and the practical appraisal of emotions, drawing on insights from both J-P. Sartre and R. G. Collingwo...
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  44.  18
    Sammenlikning av norsk og amerikansk doktorgrad.Tom Andreassen - 2017 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 52 (4):207-208.
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  45.  8
    Ayn Rand's theory of knowledge: a commentary.Tom S. Porter - 1999 - Reseda, Calif.: T. Porter.
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  46.  38
    Habermas and the reconstruction of historical materialism.Tom Rockmore - 1979 - Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (3):195-206.
  47.  36
    To each according to their effort? On the ethical significance of hard work.Tom Malleson - 2019 - Constellations 26 (2):257-267.
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  48. The role of self-focused attention in the development, maintenance, and exacerbation of depression.Tom Pyszczynski & Jeff Greenberg - 1986 - In Krysia Yardley & Terry Honess (eds.), Self and Identity: Psychosocial Perspectives. Wiley.
     
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  49.  4
    Questions in Aesthetic Education.Tom Anderson - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (2):318-321.
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  50. Cinema and its discontents.Tom Conley - 2009 - In Gabriel Rockhill & Philip Watts (eds.), Jacques Rancière: History, Politics, Aesthetics. Durham: Duke University Press.
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