Results for 'Tohis Reza Adeputra'

415 found
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  1.  25
    Review of Seyyed Khalil Toussi, The Political Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, Routledge, 2020, ISBN: 978–1 315–75,116-0, xi + 246 pp. [REVIEW]Reza Adeputra Tohis - 2023 - Sophia. Translated by Tohis Reza Adeputra.
  2. Ghazālī's epistemology.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - In Kurt Sylvan, Ernest Sosa, Jonathan Dancy & Matthias Steup (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Epistemology, 3rd edition. Wiley Blackwell.
  3. Collective epistemic virtues.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):281 – 297.
    At the intersection of social and virtue epistemology lies the important, yet so far entirely neglected, project of articulating the social dimensions of epistemic virtues. Perhaps the most obvious way in which epistemic virtues might be social is that they may be possessed by social collectives. We often speak of groups as if they could instantiate epistemic virtues. It is tempting to think of these expressions as ascribing virtues not to the groups themselves, but to their members. Adapting Margaret Gilbert's (...)
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  4.  17
    The Solution to Moral Conflicts on the Basis of Virtue Ethics.Reza Akbari - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 8 (31-32):85-100.
    Reza Akbari Solving moral conflicts entails a decision-making process. So any suggested approach to moral conflicts is included in the domain of practical rationality. The practical rationality is based on theoretical rationality. Both the theoretical and practical rationality have a realistic kind of approach and an idealistic kind of approach. In the theoretical rationality, the idealistic approaches demand certainty in a strict sense, following epistemic guidelines; and in the practical rationality, they demand the best possible choice. Nevertheless, there are (...)
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  5.  16
    Wittgenstein and meaning in life: in search of the human voice.Reza Hosseini - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    What could Wittgenstein's body of texts contribute to the rapidly growing literature on life's meaning? This book not only examines Wittgenstein's scattered remarks about value and 'sense of life' but also argues that his philosophy and his 'way of seeing' has far reaching implications for the way current strands in the literature (naturalism, supernaturalism, and nihilism) approach the question of life's meaning. Hosseini argues that Wittgenstein's method of doing philosophy would suggest that the focus should be shifted from finding the (...)
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  6.  11
    Interpersonal metadiscourse: an indicator of interaction and identity.Reza Abdi - 2002 - Discourse Studies 4 (2):139-145.
    By using genre analysis, this study investigates the way writers use interpersonal metadiscourse to partly reveal their identity and examines their selected mode of interaction in two major academic fields: the social sciences and natural sciences. A total of 55 academic research articles from the SS and NS were selected as the corpus of this study. A comparison of the two disciplines was made, based on the use of interpersonal metadiscourse through `hedges', `emphatics' and `attitude markers'. The analysis showed that (...)
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  7.  16
    Vocabulary Repetition Following Multisensory Instruction Is Ineffective on L2 Sentence Comprehension: Evidence From the N400.Reza Pishghadam, Haniyeh Jajarmi, Shaghayegh Shayesteh, Azin Khodaverdi & Hossein Nassaji - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Putting the principles of multisensory teaching into practice, this study investigated the effect of audio-visual vocabulary repetition on L2 sentence comprehension. Forty participants were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. A sensory-based model of instruction was used to teach a list of unfamiliar vocabularies to the two groups. Following the instruction, the experimental group repeated the instructed words twice, while the control group received no vocabulary repetition. Afterward, their electrophysiological neural activities were recorded through electroencephalography while doing a sentence (...)
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  8.  30
    Assessing Patient Perspectives on Receiving Bad News: A Survey of 1337 Patients With Life-Changing Diagnoses.Reza D. Mirza, Melody Ren, Arnav Agarwal & Gordon H. Guyatt - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (1):36-43.
    Background: Guidelines for breaking bad news are largely directed at and validated in oncology patients, based on expert opinion, and neglect those with other diagnoses. We sought to determine whether existing guidelines for breaking bad news, particularly SPIKES, are consistent with patient preferences across patient populations. Methods: Patients from an online community responded to 5 open-ended and 11 Likert-scale questions identifying their preferences in having bad news delivered. Patient participants received a diagnosis of cancer, lupus, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, (...)
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  9.  29
    The time(s) of the photographed.Reza Tavakol - 2019 - Philosophy of Photography 10 (2):195-206.
    The relationship between the photographic and optical images and time has been the subject of great deal of debate. Despite their differences, what many of these considerations have in common is their focus on the receiver, whether mechanical, biological, social or the memory and imagination of the observer. My aim here is to shift the emphasis from the receiver to the object or vista that is photographed or viewed and to explore how the constraints implied by our modern understanding of (...)
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  10.  20
    World without colour and its photographs and optical images.Reza Tavakol - 2020 - Philosophy of Photography 11 (1):79-97.
    Photographs and optical images, whatever their contents, are imprints of the electromagnetic waves in the (human) visible range of wavelengths, we refer to as light. Furthermore, they are designed to portray different parts of the visible light in terms of different colours, in analogy with the human eyes, however imperfectly. The world outside our eyes and cameras, however, is permeated by electromagnetic waves with much wider spectrum of wavelengths than those in the visible range. Importantly also, colour is a construct (...)
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  11.  11
    A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad: ʻizz Al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (D. 683/1284) and His Writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2006 - Boston: BRILL. Edited by Sabine Schmidtke.
    The volume gives a detailed account of the available data of the biography of the Jewish philosopher ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (d. 683/1284), provides an outline of his philosophcial thought, and analyzes in detail the reception of his thought and his writings among later Muslim and Jewish philosophers. An inventory of his entire œuvre provides detailed information on all extant manuscripts. The volume furthermore includes editions of nine of his writings.
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  12. Sadr al-Din Dashtaki and Mulla Sadra Shirazi on Unified Composition.Reza Dargahifar & Davood Hosseini - 2023 - Sadrā’I Wisdom 11 (1):49-68.
    Sad al-Din Dashtaki, and following him, Mulla Sadra Shirazi maintains that all real compositions are unified. After a short review of Dashtaki’s thesis, we concentrate on Mulla Sadra’s version. Mulla Sadra believes that Dashtaki’s version is not coherent and he declines the existence of real parts. We will argue that Mulla Sadra’s objections do not work and furthermore, all things said and done there is no difference between these two versions of the thesis of unified composition. If there is any (...)
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  13.  27
    Bilateral Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on DLPFC Changes Resting State Networks and Cognitive Function in Patients With Bipolar Depression.Reza Kazemi, Reza Rostami, Sanaz Khomami, Golnaz Baghdadi, Mehdi Rezaei, Masahiro Hata, Yasunori Aoki, Ryouhei Ishii, Masao Iwase & Paul B. Fitzgerald - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  14.  8
    Die Behauptung Eigener Menschenrechte als Selbstforderung.Reza Mosayebi - 2018 - In Kant Und Menschenrechte. De Gruyter. pp. 267-304.
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  15. Ghazālī's Transformative Answer to Scepticism.Reza Hadisi - 2021 - Theoria 88 (1):109-142.
    In this paper, I offer a reconstruction of Ghazālī's encounter with scepticism in the Deliverance from Error. For Ghazālī, I argue, radical scepticism about the possibility of knowledge ensues from intellectualist assumptions about the nature of justification. On the reading that I will propose, Ghazālī holds that foundational knowledge can only be justified via actions that lead to transformative experiences.
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  16.  16
    COVID-19 in English and Persian: A Cognitive Linguistic Study of Illness Metaphors across Languages.Reza Kazemian & Somayeh Hatamzadeh - 2022 - Metaphor and Symbol 37 (2):152-170.
    This article investigates conceptual metaphors for Covid-19 in two languages, American English and Persian, using two approaches, namely Lakoff & Johnson’s conceptual metaphor theory and Kövecses’s...
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  17.  55
    On the Domain of Applicability of General Relativity.Reza Tavakol & Roustam Zalaletdinov - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (2):307-331.
    We consider the domain of applicability of general relativity (GR), as a classical theory of gravity, by considering its applications to a variety of settings of physical interest as well as its relationship with real observations. We argue that, as it stands, GR is deficient whether it is treated as a microscopic or a macroscopic theory of gravity. We briefly discuss some recent attempts at removing this shortcoming through the construction of a macroscopic theory of gravity. We point out that (...)
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  18.  25
    Knowledge management in construction companies in the UK.Reza Esmi & Richard Ennals - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (2):197-203.
    Knowledge management is important in the construction industry, but there is a dramatic gap between rhetoric and reality, highlighting mistaken expectations of technology. We report on a case study of a major construction company. The UK construction industry, with scarce academic qualifications, and limited use of IT, depends on knowledge sharing, and, crucially, on tacit knowledge. Economic crisis presents particular problems, and recent trends in work organization have far-reaching implications. The industry depends on human knowledge, with limited systems support. A (...)
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  19.  15
    Critical care nurses’ experiences on dishonesty: A qualitative content analysis.Reza Negarandeh, Mitra Khoobi, Majid Ahmadihedayat & Dougie Marks - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (5):1209-1219.
    Background: Providing information to patients is an essential aspect of care. The way in which such information is transmitted is also important and is affected by different variables. The perceptions of dishonest nursing staff have not been sufficiently discussed to date. Aim: The purpose is to explore the reasons for dishonesty in transmitting information to patients. Design and Method: In this qualitative content analysis study, data were collected using semi-structured interviews with Twelve Iranian Critical Care Nurses from January 2020 till (...)
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  20.  10
    Philosophy in Qajar Iran.Reza Pourjavady (ed.) - 2018 - Boston: Brill.
    _Philosophy in Qajar Iran_ offers an account of the life, works and philosophical thoughts of major philosophers of Iran between the late eighteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
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  21.  23
    Filsafat politik untuk Indonesia: dari pemikiran Plato, Edmund Husserl, Charles Taylor, sampai dengan Slavoj Žižek.Reza A. A. Wattimena (ed.) - 2011 - ML [i.e. Malang]: Pustaka Mas.
  22.  68
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world (the Disconnection Problem). Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” (...)
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  23.  49
    Pragmatism, Bohr, and the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Reza Maleeh & Parisa Amani - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):353-367.
    In this article, we argue that although Bohr's version of the Copenhagen interpretation is in line with several key elements of logical positivism, pragmatism is the closest approximation to a classification of the Copenhagen interpretation, whether or not pragmatists directly influenced the key figures of the interpretation. Pragmatism already encompasses important elements of operationalism and logical positivism, especially the liberalized Carnapian reading of logical positivism. We suggest that some elements of the Copenhagen interpretation, which are in line with logical positivism, (...)
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  24. Autonomy as Practical Understanding.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    In this paper, I offer a theory of autonomous agency that relies on the re-sources of a strongly cognitivist theory of intention and intentional action. On the proposed account, intentional action is a graded notion that is ex-plained via the agent’s degree of practical knowledge. In turn, autonomous agency is also a graded notion that is explained via the agent’s degree of practical understanding. The resulting theory can synthesize insights from both the hierarchical and the cognitivist theories of autonomy with (...)
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  25. Suhrawardī’s Ishrāqī [‘illuminationist’] epistemology.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - In Kurt Sylvan, Ernest Sosa, Jonathan Dancy & Matthias Steup (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Epistemology, 3rd edition. Wiley Blackwell.
  26.  77
    Comment on John Greco's Putting Skeptics in Their Place.Reza Lahroodi & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):457-465.
    In this comment, we will focus on Greco’s brief for agent reliabilism in preference to simple reliabilism. Agent reliabilism differs from simple reliabilism primarily in requiring, not merely belief that results from a reliable process, but belief grounded in stable dispositions that make up the subject’s character.
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  27.  99
    Evaluating need for cognition: A case study in naturalistic epistemic virtue theory.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):227 – 245.
    The recent literature on epistemic virtues advances two general projects. The first is virtue epistemology, an attempt to explicate key epistemic notions in terms of epistemic virtue. The second is epistemic virtue theory, the conceptual and normative investigation of cognitive traits of character. While a great deal of work has been done in virtue epistemology, epistemic virtue theory still languishes in a state of neglect. Furthermore, the existing work is non-naturalistic. The present paper contributes to the development of a naturalistic (...)
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  28.  55
    The Infinite Turn and Speculative Explanations in Cosmology.Reza Tavakol & Fabio Gironi - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (4):785-798.
    Infinity, in various guises, has been invoked recently in order to ‘explain’ a number of important questions regarding observable phenomena in science, and in particular in cosmology. Such explanations are by their nature speculative. Here we introduce the notions of relative infinity, closure, and economy of explanation and ask: to what extent explanations involving relative or real constructed infinities can be treated as reasonable?
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  29.  38
    The role of gossip, reputation and charisma in inducing cooperation.Reza Hasmath & Peter Jaworski - manuscript
    This paper argues that gossip can be a central element in inducing cooperation. The underlying assumption here is that human beings value payoffs in most societies, and are willing to have less now for more in the future. This basic interaction is tempered through gossip - as our behavior now may affect our future interactions and subsequent payoffs. As such, reputation matters and plays a crucial role in inducing cooperation. In order for gossip to be an effective policing mechanism a (...)
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  30.  7
    Hinweise zu den Autorinnen und Autoren.Reza Mosayebi - 2018 - In Kant Und Menschenrechte. De Gruyter. pp. 307-310.
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  31. Mullā Mahdī Narāqī.Reza Pourjavady - 2018 - In Philosophy in Qajar Iran. Boston: Brill.
  32.  22
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world (the Disconnection Problem). Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” (...)
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  33.  40
    Optimal synchronization of two different in-commensurate fractional-order chaotic systems with fractional cost function.Reza Behinfaraz & Mohammadali Badamchizadeh - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):401-416.
  34.  9
    Vom Gottesentwurf zum Selbstentwurf: die Idee der Perfektibilität in der islamischen Existenzphilosophie.Reza Hajatpour - 2013 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
  35.  26
    Reflexive Water Management in Arid Regions: The Case of Iran.Mohammed Reza Balali, Josef ~Keulartz & Michiel Korthals - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (1):91-112.
    To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable (semi-) arid Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours (...)
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  36.  1
    Sopa de Wuhan.Jaime Encinas Reza - 2021 - Medicina y Ética 32 (1):293-295.
    Reseña del libro Sopa de Wuhan de Giorgio Agamben et. al.
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  37. The justification of induction : A rationalistic solution for the classic problem of induction.Reza Sadeghi - 2012 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 1 (2):215-252.
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  38.  32
    Bohr’s Philosophy in the Light of Peircean Pragmatism.Reza Maleeh - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):3-21.
    Adopting Murdoch’s pragmatist reading of Bohr’s theory of meaning with regard to Bohr’s notion of complementarity, in this paper I try to see Bohr’s post-Como and, in particular, post-EPR philosophy of quantum mechanics in the light of Peircean pragmatism with the hope that such a construal can shed more light to Bohr’s philosophy. I supplement Murdoch’s position on Bohr’s pragmatism by showing that in addition to his complementarity, Bohr’s correspondence principle, instrumentalism and realism can be read on the basis of (...)
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  39.  13
    Thilo Sarrazin: Deutschland schafft sich ab. Wie wir unser Land aufs Spiel setzen.Hamid Reza Yousefi - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (1):65.
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  40. Kant’s Account of Epistemic Normativity.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    According to a common interpretation, most explicitly defended by Onora O’Neill and Patricia Kitcher, Kant held that epistemic obligations normatively depend on moral obligations. That is, were a rational agent not bound by any moral obligation, then she would not be bound by any epistemic obligation either. By contrast, in this paper, I argue that, according to Kant, some epistemic obligations are normatively independent from moral obligations, and are indeed normatively absolute. This view, which I call epistemicism, has two parts. (...)
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  41.  30
    The Meaning of Patient Advocacy for Iranian Nurses.Reza Negarandeh, Fateme Oskouie, Fazlollah Ahmadi & Mansoure Nikravesh - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (4):457-467.
    Patient advocacy has been a topic of much discussion in the nursing literature for a number of decades. Ambiguities remain, however, concerning definitions of advocacy in nursing. This qualitative grounded theory-type study aimed to inquire into the meaning of patient advocacy from Iranian nurses' perspective. A purposive sample of 24 nurses (staff nurses, head nurses and supervisors) working in a large university hospital in Tehran was used. Data were collected using in-depth semistructured interviews and reflective diaries kept by the participants. (...)
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  42.  11
    Das Minimum der reinen praktischen Vernunft: Vom kategorischen Imperativ zum allgemeinen Rechtsprinzip bei Kant.Reza Mosayebi - 2013 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    What is the founding relationship between Kant's general principle of rational law and his categorical imperative? On the one hand, Mosayebi answers this question by showing how Kant consistently developed the general principle of law from his moral philosophy. On the other hand, he demonstrates those transcendental critical moments that characterize this principle in contrast to the categorical imperative.
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  43.  31
    Emerson and the “Pale Scholar”.Reza Hosseini - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (1):115-135.
    Le problème de l’inaction des intellectuels est un thème récurrent dans les écrits de Ralph Waldo Emerson. Les commentateurs ont accordé beaucoup d’attention à «l’intellectuel américain», mais moins à ses remarques concernant l’«intellectuel pâle». Dans cet article, je me concentre sur ce dernier point, en montrant qu’une compréhension de la manière dont évoluent les idées d’Emerson sur ce qui compte pour l’action permettrait non seulement d’approfondir notre compréhension de sa philosophie ainsi que son orientation vers la conduite de la vie, (...)
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  44.  24
    Herbert Simon, innovation, and heuristics.Reza Kheirandish & Shabnam Mousavi - 2018 - Mind and Society 17 (1-2):97-109.
    Herbert Simon viewed innovation as a particular type of problem-solving behavior that entails refocus of attention and search for alternatives outside the existing domain of standard operations. This exploration outside of standard routines involves heuristic-based discovery and action, such as satisficing search for information and options. In our observations on the innovation process, we focus on knowledge generation. We propose viewing the process of generating knowledge—when knowledge is sufficient to instigate action, but not necessarily enough to eliminate the uncertainty of (...)
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  45.  28
    On the macroscopic response, microstructure evolution, and macroscopic stability of short-fiber-reinforced elastomers at finite strains: II – Representative examples.Reza Avazmohammadi & Pedro Ponte Castañeda - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (10):1068-1094.
  46.  14
    The Place of the Subject in Badiou’s Theory of Discipline.Reza Naderi - 2023 - Filozofski Vestnik 43 (3).
    Alain Badiou’s theory of discipline condenses many important theoretical tools that he developed throughout his long encounter with various philosophical and political milieus from the mid 1960s to the mid 1980s, when he wrote his magnum opus _Being and Event_. Through this vast terrain, Badiou expressed seemingly different commitments: from logic and the epistemology of science in the late 1960s and politics during the 1970s, to ontology and mathematics in the 1980s, which has continued to this time. However, a close (...)
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  47.  54
    Word associations contribute to machine learning in automatic scoring of degree of emotional tones in dream reports.Reza Amini, Catherine Sabourin & Joseph De Koninck - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1570-1576.
    Scientific study of dreams requires the most objective methods to reliably analyze dream content. In this context, artificial intelligence should prove useful for an automatic and non subjective scoring technique. Past research has utilized word search and emotional affiliation methods, to model and automatically match human judges’ scoring of dream report’s negative emotional tone. The current study added word associations to improve the model’s accuracy. Word associations were established using words’ frequency of co-occurrence with their defining words as found in (...)
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  48.  25
    Philosophy in early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Nayrīzī and his writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2011 - Boston: Brill.
    This book is about a Muslim Shi’i philosopher of the early 16th century, Najm al-Din Mahmud al-Nayrizi.
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  49. Thomas Aquinas and Mulla Sadra on the Soul-Body Problem: A Comparative Investigation.Reza Rezazadeh - 2011 - Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies 4:415-428.
    Thomas Aquinas and Mulla Sadra both criticized the previous theories on the soul-body problem, which held that the body is a mere instrument in the employ of the soul. Instead, they, following Aristotle, regard the connection between the soul and the body as form and matter since, they thought of it as an essential connection not accidental. Despite this initial similarity there are differences between Aquinas and Sadra on this problem which in the end lead them to two distinctive results.
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  50.  5
    Le judaïsme persique: le double sens de l'assimilation.Reza Rokoee - 2020 - Paris: Éditions du Cygne.
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