Results for 'Timothy M. Flemming'

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  1.  7
    Fading Perceptual Resemblance: A Path for Rhesus Macaques ( Macaca Mulatta ) to Conceptual Matching?J. David Smith, Timothy M. Flemming, Joseph Boomer, Michael J. Beran & Barbara A. Church - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):598-614.
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  2.  22
    Analogical Apes and Paleological Monkeys Revisited.Roger K. R. Thompson & Timothy M. Flemming - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):149-150.
    We argue that formal analogical reasoning is not a uniquely human trait but is found in chimpanzees, if not in monkeys. We also contest the claim that the relational matching-to-sample task is not exemplary of analogical behavior, and we provide evidence that symbolic-like treatment of relational information can be found in nonhuman species, a point in contention with the relational reinterpretation hypothesis.
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  3.  52
    The Aims and Authority of Moral Theory.Timothy M. Scanlon - 1992 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 12 (1):1-23.
  4.  11
    The Sublime: From Antiquity to the Present.Timothy M. Costelloe (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 'The sublime'. A short introduction to a long history Timothy M. Costelloe; Part I. Philosophical History of the Sublime: 1. Longinus and the ancient sublime Malcolm Heath; 2...And the beautiful? revisiting Edmund Burke's 'double aesthetics' Rodolphe Gasche; 3. The moral source of the Kantian sublime Melissa Meritt; 4. Imagination and internal sense: the sublime in Shaftesbury, Reid, Addison, and Reynolds Timothy M. Costelloe; 5. The associative sublime: Kames, Gerrard, Alison, and Stewart Rachel Zuckert; 6. (...)
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  5.  52
    The Cratylus: Plato's Critique of Naming.Timothy M. S. Baxter (ed.) - 1992 - E.J. Brill.
    This book aims to give a coherent interpretation of the whole dialogue, paying particular attention to these etymologies.The book discusses the rival theories ...
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  6.  32
    Obesity, Equity and Choice.Timothy M. Wilkinson - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):323-328.
    Obesity is often considered a public health crisis in rich countries that might be alleviated by preventive regulations such as a sugar tax or limiting the density of fast food outlets. This paper evaluates these regulations from the point of view of equity. Obesity is in many countries correlated with socioeconomic status and some believe that preventive regulations would reduce inequity. The puzzle is this: how could policies that reduce the options of the badly off be more equitable? Suppose we (...)
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  7.  75
    Hume's Enlightenment Tract: The Unity and Purpose of an Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):84-88.
  8.  68
    Aesthetics and Morals in the Philosophy of David Hume.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2007 - Routledge.
    The book has two aims. First, to examine the extent and significance of the connection between Hume's aesthetics and his moral philosophy; and, second, to consider how, in light of the connection, his moral philosophy answers central questions in ethics. The first aim is realized in chapters 1-4. Chapter 1 examines Hume's essay "Of the Standard of Taste" to understand his search for a "standard" and how this affects the scope of his aesthetics. Chapter 2 establishes that he treats beauty (...)
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  9. The Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism and the Potential Adverse Effects for Boys and Girls with Autism.Timothy M. Krahn & Andrew Fenton - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):93-103.
    Autism, typically described as a spectrum neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in verbal ability and social reciprocity as well as obsessive or repetitious behaviours, is currently thought to markedly affect more males than females. Not surprisingly, this encourages a gendered understanding of the Autism Spectrum. Simon Baron-Cohen, a prominent authority in the field of autism research, characterizes the male brain type as biased toward systemizing. In contrast, the female brain type is understood to be biased toward empathizing. Since persons with (...)
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  10.  3
    The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein is the first single volume to offer readers a comprehensive and systematic history of aesthetics in Britain from its inception in the early eighteenth century to major developments in Britain and beyond in the late twentieth century. The book consists of an introduction and eight chapters, and is divided into three parts. The first part, The Age of Taste, covers the eighteenth-century approaches of internal sense theorists, imagination theorists and associationists. The second, (...)
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  11. Between the Subject and Sociology: Alfred Schutz's Phenomenology of the Life-World.Timothy M. Costelloe - 1996 - Human Studies 19 (3):247 - 266.
    In his writings Alfred Schutz identifies an artificiality in the concept of life-world produced by Edmund Husserl's method of reduction. As an alternative, he proposes to assume intersubjectivity as a given of everyday life. This eradicates Husserl's distinction between life-world and natural attitude. The subsequent phenomenological project appears to center upon sociological descriptions of the structures of the life-world rather than on a search for apodictic truth. Schutz, however, actually retains Husserl's emphasis on the subject. A tension then arises between (...)
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  12. Do What Consumers Say Matter? The Misalignment of Preferences with Unconstrained Ethical Intentions.Pat Auger & Timothy M. Devinney - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (4):361-383.
    Nearly all studies of consumers’ willingness to engage in ethical or socially responsible purchasing behavior is based on unconstrained survey response methods. In the present article we ask the question of how well does asking consumers the extent to which they care about a specific social or ethical issue relate to how they would behave in a more constrained environment where there is no socially acceptable response. The results of a comparison between traditional survey questions of “intention to purchase” and (...)
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  13.  58
    Mirrors to One Another: Emotion and Value in Jane Austen and David Hume by Dadlez, E. M.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2010 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 68 (2):179-181.
  14.  98
    Hume’s Aesthetics: The Literature and Directions for Research.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):87-126.
    While there is hardly an aspect of Hume’s work that has not produced controversy of one sort or another, deciphering and evaluating his views on aesthetics involves overcoming interpretive barriers of a particular sort. In addition to what is generally taken as the anachronistic attribution of “aesthetic theories” to any thinker of the eighteenth century, Hume presents the added difficulty that unlike the other founding-fathers of modern philosophical aesthetics, he produced no systematic work on the subject, and certainly nothing comparable (...)
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  15. The Imagination in Hume's Philosophy: The Canvas of the Mind.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2018 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Defines the cutting-edge of scholarship on ancient Greek history employing methods from social science.
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  16.  29
    Extending the Domain of Freedom, or Why Gaia Is So Hard to Understand.Bruno Latour & Timothy M. Lenton - 2019 - Critical Inquiry 45 (3):659-680.
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  17.  2
    Rachel Zuckert. Herder's Naturalist Aesthetics. Cambridge University Press, 2019, XII + 266 Pp., $99.99 Cloth. [REVIEW]Timothy M. Costelloe - 2020 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (2):243-246.
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  18. Hume's Phenomenology of the Imagination.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2007 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (1):31-45.
    This paper examines the role of the imagination in Hume's epistemology. Three specific powers of the imagination are identified – the imagistic, conceptual and productive – as well as three corresponding kinds of fictions based on the degree of belief contained in each class of ideas the imagination creates. These are generic fictions, real and mere fictions, and necessary fictions, respectively. Through these manifestations, it is emphasized, Hume presents the imagination both as the positive force behind human creativity and a (...)
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  19.  6
    The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wttgenstein.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction: a brief history of 'aesthetics'; Part I. The Age of Taste: 1. Internal sense theorists; 2. Imagination theorists; 3. Associationist theorists; Part II. The Age of Romanticism: 4. The picturesque; 5. Wordsworth and the early Romantics; 6. Victorian criticism; Part III. The Age of Analysis: 7. Theories of expression; 8. Wittgenstein and afterwards.
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  20.  83
    `In Every Civilized Community': Hume on Belief and the Demise of Religion.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2004 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 55 (3):171-185.
    This paper considers the claim that Hume washostile to religion and religious belief, andhoped for their demise. Part one examines hisapproach to belief, showing how commentatorstake him to see religious belief asnon-natural. Part two challenges thisconclusion by arguing, first, that Hume'sdistinction between natural and artificialvirtue allows the term ``natural'' to coverreligious belief as well; second, that Humehimself never denies religious belief isnatural, and, third, that he takes religion tobe a necessary part of any flourishing society. The target of Hume's critical (...)
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  21.  24
    Review: Deligiorgi, Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Timothy M. Costelloe - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):667-668.
    Timothy M. Costelloe - Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 667-668 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Timothy M. Costelloe The College of William and Mary Katerina Deligiorgi. Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment. Albany, New York: SUNY Press, 2005. Pp. xi + 248. Cloth, $70.00. At a time when our attention is overwhelmed by the practical manifestations of power in pursuit (...)
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  22.  59
    Attitudes About Corporate Social Responsibility: Business Student Predictors.Robert W. Kolodinsky, Timothy M. Madden, Daniel S. Zisk & Eric T. Henkel - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (2):167-181.
    Four predictors were posited to affect business student attitudes about the social responsibilities of business, also known as corporate social responsibility (CSR). Applying Forsyth's (1980, "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology" 39, 175–184, 1992, "Journal of Business Ethics" 11, 461–470) personal moral philosophy model, we found that ethical idealism had a positive relationship with CSR attitudes, and ethical relativism a negative relationship. We also found materialism to be negatively related to CSR attitudes. Spirituality among business students did not significantly predict (...)
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  23.  21
    Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment (Review).Timothy M. Costelloe - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):667-668.
    Timothy M. Costelloe - Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 667-668 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Timothy M. Costelloe The College of William and Mary Katerina Deligiorgi. Kant and the Culture of Enlightenment. Albany, New York: SUNY Press, 2005. Pp. xi + 248. Cloth, $70.00. At a time when our attention is overwhelmed by the practical manifestations of power in pursuit (...)
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  24.  2
    Timothy M. Harrison. Coming To: Consciousness and Natality in Early Modern England. 328 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2020. $30 (Paper); ISBN 9780226725123. Cloth and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Emma Gilby - 2022 - Isis 113 (2):439-440.
  25.  6
    A Short Introduction to a Long History.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2012 - In The Sublime: From Antiquity to the Present. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  26.  36
    Timothy M. S. Baxter, "The "Cratylus": Plato's Critique of Naming". [REVIEW]Georgios Anagnostopoulos - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (4):661.
    This detailed discussion of the Cratylus aims to explain the function of the long etymological section within the dialogue as a whole, arguing that it represents a Platonic critique of common Greek ideas about names.
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  27.  2
    Andrea Gadberry. Cartesian Poetics: The Art of Thinking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020. 206 Pp. [REVIEW]Timothy M. Harrison - 2022 - Critical Inquiry 48 (3):618-619.
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  28.  57
    The Invisibility of Evil: Moral Progress and the 'Animal Holocaust'.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2003 - Philosophical Papers 32 (2):109-131.
    This paper explores the concept of an ?animal holocaust? by way of J.M. Coetzee's The Lives of Animals, and asks whether the Nazi treatment of the Jews can be legitimately compared to modern factory farming. While certain parallels make the comparison appealing, it is argued, only the holocaust can be described as ?evil.? The phenomena share another feature, however, namely, the capacity of perpetrators to render victims ?invisible.? This leaves the moral dimension of the comparison in tact since it shows (...)
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  29.  34
    Hume’s Aesthetics: The Literature and Directions for Research.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):87-126.
    While there is hardly an aspect of Hume’s work that has not produced controversy of one sort or another, deciphering and evaluating his views on aesthetics involves overcoming interpretive barriers of a particular sort. In addition to what is generally taken as the anachronistic attribution of “aesthetic theories” to any thinker of the eighteenth century, Hume presents the added difficulty that unlike the other founding-fathers of modern philosophical aesthetics, he produced no systematic work on the subject, and certainly nothing comparable (...)
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  30. Hume, Kant, and the "Antinomy of Taste".Timothy M. Costelloe - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):165-185.
  31. Using Best–Worst Scaling Methodology to Investigate Consumer Ethical Beliefs Across Countries.Pat Auger, Timothy M. Devinney & Jordan J. Louviere - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):299-326.
    This study uses best–worst scaling experiments to examine differences across six countries in the attitudes of consumers towards social and ethical issues that included both product related issues (such as recycled packaging) and general social factors (such as human rights). The experiments were conducted using over 600 respondents from Germany, Spain, Turkey, USA, India, and Korea. The results show that there is indeed some variation in the attitudes towards social and ethical issues across these six countries. However, what is more (...)
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  32.  19
    Costelloe, Timothy M. The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein. Cambridge University Press, 2013, X + 350 Pp., 11 B&W Illus., $34.99 Paper. [REVIEW]Jason Gaiger - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (3):335-337.
  33. Kant's Conception of Moral Character. [REVIEW]Timothy M. Costelloe - 2001 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (3):445.
  34.  15
    Husserl's Fifth Meditation and the Phenomenological Sociology of Alfred Schutz.Timothy M. Costelloe - 1998 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 29 (1):23-46.
    In his Fifth Meditation, Husserl appears to confront the problem of solipsism. As a number of commentators have suggested, however, since it arises from within phenomenology itself and the existence of the other is never in doubt, it is not a solipsism in the traditional Cartesian sense. Alfred Schutz, however, appears to understand Husserl's inquiry in precisely these terms. As such, his critical discussions of the Fifth Meditation, as well as his subsequent rejection of transcendantal philosophy, might not be well-founded. (...)
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  35. Charity Lost: The Secularization of the Principle of Double Effect in the Just-War Tradition.Timothy M. Renick - 1994 - The Thomist 58 (3):441-462.
  36.  6
    Brady Bowman. Hegel and the Metaphysics of Absolut Negativity. Cambridge, New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. ISBN 978-11070-3359-7. Pp Xvi + 280. $54.50. [REVIEW]Timothy M. Hackett - 2015 - Hegel Bulletin 36 (2):268-273.
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  37. A Dialogue Concerning Aesthetics and Apolaustics.Timothy M. Costelloe & Andrew Chignell - 2011 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (1):v-xvi.
    A debate between two aestheticians concerning the relative influence of Scottish and German philosophers on the contemporary discipline. -/- .
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  38.  17
    Using Best–Worst Scaling Methodology to Investigate Consumer Ethical Beliefs Across Countries.Pat Auger, Timothy M. Devinney & J. Louviere - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):299-326.
    This study uses best–worst scaling experiments to examine differences across six countries in the attitudes of consumers towards social and ethical issues that included both product related issues and general social factors. The experiments were conducted using over 600 respondents from Germany, Spain, Turkey, USA, India, and Korea. The results show that there is indeed some variation in the attitudes towards social and ethical issues across these six countries. However, what is more telling are the similarities seen and the extent (...)
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  39.  4
    Rhetoric Renouncing Rhetoric.Timothy M. Asay - 2015 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 48 (2):139-161.
    ABSTRACT The problem St. Augustine confronts in the Confessions is fundamentally one of rhetoric: God should be singularly desirable, yet rhetoric seems necessary to motivate our pursuit of him. Religion participates in the relative marketplace of rhetoric, where ideals need to be authorized because they lack a self-sufficient rationale. In his early encounters with Cicero and the Platonists, Augustine struggles to renounce all such partial ideals in order to pursue philosophical truth unequivocally. Yet the refusal of rhetoric is, paradoxically, another (...)
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  40.  46
    Counterpoint Thinking: Connecting Learning and Thinking in Schools.Timothy M. Melchior - 1995 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (3):82-91.
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  41.  5
    Timothy M. Costelloe, The Imagination in Hume's Philosophy: The Canvas of the Mind.Hannah Lingier & Willem Lemmens - 2019 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 17 (3):243-248.
  42.  25
    Response to Berlin and McBride.Timothy M. Renick - 1990 - Social Theory and Practice 16 (3):323-335.
  43.  29
    A Critique of Marxist Legal Theoretical Constructs.Timothy M. Hyden - 1984 - Studies in East European Thought 28 (4):345-355.
  44.  9
    The Oxford Handbook of Theological Ethics.Timothy M. Renick - 2007 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 27 (1):313-315.
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  45.  85
    Costelloe, Timothy M., Ed. The Sublime: From Antiquity to the Present. Cambridge University Press, 2012, Xiii + 304 Pp., 36 B&W Illus., $35.95 Paper. [REVIEW]Tom Cochrane - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):390-392.
  46.  57
    Science, Consciousness and the “We” in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2000 - International Studies in Philosophy 32 (2):15-27.
  47. Baxter, Timothy M.S. The Cratylus, Plato's Critique Of Naming. Philosophia Antiqua 58. [REVIEW]António Martins - 1994 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 3 (5):221-224.
  48.  7
    How Much Is Too Much?Timothy M. Smith - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (1/2):199-223.
  49.  21
    How Does a Helicase Unwind DNA? Insights From RecBCD Helicase.Timothy M. Lohman & Nicole T. Fazio - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (6):1800009.
    DNA helicases are a class of molecular motors that catalyze processive unwinding of double stranded DNA. In spite of much study, we know relatively little about the mechanisms by which these enzymes carry out the function for which they are named. Most current views are based on inferences from crystal structures. A prominent view is that the canonical ATPase motor exerts a force on the ssDNA resulting in “pulling” the duplex across a “pin” or “wedge” in the enzyme leading to (...)
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  50.  23
    Taylor on Presumed Consent.Timothy M. Wilkinson - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):638-639.
    In his précis, James Stacey Taylor sets out his full-blooded Epicureanism, which concludes that “death is not a harm to the person who dies and that persons can neither be harmed nor wronged by events that occur after their deaths.”1 He then considers various topics in bioethics in the light of his Epicureanism, one of which I consider here: presumed consent in the procurement of organs for transplantation. Although I do not accept Taylor's Epicureanism and although his examination of presumed (...)
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