Results for 'Timo Speith'

435 found
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  1.  28
    From Responsibility to Reason-Giving Explainable Artificial Intelligence.Kevin Baum, Susanne Mantel, Timo Speith & Eva Schmidt - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (1):1-30.
    We argue that explainable artificial intelligence (XAI), specifically reason-giving XAI, often constitutes the most suitable way of ensuring that someone can properly be held responsible for decisions that are based on the outputs of artificial intelligent (AI) systems. We first show that, to close moral responsibility gaps (Matthias 2004), often a human in the loop is needed who is directly responsible for particular AI-supported decisions. Second, we appeal to the epistemic condition on moral responsibility to argue that, in order to (...)
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  2. What Do We Want From Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI)? – A Stakeholder Perspective on XAI and a Conceptual Model Guiding Interdisciplinary XAI Research.Markus Langer, Daniel Oster, Timo Speith, Lena Kästner, Kevin Baum, Holger Hermanns, Eva Schmidt & Andreas Sesing - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 296 (C):103473.
    Previous research in Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) suggests that a main aim of explainability approaches is to satisfy specific interests, goals, expectations, needs, and demands regarding artificial systems (we call these “stakeholders' desiderata”) in a variety of contexts. However, the literature on XAI is vast, spreads out across multiple largely disconnected disciplines, and it often remains unclear how explainability approaches are supposed to achieve the goal of satisfying stakeholders' desiderata. This paper discusses the main classes of stakeholders calling for explainability (...)
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  3.  5
    Rezension: Storck, Timo, Psychosomatik – neurobiologisch fundiert und evidenzbasiert. Ein Lehr- und Handbuch.Timo Storck - 2022 - Psyche 76 (5):444-449.
  4. On the foundations of rescher's coherence theory of truth.Timo Airaksinen - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (85):147.
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  5. Reference Graphs and Semantic Paradox.Timo Beringer & Thomas Schindler - 2016 - In Adam Arazim & Michal Dancak (eds.), Logica Yearbook 2015. College Publications. pp. 1-15.
     
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  6. Timo Kaitaro: Diderot's Holism.C. T. Wolfe - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):315-317.
     
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  7. Relativism and Radical Conservatism.Timo Pankakoski & Jussi M. Backman - 2019 - In Martin Kusch (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 219-227.
    The chapter tackles the complex, tension-ridden, and often paradoxical relationship between relativism and conservatism. We focus particularly on radical conservatism, an early twentieth-century German movement that arguably constitutes the climax of conservatism’s problematic relationship with relativism. We trace the shared genealogy of conservatism and historicism in nineteenth-century Counter-Enlightenment thought and interpret radical conservatism’s ambivalent relation to relativism as reflecting this heritage. Emphasizing national particularity, historical uniqueness, and global political plurality, Carl Schmitt and Hans Freyer moved in the tradition of historicism, (...)
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  8.  4
    Ethikberatung in der Altenhilfe.Timo Sauer & Arnd T. May - 2012 - In Andreas Frewer, Florian Bruns & Arnd T. May (eds.), Ethikberatung in der Medizin. Springer. pp. 151--165.
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  9. Timo Veijola (éd.), Das Deuteronomium und seine Querbeziehungen, Helsinki, Finnische Exegetische Gesellschaft/Gôttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996, 296 pages (= Schriften der Finnischen Exegetischen Gesellschaft 62), ISBN 0356-2786 ou 951-9217-17-7 ou 3-525-53640-2. Le présent ouvrage est le résultat d'une rencontre entre spécialistes du. [REVIEW]Ph de Robert - 1998 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 78:91.
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  10. Musik Als Spiel. Anthropologisch-Pädagogische Reflexionen.Timo Fischinger - 2007 - In Hanns-Werner Heister (ed.), Mimetische Zeremonien: Musik Als Spiel, Ritual, Kunst. Weidler. pp. 7--71.
     
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  11.  1
    Zwischen Selbstinszenierung Und Rezeption: Carl Schmitts Ort in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.Timo Frasch - 2006 - Bouvier.
  12. Timo Airaksinen and Martin A. Bertman, Eds., Hobbes: War Among Nations Reviewed By.Jan Narveson - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (1):3-5.
  13. Timo Airaksinen and Martin A. Bertman, Eds., Hobbes: War Among Nations. [REVIEW]Jan Narveson - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:3-5.
     
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  14. Review: Costica Bradatan, The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 2008 - Berkeley Studies 19:44-46.
     
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  15.  4
    Edmund Husserl’s Europe: Borders, Limits and Crises.Timo Miettinen - 2011 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 11:75-95.
    This article examines the problem of cultural transformation—particularly the problem of modern Westernization—in the framework of Husserlian phenomenology. By focusing on the concept of limit in Husserl’s late manuscripts, the article illustrates how Husserl conceives the concept of culture with regardto a twofold liminal structure: territoriality and teleology. In the birth of Greek philosophy, Husserl detects a radical transformation in the fundamental sense ofboth of these structures, which will be described as the deconstruction and deferment of cultural limits. The article (...)
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  16.  7
    For the Sake of the Shared World: Husserl and the Limits of Europe.Timo Miettinen - 2010 - Philosophy Today 54 (Supplement):193-199.
  17.  23
    Diane Gabrielle Tremblay , Temporalités sociales, temps prescrits, temps institutionnalisés. Montréal, Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2013, 294 pages. [REVIEW]Timo Giotto - 2014 - Temporalités 20.
    L’ouvrage collectif dirigé par Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay propose d’analyser la diversité des temporalités sociales et la manière dont elles sont vécues par les individus en fonction du pays, de l’âge, du contexte personnel et professionnel. Il rassemble 13 contributions réparties en 3 parties. La première traite de la conciliation emploi famille de manière globale, la seconde poursuit la réflexion sur les temps prescrits et temps réels en abordant quelques pratiques..
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  18. Implementing a Non-Modular Theory of Language Production in an Embodied Conversational Agent.Timo Sowa, Stefan Kopp, Susan Duncan, David McNeill & Wachsmuth & Ipke - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  27
    Implementing a Non-Modular Theory of Language Production in an Embodied.Timo Sowa, Stefan Kopp, Susan Duncan, David McNeill & Ipke Wachsmuth - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press.
  20.  6
    Scott Davidson, Ed., "A Companion to Ricoeur’s Freedom and Nature." Reviewed By.Timo Helenius - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (2):66-68.
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  21.  1
    Ricoeur, Culture, and Recognition: A Hermeneutic of Cultural Subjectivity.Timo Helenius - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    Ricoeur, Culture, and Recognition: A Hermeneutic of Cultural Subjectivity presents Ricoeur’s work from the beginning to its end in form of a cultural theory and proposes a cultural hermeneutic that clarifies the cultural facilitation in a person’s process of attaining a sense of being a human. This exploration of human being as profoundly formed and influenced by the cultural condition also enables a new understanding of intercultural questions by revealing the common human condition that the various cultures manifest.
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  22.  2
    Johann Jakob Engel: Der Philosoph Für Die Welt.Timo K. Bode - 2022 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 75 (3):211-214.
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  23.  67
    A Graph-Theoretic Analysis of the Semantic Paradoxes.Timo Beringer & Thomas Schindler - 2017 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):442-492.
    We introduce a framework for a graph-theoretic analysis of the semantic paradoxes. Similar frameworks have been recently developed for infinitary propositional languages by Cook and Rabern, Rabern, and Macauley. Our focus, however, will be on the language of first-order arithmetic augmented with a primitive truth predicate. Using Leitgeb’s notion of semantic dependence, we assign reference graphs (rfgs) to the sentences of this language and define a notion of paradoxicality in terms of acceptable decorations of rfgs with truth values. It is (...)
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  24.  4
    The Longitudinal Measurement of Reasoning Abilities in Students With Special Educational Needs.Timo Gnambs & Lena Nusser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  25.  3
    The Intriguing Relation Between Counterfactual Explanations and Adversarial Examples.Timo Freiesleben - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):77-109.
    The same method that creates adversarial examples to fool image-classifiers can be used to generate counterfactual explanations that explain algorithmic decisions. This observation has led researchers to consider CEs as AEs by another name. We argue that the relationship to the true label and the tolerance with respect to proximity are two properties that formally distinguish CEs and AEs. Based on these arguments, we introduce CEs, AEs, and related concepts mathematically in a common framework. Furthermore, we show connections between current (...)
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  26.  19
    The Intriguing Relation Between Counterfactual Explanations and Adversarial Examples.Timo Freiesleben - 2021 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):1-33.
    The same method that creates adversarial examples to fool image-classifiers can be used to generate counterfactual explanations that explain algorithmic decisions. This observation has led researchers to consider CEs as AEs by another name. We argue that the relationship to the true label and the tolerance with respect to proximity are two properties that formally distinguish CEs and AEs. Based on these arguments, we introduce CEs, AEs, and related concepts mathematically in a common framework. Furthermore, we show connections between current (...)
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  27.  8
    Mimikri.Timo Maran - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):339-339.
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  28.  52
    Towards an Integrated Methodology of Ecosemiotics: The Concept of Nature-Text.Timo Maran - 2007 - Sign Systems Studies 35 (1/2):269-293.
    The aim of the article is to elaborate ecosemiotics towards practical methodology of analysis. For that, the article first discusses the relation between meaning and context seen as a possibility for an ecological view immanent in semiotics. Then various perspectives in ecosemiotics are analyzed by describing biological and cultural ecosemiotics and critically reading the ecosemiotic works of W. Nöth and K. Kull. Emphasizes is laid on the need to integrate these approaches so that the resulting synthesis would both take into (...)
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  29.  6
    Mimikri semiootiline modelleerimine viitega pesaparasitismile. Kokkuvõte.Timo Maran - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):377-377.
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  30.  15
    Possibility in Fashion Design Education—A Manifesto.Timo Rissanen - 2017 - Utopian Studies 28 (3):528-546.
    The year 2017 marks fifteen years for me as a fashion educator in Australia and the United States, nine of those in a full-time capacity. My research has focused on various facets of fashion and sustainability for almost as long. In that time many positive developments have occurred, among them, the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate action and the formation of the Sustainable Apparel Coalition in 2010, to name two. Yet an immense amount of urgent work remains. Wallace-Wells presents an (...)
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  31.  36
    Short-Interval Intracortical Inhibition is Not Affected by Varying Visual Feedback in an Isometric Task in Biceps Brachii Muscle.Timo Rantalainen, Ashleigh Weier, Michael Leung, Chris Brandner, Michael Spittle & Dawson Kidgell - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  32.  5
    Listeners' Adaptation to Unreliable Intonation is Speaker-Sensitive.Timo B. Roettger & Kim Rimland - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104372.
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  33.  8
    Evidential Strength of Intonational Cues and Rational Adaptation to Reliable Intonation.Timo B. Roettger & Michael Franke - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (7).
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  34.  33
    D. M. Gross, The Secret History of Emotion: From Aristotle’s Rhetoric to Modern Brain Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006, X + 194 Pp. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-30980-4, Paperback. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 2012 - Hobbes Studies 25 (2):233-235.
    This paper discusses sovereignty and examines in detail Hobbes's debates with the two leading legal theorists of his day, Coke and Hale, both Lord Chief Justices of the King's Bench. I argue that Hobbes came to change his mind somewhat about the desirability of divided sovereignty by the time, near the end of his life, that he wrote the Dialogue . But I also argue that Hobbes should have developed more than a very thin conception of the rule of law. (...)
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  35.  1
    Processing Probability Information in Nonnumerical Settings – Teachers’ Bayesian and Non-Bayesian Strategies During Diagnostic Judgment.Timo Leuders & Katharina Loibl - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36.  6
    Self-Assessed Driving Skills and Risky Driver Behaviour Among Young Drivers: A Cross-Sectional Study.Timo Lajunen, Mark J. M. Sullman & Esma Gaygısız - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The first few years of driving is a critical period when driving skills develop and the driving style is established. While the actual driving skills improve during the first few years of driving, a novice driver’s view of himself/herself as a safe and/or skilful driver also develops rapidly. The aim of this study was to investigate self-evaluated driver safety and perceptual-motor skills among different age groups of young drivers, along with the relationships between self-evaluated skills and driving behaviour. The sample (...)
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  37.  8
    Metabolism and the Triggering of Feeding Behavior.C. Laria-Timo - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):745.
  38.  2
    Distributional Semantics of Objects in Visual Scenes in Comparison to Text.Timo Lüddecke, Alejandro Agostini, Michael Fauth, Minija Tamosiunaite & Florentin Wörgötter - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 274 (C):44-65.
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  39. D. Z. Phillips' Contemplative Philosophy and Theological Realism.Timo Koistinen - 2015 - Philosophy, Culture, and Traditions 11:43-56.
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  40.  17
    Monetäre »Grundformen des ’Verstehens‘ der Welt«? Von Simmels Substanzwert zu Cassirers Darstellungsfunktion.Timo Klattenhoff - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2015 (1-2):159-169.
    Among many things, Simmel in his Philosophy of Money works out a cultural perspective on money. In reference to socio-historical examples, Simmel differentiates between the »Substanzwert« of those objects, which serve monetary purposes: Whereas the former quality stands for the equalization of material attributes and value, the later describes money's capability for universal exchange. With Ernst Cassirer's Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, we can argue that this a »revolution of the way of thinking«: Drawing a parallel between Simmel's »Sustains-« and »Funktionswert« (...)
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  41.  8
    Tugend Und Erziehung: Die Grundlegung der Moralpädagogik in der Antike.Timo Hoyer - 2005 - Julius Klinkhardt.
  42. Timo Hoyer: Nietzsche und die Pädagogik. [REVIEW]Erwin Hufnagel - 2003 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 56 (4).
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  43. The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: II. Significance of Nervous Activity in the Organism-Environment System.Timo Jarvilehto - 1998 - Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 33 (4):335-342.
    The relation between mental processes and brain activity is studied from the point of view of the theory of the organism-environment system. It is argued that the systemic point of view leads to a new kind of definition of the primary tasks of neurophysiology and to a new understanding of the traditional neurophysiological concepts. Neurophysiology is restored to its place as a part of biology: its task is the study of neurons as living units, not as computer chips. Neurons are (...)
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  44. The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: III. Role of Efferent Influences on Receptors in the Formation of Knowledge.Timo Jarvilehto - 1999 - Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 34 (2):90-100.
    The present article is an attempt to give - in the frame of the theory of the organism - environment system - a new interpretation to the role of efferent influences on receptor activity and to the functions of senses in the formation of knowledge. It is argued, on the basis of experimental evidence and theoretical considerations, that the senses are not transmitters of environmental information, but they create a direct connection between the organism and the environment, which makes the (...)
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  45. The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: I. Description of the Theory.Timo Jarvilehto - 1998 - Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 33 (4):321-334.
    The theory of the organism-environment system starts with the proposition that in any functional sense organism and environment are inseparable and form only one unitary system. The organism cannot exist without the environment and the environment has descriptive properties only if it is connected to the organism. Although for practical purposes we do separate organism and environment, this common-sense starting point leads in psychological theory to problems which cannot be solved. Therefore, separation of organism and environment cannot be the basis (...)
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  46. The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: IV. The Problem of Mental Activity and Consciousness.Timo Jarvilehto - 2000 - Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):35-57.
    The present article is an attempt to bring together the development of mental activity and consciousness in the framework of the organism-environment theory (Jarvilehto, 1998a, 1998b, 1999); the main question is how the development of mental activity and consciousness can be formulated if the starting point is not the separation of man and environment as in traditional cognitive psychology, but a unitary organism-environment system. According to the present formulation, mental activity is conceived as activity of the whole organism-environment system and (...)
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  47. New Directions for Consciousness Research?Timo Jarvilehto - 2002
     
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  48. Machines as Part of Human Consciousness and Culture.Timo Jarvilehto - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1:00-00.
  49.  57
    Ecology-Driven Real Options: An Investment Framework for Incorporating Uncertainties in the Context of the Natural Environment.Timo Busch & Volker H. Hoffmann - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):295-310.
    The role of uncertainty within an organization’s environment features prominently in the business ethics and management literature, but how corporate investment decisions should proceed in the face of uncertainties relating to the natural environment is less discussed. From the perspective of ecological economics, the salience of ecology-induced issues challenges management to address new types of uncertainties. These pertain to constraints within the natural environment as well as to institutional action aimed at conserving the natural environment. We derive six areas of (...)
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  50.  3
    Improving Self-Awareness of Motor Symptoms in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease by Using Mindfulness – A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.Timo Marcel Buchwitz, Franziska Maier, Andrea Greuel & Carsten Eggers - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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