Results for 'Timo Eckhardt'

587 found
Order:
  1. Base-extension Semantics for Modal Logic.Eckhardt Timo & Pym David - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    In proof-theoretic semantics, meaning is based on inference. It may be seen as the mathematical expression of the inferentialist interpretation of logic. Much recent work has focused on base-extension semantics, in which the validity of formulas is given by an inductive definition generated by provability in a ‘base’ of atomic rules. Base-extension semantics for classical and intuitionistic propositional logic have been explored by several authors. In this paper, we develop base-extension semantics for the classical propositional modal systems K, KT , (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  16
    Base-extension semantics for modal logic.Timo Eckhardt & David J. Pym - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    In proof-theoretic semantics, meaning is based on inference. It may seen as the mathematical expression of the inferentialist interpretation of logic. Much recent work has focused on base-extension semantics, in which the validity of formulas is given by an inductive definition generated by provability in a ‘base’ of atomic rules. Base-extension semantics for classical and intuitionistic propositional logic have been explored by several authors. In this paper, we develop base-extension semantics for the classical propositional modal systems |$K$|⁠, |$KT$|⁠, |$K4$| and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. The Basics of Display Calculi.Tim Lyon, Christian Ittner, Timo Eckhardt & Norbert Gratzl - 2017 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):55-100.
    The aim of this paper is to introduce and explain display calculi for a variety of logics. We provide a survey of key results concerning such calculi, though we focus mainly on the global cut elimination theorem. Propositional, first-order, and modal display calculi are considered and their properties detailed.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  93
    A graph-theoretic analysis of the semantic paradoxes.Timo Beringer & Thomas Schindler - 2017 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):442-492.
    We introduce a framework for a graph-theoretic analysis of the semantic paradoxes. Similar frameworks have been recently developed for infinitary propositional languages by Cook and Rabern, Rabern, and Macauley. Our focus, however, will be on the language of first-order arithmetic augmented with a primitive truth predicate. Using Leitgeb’s notion of semantic dependence, we assign reference graphs (rfgs) to the sentences of this language and define a notion of paradoxicality in terms of acceptable decorations of rfgs with truth values. It is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  5. Relativism and Radical Conservatism.Timo Pankakoski & Jussi M. Backman - 2019 - In Martin Kusch (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism. Routledge. pp. 219-227.
    The chapter tackles the complex, tension-ridden, and often paradoxical relationship between relativism and conservatism. We focus particularly on radical conservatism, an early twentieth-century German movement that arguably constitutes the climax of conservatism’s problematic relationship with relativism. We trace the shared genealogy of conservatism and historicism in nineteenth-century Counter-Enlightenment thought and interpret radical conservatism’s ambivalent relation to relativism as reflecting this heritage. Emphasizing national particularity, historical uniqueness, and global political plurality, Carl Schmitt and Hans Freyer moved in the tradition of historicism, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  75
    What is Reification? A Critique of Axel Honneth.Timo Jütten - 2010 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):235-256.
    In this paper I criticise Axel Honneth's reactualization of reification as a concept in critical theory in his 2005 Tanner Lectures and argue that he ultimately fails on his own terms. His account is based on two premises: (1) reification is to be taken literally rather than metaphorically, and (2) it is not conceived of as a moral injury but as a social pathology. Honneth concludes that reification is ?forgetfulness of recognition?, more specifically, of antecedent recognition, an emphatic and engaged (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  7. Reference graphs and semantic paradox.Timo Beringer & Thomas Schindler - 2016 - In Adam Arazim & Michal Dancak (eds.), Logica Yearbook 2015. College Publications. pp. 1-15.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8.  54
    Short-interval intracortical inhibition is not affected by varying visual feedback in an isometric task in biceps brachii muscle.Timo Rantalainen, Ashleigh Weier, Michael Leung, Chris Brandner, Michael Spittle & Dawson Kidgell - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  9.  13
    Two Dogmas of Rorty's Pragmatism.Timo Vuorio - 2009 - Human Affairs 19 (1):87-95.
    Two Dogmas of Rorty's Pragmatism Here I discuss two controversial distinctions that have an essential role in Rorty's pragmatism: the distinction between descriptive and normative discourses, and the distinction between the private and public dimensions of human life. Neither of them is Rorty's novelty, but the way he stresses them is unique. The first is a central presupposition of his Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979), while the other is the argumentative base of Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (1989). I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  34
    The Intriguing Relation Between Counterfactual Explanations and Adversarial Examples.Timo Freiesleben - 2021 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):1-33.
    The same method that creates adversarial examples to fool image-classifiers can be used to generate counterfactual explanations that explain algorithmic decisions. This observation has led researchers to consider CEs as AEs by another name. We argue that the relationship to the true label and the tolerance with respect to proximity are two properties that formally distinguish CEs and AEs. Based on these arguments, we introduce CEs, AEs, and related concepts mathematically in a common framework. Furthermore, we show connections between current (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  18
    Corporate Greenhouse Gas Emissions’ Data and the Urgent Need for a Science-Led Just Transition: Introduction to a Thematic Symposium.Timo Busch, Charles H. Cho, Andreas G. F. Hoepner, Giovanna Michelon & Joeri Rogelj - 2023 - Journal of Business Ethics 182 (4):897-901.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  6
    Consumer Class Action.Congressman Bob Eckhardt - 1970 - Journal of Social Philosophy 1 (1):6-7.
  13. Connectionism and the propositional attitudes.Barbara Von Eckhardt - 2005 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oup Usa.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14.  78
    Ecology-Driven Real Options: An Investment Framework for Incorporating Uncertainties in the Context of the Natural Environment.Timo Busch & Volker H. Hoffmann - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):295-310.
    The role of uncertainty within an organization’s environment features prominently in the business ethics and management literature, but how corporate investment decisions should proceed in the face of uncertainties relating to the natural environment is less discussed. From the perspective of ecological economics, the salience of ecology-induced issues challenges management to address new types of uncertainties. These pertain to constraints within the natural environment as well as to institutional action aimed at conserving the natural environment. We derive six areas of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15.  18
    The Intriguing Relation Between Counterfactual Explanations and Adversarial Examples.Timo Freiesleben - 2021 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):77-109.
    The same method that creates adversarial examples to fool image-classifiers can be used to generate counterfactual explanations that explain algorithmic decisions. This observation has led researchers to consider CEs as AEs by another name. We argue that the relationship to the true label and the tolerance with respect to proximity are two properties that formally distinguish CEs and AEs. Based on these arguments, we introduce CEs, AEs, and related concepts mathematically in a common framework. Furthermore, we show connections between current (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  11
    Johann Jakob Engel: Der Philosoph für die Welt.Timo K. Bode - 2022 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 75 (3):211-214.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  10
    Musik, Komposition, Improvisation: Grundbegriffe der Musikphilosophie.Timo Dresenkamp - 2021 - Leiden: Mentis Verlag.
    In diesem Buch werden die wichtigsten musikphilosophischen Grundbegriffe neu definiert. Der Autor entwickelt ein kohärentes Begriffssystem, das die präzise Beschreibung musikalischer Phänomene ermöglicht. Die Untersuchung kulminiert in einer ausdifferenzierten Theorie der musikalischen Improvisation, die deren Erscheinungsformen zum ersten Mal in ihrer Vielgestaltigkeit umfassend charakterisiert und in ihrem systematischen Zusammenhang erläutert.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Transplantationsgesetzgebung: Informationslösung als sinnvoller Kompromiss?Eckhardt Nagel & R. Pichlmayr - 1992 - Ethik in der Medizin 4 (4):195-198.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  42
    Possibility in Fashion Design Education—A Manifesto.Timo Rissanen - 2017 - Utopian Studies 28 (3):528-546.
    The year 2017 marks fifteen years for me as a fashion educator in Australia and the United States, nine of those in a full-time capacity. My research has focused on various facets of fashion and sustainability for almost as long. In that time many positive developments have occurred, among them, the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate action and the formation of the Sustainable Apparel Coalition in 2010, to name two. Yet an immense amount of urgent work remains. Wallace-Wells presents an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  58
    Connectionism and the propositional attitudes.Barbara Von Eckhardt - 2004 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), Mind As a Scientific Object. Oxford University Press.
  21. Privileged detection of conspecifics: Evidence from inversion effects during continuous flash suppression.Timo Stein, Philipp Sterzer & Marius V. Peelen - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):64-79.
  22.  8
    Processing Probability Information in Nonnumerical Settings – Teachers’ Bayesian and Non-bayesian Strategies During Diagnostic Judgment.Timo Leuders & Katharina Loibl - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    A diagnostic judgment of a teacher can be seen as an inference from manifest observable evidence on a student’s behavior to his or her latent traits. This can be described by a Bayesian model of in-ference: The teacher starts from a set of assumptions on the student (hypotheses), with subjective probabilities for each hypothesis (priors). Subsequently, he or she uses observed evidence (stu-dents’ responses to tasks) and knowledge on conditional probabilities of this evidence (likelihoods) to revise these assumptions. Many systematic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  31
    Eye contact facilitates awareness of faces during interocular suppression.Timo Stein, Atsushi Senju, Marius V. Peelen & Philipp Sterzer - 2011 - Cognition 119 (2):307-311.
  24. On the foundations of rescher's coherence theory of truth.Timo Airaksinen - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (85):147.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  38
    Conflict, Context, Concreteness: Koselleck and Schmitt on Concepts.Timo Pankakoski - 2010 - Political Theory 38 (6):749-779.
    In Reinhart Koselleck's history of concepts, the general orientation that concepts are to be understood in their proper contexts is intertwined with the assumption that they are manifestations of particular political conflicts. The essay shows that the dense compound of context and conflict in Koselleck's thought springs from Carl Schmitt's political theory and also forms an important point of continuity between Koselleck's early work and his later methodological writings. The formalized assumption of conflict, somewhat problematically, binds Koselleckian conceptual history to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  26.  41
    Unconscious processing under interocular suppression: getting the right measure.Timo Stein & Philipp Sterzer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  27.  15
    The Language of Postwar Intellectual Schmittianism.Timo Pankakoski - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (6):607-627.
    The article analyzes the work of Hanno Kesting, Reinhart Koselleck, Roman Schnur, and Nicolaus Sombart—four young followers of Carl Schmitt in postwar Germany. Their “intellectual Schmittianism” was less than a full commitment to Schmitt’s political positions, yet had more than an arbitrary similarity with them: it pertained to assumptions, categories, and modes of thought. Drawing on Pocock’s terminology, I identify a particular “language” of intellectual Schmittianism, introduce its key components, and analyze their interaction. I focus on six categories derived from (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  13
    The Somatotopy of Mental Tactile Imagery.Timo Torsten Schmidt & Felix Blankenburg - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  29.  7
    Distributional semantics of objects in visual scenes in comparison to text.Timo Lüddecke, Alejandro Agostini, Michael Fauth, Minija Tamosiunaite & Florentin Wörgötter - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 274 (C):44-65.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30. Musik als Spiel. Anthropologisch-pädagogische Reflexionen.Timo Fischinger - 2007 - In Hanns-Werner Heister (ed.), Mimetische Zeremonien: Musik Als Spiel, Ritual, Kunst. Weidler. pp. 7--71.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. History of education beyond the nation' trends in historical and educational scholarship.Eckhardt Fuchs - 2014 - In Barnita Bagchi (ed.), Connecting histories of education: transnational and cross-cultural exchanges in (post-)colonial education. London: Berghahn Books.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  10
    The Longitudinal Measurement of Reasoning Abilities in Students With Special Educational Needs.Timo Gnambs & Lena Nusser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  19
    Monetäre »Grundformen des ’Verstehens‘ der Welt«? Von Simmels Substanzwert zu Cassirers Darstellungsfunktion.Timo Klattenhoff - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2015 (1-2):159-169.
    Among many things, Simmel in his Philosophy of Money works out a cultural perspective on money. In reference to socio-historical examples, Simmel differentiates between the »Substanzwert« of those objects, which serve monetary purposes: Whereas the former quality stands for the equalization of material attributes and value, the later describes money's capability for universal exchange. With Ernst Cassirer's Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, we can argue that this a »revolution of the way of thinking«: Drawing a parallel between Simmel's »Sustains-« and »Funktionswert« (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  22
    Evidential Strength of Intonational Cues and Rational Adaptation to Reliable Intonation.Timo B. Roettger & Michael Franke - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (7):e12745.
    Intonation plays an integral role in comprehending spoken language. Listeners can rapidly integrate intonational information to predictively map a given pitch accent onto the speaker's likely referential intentions. We use mouse tracking to investigate two questions: (a) how listeners draw predictive inferences based on information from intonation? and (b) how listeners adapt their online interpretation of intonational cues when these are reliable or unreliable? We formulate a novel Bayesian model of rational predictive cue integration and explore predictions derived under a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  35.  33
    On the different perspectives of perception by nurses and physicians.Timo Sauer - 2015 - Ethik in der Medizin 27 (2):123-140.
    ZusammenfassungPflegende und Ärzte haben in der beruflichen Alltagspraxis unterschiedliche Perspektiven. Dies zeigt sich insbesondere in ethisch relevanten Entscheidungssituationen, in denen sie oft zu grundlegend unterschiedlichen Urteilen kommen. Aus dieser „Unterschiedlichkeit der Perspektiven“ können in der beruflichen Alltagspraxis mitunter erhebliche Dissonanzen entstehen, die einer konstruktiven Zusammenarbeit im Wege stehen. Die vorliegende Arbeit will zum einen den in der Praxis der klinischen Ethik gewonnenen Eindruck und die daraus formulierte These einer „perspektivischen Differenz“ empirisch nachweisen. Um dies zu leisten, wurde am Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  36.  19
    The Altered States Database: Psychometric Data of Altered States of Consciousness.Timo T. Schmidt & Hendrik Berkemeyer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37.  48
    The collapse of logical contextualism.Timo Meier - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    The most serious objection to Beall and Restall’s case-based logical pluralism is the so-called collapse argument. According to the collapse argument, logical pluralism is not genuinely pluralistic and collapses into a single privileged relation of logical consequence. In response, Caret offered an account of logical contextualism that supposedly maintains the merits of Beall and Restall’s case-based logical pluralism while circumventing the collapse argument. In this paper, I first point out a gap in the collapse argument in that it does not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  26
    “A sociality of pure egoists”: Husserl’s critique of liberalism.Timo Miettinen - 2023 - Continental Philosophy Review 56 (3):443-460.
    According to Husserl’s self-description, his phenomenological project was “completely apolitical.” Husserl’s phenomenology did not provide a political philosophy in the classical sense, a normative description of a functioning social order and its respective institutional structures. Nor did Husserl have much to say about the day-to-day politics of his time. Yet his reflections on community and culture were not completely without political implications. This article deals with an often-neglected strand of Husserl’s philosophy, namely his critique of liberalism. In this article, liberalism (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  9
    Der Vater als Sozialfigur: eine semantische Rekonstruktion und Funktionsanalyse des Vaters.Timo Burger - 2021 - Wiesbaden: Springer VS, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
    In dieser rekonstruktiv angelegten qualitativen Analyse wird aus systemtheoretischer Perspektive der Sozialfigur Vater nachgegangen. Ausgehend von einer historisch-genetischen Rekonstruktion der Fremdbeschreibung der gepflegten Vater-Semantik seit der Antike bis ins 21. Jahrhundert werden 14 Väter in problemzentrierten Interviews auf ihre Selbstbeschreibung hin dokumentarisch analysiert. Als Ergebnisse der Forschungsarbeit werden neben gegenwärtigen kommunikativen Spielräumen auch Rekursionen auf die im ersten Teil der Arbeit herausgestellte gepflegte Semantik deutlich, die im Sinne eines Trampelpfads komplexe Verweisungsstrukturen des kommunikativ Sagbaren abstecken. Der AutorTimo Burger war bis (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  11
    Zwischen Selbstinszenierung und Rezeption: Carl Schmitts Ort in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.Timo Frasch - 2006 - Bonn: Bouvier.
  41.  9
    Staunen: Perspektiven eines Phänomens zwischen Natur und Kultur.Timo Kehren, Carolin Krahn, Georg Oswald & Christoph Poetsch (eds.) - 2019 - Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  12
    Ethikberatung in der Altenhilfe.Timo Sauer & Arnd T. May - 2012 - In Andreas Frewer, Florian Bruns & Arnd T. May (eds.), Ethikberatung in der Medizin. Berlin: Springer. pp. 151--165.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43.  15
    On experimental discourse in economics.Timo Tammi - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (1):62-88.
    The devices with which experimental economists account for and justify their own and their opponents’ views are investigated by examining transcripts of interviews with two participants in experimental economics. The earlier investigations of natural scientists’ discourse provide material for comparisons. The results suggest that in assessing an opponent’s deviating view experimentalists in economics can be more cautious than natural scientists to characterize their opponents as influenced by personal and social factors. Indeed, they seem to admit that to some extent both (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  33
    Naturalism and Social Science: A Post-Empiricist Philosophy of Social Science.Timo Airaksinen - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):144-146.
  45.  29
    Unconscious semantic priming from pictures under backward masking and continuous flash suppression.Timo Stein, Vanessa Utz & Filip van Opstal - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 78:102864.
  46. Teleology Beyond Metaphysics: Husserlian Phenomenology and the Historical Consciousness of Modernity.Timo Miettinen - 2014 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 28 (3):273-283.
    Throughout its history, the relationship of phenomenology to historical reflection has appeared ambiguous. On the one hand, phenomenology—with the help of its founding figures—gave a promise to return from the world-historical speculations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to the phenomenon of lived historicity, that is, to the question of how historical time is experienced within the life of the individual. On the other hand, phenomenology could not resist the temptation to critically reconsider some of the fundamental historical narratives that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47.  7
    How (not) to demonstrate unconscious priming: Overcoming issues with post-hoc data selection, low power, and frequentist statistics.Timo Stein, Simon van Gaal & Johannes J. Fahrenfort - 2024 - Consciousness and Cognition 119 (C):103669.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  9
    Ricoeur, Culture, and Recognition: A Hermeneutic of Cultural Subjectivity.Timo Helenius - 2016 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Ricoeur, Culture, and Recognition: A Hermeneutic of Cultural Subjectivity presents Ricoeur’s work from the beginning to its end in form of a cultural theory and proposes a cultural hermeneutic that clarifies the cultural facilitation in a person’s process of attaining a sense of being a human. This exploration of human being as profoundly formed and influenced by the cultural condition also enables a new understanding of intercultural questions by revealing the common human condition that the various cultures manifest.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  6
    Hegels Lehre von der Weltgeschichte: zur logischen und systematischen Grundlegung der Hegelschen Geschichtsphilosophie.Timo Bautz - 1988 - München: Fink.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  38
    Own-race and own-age biases facilitate visual awareness of faces under interocular suppression.Timo Stein, Albert End & Philipp Sterzer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
1 — 50 / 587