98 found
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  1.  15
    A theory of criterion setting with an application to sequential dependencies.Michel Treisman & Thomas C. Williams - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (1):68-111.
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  2.  56
    Anselm.Sandra Visser & Thomas Williams - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Thomas Williams.
    The reason of faith -- Thought and language -- Truth -- The Monologion arguments for the existence of God -- The Proslogion argument for the existence of God -- The divine attributes -- Thinking and speaking about God -- Creation and the word -- The Trinity -- Modality -- Freedom -- Morality -- Incarnation and atonement -- Original sin, grace, and salvation.
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  3.  10
    On Free Choice of the Will. Augustine & Thomas Williams - 1993 - Hackett Publishing.
    "Translated with an uncanny sense for the overall point of Augustine's doctrine. In short, a very good translation. The Introduction is admirably clear." --Paul Vincent Spade, Indiana University.
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  4. The evolution of a human nature.Thomas Rhys Williams - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (1):1-13.
    This discussion recounts the development of several anthropological definitions of human nature. It then examines conclusions of studies in other disciplines that make possible a revised empirical definition of human nature and which have led to re-examination of paleoanthropological data classed as unimportant under the rubrics of preceeding studies. Finally, this discussion appraises certain of these data, as they pertain to the question: "Do empirical evidences suggest that a human nature, as well as a human structure, may be the product (...)
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  5.  8
    John Duns Scotus: Selected Writings on Ethics.Thomas Williams (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Thomas Williams presents the most extensive collection of John Duns Scotus's work on ethics and moral psychology available in English. This accessible and philosophically informed translation includes extended discussions on divine and human freedom, the moral attributes of God, and the relationship between will and intellect.
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  6.  33
    Personalism.Thomas D. Williams - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  7.  53
    Anselm: Basic Writings.Thomas Williams - 1997 - Hackett.
    Ranging from his early treatises, the ’Monologion’ (a work written to show his monks how to meditate on the divine essence) and the ’Proslogion’ (best known for its advancement of the so-called ontological argument for the existence of God), to his three philosophical dialogues on metaphysical topics such as the relationship between freedom and sin, and late treatises on the Incarnation and salvation, this collection of Anselm’s essential writings will be of interest to students of the history of philosophy and (...)
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  8.  54
    The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus.Thomas Williams (ed.) - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Each volume in this series of companions to major philosophers contains specially commissioned essays by an international team of scholars, together with a substantial bibliography, and will serve as a reference work for students and non-specialists. One aim of the series is to dispel the intimidation such readers often feel when faced with the work of a difficult and challenging thinker. John Duns Scotus was one of the three principal figures in medieval philosophy and theology, with an influence on modern (...)
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  9. The Doctrine of Univocity is True and Salutary.Thomas Williams - 2005 - Modern Theology 21 (4):575-585.
    I shall confine my attention to the one Scotist doctrine that seems to be singled out as especially worrisome, the doctrine of univocity. In the first part of the paper I argue that the doctrine of univocity is true. So even if the doctrine has unwelcome consequences, we ought to affirm it anyway; it is not the job of the theologian or philosopher to shrink from uncomfortable truths. In the second part I argue further that the doctrine of univocity is (...)
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  10.  33
    Knowing who to trust: exploring the role of 'ethical metadata' in mediating risk of harm in collaborative genomics research in Africa.Jantina de Vries, Thomas N. Williams, Kalifa Bojang, Dominic P. Kwiatkowski, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Michael Parker - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):62.
    The practice of making datasets publicly available for use by the wider scientific community has become firmly integrated in genomic science. One significant gap in literature around data sharing concerns how it impacts on scientists’ ability to preserve values and ethical standards that form an essential component of scientific collaborations. We conducted a qualitative sociological study examining the potential for harm to ethnic groups, and implications of such ethical concerns for data sharing. We focused our empirical work on the MalariaGEN (...)
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  11. The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus.Thomas Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (215):321-323.
     
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  12.  80
    The Unmitigated Scotus.Thomas Williams - 1998 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 80 (2):162-181.
    Scotus is notorious for occasionally making statements that, on their face at least, smack of voluntarism, but there has been a lively debate about whether Scotus is really a voluntarist after all. Now the debate is not over whether Scotus lays great emphasis on the role of the divine will with respect to the moral law. No one could sensibly deny that he does, and if such an emphasis constitutes voluntarism, then no one could sensibly deny that Scotus is a (...)
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  13.  46
    Complexity without Composition.Jeff Steele & Thomas Williams - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):611-631.
    John Duns Scotus recognizes complexity in God both at the level of God’s being and at the level of God’s attributes. Using the formal distinction and the notion of “unitive containment,” he argues for real plurality in God, but in a way that permits him to affirm the doctrine of divine simplicity. We argue that his allegiance to the doctrine of divine simplicity is purely verbal, that he flatly denies traditional aspects of the doctrine as he had received it from (...)
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  14.  29
    Complexity without Composition.Jeff Steele & Thomas Williams - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):611-631.
    John Duns Scotus recognizes complexity in God both at the level of God’s being and at the level of God’s attributes. Using the formal distinction and the notion of “unitive containment,” he argues for real plurality in God, but in a way that permits him to affirm the doctrine of divine simplicity. We argue that his allegiance to the doctrine of divine simplicity is purely verbal, that he flatly denies traditional aspects of the doctrine as he had received it from (...)
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  15. Human freedom and agency.Thomas Williams - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press. pp. 199-208.
    This paper considers Aquinas's accounts of the end of human action and the structure of human action, examines the debate between intellectualist and voluntarist interpretations of Aquinas, and corrects mistaken accounts of Aquinas's views on freedom, necessitation, and causation.
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  16. How Scotus Separates Morality from Happiness.Thomas Williams - 1995 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 69 (3):425-445.
    As everyone who discusses Scotus's moral theory points out, Scotus recognized two fundamental inclinations in the will: the affectio commodi and the affectio iustitiae. Everyone agrees that these two affectiones play an important role in his moral theory, and there is virtual unanimity about what that role is. I contend that the standard view is misguided, and that it obscures the true character of Scotus's very un-medieval moral theory. I shall begin by laying out the context in which Scotus develops (...)
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  17.  27
    Proslogion: With the Replies of Gaunilo and Anselm.St Anselm & Thomas Williams - 2001 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Thomas Williams' edition offers an Introduction well suited for use in an introductory philosophy course, as well as his own preeminent translation of the text.
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  18. Two Aspects of Platonic Recollection.Thomas Williams - 2002 - Apeiron 35 (2):131 - 152.
    Notwithstanding considerable disagreement over certain details, writers on Plato’s theory of recollection are broadly in agreement regarding some of the main features. Setting aside for the moment those who doubt that Plato ever held any considered doctrine so well‐developed as to constitute a theory of recollection at all, we can find a substantial scholarly consensus in favor of the following account: In the Phaedo Plato argues that all human beings recollect the Forms. Such recollection is meant to account for the (...)
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  19.  79
    Anselm on truth.Thomas Williams & Sandra Visser - 2005 - In Brian Leftow & Brian Davies (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Anselm. Cambridge University Press. pp. 204-221.
    A good place to start in assessing a theory of truth is to ask whether the theory under discussion is consistent with Aristotle’s commonsensical definition of truth from Metaphysics 4: “What is false says of that which is that it is not, or of that which is not that it is; and what is true says of that which is that it is, or of that which is not that it is not.”1 Philosophers of a realist bent will be delighted (...)
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  20.  38
    From Metaethics to Action Theory.Thomas Williams - 2003 - In The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 332-351.
    Work on Scotus's moral psychology and action theory has been concerned almost exclusively with questions about the relationship between will and intellect and in particular about the freedom of the will itself. In this essay I broaden the scope of inquiry. For I contend that Scotus's views in moral psychology are best understood against the background of a long tradition of metaethical reflection on the relationship between being and goodness. In the first section of this essay, therefore, I sketch the (...)
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  21. Reason, Morality, and Voluntarism in Duns Scotus.Thomas Williams - 1997 - Modern Schoolman 74 (2):73-94.
    In some passages Scotus seems to endorse a thoroughgoing voluntarism, holding not merely that the moral law is established entirely by God's will, but even that there is no reason why God wills in one way rather than another. In other passages, however, Scotus insists that reason plays an important role in morality—that right reason is an essential element in the moral goodness of an action, and that moral truth is accessible to natural reason. -/- Many commentators have supposed that (...)
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  22. Anselm’s Account of Freedom.Thomas Williams & Sandra Visser - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):221-244.
    In this paper we offer a reconstruction of Anselm’s account of freedom that resolves various apparent inconsistencies. The linchpin of this account is the definition of freedom. Anselm argues that the power to preserve rectitude for its own sake requires the power to initiate an action of which the agent is the ultimate cause, but it does not always require that alternative possibilities be available to the agent. So while freedom is incompatible with coercion and external causal determination, an agent (...)
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  23.  24
    Introduction–The Life and Works of John Duns the Scot.Thomas Williams - 2003 - In The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--14.
    An overview of the life and works of John Duns Scotus (now largely out of date, thanks to the progress of various editions).
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  24.  76
    John Duns Scotus.Thomas Williams - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    John Duns Scotus (1265/66-1308) was one of the most important and influential philosophertheologians of the High Middle Ages. His brilliantly complex and nuanced thought, which earned him the nickname "the Subtle Doctor," left a mark on discussions of such disparate topics as the semantics of religious language, the problem of universals, divine illumination, and the nature of human freedom. This essay first lays out what is known about Scotus's life and the dating of his works. It then offers an overview (...)
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  25.  77
    Lying, Deception, and the Virtue of Truthfulness.Thomas Williams - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (2):242-248.
    In “Lies and the Vices of Deception,” J. L. A. Garcia argues that lying is always immoral, since it always involves a motivation contrary to the proper discharge of a morally determinative role. I argue that Garcia fails to show (i) that anyone who fails in the sub-role of information-giver thereby fails in a morally determinative role, (ii) that the sub-role of information-giver is precisely that of “informing another truthfully,” (iii) that lying deviates from the motivation characteristic of someone with (...)
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  26.  8
    Anselm's Account of Freedom.Thomas Williams & Sandra Visser - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):221-244.
    According to Anselm's official definition, freedom of choice is ‘the power to preserve rectitude of will for the sake of that rectitude itself.’ From the point of view of contemporary metaphysics, this is one of the most unhelpful definitions imaginable. Does such freedom require alternative possibilities, for example? Is it compatible with causal determination? Is the exercise of such freedom a necessary and sufficient condition for moral responsibility? The definition sheds no light on these questions.And so we need to move (...)
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  27.  55
    A most methodical lover?: On scotus's arbitrary creator.Thomas Williams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):169-202.
    The paper argues against interpretations that appeal to divine justice and rationality in order to mitigate the apparent arbitrariness of Scotus's God with respect to creation.
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  28.  24
    John Duns Scotus.Thomas Williams - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 611--619.
    An overview of the life and philosophical works of John Duns Scotus.
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  29.  42
    Benefits and payments for research participants: Experiences and views from a research centre on the Kenyan coast.M. Marsh Vicki, M. Kamuya Dorcas, M. Mlamba Albert, N. Williams Thomas & S. Molyneux Sassy - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics (1):13-.
    Background: There is general consensus internationally that unfair distribution of the benefits of research is exploitative and should be avoided or reduced. However, what constitutes fair benefits, and the exact nature of the benefits and their mode of provision can be strongly contested. Empirical studies have the potential to contribute viewpoints and experiences to debates and guidelines, but few have been conducted. We conducted a study to support the development of guidelines on benefits and payments for studies conducted by the (...)
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  30.  18
    Anselm on Free Choice and Character Formation.Thomas Williams - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (2):223-234.
    Character formation is a central theme in Katherin Rogers’s Freedom and Self-Creation: Anselmian Libertarianism. According to Rogers, Anselm holds that the purpose of free choice is to afford creatures the possibility of creating their own characters through their free choices. I argue that Anselm has no doctrine of character formation. Accordingly, he does not hold the view of the purpose of free choice that Rogers attributes to him. Creatures cannot bring about justice in themselves, let alone increase it by their (...)
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  31.  61
    God Who Sows the Seed and Gives the Growth.Thomas Williams - 2007 - Anglican Theological Review 2007:611-627.
    This paper examines Anselm's pneumatology.
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  32.  20
    Three Philosophical Dialogues: On Truth, on Freedom of Choice, on the Fall of the Devil.Saint Anselm & Thomas Williams - 2002 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    In these three dialogues, renowned for their dialectical structure and linguistic precision, Anselm sets out his classic account of the relationship between freedom and sin--its linchpin his definition of freedom of choice as the power to preserve rectitude of will for its own sake. In doing so, Anselm explores the fascinating implications for God, human beings, and angels of his conclusion that freedom of choice neither is nor entails the power to sin. In addition to an Introduction, notes, and a (...)
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  33.  75
    The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts, Vol. 2: Ethics and Political Philosophy.Thomas Williams, Arthur Stephen McGrade, John Kilcullen & Matthew Kempshall - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):576.
  34.  40
    The libertarian foundations of Scotus's moral philosophy.Thomas Williams - 1998 - The Thomist 62 (2):193-215.
    After setting out in part 1 Scotus's libertarian account of the will, I shall discuss two of the most important implications Scotus understood his account to have. First, according to Scotus, the Thomist understanding of the will as intellective appetite is inadequate to provide a libertarian account of freedom. Scotus therefore rejects that understanding and offers an alternative moral psychology. In part 2 of the paper I therefore draw attention to the passages in which Scotus offers his reasons for rejecting (...)
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  35. Moral vice, cognitive virtue.Thomas Williams - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (1):223-230.
    An examination of jealousy and envy in the novels of Jane Austen.
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  36.  27
    The “Difficult Patient” Conundrum in Sickle Cell Disease in Kenya: Complex Sociopolitical Problems Need Wide Multidimensional Solutions.Vicki Marsh, George Mocamah, Emmanuel Mabibo, Francis Kombe & Thomas N. Williams - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):20 - 22.
    (2013). The “Difficult Patient” Conundrum in Sickle Cell Disease in Kenya: Complex Sociopolitical Problems Need Wide Multidimensional Solutions. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 20-22. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767960.
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  37.  1
    Medieval Philosophy of Religion.G. R. Evans, John Marenbon, Dermot Moran, Syed Nomanul Haq, Jon McGinnis, Jon Mcginnis & Thomas Williams - 2013 - Acumen Publishing.
    Volume 2 covers one of the richest eras for the philosophical study of religion. Covering the period from the 6th century to the Renaissance, this volume shows how Christian, Islamic and Jewish thinkers explicated and defended their religious faith in light of the philosophical traditions they inherited from the ancient Greeks and Romans. The enterprise of 'faith seeking understanding', as it was dubbed by the medievals themselves, emerges as a vibrant encounter between - and a complex synthesis of - the (...)
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  38. Sin, grace, and redemption in Abelard.Thomas Williams - 2004 - In Kevin Guilfoy & Jeffrey Brower (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Abelard. Cambridge University Press. pp. 258-278.
    "From time to time some of my friends startle me by referring to the Atonement itself as a revolting heresy," wrote Austin Farrer, "invented by the twelfth century and exploded by the twentieth. Yet the word is in the Bible." (1) Farrer is referring to Romans 5:11 in the Authorized Version: "we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement." Here the word 'atonement'--literally, the state of being "at one"--translates the Greek (...)
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  39. Augustine and the platonists.Thomas Williams - manuscript
    I start with a story to convey what I think is the essence of the Platonic outlook that Augustine adopts. Then I’ll show you how various Platonists put the insights that this story encapsulates to work in three different aspects of philosophy. After I’ve laid all that out, I’ll talk about how Augustine transforms this Platonic picture in the light of his Christian faith..
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  40.  91
    The Franciscans.Thomas Williams - 2013 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 167-183.
    It is somewhat misleading to think of the Franciscans as forming a “school” in ethics, since there was a fair bit of diversity among Franciscans. Nonetheless, one can identify certain characteristic tendencies of Franciscan moral thought, and certain “celebrity” Franciscans whose views in ethics and moral psychology are particularly noteworthy. I shall first offer an overview of the general character of Franciscan moral thought in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries and then turn to a more detailed examination of (...)
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  41.  21
    The Treatise on Happiness • the Treatise on Human Acts.Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Williams & Christina VanDyke - 2016 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    The fifth volume of The Hackett Aquinas, a series of central philosophical treatises of Aquinas in new, state-of-the-art translations accompanied by a thorough commentary on the text.
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  42.  23
    Thomas Aquinas: Disputed Questions on the Virtues.E. M. Atkins & Thomas Williams (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The great medieval philosopher Thomas Aquinas was Dominican regent master in theology at the University of Paris, where he presided over a series of questions - academic debates - on ethical topics. This volume offers translations of disputed questions on the nature of virtues in general, the fundamental or 'cardinal' virtues of practical wisdom, justice, courage, and temperateness, the divinely bestowed virtues of hope and charity, and the practical question of how, when and why one should rebuke a 'brother' for (...)
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  43. Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning: Or, The Partitions of Sciences, Nine Books.Francis Bacon, Thomas Williams & Gilbert Wats - 1674 - Printed for Thomas Williams at the Golden Ball in Osier-Lane.
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  44.  18
    Gr. aδeaφoσ.J. Gonda, W. J. Verdenius, W. J. Van Bennekom, W. J. W. Koster, Thomas Williams & P. T. Eden - 1962 - Mnemosyne 15 (4):390-399.
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  45.  27
    Can we meet our mission? Examining the professional development of social studies teachers to support students with disabilities and emergent bilingual learners.Ricky Dale Mullins, Thomas Williams, David Hicks & Sara Brooke Mullins - 2020 - Journal of Social Studies Research 44 (1):195-208.
    In this paper, we conduct a secondary analysis of The Institute of Educational Sciences’ (IES) 2011-2012 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) data, a self-reported, nationally representative database to examine: (a) the average caseload of students with disabilities and emergent bilingual learners within and across social studies content areas, as well how social studies teachers’ caseloads compare with other content area disciplines and (b) the extent and perceived utility of professional development opportunities social studies teachers receive to support both students with (...)
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  46.  28
    Essay Review.Thomas Williams - 1997 - History and Philosophy of Logic 18 (1):55-59.
    T. J. Holopainen, Dialectic & Theology in the Eleventh Century. Leiden:E. J. Brill, 1996. vii+171pp. $78.
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  47.  85
    Recent Work on Saint Augustine.Thomas Williams - 2000 - Philosophical Books 41 (3):145-153.
    An overview of major work on Augustine published between 1990 and 2000.
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  48.  4
    Antikωmωiδδein.Thomas Williams & S. L. Radt - 1963 - Mnemosyne 16 (2):113-126.
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  49. Abortion and Catholic Social Teaching.Thomas Williams - 2008 - Nova et Vetera 6:645-662.
  50.  76
    Aquinas and the ethics of virtue.Thomas Williams - 2005 - In Thomas Williams & E. M. Atkins (eds.), Disputed Questions on the Virtues. Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Williams Note: This is a preprint of my introduction to the forthcoming translation by Margaret Atkins of Thomas Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on the Virtues (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy). The basic procedure was simple. The topic would be announced in advance so that everyone could prepare an arsenal of clever arguments. When the faculty and students had gathered, the professor would offer a brief introduction and state his thesis. All morning long an appointed graduate student would take (...)
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