Results for 'Thomas Samuel Kuhn'

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  1. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Samuel Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Otto Neurath.
    A scientific community cannot practice its trade without some set of received beliefs. These beliefs form the foundation of the "educational initiation that prepares and licenses the student for professional practice". The nature of the "rigorous and rigid" preparation helps ensure that the received beliefs are firmly fixed in the student's mind. Scientists take great pains to defend the assumption that scientists know what the world is like...To this end, "normal science" will often suppress novelties which undermine its foundations. Research (...)
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  2. Expanding Dummett's Antirealism to the Philosophy of Science.Samuel William Mitchell - 1989 - Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    This Dissertation expands the work of Michael Dummett to issues in the philosophy of science. ;Chapter One relates the issue of realism to that of truth and meaning. ;Dummett's view is subject to the same attacks that doomed logical positivism. In Chapter Two I defend him against these attacks and articulate his view further. In particular, Dummett's view of sense is articulated, and the attacks of Kripke and Hempel are addressed. ;Chapter Three is devoted to applying Dummett's view to Mach's (...)
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  3.  11
    Thomas Samuel Kuhn, 18 July 1922-17 June 1996.J. L. Heilbron - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):505-515.
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  4.  10
    Thomas Samuel Kuhn, 18 July 1922-17 June 1996.J. Heilbron - 1998 - Isis 89:505-515.
  5. Thomas Samuel Kuhn.Ulrich Eith - 2004 - In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--268.
     
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    Resisting Scientific Realism by K. Brad Wray. [REVIEW]Samuel Ruhmkorff - 2019 - British Journal for Philosophy of Science Review of Books 1.
    K. Brad Wray’s new book is an excellent overview of the scientific realism debate, as well as a development of the state-of-the-art. Wray, whose views seem most strongly influenced by Bas van Fraassen and Thomas Kuhn, develops crucial aspects of the debate, such as the argument from underconsideration and the ability of anti-realism to explain the success of science. This book is clearly written, tightly argued, and well researched. I recommend it highly to all philosophers and students of (...)
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  7. Thomas Samuel Kuhn.A. Bird - 2003 - In Dictionary of Literary Biography.
     
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  8.  88
    Claire Katz & Lara Trout , Emmanuel Levinas. Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers_ Thomas Bedorf, Andreas Cremonini , _Verfehlte Begegnung. Levinas und Sartre als philosophische Zeitgenossen_Samuel Moyn, _Origins of the Other: Emmanuel Levinas between Revelation and Ethics_ Pascal Delhom & Alfred Hirsch , _Im Angesicht der Anderen. Levinas' Philosophie des Politischen_Sharon Todd, _Learning from the other: Levinas, psychoanalysis and ethical possibilities in education__Michel Henry, Le bonheur de Spinoza, suivi de: Etude sur le spinozisme de Michel Henry, par Jean-Michel Longneaux_ Jean-Francois Lavigne, _Husserl et la naissance de la phénoménologie . Des Recherches logiques aux Ideen: la genèse de l'idéalisme transcendantal phénoménologique_ Denis Seron, _Objet et signification_ Dan Zahavi, Sara Heinämaa and Hans Ruin ,_Metaphysics, Facticity, Interpretation. Phenomenology in The Nordic Countries_ Dimitri Ginev,_Entre anthropologie et herméneutique Magdalena Marculescu-Cojoc. [REVIEW]Tomáš Tatranský, Sophie Loidolt, Eric Sean Nelson, Lawrence Petch, Rolf Kühn, Yves Mayzaud, Denisa Butnaru, Andreea Parapuf, Jassen Andreev & Adrian Niţţ - 2006 - Studia Phaenomenologica 6:453-487.
    Claire Katz & Lara Trout, Emmanuel Levinas. Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers ; Thomas Bedorf, Andreas Cremonini, Verfehlte Begegnung. Levinas und Sartre als philosophische Zeitgenossen ; Samuel Moyn, Origins of the Other: Emmanuel Levinas between Revelation and Ethics ; Pascal Delhom & Alfred Hirsch, Im Angesicht der Anderen. Levinas’ Philosophie des Politischen ; Sharon Todd, Learning from the other: Levinas, psychoanalysis and ethical possibilities in education ; Michel Henry, Le bonheur de Spinoza, suivi de: Etude sur le spinozisme (...)
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    Into the Open: On Henri Maldiney's Philosophy of Psychosis.Samuel Thoma - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (4):281-293.
    The philosophy of Henri Maldiney has played an important role in the evolution of French philosophy, especially its phenomenological strand. Maldiney's ideas have to a large extent developed from a close study of psychopathology. In this article, I present some of the key principles of Maldineyan thought, which has found little recognition to date in Anglophone philosophy and psychopathology. My main purpose is to explain the psychopathological and therapeutic implications of these principles. First, I make a few observations about Maldiney's (...)
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  10. Chronicity as stigma.Samuel Thomas - 2020 - In Christian Tewes & Giovanni Stanghellini (eds.), Time and Body: Phenomenological and Psychopathological Approaches. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
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  11.  7
    Die Existenz, Abwesenheit und Macht des Wahnsinns. Eine kritische Übersicht zu Michel Foucaults Arbeiten zur Geschichte und Philosophie der Psychiatrie.Samuel Thoma, Lukas Iwer & Burkhart Brückner - 2017 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 25 (1):69-98.
    ZusammenfassungIn diesem Artikel diskutieren wir Michel Foucaults Hauptwerke zum Thema „Wahnsinn und Psychiatrie“ von den Frühschriften bis in die siebziger Jahre. Zum einen rekonstruieren wir die globale theoretische und methodologische Entwicklung seiner Positionen im Lauf der verschiedenen Werkperioden. Zum anderen arbeiten wir Foucaults philosophische Überlegungen zum Gegenstand seiner Untersuchungen heraus. Nach der einleitenden Problemstellung zeigen wir entsprechend der neueren Forschung, inwiefern Foucaults frühe Positionen von 1954 (in der Einführung zu Binswangers Traum und Existenz sowie in Geisteskrankheit und Persönlichkeit) das spätere (...)
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    When and How Underdog Expectations Promote Cheating Behavior: The Roles of Need Fulfillment and General Self-efficacy.Thomas M. Tripp, Kristine M. Kuhn, Zhiyu Feng & Teng Iat Loi - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 181 (2):375-395.
    AbstractExtant research has demonstrated that underdog expectations—individuals’ perceptions that others view them as unlikely to succeed—can have positive implications for motivating performance. In this paper, we draw on self-determination theory to examine how and when underdog expectations can have detrimental consequences for both the employee and the organization. Specifically, we propose that underdog expectations can decrease employees’ need fulfillment, which in turn leads to more cheating behavior. Furthermore, we theorize that the indirect effect of underdog expectations on cheating behavior via (...)
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    Henri Ellenberger, Ethno‐psychiatrie, herausgegeben von Emmanuel Delille, (Sociétés, Espaces, Temps) Lyon: ENS Éditions 2017. 308 S., € 25,00. ISBN 978‐2‐84788‐931‐4. [REVIEW]Samuel Thoma - 2018 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 41 (2):204-205.
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    Jean‐François Bert, Elisabetta Basso (Hrsgg.), Foucault à Münsterlingen. A l'origine de l'Histoire de la folie, Paris: Éditions de l'EHESS 2015. [REVIEW]Samuel Thoma - 2016 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 39 (2):197-198.
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    Die Existenz, Abwesenheit und Macht des Wahnsinns. Eine kritische Übersicht zu Michel Foucaults Arbeiten zur Geschichte und Philosophie der PsychiatrieExistence, Absence and Power of Madness: A Critical Review of Michel Foucault’s Writings on the History and Philosophy of Madness.Burkhart Brückner, Lukas Iwer & Samuel Thoma - 2017 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 25 (1):69-98.
    ZusammenfassungIn diesem Artikel diskutieren wir Michel Foucaults Hauptwerke zum Thema „Wahnsinn und Psychiatrie“ von den Frühschriften bis in die siebziger Jahre. Zum einen rekonstruieren wir die globale theoretische und methodologische Entwicklung seiner Positionen im Lauf der verschiedenen Werkperioden. Zum anderen arbeiten wir Foucaults philosophische Überlegungen zum Gegenstand seiner Untersuchungen heraus. Nach der einleitenden Problemstellung zeigen wir entsprechend der neueren Forschung, inwiefern Foucaults frühe Positionen von 1954 (in der Einführung zu Binswangers Traum und Existenz sowie in Geisteskrankheit und Persönlichkeit) das spätere (...)
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    Thomas S. Kuhn: la búsqueda de la estructura.Juan Vicente Mayoral - 2017 - Zaragoza: Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza.
    La estructura de las revoluciones científicas de Thomas Samuel Kuhn es uno de los textos clásicos de la filosofía de la ciencia del siglo XX. En Thomas S. Kuhn: La búsqueda de la estructura se reconstruye la biografía intelectual de Kuhn hasta la publicación de dicha obra cumbre, con especial atención a la evolución de sus ideas desde su educación hasta su dedicación profesional a la historia y la filosofía de la ciencia. La interpretación (...)
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    The last writings of Thomas S. Kuhn: incommensurability in science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 2022 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Bojana Mladenović.
    This book contains the text of Thomas Kuhn's unfinished book, The Plurality of Worlds: An Evolutionary Theory of Scientific Development, which Kuhn himself described as "a return to the central claims of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, and the problems that it raised but did not resolve." The Plurality of Worlds is preceded by two related texts that Kuhn publicly delivered but never published in English: his paper "Scientific Knowledge as a Historical Product" and his Shearman (...)
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  18.  13
    Comptes rendus.Maxence Gaillard, Natacha Chetcuti-Osorovitz, Elisabetta Basso, Samuel Thoma, João Machado-Vaz, Jérôme Englebert, Valérie Follet, Gaëlle Chartier, Michelle Perrot, Mireille Delbraccio & Emmanuel Delille - 2016 - Revue de Synthèse 137 (1-2):191-221.
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  19.  2
    Die Entstehung des Neuen: Studien zur Struktur der Wissenschaftsgeschichte.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1977 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. Edited by Lorenz Krüger.
  20.  8
    Christian morals.Thomas Browne & Samuel Johnson - 1904 - London,: Cambridge university press warehouse. Edited by S. C. Roberts & Samuel Johnson.
    Oxford University ENGLISH FACULTY LIBRARY Manor Road Oxford OX1 3UQ Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 9.30 am to 7 pm in Full Term. (9.30 am to 1 pm, ...
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  21. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Ian Hacking.
  22. Mental control and attributions of blame for negligent wrongdoing.Samuel Murray, Kristina Krasich, Zachary Irving, Thomas Nadelhoffer & Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
    Judgments of blame for others are typically sensitive to what an agent knows and desires. However, when people act negligently, they do not know what they are doing and do not desire the outcomes of their negligence. How, then, do people attribute blame for negligent wrongdoing? We propose that people attribute blame for negligent wrongdoing based on perceived mental control, or the degree to which an agent guides their thoughts and attention over time. To acquire information about others’ mental control, (...)
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  23. The Copernican Revolution: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1957 - Harvard University Press.
    The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text In this study of the Copernican Revolution, the ...
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  24. Intuitions About Free Will and the Failure to Comprehend Determinism.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Samuel Murray & Elise Dykhuis - 2023 - Erkenntnis 88 (6):2515-2536.
    Theories of free will are often measured against how well they capture everyday intuitions about free will. But what are these everyday intuitions, and what theoretical commitments do they express? Empirical methods have delivered mixed messages. In response, some free will theorists have developed error theories to undermine the credentials of countervailing intuitions. These efforts are predicated on the idea that people might misunderstand determinism in any of several ways. This paper sheds light on the comprehension problem. We first discuss (...)
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  25. La estructura de las revoluciones científicas.Thomas Kühn - 1992 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 40 (101):179-190.
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  26. Objectivity, value judgment, and theory choice.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1981 - In David Zaret (ed.), Review of Thomas S. Kuhn The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. Duke University Press. pp. 320--39.
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    The Intentions with Which the Road is Paved: Attitudes to Liberalism as Determinants of Greenwashing.Samuel Touboul & Thomas J. Roulet - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (2):305-320.
    Previous literature has shown contradictory results regarding the relationship between economic liberalism at the country level and firms’ engagement in corporate social action. Because liberalism is associated with individualism, it is often assumed that firms will engage in mostly symbolic rather than substantive social and environmental actions; in other words, they will practice “greenwashing.” To understand how cultural beliefs in the virtues of liberalism affect the likelihood of greenwashing, we disentangle the effects of the distinct and co-existing beliefs in the (...)
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  28. The Essential Tension.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (4):649-652.
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  29. The Road since Structure.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:3-13.
    A highly condensed account of the author's present view of some philosophical problems unresolved in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The concept of incommensurability, now considerably developed, remains at center stage, but the evolutionary metaphor, introduced in the final pages of the book, now also plays a principal role.
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  30.  92
    Immersive 3D Virtual Reality Cancellation Task for Visual Neglect Assessment: A Pilot Study.Samuel E. J. Knobel, Brigitte C. Kaufmann, Stephan M. Gerber, Dario Cazzoli, René M. Müri, Thomas Nyffeler & Tobias Nef - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  31. Commensurability, Comparability, Communicability.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:669 - 688.
    The author's concept of incommensurability is explicated by elaborating the claim that some terms essential to the formulation of older theories defy translation into the language of more recent ones. Defense of this claim rests on the distinction between interpreting a theory in a later language and translating the theory into it. The former is both possible and essential, the latter neither. The interpretation/translation distinction is then applied to Kitcher's critique of incommensurability and Quine's conception of a translation manual, both (...)
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  32. Structure of scientific revolutions, the (ch. 9 only).Thomas Kuhn - unknown
  33.  77
    What Are Scientific Revolutions?Thomas S. Kuhn - 1981 - Center for Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  34.  25
    Semantic facilitation in bilingual first language acquisition.Samuel Bilson, Hanako Yoshida, Crystal D. Tran, Elizabeth A. Woods & Thomas T. Hills - 2015 - Cognition 140 (C):122-134.
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  35. The road since structure.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1991 - In A. Fine, M. Forbes & L. Wessels (eds.), PSA 1990: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. University of Chicago Press. pp. 3-13.
    A highly condensed account of the author's present view of some philosophical problems unresolved in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The concept of incommensurability, now considerably developed, remains at center stage, but the evolutionary metaphor, introduced in the final pages of the book, now also plays a principal role.
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  36. From The structure of scientific revolutions.Thomas Kuhn - 2013 - In Jeffrey E. Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
  37.  7
    What Is the Model in Model‐Based Planning?Thomas Pouncy, Pedro Tsividis & Samuel J. Gershman - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (1):e12928.
    Flexibility is one of the hallmarks of human problem‐solving. In everyday life, people adapt to changes in common tasks with little to no additional training. Much of the existing work on flexibility in human problem‐solving has focused on how people adapt to tasks in new domains by drawing on solutions from previously learned domains. In real‐world tasks, however, humans must generalize across a wide range of within‐domain variation. In this work we argue that representational abstraction plays an important role in (...)
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  38.  16
    Learning the Structure of Social Influence.Samuel J. Gershman, Hillard Thomas Pouncy & Hyowon Gweon - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3):545-575.
    We routinely observe others’ choices and use them to guide our own. Whose choices influence us more, and why? Prior work has focused on the effect of perceived similarity between two individuals, such as the degree of overlap in past choices or explicitly recognizable group affiliations. In the real world, however, any dyadic relationship is part of a more complex social structure involving multiple social groups that are not directly observable. Here we suggest that human learners go beyond dyadic similarities (...)
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  39.  8
    The Road Since Structure: Philosophical Essays, 1970-1993, with an Autobiographical Interview.Thomas S. Kuhn & Jim Conant - 2000 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by James Conant & John Haugeland.
    Divided into three parts, this work is a record of the direction Kuhn was taking during the last two decades of his life. It consists of essays in which he refines the basic concepts set forth in "Structure"--Paradigm shifts, incommensurability, and the nature of scientific progress.
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  40. From The structure of scientific revolutions.Thomas Kuhn - 2013 - In Jeffrey E. Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
  41. Metaphor in science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1979 - In A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge University Press. pp. 409-19.
     
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  42. The trouble with the historical philosophy of science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1992 - Cambridge, Mass. (235 Holyoke Center, Cambridge 02138): Dept. of the History of Science, Harvard University.
  43.  3
    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Kuhn - 2009 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press. pp. 176-177.
  44. Do people understand determinism? The tracking problem for measuring free will beliefs.Samuel Murray, Elise Dykhuis & Thomas Nadelhoffer - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.
    Experimental work on free will typically relies on deterministic stimuli to elicit judgments of free will. We call this the Vignette-Judgment model. We outline a problem with research based on this model. It seems that people either fail to respond to the deterministic aspects of vignettes when making judgments or that their understanding of determinism differs from researcher expectations. We provide some empirical evidence for this claim. In the end, we argue that people seem to lack facility with the concept (...)
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  45. Recent Books on Ethics and International Affairs.Thomas Pogge, Balakrishnan Rajagopal, Samuel Moyn, William E. Scheuerman & Joanne Bauer - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3).
  46. A Discussion with Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Kuhn - 1995 - In James Conant & J. Haugeland (eds.), The Road Since Structure. University of Chicago Press.
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  47. The Road since Structure.Kuhn Thomas, James Conant & John Haugeland - 2000 - In Thomas Kuhn (ed.), The Road Since Structure. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  48. A Response to My Critics.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Cambridge [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press.
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  49.  24
    Justifications for common knowledge.Samuel Bucheli, Roman Kuznets & Thomas Studer - 2011 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 21 (1):35-60.
    Justification logics are epistemic logics that explicitly include justifications for the agents' knowledge. We develop a multi-agent justification logic with evidence terms for individual agents as well as for common knowledge. We define a Kripke-style semantics that is similar to Fitting's semantics for the Logic of Proofs LP. We show the soundness, completeness, and finite model property of our multi-agent justification logic with respect to this Kripke-style semantics. We demonstrate that our logic is a conservative extension of Yavorskaya's minimal bimodal (...)
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    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: 50th Anniversary Edition.Thomas S. Kuhn & Ian Hacking - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. _The Structure of Scientific Revolutions _is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty (...)
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