Results for 'Thomas Reiss'

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  1.  43
    Explanatory and Non-Explanatory Goals in the Social Sciences: A Reply to Reiss.Thomas Brante - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):271-278.
    The paper has three aims. First, to show that Julian Reiss' critique of what he calls the New Mechanist Perspective in the social sciences is built on a number of misconceptions; second, to provide some arguments for the need of reflections and discussions about common and "ultimate" goals for the social sciences; and third, to suggest a focus on mechanisms as one such viable goal. Key Words: social science • goals • explanations • mechanisms.
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  2.  98
    Social Narratives Surrounding Dolphins: Q Method Study.Paul Boyle, Sarah Gruber, Thomas Webler, Heidi Lyn, Jessica Sickler, Diana Reiss, John Fraser & Katherine Lemcke - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (4):351-382.
    In preparation for development of an exhibit on the cognitive abilities of dolphins, the Wildlife Conservation Society sought to determine potential visitor's social perspectives about dolphin intelligence, and how these beliefs might influence acceptance of scientific information. The study reported here used Q methodology to identify these underlying social perspectives. The study of adults and the study of children each revealed three distinct perspectives. While consensus emerged among adults on points about dolphins' high intelligence and communication abilities, the three perspectives (...)
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  3.  95
    In Favour of a Millian Proposal to Reform Biomedical Research.Julian Reiss - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):427 - 447.
    One way to make philosophy of science more socially relevant is to attend to specific scientific practises that affect society to a great extent. One such practise is biomedical research. This paper looks at contemporary U.S. biomedical research in particular and argues that it suffers from important epistemic, moral and socioeconomic failings. It then discusses and criticises existing approaches to improve on the status quo, most prominently by Thomas Pogge (a political philosopher), Joseph Stiglitz (a Nobel-prize winning economist) and (...)
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  4.  4
    Thomas Nagel.Alan Thomas - 2008 - Routledge.
    In the first systematic study of the philosophy of Thomas Nagel, Alan Thomas discusses Nagel's contrast between the "subjective" and the "objective" points of view throughout the various areas of his wide ranging philosophy. Nagel's original and distinctive contrast between the subjective view and our aspiration to a "view from nowhere" within metaphysics structures the chapters of the book. A "new Humean" in epistemology, Nagel takes philosophical scepticism to be both irrefutable and yet to indicate a profound truth (...)
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  5. Idealization and the Aims of Economics: Three Cheers for Instrumentalism: Julian Reiss.Julian Reiss - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (3):363-383.
    This paper aims to provide characterizations of realism and instrumentalism that are philosophically interesting and applicable to economics; and to defend instrumentalism against realism as a methodological stance in economics. Starting point is the observation that ‘all models are false’, which, or so I argue, is difficult to square with the realist's aim of truth, even if the latter is understood as ‘partial’ or ‘approximate’. The three cheers in favour of instrumentalism are: Once we have usefulness, truth is redundant. There (...)
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  6. Thomas Reid - Essays on the Active Powers of Man.Thomas Reid, Knud Haakonssen & James Harris - 2010 - Edinburgh University Press.
    The Essays on the Active Powers of Man was Thomas Reid's last major work. It was conceived as part of one large work, intended as a final synoptic statement of his philosophy. The first and larger part was published three years earlier as Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. These two works are united by Reid's basic philosophy of common sense, which sets out native principles by which the mind operates in both its intellectual and active aspects. The (...)
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  7.  45
    Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Nickles (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary Philosophy in Focus offers a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age. Thomas Kuhn, the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, is probably the best-known and most influential historian and philosopher of science of the last 25 years, and has become something of a cultural icon. His concepts of paradigm, paradigm change and incommensurability have changed the way we think about science. This volume offers an introduction to Kuhn's life (...)
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  8. The Works of Thomas Reid Now Fully Collected, with Selections From His Unpublished Letters / Preface, Notes and Supplementary Dissertations by Sir William Hamilton ; Prefixed, Stewart's Account of the Life and Writings of Reid with Notes by the Editor.Thomas Reid - 1846 - Maclachlan, Stewart and co.
     
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  9. Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Thomas Donaldson & Thomas W. Dunfee.Thomas Donaldson - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):85-112.
    Difficult moral issues in economic life, such as evaluating the impact of hostile takeovers and plant relocations or determining the obligations of business to the environment, constitute the raison d'etre of business ethics. Yet, while the ultimate resolution of such issues clearly requires detailed, normative analysis, a shortcoming of business ethics is that to date it has failed to develop an adequate normative theory. 1 The failing is especially acute when it results in an inability to provide a basis for (...)
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  10.  12
    Thomas White on Location and the Ontological Status of Accidents.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2021 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 10:1-35.
    The work of Thomas White represents a systematic attempt to combine the best of the new science of the seventeenth century with the best of Aristotelian tradition. This attempt earned him the criticism of Hobbes and the praise of Leibniz, but today, most of his attempts to navigate between traditions remain to be explored in detail. This paper does so for his ontology of accidents. It argues that his criticism of accidents in the category of location as entities over (...)
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  11.  4
    The Works of Thomas Reid ... With an Account of His Life and Writings.Thomas Reid - 1895 - James Thin Longmans, Green & Co.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  12.  30
    Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction.Julian Reiss - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction is the first systematic textbook in the philosophy of economics. It introduces the epistemological, metaphysical and ethical problems that arise in economics, and presents detailed discussions of the solutions that have been offered. Throughout, philosophical issues are illustrated by and analysed in the context of concrete cases drawn from contemporary economics, the history of economic ideas, and actual economic events. This demonstrates the relevance of philosophy of economics both for the science of economics and (...)
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  13.  88
    Thomas Reid's Inquiry and Essays.Thomas Reid - 1863 - Bobbs-Merrill.
    INTRODUCTION Although the writings of Thomas Reid are very fertile and interesting, his life is biographically barren in comparison to such seventeenth - and ...
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  14.  99
    Thomas Hobbes and the Ethics of Freedom.Thomas Pink - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (5):541 - 563.
    Abstract Freedom in the sense of free will is a multiway power to do any one of a number of things, leaving it up to us which one of a range of options by way of action we perform. What are the ethical implications of our possession of such a power? The paper examines the pre-Hobbesian scholastic view of writers such as Peter Lombard and Francisco Suárez: freedom as a multiway power is linked to the right to liberty understood as (...)
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  15. A Discussion with Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Kuhn - 1995 - In James Conant & J. Haugeland (eds.), The Road Since Structure. University of Chicago Press.
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  16.  2
    Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric, and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind.Thomas Reid - 2005 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Thomas Reid saw the three subjects of logic, rhetoric, and the fine arts as closely cohering aspects of one endeavor that he called the culture of the mind. This was a topic on which Reid lectured for many years in Glasgow, and this volume presents as near a reconstruction of these lectures as is now possible. Though virtually unknown today, this material in fact relates closely to Reid's published works and in particular to the late Essays on the Intellectual (...)
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  17.  7
    Thomas White’s ‘De Mundo’ Examined.Thomas Hobbes - 1976 - Bradford University Press in Association with Crosby Lockwood Staples.
  18. Thomas Hobbes and Thomas White on Identity and Discontinuous Existence.Han Thomas Adriaenssen & Sam Alma - 2021 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 102 (3):429-454.
    Is it possible for an individual that has gone out of being to come back into being again? The English Aristotelian, Thomas White, argued that it is not. Thomas Hobbes disagreed, and used the case of the Ship of Theseus to argue that individuals that have gone out of being may come back into being again. This paper provides the first systematic account of their arguments. It is doubtful that Hobbes has a consistent case against White. Still his (...)
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  19.  3
    Thomas von Aquin Werk Und Wirkung Im Licht Neuerer Forschungen.Thomas Aquinas - 1988 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Die MISCELLANEA MEDIAEVALIA präsentieren seit ihrer Gründung durch Paul Wilpert im Jahre 1962 Arbeiten des Thomas-Instituts der Universität zu Köln. Das Kernstück der Publikationsreihe bilden die Akten der im zweijährigen Rhythmus stattfindenden Kölner Mediaevistentagungen, die vor über 50 Jahren von Josef Koch, dem Gründungsdirektor des Instituts, ins Leben gerufen wurden. Der interdisziplinäre Charakter dieser Kongresse prägt auch die Tagungsakten: Die MISCELLANEA MEDIAEVALIA versammeln Beiträge aus allen mediävistischen Disziplinen - die mittelalterliche Geschichte, die Philosophie, die Theologie sowie die Kunst- und (...)
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  20.  17
    The Correspondence of Thomas Reid.Thomas Reid - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Thomas Reid is now recognized as one of the towering figures of the Enlightenment. Best known for his published writings on epistemology and moral theory, he was also an accomplished mathematician and natural philosopher, as an earlier volume of his manuscripts edited by Paul Wood for the Edinburgh Reid Edition, Thomas Reid on the Animate Creation, has shown. The Correspondence of Thomas Reid collects all of the known letters to and from Reid in a fully annotated form. (...)
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  21. Caroline Casuistry: The Cases of Conscience of Fr Thomas Southwell, Sj.Thomas Southwell - 1965 - Published for the Catholic Record Society by the Boydell Press.
    The English cases -- Cases concerning marriage -- Cases concerning ecclesiastical fasts -- Appendix: List of faculties.
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  22.  10
    Animal Ethics and the Culling of Badgers: A Reply to McCulloch and Reiss.Michael Reiss & Steven McCulloch - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):565-569.
    One of the major values of animal ethical theory can be found in the light it sheds on practical ethical problems involving animals. McCulloch and Reiss’ paper does precisely this regarding the culling of badgers in England to limit the spread of tuberculosis. Perspicaciously realizing that societal ethics represents a combination of utilitarian and rights-based theorizing, the authors apply both of these perspectives to the issue, noting that both theoretical approaches generate a rejection of culling in the presence of (...)
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  23.  24
    Biomedical Research, Neglected Diseases, and Well-Ordered Science.Julian Reiss & Philip Kitcher - 2010 - Theoria 24 (3):263-282.
    In this paper we make a proposal for reforming biomedical research that is aimed to align re-search more closely with the so-called fair-share principle according to which the proportions of global resources as-signed to different diseases should agree with the ratios of human suffering associated with those diseases.
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  24.  82
    Rejoinder Error in Economics. Towards a More Evidence-Based Methodology , Julian Reiss, Routledge, 2007, XXIV + 246 Pages. [REVIEW]Julian Reiss - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):210-215.
  25.  12
    II—Thomas Baldwin.Thomas Baldwin - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):157-174.
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  26.  2
    Thomas Brown: Selected Philosophical Writings.Thomas Dixon (ed.) - 2010 - Imprint Academic.
    Thomas Brown, Professor of Moral Philosophy in Edinburgh, was among the most prominent and widely read British philosophers of the first half of the nineteenth century. An influential interpreter of both Hume and Reid, Brown provided a bridge between the Scottish school of 'Common Sense' and the later positivism of John Stuart Mill and others. The selections in this volume illustrate Brown’s original ideas about mental science, cause and effect, emotions and ethics. They are preceded by an introduction situating (...)
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  27. St. Thomas Aquinas on Politics and Ethics.Thomas AQUINAS - 1988
  28.  3
    The Works of Thomas Reid: D. D. Now Fully Collected, with Selections From His Unpublished Letters.Thomas Reid & William Hamilton - 1846 - Maclachlan, Stewart & Co. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans.
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  29.  3
    Thomas Jefferson and the Politics of Nature.Thomas S. Engeman - 2000
    A collection of late 20th-century scholarship devoted to Thomas Jefferson as a politician, writer, philosopher, Christian and economist.
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  30. Thomas Reid’s Lectures on the Fine Arts: Transcribed From the Original Manuscript, with an Introduction and Notes.Thomas Reid - 1973 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
    The past few years have seen a revival of interest in Thomas Reid's philosophy. His moral theory has been studied by D. D. Raphael (The Moral Sense) and his entire philosophical position by S. A. Grave (The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense). Prior to both, A. D. Woozley gave us the first modern reprint of Reid's Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man - in fact the first edition of any work by Reid to appear in print since the (...)
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  31. Thomas, Scotus, and Ockham on the Object of Hope.Thomas M. Osborne - 2020 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 87:1-26.
    Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham disagree over how and whether virtues are specified by their objects. For Thomas, habits and acts are specified by their formal objects. For instance, the object of theft is something that belongs to someone else, and more particularly theft is distinct from robbery because theft is the open taking of another’s good, whereas robbery is open and violent. A habit such as a virtue or a vice shares or takes (...)
     
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  32. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
  33. Thomas Fuller's the Holy State and the Profane State.Thomas Fuller - 1938 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    I. Introduction, notes, and appendix -- II. A facsimile of the first edition, 1642, reduced in size.
     
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  34.  5
    Die Wissenschaftsphilosophie Thomas S. Kuhns: Rekonstruktion Und Grundlagenprobleme.Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Thomas S. Kuhn - 1989 - Springer.
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  35.  53
    Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions.Julian Reiss - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):964-976.
    The aim of this paper is to introduce the instrumental variables technique to the discussion about causal inference in econometrics. I show that it may lead to causally incorrect conclusions unless some fairly strong causal background assumptions are made, assumptions which are usually left implicit by econometricians. These assumptions are very similar to, albeit not identical with, James Woodward's definition of an ‘intervention’. I discuss similarities and differences of the two points of view and argue that—understood as a practical method (...)
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  36.  91
    Human Action in Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham.Thomas M. Osborne Jr - 2014 - The Catholic University of America Press.
    Although Thomas, Scotus, and Ockham are all broadly Aristotelian, their different Aristotelian accounts reflect underlying disagreements in these three areas. These trends may represent a shift from an earlier to a later medieval intellectual culture, but they also reflect views that continued to exist in different schools. Thomists continued to exist alongside Scotists through the end of the eighteenth century, and Ockham’s views had a more varied but continued influence through the modern period. The different views of Thomas, (...)
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  37.  1
    Thomas Reid on the Animate Creation: Papers Relating to the Life Sciences.Thomas Reid & Paul Wood - 1995 - Edinburgh University Press.
    This volume brings together for the first time a significant number of Reid's manuscript papers on natural history, physiology and materialist metaphysics. An important contribution not only to Reid studies but also to our understanding of eighteenth-century science and its context.
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  38.  23
    Robots as Persons? Implications for Moral Education.Michael J. Reiss - 2021 - Journal of Moral Education 50 (1):68-76.
    ABSTRACT At present there is a clear distinction between robots and persons. In this article I explore the possibility that this distinction may not hold in perpetuity, as some robots attain personhood. I argue that personhood is an emergent property in both the development of individuals and the evolution of life, that personhood may not require a carbon-based existence, and that, given that robots are being made with ever greater powers of cognition, at some point these powers of cognition may (...)
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  39. Thomas Jefferson, Political Writings.Thomas Jefferson - 1999 - Cambridge University Pres.
    Thomas Jefferson is among the most important and controversial of American political thinkers: his influence (libertarian, democratic, participatory, and agrarian-republican) is still felt today. A prolific writer, Jefferson left 18,000 letters, Notes on the State of Virginia, an Autobiography, and numerous other papers. Joyce Appleby and Terence Ball have selected the most important of these for presentation in the Cambridge Texts series: Jefferson's views on topics such as revolution, self-government, the role of women and African-American and Native Americans emerge (...)
     
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  40. Kant’s Political Writings.Hans Reiss - 1970
  41. Thomas M. Lennon, Ed., Cartesian Views: Papers Presented to Richard A. Watson Reviewed By.Thomas Vinci - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (5):343-345.
     
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  42. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes & Marshall Missner - 2008 - Routledge.
  43. Thomas More's Silence and the Ethics of Conscience.Thomas Mathew Pooley - 2019 - Moreana 56 (2):190-212.
    This article explores silence and the ethics of conscience through a study of the life and late letters of Sir Thomas More. More's silence is a paradigm case for the contest of conscience under conditions of tyranny, and it is one of the most influential in the formulation of principles of conscience and human rights in modern constitutional democracies. The article focuses on More's prosecution by King Henry VIII, and offers close analysis of the concept of conscience discussed in (...)
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  44. The Writings of Thomas Paine: Not Dated.Thomas Paine (ed.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Thomas Paine was a hugely influential revolutionary pamphleteer, whose writings were instrumental in bringing about some of the greatest political changes the world has seen. Paine's enduring importance lies not so much in the depth of his political philosophy as in his great abilities as a communicator of political ideas. Conway's Writings was the first complete critical collection of Paine's works, and his Life was the first account to show Paine in a positive light.
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  45. Philosophy of Religion a Book of Readings. Edited by George L. Abernethy and Thomas A. Langford. --.George L. Abernethy & Thomas A. Langford - 1962 - Macmillan.
     
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  46. Thomas More: First and Best Apologist for Erasmus.Thomas P. Scheck - 2021 - Moreana 58 (1):75-111.
    Contrary to the legend that evolved in late sixteenth century Recusant More hagiography, of a distancing or even a breach in the spiritual and intellectual friendship between Thomas More and Erasmus of Rotterdam, the primary texts point to the persistence of an intimate bond between them. Even More's late letter to Erasmus informing him of his resignation addresses the matter of Erasmus's churchmanship and doctrinal reliability. Here we find More defending and praising the writings of Erasmus, and not merely (...)
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  47. Thomas Reid on Society and Politics.Thomas Reid, Knud Haakonssen & Paul Wood - 2015 - Edinburgh University Press.
    "A collection of manuscripts on political, economic, and social issues by the eighteenth-century philosopher Thomas Reid, with notes and commentary"--Provided by publisher.
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  48.  92
    Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus: Natural Theology in the High Middle Ages (Review).Thomas Williams - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (3):pp. 483-485.
    In this ambitious study, Alexander W. Hall examines the two preeminent figures of the golden age of natural theology: Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus. Hall is not so much concerned with retracing particular proofs of the existence of God and derivations of the divine attributes—well-worn paths in discussions of medieval natural theology—as with investigating the larger philosophical issues that are raised by the project of natural theology, such as the nature of scientia and demonstrative arguments, and accounts of (...)
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  49. Thomas Aquinas on Virtue.Thomas Osborne - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Aquinas produced a voluminous body of work on moral theory, and much of that work is on virtue, particularly the status and value of the virtues as principles of virtuous acts, and the way in which a moral life can be organized around them schematically. Thomas Osborne presents Aquinas's account of virtue in its historical, philosophical and theological contexts, to show the reader what Aquinas himself wished to teach about virtue. His discussion makes the complexities of Aquinas's (...)
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  50. Thomas Hurka, Perfectionism, New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, Pp. Xi + 222.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (2):327.
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