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Thomas R. Foster [10]Thomas Rowland Foster [1]
  1.  58
    Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning.Paul Sheldon Davies, James H. Fetzer & Thomas R. Foster - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):1-37.
    The social exchange theory of reasoning, which is championed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, falls under the general rubric evolutionary psychology and asserts that human reasoning is governed by content-dependent, domain-specific, evolutionarily-derived algorithms. According to Cosmides and Tooby, the presumptive existence of what they call cheater-detection algorithms disconfirms the claim that we reason via general-purpose mechanisms or via inductively acquired principles. We contend that the Cosmides/Tooby arguments in favor of domain-specific algorithms or evolutionarily-derived mechanisms fail and that the notion (...)
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  2.  30
    Wisdom, Information and Wonder: What is Knowledge For?Thomas R. Foster - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):902-903.
  3.  45
    Goodman, Forgery, and the Aesthetic.Luise H. Morton & Thomas R. Foster - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):155-159.
  4.  14
    Russell on Particularized Relations.Thomas R. Foster - 1983 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 3 (2):129.
  5.  53
    The New Paradox of Temporal Transience.David J. Buller & Thomas R. Foster - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):357-366.
    McTaggart raised a famed paradox regarding the transientist conception of time, the idea that the present moves into the future to overtake future events (or, alternatively, that future events move into the present) and past events recede further and further into the past as time goes on. Schlesinger has recently attempted an ingenious transientist solution to McTaggart's paradox. We will argue that Schlesinger's solution to McTaggart's paradox itself gives rise to a new, yet perfectly parallel, paradox which can only be (...)
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  6.  79
    Symmetrical Universes and the Identity of Indiscernibles.Thomas R. Foster - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:169-183.
    The view that numerical difference entails qualitative difference has come under attack from various quarters. One classical attack, advanced by Black, involves possible worlds which are symmetrical. In a symmetrical world, it is claimed, the identity of indiscernibles is false. I argue that such attacks are mistaken, basically because they confuse epistemological issues (such as, how to specify a quality difference) with ontological ones (such as, whether there is such a quality difference). In brief, though there may be some reasons (...)
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  7.  14
    Cartwright, Giorgione, and the Principle of Substitutivity.Thomas R. Foster - 1979 - Philosophy Research Archives 5:235-241.
    Philosophers have both produced as well as replied to a number of alleged "counter-examples" to the rule of substitution. Recently, Cartwright has urged that the standard reply to at least one of them is inadequate. The counter-example he singles out is:1). Giorgioni is so-called because of his size.2). Giorgiori = Barbarelli :3). Barbarelli is so-called because of his size.Cartwright argues that since 1) and 2) are true while 3) false, substitution has failed. It is argued in reply that, contrary to (...)
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  8.  7
    Russell’s ‘Do Differences Differ?’: This Paper Examines One of Russell’s Views, Held About the Turn of the Century, Found in a Short, Unpublished Manuscript Entitled “Do Differences Differ?”. This Work Was One of Russell’s Early Attempts to Focus Solely on the Issue of Whether Relations Were Universal or Specific Relations. Written Before The Principles of Mathematics, the Manuscript Can Serve as a Step Toward That Work. To Provide a Framework for Our Discussion, We Look at Aspects of His yet Earlier Views on This Matter. In Discussion of the Manuscript Itself, the Present Paper Divides “Do Differences Differ?” Into Four Distinct Parts, Discusses Some Issues and Problems with its View, and Ends with Four Distinct Responses by Russell to its View.Thomas R. Foster - 2009 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 29 (2).
    This paper examines one of Russell’s views, held about the turn of the century, found in a short, unpublished manuscript entitled “Do Differences Differ?”. This work was one of Russell’s early attempts to focus solely on the issue of whether relations were universal or specific relations. Written before The Principles of Mathematics, the manuscript can serve as a step toward that work. To provide a framework for our discussion, we look at aspects of his yet earlier views on this matter. (...)
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  9.  7
    Symmetrical Universes and the Identity of Indiscernibles.Thomas R. Foster - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:169-183.
    The view that numerical difference entails qualitative difference has come under attack from various quarters. One classical attack, advanced by Black, involves possible worlds which are symmetrical. In a symmetrical world, it is claimed, the identity of indiscernibles is false. I argue that such attacks are mistaken, basically because they confuse epistemological issues with ontological ones. In brief, though there may be some reasons for doubting the necessity of the Identity of lndiscernibles, the possibility of a symmetrical world is not (...)
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  10.  48
    The Persistence of Counterexample: Re-Examining the Debate Over Leibniz Law.Gregory Landini & Thomas R. Foster - 1991 - Noûs 25 (1):43-61.
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