Results for 'Thomas Porter Sinclair'

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  1.  59
    The Limits of Background Justice.Thomas Porter Sinclair - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):352-372.
    The argument from background justice is that conformity to Lockean principles of justice in agreements and transactions does not preclude the development of inequalities that undermine the freedom and fairness of those very transactions, and that, therefore, special principles are needed to regulate society's “basic structure.” Rawls offers this argument as his “first kind of reason” for taking the basic structure to be the primary subject of justice. Here I explore the background justice argument and its implications for questions about (...)
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  2. The Power of Public Positions: Official Roles in Kantian Legitimacy.Thomas Sinclair - 2018 - In David Sobel, Steven Wall & Peter Vallentyne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, volume 4. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The Kantian account of political authority holds that the state is a necessary and sufficient condition of our freedom. We cannot be free outside the state, Kantians argue, because any attempt to have the ‘acquired rights’ necessary for our freedom implicates us in objectionable relations of dependence on private judgment. Only in the state can this problem be overcome. But it is not clear how mere institutions could make the necessary difference, and contemporary Kantians have not offered compelling explanations. I (...)
     
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  3. Thinking with Whitehead and the American Pragmatists: Experience and Reality.George Allan, Steven Meyer, Thomas M. Jeannot, Scott Sinclair, Maria Regina Brioschi, Michael Brady, Nicholas Gaskill, Eleonora Mingarelli, Vincent M. Colapietro & Jude Jones (eds.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This collection of original essays explores the connections between the philosophies of Alfred North Whitehead and the classical American pragmatists.
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  4. The Works of Thomas Gray with Memoirs of His Life and Writings.Thomas Gray, William Mason, Thomas James Mathias, William Bulmer & John Porter - 1814 - Printed by William Bulmer and Co., Shakspeare Press for John Porter in Pall-Mall Bookseller to Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte.
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  5.  22
    R.F. Thomas Horace: Odes, Book IV and Carmen Saeculare. Pp. Xiv + 297, Map. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Paper, £23.99, US$38.99 . ISBN: 978-0-521-58766-2. [REVIEW]David Porter - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):112-114.
  6. Are We Conditionally Obligated to Be Effective Altruists?Thomas Sinclair - 2018 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 46 (1):36-59.
    It seems that you can be in a position to rescue people in mortal danger and yet have no obligation to do so, because of the sacrifice to you that this would involve. At the same time, if you do save anyone, then you must not leave anyone to die whom it would cost you no additional sacrifice to save. On the basis of these claims, Theron Pummer and Joe Horton have recently defended a ‘conditional obligation of effective altruism’, which (...)
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  7.  37
    A Critique of Service Learning Projects in Management Education: Pedagogical Foundations, Barriers, and Guidelines. [REVIEW]Thomas A. Kolenko, Gayle Porter, Walt Wheatley & Marvelle Colby - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (1):133 - 142.
    This critique of nine service learning projects within schools of business is designed to encourage other educational institutions to add service learning requirements into business ethics and leadership courses. It champions the role of the faculty member teaching these courses while at the same time offering constructive analysis on pedagogy, a review of curriculum issues, identification of barriers to service learning, and guidelines for teaching service learning ventures. Challenges to all faculty involved in business ethics courses are made to better (...)
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  8. In Defence of the Priority View.Thomas Porter - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (3):349-364.
    In their paper ‘Why It Matters That Some Are Worse Off Than Others: An Argument against the Priority View’, Michael Otsuka and Alex Voorhoeve argue that prioritarianism is mistaken. I argue that their case against prioritarianism has much weaker foundations than it might at first seem. Their key argument is based on the claim that prioritarianism ignores the fact of the ‘separateness of persons’. However, prioritarianism, far from ignoring that fact, is a plausible response to it. It may be that (...)
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  9. Machine Morality, Moral Progress, and the Looming Environmental Disaster.Ben Kenward & Thomas Sinclair - forthcoming - Cognitive Computation and Systems.
    The creation of artificial moral systems requires us to make difficult choices about which of varying human value sets should be instantiated. The industry-standard approach is to seek and encode moral consensus. Here we argue, based on evidence from empirical psychology, that encoding current moral consensus risks reinforcing current norms, and thus inhibiting moral progress. However, so do efforts to encode progressive norms. Machine ethics is thus caught between a rock and a hard place. The problem is particularly acute when (...)
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  10. Prioritarianism and the Levelling Down Objection.Thomas Porter - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (2):197-206.
    I discuss Ingmar Persson’s recent argument that the Levelling Down Objection could be worse for prioritarians than for egalitarians. Persson’s argument depends upon the claim that indifference to changes in the average prioritarian value of benefits implies indifference to changes in the overall prioritarian value of a state of affairs. As I show, however, sensible conceptions of prioritarianism have no such implication. Therefore prioritarians have nothing to fear from the Levelling Down Objection.
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  11.  20
    The Idealism and Pantheism of May Sinclair.Emily Thomas - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (2):137-157.
    During the early twentieth century, British novelist and philosopher May Sinclair published two book-length defenses of idealism. Although Sinclair is well known to literary scholars, she is little known to the history of philosophy. This paper provides the first substantial scholarship on Sinclair's philosophical views, focusing on her mature idealism. Although Sinclair is working within the larger British idealist tradition, her argument for Absolute idealism is unique, founded on Samuel Alexander's new realist beliefs about the reality (...)
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  12.  24
    Marriage, Thomas Aquinas, and Jean Porter.Kevin L. Flannery - 2011 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 8 (2):277-289.
  13.  44
    Preventing Optimific Wrongings.Thomas Sinclair - 2017 - Utilitas 29 (4):453-473.
    Most people believe that the rights of others sometimes require us to act in ways that have even substantially sub-optimal outcomes, as viewed from an axiological perspective that ranks outcomes objectively. Bringing about the optimal outcome, contrary to such a requirement, is an ‘optimific wronging’. It is less clear, however, that we are required to prevent optimific wrongings. Perhaps the value of the outcome, combined with the relative weakness of prohibitions on allowing harm as compared to those against doing harm, (...)
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  14. Rawls, Reasonableness, and International Toleration.Thomas Porter - 2012 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (4):382-414.
    Rawls’s account of international toleration in The Law of Peoples has been the subject of vigorous critiques by critics who believe that he unacceptably dilutes the principles of his Law of Peoples in order to accommodate non-liberal societies. One important component in these critiques takes issue specifically with Rawls’s inclusion of certain non-liberal societies (‘decent peoples’) in the constituency of justification for the Law of Peoples. In Rawls’s defence, I argue that the explanation for the inclusion of decent peoples in (...)
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  15.  5
    List of Titles.Thomas G. Weiss, Tony Porter, G. Duina & George E. Shambaugh - 2005 - In David Long & Brian C. Schmidt (eds.), Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. State University of New York Press.
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  16. The Division of Moral Labour and the Basic Structure Restriction.Thomas Porter - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):173-199.
    Justice makes demands upon us. But these demands, important though they may be, are not the only moral demands that we face. Our lives ought to be responsive to other values too. However, some philosophers have identified an apparent tension between those values and norms, such as justice, that seem to transcend the arena of small-scale interpersonal relations and those that are most at home in precisely that arena. How, then, are we to engage with all of the values and (...)
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  17. INFERTILITY:: His and Hers.Karen L. Porter, Thomas A. Leitko & Arthur L. Greil - 1988 - Gender and Society 2 (2):172-199.
    Using qualitative data based on interviews with 22 married infertile couples living in western New York State, we describe the ways in which husbands and wives interact in the process of constructing their infertility. The wives experienced infertility as a cataclysmic role failure. Husbands tended to see infertility as a disconcerting event but not as a tragedy. Couples tended to see infertility as a problem for wives. Frustration and lack of communication were typical consequences of the confrontation of husbands' and (...)
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  18.  47
    Colburn on Anti-Perfectionism and Autonomy.Thomas Porter - 2010 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (2):1-8.
    I argue against the strategy recently proposed by Ben Colburn for reconciling two apparently conflicting theses, the “Autonomy Claim” and “Anti-Perfectionism.” The strategy turns on demonstrating that the conception of Anti-Perfectionism that captures the intuitions of most anti-perfectionists is not opposed to state promotion of what Colburn calls “second-order values,” and that autonomy is just such a value. I object that Anti-Perfectionism should be understood as opposed to some second-order values, and that autonomy is just such a value.
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  19.  23
    The Theory of Tracial von Neumann Algebras Does Not Have a Model Companion.Isaac Goldbring, Bradd Hart & Thomas Sinclair - 2013 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 78 (3):1000-1004.
  20.  66
    Ethical Issues in Designing Interventions for Behavioural Change.Gyunchan Thomas Jun, Neil Sinclair & Fernando Carvalho - 2018 - Proceedings of Design Research Society 2018, Volume 1.
    This paper reflects on fundamental ethical issues concerning designing for behavioural change, in order to raise questions about the factors that should be considered by design practitioners when developing interventions. It draws on existing literature on philosophical ethics, moral psychology and design. It proposes a list of ethical questions and considerations to be made throughout the design process. A case study addressing behavioural changes in antibiotics prescriptions (for Urinary Tract Infections) was carried out to demonstrate how the ethical questions identified (...)
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  21.  6
    The Routledge Guidebook to Rawls’ a Theory of Justice.Veronique Munoz-Darde & Thomas Sinclair - 2009 - Routledge.
    John Rawls is regarded as the most important political philosopher of the twentieth century. His seminal work, _A Theory of Justice_, transformed the study of political philosophy and shaped the political thought of a generation. _Rawls on Justice_ demystifies this difficult text by introducing and assessing: Rawls’ life and the background to his philosophy The key concepts of _A Theory of Justice_, including the ‘orginal position’, the ‘veil of ignorance’, and the two principles of justice Rawls’ continuing importance to contemporary (...)
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  22.  15
    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Neurophysiology, Adaptive DBS, Virtual Reality, Neuroethics and Technology.Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, James Giordano, Aysegul Gunduz, Jose Alcantara, Jackson N. Cagle, Stephanie Cernera, Parker Difuntorum, Robert S. Eisinger, Julieth Gomez, Sarah Long, Brandon Parks, Joshua K. Wong, Shannon Chiu, Bhavana Patel, Warren M. Grill, Harrison C. Walker, Simon J. Little, Ro’ee Gilron, Gerd Tinkhauser, Wesley Thevathasan, Nicholas C. Sinclair, Andres M. Lozano, Thomas Foltynie, Alfonso Fasano, Sameer A. Sheth, Katherine Scangos, Terence D. Sanger, Jonathan Miller, Audrey C. Brumback, Priya Rajasethupathy, Cameron McIntyre, Leslie Schlachter, Nanthia Suthana, Cynthia Kubu, Lauren R. Sankary, Karen Herrera-Ferrá, Steven Goetz, Binith Cheeran, G. Karl Steinke, Christopher Hess, Leonardo Almeida, Wissam Deeb, Kelly D. Foote & Okun Michael S. - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  23.  57
    The Failure of Thomas Reid's Attack on David Hume.Alistair Sinclair - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):389 – 398.
    Thomas Reid launched a scathing attack on David Hume in his first book: "An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense" published in 1764. But this was ineffective and his arguments failed to persuade Hume to rethink his philosophy. Till the end of his life Hume remained unconvinced by Reid's criticisms of him. In this paper I examine: (1) what Hume thought of Reid's book, (2) why Hume was unshaken by Reid's arguments against him, (3) (...)
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  24.  11
    Application of the Critical Voltage Effect to the Study of Ordering in Alloys.R. Sinclair, M. J. Goringe & G. Thomas - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 32 (3):501-512.
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  25. How Drugs Get to the Market.Eric F. Trump, Nora Porter, Jaime Bishop, Bruce Jennings, Karen J. Maschke, Thomas H. Murray & Erik Parens - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  26. The State of Play on Living Wills.Eric F. Trump, Nora Porter, Jaime Bishop, Bruce Jennings, Karen J. Maschke, Thomas H. Murray & Erik Parens - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  27. The Cases Philosophers Have Dreamt Of.Eric F. Trump, Nora Porter, Jaime Bishop, Bruce Jennings, Karen J. Maschke, Thomas H. Murray & Erik Parens - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  28.  95
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Peter Zachar, Owen Whooley, GScott Waterman, Jerome C. Wakefield, Thomas Szasz, Michael A. Schwartz, Claire Pouncey, Douglas Porter, Harold A. Pincus, Ronald W. Pies, Joseph M. Pierre, Joel Paris, Aaron L. Mishara, Elliott B. Martin, Steven G. LoBello, Warren A. Kinghorn, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Gary Greenberg, Nassir Ghaemi, Michael B. First, Hannah S. Decker, John Chardavoyne, Michael A. Cerullo, Allen Frances & James Phillips - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  29.  7
    Joseph Pilsner the Specification of Human Action in St Thomas Aquinas.(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006). Pp. XI+ 273. Isbn 0 19 928605 1. [REVIEW]Porter Jean - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (3):359.
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  30. John Rawls' Actual Contractualism.Thomas Porter - unknown
    This thesis argues for an unorthodox interpretation of John Rawls's egalitarianism as a hybrid of ‘actual contractualism’ and ‘modal contractualism’. It also offers a defence of the theory so understood. According to actual contractualism, a system of political institutions and norms is just only if each person over whom it claims authority actually accepts it in some sense. Actual contractualists stand in contrast with modal contractualists, who take justice to require that no one could reasonably reject the institutions and norms (...)
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  31.  96
    Justice, Equality and Constructivism: Essays on G.A. Cohen's 'Rescuing Justice and Equality'– Brian Feltham (Ed.). [REVIEW]Thomas Porter - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):434-437.
  32.  33
    The Legacy of John Rawls.Thomas Porter - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (2):237-239.
  33.  6
    Natural Categorization: Electrophysiological Responses to Viewing Natural Versus Built Environments.Salif Mahamane, Nick Wan, Alexis Porter, Allison S. Hancock, Justin Campbell, Thomas E. Lyon & Kerry E. Jordan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  34.  23
    The Liberal Archipelago.Thomas Porter - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (3):365-367.
  35.  17
    Equality and Tradition: Questions of Value in Moral and Political Theory, Samuel Scheffler , 352 Pp., $49.95 Cloth. [REVIEW]Thomas Porter - 2011 - Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):387-389.
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  36.  1
    History of ScienceR. S. Porter.Thomas Broman - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):285-287.
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  37.  4
    Doctor of Society: Thomas Beddoes and the Sick Trade in Late-Enlightenment England. Roy Porter.Jan Golinski - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):496-497.
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  38.  4
    Thomas Beddoes MD, 1760–1808. [REVIEW]Roy Porter - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1):121-122.
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  39. The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: Its Basis and its Genesis.Elsa M. Sinclair (ed.) - 1963 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this classic analysis, Leo Strauss pinpoints what is original and innovative in the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. He argues that Hobbes's ideas arose not from tradition or science but from his own deep knowledge and experience of human nature. Tracing the development of Hobbes's moral doctrine from his early writings to his major work _The Leviathan,_ Strauss explains contradictions in the body of Hobbes's work and discovers startling connections between Hobbes and the thought of Plato, Thucydides, Aristotle, (...)
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  40.  14
    Seeing Through the EnlightenmentThe Ferment of Knowledge: Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century Science. G. S. Rousseau, Roy Porter[REVIEW]Thomas L. Hankins - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):274-279.
  41.  35
    James Paradis & Thomas Postlewait . Victorian Science and Victorian Values. Literary Perspectives. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1985. Pp. Xiii + 362. [REVIEW]Roy Porter - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):107-108.
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  42. Doctor of Society. Thomas Beddoes and the Sick Trade in Late-Enlightenment England.Roy Porter & Guenter B. Risse - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (1):155.
  43. In Memoriam: Thomas C. Oden.Steven L. Porter - 2017 - Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care 10 (1):2-3.
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  44.  14
    Milestones in Microbiology by Thomas Dale Brock. [REVIEW]J. Porter - 1963 - Isis 54:147-147.
  45.  5
    Problems and Methods in the History of Medicine. Roy Porter, Andrew Wear.Thomas Broman - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):554-555.
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  46.  33
    Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. Model Theory of Operator Algebras I: Stability. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, Vol. 45 , No. 4, Pp. 825–838, Doi:10.1112/Blms/Bdt014. - Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. Model Theory of Operator Algebras II: Model Theory. Israel Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 201 , No. 1, Pp. 477–505, Doi:10.1007/S11856-014-1046-7. - Ilijas Farah, Bradd Hart, and David Sherman. Model Theory of Operator Algebras III: Elementary Equivalence and II1factors. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, Vol. 46 , No. 3, Pp. 609–628, Doi:10.1112/Blms/Bdu012. - Isaac Goldbring, Bradd Hart, and Thomas Sinclair. The Theory of Tracial von Neumann Algebras Does Not Have a Model Companion. Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 78 , No. 3, Pp. 1000–1004. [REVIEW]Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2015 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 21 (4):425-427.
  47.  5
    Milestones in Microbiology. Thomas Dale Brock.J. R. Porter - 1963 - Isis 54 (1):147-147.
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  48.  17
    Becoming John Dewey: Dilemmas of a Philosopher and Naturalist Thomas C. Dalton Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2002, Xi + 377 Pp. $45.00. [REVIEW]Robert Sinclair - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):176-.
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  49.  4
    Dorothy A. Stansfield. Thomas Beddoes MD, 1760–1808. Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster: D. Reidel, 1984. Pp. Xix + 306. ISBN 90-277-1686-2. Dfl. 140. [REVIEW]Roy Porter - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1):121-122.
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  50.  4
    Becoming Heidegger: On the Trail of His Early Occasional Writings, 1910–1927, Edited by Theodore Kisiel and Thomas Sheehan. [REVIEW]Mark Sinclair - 2009 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 40 (1):105-107.
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