86 found
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  1.  46
    How to Revise a Total Preorder.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):193 - 238.
    Most approaches to iterated belief revision are accompanied by some motivation for the use of the proposed revision operator (or family of operators), and typically encode enough information in the epistemic state of an agent for uniquely determining one-step revision. But in those approaches describing a family of operators there is usually little indication of how to proceed uniquely after the first revision step. In this paper we contribute towards addressing that deficiency by providing a formal framework which goes beyond (...)
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  2.  62
    Iterated Belief Change and the Recovery Axiom.Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose, Thomas Meyer & Ka-Shu Wong - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (5):501-520.
    The axiom of recovery, while capturing a central intuition regarding belief change, has been the source of much controversy. We argue briefly against putative counterexamples to the axiom—while agreeing that some of their insight deserves to be preserved—and present additional recovery-like axioms in a framework that uses epistemic states, which encode preferences, as the object of revisions. This makes iterated revision possible and renders explicit the connection between iterated belief change and the axiom of recovery. We provide a representation theorem (...)
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  3.  88
    Non-prioritized ranked belief change.Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (4):417-443.
    Traditional accounts of belief change have been criticized for placing undue emphasis on the new belief provided as input. A recent proposal to address such issues is a framework for non-prioritized belief change based on default theories (Ghose and Goebel, 1998). A novel feature of this approach is the introduction of disbeliefs alongside beliefs which allows for a view of belief contraction as independently useful, instead of just being seen as an intermediate step in the process of belief revision. This (...)
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  4. Systematic withdrawal.Thomas Meyer, Johannes Heidema, Willem Labuschagne & Louise Leenen - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (5):415-443.
    Although AGM theory contraction (Alchourrón et al., 1985; Alchourrón and Makinson, 1985) occupies a central position in the literature on belief change, there is one aspect about it that has created a fair amount of controversy. It involves the inclusion of the postulate known as Recovery. As a result, a number of alternatives to AGM theory contraction have been proposed that do not always satisfy the Recovery postulate (Levi, 1991, 1998; Hansson and Olsson, 1995; Fermé, 1998; Fermé and Rodriguez, 1998; (...)
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  5.  49
    Refined epistemic entrenchment.Thomas Andreas Meyer, Willem Adrian Labuschagne & Johannes Heidema - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (2):237-259.
    Epistemic entrenchment, as presented by Gärdenfors and Makinson (1988) and Gärdenfors (1988), is a formalisation of the intuition that, when forced to choose between two beliefs, an agent will giveup the less entrenched one. While their formalisation satisfactorilycaptures the intuitive notion of the entrenchment of beliefs in a number ofaspects, the requirement that all wffs be comparable has drawn criticismfrom various quarters. We define a set of refined versions of theirentrenchment orderings that are not subject to the same criticism, andinvestigate (...)
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  6.  30
    Flashbacks, intrusions, mind-wandering – Instances of an involuntary memory spectrum: A commentary on Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay.Thomas Meyer, Henry Otgaar & Tom Smeets - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:24-29.
  7.  1
    Ernst Cassirer.Thomas Meyer - 2007 - Hamburg: Ellert & Richter.
  8.  46
    Basic infobase change.Thomas Meyer - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (2):215-242.
    Generalisations of theory change involving arbitrary sets of wffs instead of belief sets have become known as base change. In one view, a base should be thought of as providing more structure to its generated belief set, and can be used to determine the theory change operation associated with a base change operation. In this paper we extend a proposal along these lines by Meyer et al. We take an infobase as a finite sequence of wffs, with each element in (...)
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  9.  20
    Changes in the Covalence Ethical Quote, Financial Performance and Financial Reporting Quality.Fayez A. Elayan, Jingyu Li, Zhefeng Frank Liu, Thomas O. Meyer & Sandra Felton - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (3):369-395.
    We examine the equity valuation effect of press releases of upgrades or downgrades reflected in the Covalence Ethical Quote, an index ranking the ethical performance of multinational firms. The index is updated quarterly and is comprehensive enough to include 45 criteria reflecting working conditions, impact of product, impact of production, and company institutional impact. Thus, it captures many dimensions of firms’ ethical performance that are not accounted for in previous research. Our research encompasses a joint test of the value relevance (...)
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  10.  30
    PTL: A propositional typicality logic.Richard Booth, Thomas Meyer & Ivan Varzinczak - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 107--119.
  11.  72
    Belief Liberation.Richard Booth, Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - 2005 - Studia Logica 79 (1):47-72.
    We provide a formal study of belief retraction operators that do not necessarily satisfy the postulate. Our intuition is that a rational description of belief change must do justice to cases in which dropping a belief can lead to the inclusion, or ‘liberation’, of others in an agent's corpus. We provide two models of liberation via retraction operators: ρ-liberation and linear liberation. We show that the class of ρ-liberation operators is included in the class of linear ones and provide axiomatic (...)
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  12.  19
    Double preference relations for generalised belief change.Richard Booth, Samir Chopra, Thomas Meyer & Aditya Ghose - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence 174 (16-17):1339-1368.
  13.  23
    On the semantics of combination operations.Thomas Meyer - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):59-84.
    Intelligent agents are often faced with the problem of trying to combine possibly conflicting pieces of information obtained from different sources into a coherent view of the world. We propose a framework for the modelling of such combination operations with roots in the work of Spohn [Spo88, Spo91]. We construct a number of combination operations and we measure them against various properties that such operations ought to satisfy. We conclude by discussing the connection between combination operations and the use of (...)
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  14. Equilibria in social belief removal.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2010 - Synthese 177 (1):97 - 123.
    In studies of multi-agent interaction, especially in game theory, the notion of equilibrium often plays a prominent role. A typical scenario for the belief merging problem is one in which several agents pool their beliefs together to form a consistent "group" picture of the world. The aim of this paper is to define and study new notions of equilibria in belief merging. To do so, we assume the agents arrive at consistency via the use of a social belief removal function, (...)
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  15.  14
    On rational entailment for Propositional Typicality Logic.Richard Booth, Giovanni Casini, Thomas Meyer & Ivan Varzinczak - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 277 (C):103178.
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  16.  70
    Rational Peer Disagreement Upon Sufficient Evidence: leaving the Track to Truth?Frieder Bögner, Markus Seidel, Konstantin Schnieder & Thomas Meyer - 2018 - In Ludger Jansen & Paul M. Näger (eds.), Peter van Inwagen: Materialism, Free Will and God. Cham: Springer. pp. 17-39.
    In this paper, we will discuss Peter van Inwagen’s contribution to the epistemological debate about revealed peer disagreement. Roughly, this debate focuses on situations in which at least two participants disagree on a certain proposition based on the same evidence. This leads to the problem of how one should react rationally when peer disagreement is revealed. Van Inwagen, as we will show, discusses four possible reactions, all of which he rejects as unsatisfying. Our proposal will be to point to hidden (...)
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  17.  12
    Recht ohne Ethik?Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  18.  57
    Developmental Trajectories of Sleep Problems from Childhood to Adolescence Both Predict and Are Predicted by Emotional and Behavioral Problems.Biyao Wang, Corinna Isensee, Andreas Becker, Janice Wong, Peter R. Eastwood, Rae-Chi Huang, Kevin C. Runions, Richard M. Stewart, Thomas Meyer, L. G. Brüni, Florian D. Zepf & Aribert Rothenberger - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  19. A non-classical logical foundation for naturalised realism.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem, Giovanni Casini & Thomas Meyer - 2015 - In Pavel Arazim & Michal Dancak (eds.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 249-266.
    In this paper, by suggesting a formal representation of science based on recent advances in logic-based Artificial Intelligence (AI), we show how three serious concerns around the realisation of traditional scientific realism (the theory/observation distinction, over-determination of theories by data, and theory revision) can be overcome such that traditional realism is given a new guise as ‘naturalised’. We contend that such issues can be dealt with (in the context of scientific realism) by developing a formal representation of science based on (...)
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  20.  3
    Die Transformation des Politischen.Thomas Meyer - 1994 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  21. Ernst Cassirer’s Writings.Thomas Meyer & Bill Templer - 2013 - Journal of the History of Ideas 74 (3):473-495.
  22.  41
    The Origins of Leo Strauss’s Political Philosophy.Thomas Meyer - 2014 - Idealistic Studies 44 (2-3):209-223.
    This article analyzes Leo Strauss’s early and mature political philosophy in unusual ways. It offers a new reading of known and unknown texts and documents and shows how Leo Strauss became Leo Strauss.
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  23.  25
    A General Family of Preferential Belief Removal Operators.Richard Booth, Thomas Meyer & Chattrakul Sombattheera - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (4):711 - 733.
    Most belief change operators in the AGM tradition assume an underlying plausibility ordering over the possible worlds which is transitive and complete. A unifying structure for these operators, based on supplementing the plausibility ordering with a second, guiding, relation over the worlds was presented in Booth et al. (Artif Intell 174:1339-1368, 2010). However it is not always reasonable to assume completeness of the underlying ordering. In this paper we generalise the structure of Booth et al. (Artif Intell 174: 1339-1368, 2010) (...)
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  24. Belief Change.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2010 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 27 (1).
    In this paper we present a brief overview of logic-based belief change, a research area concerned with the question of how a rational agent ought to change its mind in the face of new, possibly conflicting, information. Our intention is to provide the reader with a basic introduction to the work done in this area over the past 30 years. In doing so we hope to sketch the main historical results, provide appropriate pointers to further references, and discuss some current (...)
     
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  25.  7
    Situated conditional reasoning.Giovanni Casini, Thomas Meyer & Ivan Varzinczak - 2023 - Artificial Intelligence 319 (C):103917.
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  26.  35
    Strategy-proof belief merging.Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - unknown
    herent and rational way. Several proposals have been made for information merging in which it is possible to encode the preferences of sources (Benferhat, Dubois, Prade, & Williams, 1999; Benferhat, Dubois, Kaci, & Prade, 2000; Lafage & Lang, 2000; Meyer, 2000, 2001; Andreka, Ryan, & Schobbens, 2001). Information merging has much in common with social choice theory, which aims to define operations reflecting the preferences of a society from the individual preferences of the members of the society. Given this connection, (...)
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  27.  9
    The secretion pathway of IgA protease‐type proteins in gram‐negative bacteria.Thomas Klauser, Johannes Pohlner & Thomas F. Meyer - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (12):799-805.
    The pathogenic, Gram‐negative bacteria, Neisseria gon‐orrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae, secrete immunoglobulin A1 proteases into their extracellular surroundings. An extraordinary feature in the secretory pathway of these putative virulence factors is a self‐directed outer membrane transport step allowing the proteins to be secreted autonomously, even from foreign Gram‐negative host cells like Escherichia coli. Here we summarize recent achievements in the understanding of IgA protease outer membrane translocation.
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  28.  3
    Immanuel Kant und Leo Strauss.Thomas Meyer - 2010 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2010 (1):104-122.
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  29.  6
    Analytic Philosophy and Narrative Philosophy.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  30.  27
    Acute stress – but not aversive scene content – impairs spatial configuration learning.Thomas Meyer, Conny W. E. M. Quaedflieg, James A. Bisby & Tom Smeets - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):201-216.
    Contextual learning pervades our perception and cognition and plays a critical role in adjusting to aversive and stressful events. Our ability to memorise spatial context has been studied extensive...
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  31.  13
    Medizinethische Implikationen zukünftiger pharmakogenomischer Behandlungsstrategien.Thomas Meyer, Uwe Vinkemeier & Ulrich Meyer - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (1):3-10.
    Zusammenfassung. Gegenwärtige Fortschritte in den pharmakologischen Wissenschaften erlauben einen ersten Ausblick auf eine individuelle, genotyp-basierende Arzneimitteltherapie, durch die sich die Effektivität der Medikamentenbenutzung weiter verbessern ließe. Die genotypische Erfassung von genetischen Polymorphismen, die bei Medikamentenreaktionen beteiligt sind, verspricht die Arzneimitteltherapie grundlegend zu optimieren, wenn damit Patienten identifiziert werden, für die ein Medikament entweder nutzbringend und sicher angewandt oder aber aufgrund zu erwartender Nebenwirkungen nicht eingesetzt werden sollte. Die neuen pharmakogenomischen Behandlungsstrategien werfen komplexe ethische Fragestellungen auf, da durch ein genetisches Screening (...)
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  32.  2
    Übersetzungen. Sprache bei Zunz, Graetz bis hin zu Ludwig Feuchtwanger.Thomas Meyer - 2010 - Naharaim 4 (2):287-298.
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  33.  2
    Bürgerschaft und kulturelle Identität.Thomas Meyer - 2019 - In Julian Nida-Rümelin, Detlef Daniels & Nicole Wloka (eds.), Internationale Gerechtigkeit Und Institutionelle Verantwortung. De Gruyter. pp. 393-406.
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  34.  39
    Claudia Blöser: Zurechnung bei Kant. Zum Zusammenhang von Person und Handlung in Kants Praktischer Philosophie.Thomas Meyer - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (4):305-309.
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  35.  3
    Die Funktion der Naturwissenschaft für die Zwecke der Vernunft.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  36.  1
    Die Geschichtlichkeit der jüdischen Philosophie.Thomas Meyer - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2017 (2):57-76.
    Since the term »Jewish Philosophy« was established by Leopold Zunz in 1818, the meaning of »Jewish Philosophy« is, to say the least, controversial. This article examines past and contemporary definitions and debates about »Jewish Philosophy « from a historical and systematical point of view to clarify the setting of these controversies from the 19th Century up to the present. The article argues for a functional understanding of »Jewish Philosophy« and the texts it deals with.
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  37.  6
    Die humane Revolution: Plädoyer für eine zivile Lebenskultur.Thomas Meyer - 2001
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  38. Die Kampfgemeinschaft Hermann Cohen und Ernst Cassirer.Thomas Meyer - 2019 - In Eveline Goodman-Thau & George Y. Kohler (eds.), Nationalismus und Religion: Hermann Cohen zum 100. Todestag. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
     
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  39.  7
    Der Mensch im Schnittpunkt von Wissen, Glauben, Tun und Hoffen.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  40.  5
    Das Problem eines höchsten Grundsatzes der Philosophie bei Jacob Sigismund Beck.Thomas Ludolf Meyer (ed.) - 1991 - Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.
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  41. Das Problem eines höchsten Grundsatzes der Philosophie bei Jacob Sigismund Beck.Thomas L. Meyer - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 54 (2):351-351.
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  42.  6
    Das Recht in weltbürgerlicher Absicht.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  43.  4
    Der Streit der Fakultäten und die Philosophie.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  44.  2
    Die Soziologie Theodor Geigers: Emanzipation von der Ideologie.Thomas Meyer - 2001 - Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
    Theodor Geiger (1891-1952) zählt zu den vernachlässigten Klassikern der deutschen Soziologie. Realismus und Ideologiekritik bilden die Klammer für ein Opus, das von der Schichtungs-, Rechts- und Erziehungssoziologie über Fragen zur Eugenik bis hin zur Erkenntnis-, Modernitäts- und Demokratietheorie reicht. Die vorliegende Studie ist der Versuch, trotz der zahlreichen Wechselfälle in Geigers Leben eine Gesamtwürdigung seines umfangreichen und heterogenen Werkes vorzulegen. Berücksichtigt werden die zum Teil schwer zugänglichen Schriften aus dem skandinavischen Exil sowie einige bislang unveröffentlichte Arbeiten aus dem Nachlass. Dies (...)
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  45.  13
    Ethical Intuitionism and the Problem of Dogmatism.Thomas Meyer & Tim Rojek - 2018 - In Johannes Müller-Salo (ed.), Robert Audi: Critical Engagements. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 141-152.
    In this paper, we try to confront Robert Audis moral epistemology, namely his intuitionism, based on the concept of a self-evident moral proposition, with two main problems: disagreement and dogmatism within moral discourse. Although Audi can meet those classical objections in his theory, we think that some problems remain. We proceed – after an introduction – in five sections in order to pursue this end. After a short introductory section, we first reconstruct the classical intuitionist moral epistemology. We then discuss (...)
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  46.  11
    Fortschritt als Postulat und die Lehre vom Geschichtszeichen.Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  47.  6
    Freiheit contra Sicherheit?Thomas Meyer & Udo Vorholt (eds.) - 2012 - Bochum: Projektverlag.
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  48. First-Person Knowledge: Wittgenstein, Cavell, and "Therapy".Thomas Meyer - unknown
    The recent publication of The New Wittgenstein signals the arrival of a distinctive "therapeutic" reading of Ludwig Wittgenstein"s philosophical enterprise. As announced in its Preface, this collection presents the "nonsense" of philosophy as the subject of Wittgenstein"s therapeutic work. The simple, plain nonsense of many philosophical remarks is revealed under the scrutiny of Wittgenstein"s investigations, according to this interpretation, leading us to see that such remarks "fail to make any claim at all" (Crary 6). This view of Wittgenstein"s use of (...)
     
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  49.  4
    “Inadmissible Application”: Some Notes on Causality and Life in Hegel.Thomas Meyer - 2023 - In Luca Corti & Johannes-Georg Schuelein (eds.), Life, Organisms, and Human Nature: New Perspectives on Classical German Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 59-77.
    In this paper, I will interpret a short passage from Hegel’s Doctrine of Essence on the relation between causality and life. In this passage, Hegel rejects using causal language to analyze phenomena of the living. This rejection is puzzling though, if one takes Hegel’s account of causality into account. By discussing the passage, I hope to shed some light on Hegel’s understanding of life and its relation to causality. After presenting my reading of the causality chapter (2.), the passage itself (...)
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  50.  1
    Identitätspolitik--religiöser Extremismus in der Politik: Kongress der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung und der Philosophisch-Politischen Akademie am 30. Oktober 1998 in Bonn.Thomas Meyer & Josef Minzenbach (eds.) - 1999 - Bonn: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Akademie der Politischen Bildung.
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