Results for 'Thomas Foerster'

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Thomas Foerster
Cornell University (PhD)
  1. Moral Offsetting.Thomas Foerster - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (276):617-635.
    This paper explores the idea of moral offsetting: the idea that good actions can offset bad actions in a way roughly analogous to carbon offsetting. For example, a meat eater might try to offset their consumption of meat by donating to an animal welfare charity. In this paper, I clarify the idea of moral offsetting, consider whether the leading moral theories and theories of moral worth are consistent with the possibility of moral offsetting, and consider potential benefits of moral offsetting. (...)
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  2.  13
    Affective distraction along the flexibility-stability continuum.Anna Foerster, Constantin Schmidts, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):438-449.
    This study explored whether conditions that promote flexibility in task processing enhance the detrimental impact of irrelevant negative stimulation on performance. We approached this flexibility f...
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  3. Epistemic Gaps and the Mind-Body Problem.Thomas Foerster - 2019 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    This dissertation defends materialism from the epistemic arguments against materialism. Materialism is the view that everything is ultimately physical. The epistemic arguments against materialism claim that there is an epistemic gap between physical and phenomenal truths (for example, that knowing the physical truths does not put you in a position to know the phenomenal truths), and conclude from this that there is a corresponding gap in the world between physical and phenomenal truths, and materialism is false. -/- Chapter 1 introduces (...)
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  4.  15
    Proactive control of affective distraction: Experience-based but not expectancy-based.Constantin Schmidts, Anna Foerster, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2020 - Cognition 194:104072.
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  5.  61
    Stefan Burkhardt and Thomas Foerster, eds., Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage: Exchange of Cultures in the “Norman” Peripheries of Medieval Europe. Farnham, Surrey, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013. Pp. vi, 305. $134.95. ISBN: 978-1-4094-6330-6.Keith J. Stringer and Andrew Jotischky, eds., Norman Expansion: Connections, Continuities, and Contrasts. Farnham, Surrey, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013. Pp. xiv, 261; 10 black-and-white figures. $119.95. ISBN: 978-1-4094-4838-9. [REVIEW]Hugh M. Thomas - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):514-516.
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  6.  5
    Einführung in den Konstruktivismus / [die Autoren, Heinz von Foerster... et al.].Heinz Von Foerster (ed.) - 1985 - München: R. Oldenbourg.
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  7.  3
    Konstruktivismus und Kognitionswissenschaft: kulturelle Wurzeln und Ergebnisse : Heinz von Foerster gewidmet.Heinz Von Foerster, Albert Müller & Friedrich Stadler - 1997
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  8. Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.Foerster H. Von & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1).
    Purpose: Commenting on the transcript of a lecture. Findings: The document reconstructs the development of the original 1973 lecture by Heinz von Foerster into his best-known paper, On Constructing a Reality. Many aspects of that paper can be identified as being shaped through interaction with the audience. Implications: The lecture documented here was a forerunner of a central paper in constructivism.
     
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  9. Philosophia generalis. Edidit cum dissertatione prooemiali de dubitatione et certitudine Joh. Christian Foerster.Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten & Johann Christian Foerster - 1770 - Hildesheim,: G. Olm.
  10.  42
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems.H. von Foerster - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-347.
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  11. Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.H. Foerster & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):62-69.
  12.  7
    Wie wir uns erfinden: eine Autobiographie des radikalen Konstruktivismus.Heinz Von Foerster & Ernst von Glasersfeld - 1999 - Heidelberg: Carl-Auer-Systeme. Edited by Ernst von Glasersfeld.
    Zwei ältere Herren, einer Biophysiker, der andere Psychologe, treffen sich, um über die Vergangenheit zu sprechen. Das könnte eine ganz alltägliche Geschichte sein. Allerdings handelt es sich bei den beiden Protagonisten um die Väter des Radikalen Konstruktivismus. Der Bitte ihre Verlegers, ein Tonband mitlaufen zu lassen, kamen sie gerne nach. Ein Glücksfall, wie sich im Nachhinein herausstellt. in einem ungemein spannenden, quicklebendigen Dialog werden komplexe wissenschaftliche Fragen auf allgemeinverständliche Weise thematisiert: Was haben Kurzwellen und Kühe gemein? Warum vergräbt ein Eichhörnchen (...)
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  13.  11
    The Hanabi challenge: A new frontier for AI research.Nolan Bard, Jakob N. Foerster, Sarath Chandar, Neil Burch, Marc Lanctot, H. Francis Song, Emilio Parisotto, Vincent Dumoulin, Subhodeep Moitra, Edward Hughes, Iain Dunning, Shibl Mourad, Hugo Larochelle, Marc G. Bellemare & Michael Bowling - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 280 (C):103216.
  14. Marriage and the Sex-Problem, Tr. By M. Booth.Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster & Meyrick Booth - 1912
     
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  15. Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium.H. Von Foerster & G. W. Zopf Jr, (eds.) - 1962 - Pergamon Press.
  16.  67
    Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Nickles (ed.) - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary Philosophy in Focus offers a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age. Thomas Kuhn, the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, is probably the best-known and most influential historian and philosopher of science of the last 25 years, and has become something of a cultural icon. His concepts of paradigm, paradigm change and incommensurability have changed the way we think about science. This volume offers an introduction to Kuhn's life (...)
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  17.  4
    Humanism and America: Essays on the Outlook of Modern Civilisation.Norman Foerster - 2021 - Port Washington, N.Y.,: Hassell Street Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be (...)
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  18.  5
    Literary Scholarship: Its Aims and Methods.Norman Foerster, John Calvin Mcgalliard, René Wellek, Austin Warren & Wilbur Lang Schramm - 2018 - University of North Carolina Press.
    The authors of this study deplore the present gulf that lies between the creative writer and the scholar. In five stimulating essays on letters, language, literary history, criticism, and imaginative writing, they challenge our prevailing pedantries and offer a program for revitalizing literary scholarship in the universities. Authoritative and brilliantly written, this book anticipates a fuller place for humane learning in American life. Originally published in 1941. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in (...)
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  19.  10
    Thomas Reid - Essays on the Active Powers of Man.Thomas Reid, Knud Haakonssen & James Harris - 2010 - Edinburgh University Press.
    The Essays on the Active Powers of Man was Thomas Reid's last major work. It was conceived as part of one large work, intended as a final synoptic statement of his philosophy. The first and larger part was published three years earlier as Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. These two works are united by Reid's basic philosophy of common sense, which sets out native principles by which the mind operates in both its intellectual and active aspects. The (...)
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  20.  17
    The last writings of Thomas S. Kuhn: incommensurability in science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 2022 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Bojana Mladenović.
    This book contains the text of Thomas Kuhn's unfinished book, The Plurality of Worlds: An Evolutionary Theory of Scientific Development, which Kuhn himself described as "a return to the central claims of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, and the problems that it raised but did not resolve." The Plurality of Worlds is preceded by two related texts that Kuhn publicly delivered but never published in English: his paper "Scientific Knowledge as a Historical Product" and his Shearman Memorial Lectures, "The (...)
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  21.  8
    Rule-violations sensitise towards negative and authority-related stimuli.Robert Wirth, Anna Foerster, Hannah Rendel, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):480-493.
    Rule violations have usually been studied from a third-person perspective, identifying situational factors that render violations more or less likely. A first-person perspective of the agent that actively violates the rules, on the other hand, is only just beginning to emerge. Here we show that committing a rule violation sensitises towards subsequent negative stimuli as well as subsequent authority-related stimuli. In a Prime-Probe design, we used an instructed rule-violation task as the Prime and a word categorisation task as the Probe. (...)
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  22.  20
    Thomas Aquinas on Virtue.Thomas M. Osborne - 2022 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Aquinas produced a voluminous body of work on moral theory, and much of that work is on virtue, particularly the status and value of the virtues as principles of virtuous acts, and the way in which a moral life can be organized around them schematically. Thomas Osborne presents Aquinas's account of virtue in its historical, philosophical and theological contexts, to show the reader what Aquinas himself wished to teach about virtue. His discussion makes the complexities of Aquinas's (...)
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  23.  8
    Involuntary top-down control by search-irrelevant features: Visual working memory biases attention in an object-based manner.Rebecca M. Foerster & Werner X. Schneider - 2018 - Cognition 172 (C):37-45.
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  24. Das Gedächtnis : Eine quantenphysikalische Untersuchung ; Der Wiener Kreis : Parabel für einen Denkstil.Heinz von Foerster - 2011 - In Heinz Von Foerster (ed.), Radikaler Konstruktivismus Aus Wien: Eine Kurze Geschichte Vom Entstehen Und Vom Ende Eines Wiener Denkstils. Bibliothek der Provinz.
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  25. Die Gesetze der Form.Heinz von Foerster - 1993 - In Dirk Baecker (ed.), Kalkül der Form. Suhrkamp.
     
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  26. Entdecken oder Erfinden.Heinz von Foerster - 1985 - In Heinz Von Foerster (ed.), Einführung in den Konstruktivismus / [die Autoren, Heinz von Foerster... et al.]. R. Oldenbourg.
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  27.  8
    Radikaler Konstruktivismus aus Wien: eine kurze Geschichte vom Entstehen und vom Ende eines Wiener Denkstils.Heinz Von Foerster - 2011 - Weitra: Bibliothek der Provinz. Edited by Albert Müller & Karl H. Müller.
  28.  19
    The Works of Thomas Reid... with an Account of His Life and Writings.Thomas Reid - 2015 - Palala Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  29. A Discussion with Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Kuhn - 1995 - In James Conant & J. Haugeland (eds.), The Road Since Structure. University of Chicago Press.
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  30. A new text of the Appendix Probi.Analecta Grammatica, EgW Foerster & E. Koschwitz - 2007 - Classical Quarterly 57:687-700.
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  31.  29
    The correspondence of Thomas Reid.Thomas Reid - 2002 - University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press. Edited by Paul Wood.
    Thomas Reid is now recognized as one of the towering figures of the Enlightenment. Best known for his published writings on epistemology and moral theory, he was also an accomplished mathematician and natural philosopher, as an earlier volume of his manuscripts edited by Paul Wood for the Edinburgh Reid Edition, Thomas Reid on the Animate Creation, has shown. The Correspondence of Thomas Reid collects all of the known letters to and from Reid in a fully annotated form. (...)
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  32. Thomas White on Location and the Ontological Status of Accidents.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2021 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 10:1-35.
    The work of Thomas White represents a systematic attempt to combine the best of the new science of the seventeenth century with the best of Aristotelian tradition. This attempt earned him the criticism of Hobbes and the praise of Leibniz, but today, most of his attempts to navigate between traditions remain to be explored in detail. This paper does so for his ontology of accidents. It argues that his criticism of accidents in the category of location as entities over (...)
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  33.  9
    Commentary: Feeling the Conflict: The Crucial Role of Conflict Experience in Adaptation.Anna Foerster, Roland Pfister, Heiko Reuss & Wilfried Kunde - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  34. Thomas, Scotus, and Ockham on the Object of Hope.Thomas M. Osborne - 2020 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 87:1-26.
    Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham disagree over how and whether virtues are specified by their objects. For Thomas, habits and acts are specified by their formal objects. For instance, the object of theft is something that belongs to someone else, and more particularly theft is distinct from robbery because theft is the open taking of another’s good, whereas robbery is open and violent. A habit such as a virtue or a vice shares or takes (...)
     
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  35. Thomas Jefferson, political writings.Thomas Jefferson - 1999 - New York: Cambridge University Pres. Edited by Joyce Appleby & Terence Ball.
    Thomas Jefferson is among the most important and controversial of American political thinkers: his influence (libertarian, democratic, participatory, and agrarian-republican) is still felt today. A prolific writer, Jefferson left 18,000 letters, Notes on the State of Virginia, an Autobiography, and numerous other papers. Joyce Appleby and Terence Ball have selected the most important of these for presentation in the Cambridge Texts series: Jefferson's views on topics such as revolution, self-government, the role of women and African-American and Native Americans emerge (...)
     
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  36.  3
    Lebensführung.Fr W. Foerster - 1918 - De Gruyter.
    This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections (...)
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  37.  19
    Size estimates remain stable in the face of differences in performance outcome variability in an aiming task.Anna Foerster, Rob Gray & Rouwen Cañal-Bruland - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:47-52.
  38.  11
    Thomas Brown: Selected Philosophical Writings.Thomas Dixon (ed.) - 2010 - Imprint Academic.
    Thomas Brown, Professor of Moral Philosophy in Edinburgh, was among the most prominent and widely read British philosophers of the first half of the nineteenth century. An influential interpreter of both Hume and Reid, Brown provided a bridge between the Scottish school of 'Common Sense' and the later positivism of John Stuart Mill and others. The selections in this volume illustrate Brown’s original ideas about mental science, cause and effect, emotions and ethics. They are preceded by an introduction situating (...)
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  39.  13
    Thomas Jefferson and the Politics of Nature.Thomas S. Engeman - 2000
    A collection of late 20th-century scholarship devoted to Thomas Jefferson as a politician, writer, philosopher, Christian and economist.
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  40.  3
    Humanism and America.Norman Foerster - 1967 - Port Washington, N.Y.,: Kennikat Press.
    Preface, by N. Foerster.--The pretensions of science, by L. T. More.--Humanism: an essay at definition, by I. Babbitt.--The humility of common sense, by P. E. More.--The pride of modernity, by G. R. Elliott.--Religion without humanism, by T. S. Eliot.--The plight of our arts, by F. J. Mather, Jr.--The dilemma of modern tragedy, by A. R. Thompson.--An American tragedy, by R. Shafer.--Pandora's box in American fiction, by H. H. Clark.--Dionysus in dismay, by S. P. Chase.--Our critical spokesmen, by G. B. (...)
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  41.  31
    Long-term memory-based control of attention in multi-step tasks requires working memory: evidence from domain-specific interference.Rebecca M. Foerster, Elena Carbone & Werner X. Schneider - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  42.  26
    Thomas White's De mundo examined.Thomas Hobbes - 1976 - London: Bradford University Press in association with Crosby Lockwood Staples. Edited by Harold Whitmore Jones.
  43.  13
    Thomas Reid on the Animate Creation: Papers Relating to the Life Sciences.Thomas Reid & Paul Wood - 2022 - Edinburgh University Press.
    This volume brings together for the first time a significant number of Reid's manuscript papers on natural history, physiology and materialist metaphysics. An important contribution not only to Reid studies but also to our understanding of eighteenth-century science and its context.
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  44. Literary scholarship.Norman Foerster, John Calvin McGalliard, René Wellek, Austin Warren & Wilbur Schramm (eds.) - 1941 - Chapel Hill,: The University of North Carolina Press.
    The study of letters, by Norman Foerster.--Language, by J.C. McGalliard.--Literary history, by René Wellek.--Literary criticism, by Austin Warren.--Imaginative writing, by W.L. Schramm.--Notes.--Bibliography (p. 239-255).
     
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  45. Thomas Reid's inquiry and essays.Thomas Reid - 1863 - Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. Edited by Keith Lehrer & Ronald E. Beanblossom.
    INTRODUCTION Although the writings of Thomas Reid are very fertile and interesting, his life is biographically barren in comparison to such seventeenth - and ...
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  46.  14
    Thomas von Aquin.Thomas Aquinas (ed.) - 1988 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Die MISCELLANEA MEDIAEVALIA präsentieren seit ihrer Gründung durch Paul Wilpert im Jahre 1962 Arbeiten des Thomas-Instituts der Universität zu Köln. Das Kernstück der Publikationsreihe bilden die Akten der im zweijährigen Rhythmus stattfindenden Kölner Mediaevistentagungen, die vor über 50 Jahren von Josef Koch, dem Gründungsdirektor des Instituts, ins Leben gerufen wurden. Der interdisziplinäre Charakter dieser Kongresse prägt auch die Tagungsakten: Die MISCELLANEA MEDIAEVALIA versammeln Beiträge aus allen mediävistischen Disziplinen - die mittelalterliche Geschichte, die Philosophie, die Theologie sowie die Kunst- und (...)
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  47.  7
    Der Entwickelungsgang der kantischen Ethik bis zur Kritik der reinen Vernunft.F. Foerster - 1896 - Philosophical Review 5:669.
  48.  59
    Den sicheren Pfad Gottes durch die Zeiten verfolgen.Frank Foerster - 1993 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 45 (2):97-112.
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  49.  5
    „Darwin today“ Information über das 8. Kühlungsborner Kolloquium.I. Foerster & W. Stange - 1982 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 30 (3).
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  50.  3
    8. der Zittauer Platon und Codex Vindob. phil. gr. 21.R. Foerster - 1926 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 81 (1-4).
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