8 found
  1.  39
    Incubation and Cueing Effects in Problem-Solving: Set Aside the Difficult Problems but Focus on the Easy Ones.Ut Na Sio & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):113-129.
    Evidence for incubation effects in problem-solving is increasing, but the mechanisms that underlie incubation are unclear. An experiment tested two hypotheses about incubation: Spreading activation and opportunistic assimilation. Participants solved easy or difficult remote associates tasks without incubation period, or with an incubation period filled with high or low cognitive load tasks. A lexical decision task with cue and neutral words was given either before or after a second problem attempt. When solving difficult problems, the low-load incubation group benefitted more (...)
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  2.  35
    Problem-Solving Strategies and Expertise in Engineering Design.Linden J. Ball, Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Ian Dennis & Thomas C. Ormerod - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):247-270.
    A study is reported which focused on the problem-solving strategies employed by expert electronics engineers pursuing a real-world task: integrated-circuit design. Verbal protocol data were analysed so as to reveal aspects of the organisation and sequencing of ongoing design activity. These analyses indicated that the designers were implementing a highly systematic solution-development strategy which deviated only a small degree from a normatively optimal top-down and breadth-first method. Although some of the observed deviation could be described as opportunistic in nature, much (...)
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  3.  71
    The Structure and Function of Spontaneous Analogising in Domain-Based Problem Solving.Christopher R. Bearman, Linden J. Ball & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):273 – 294.
    Laboratory-based studies of problem solving suggest that transfer of solution principles from an analogue to a target arises only minimally without the presence of directive hints. Recently, however, real-world studies indicate that experts frequently and spontaneously use analogies in domain-based problem solving. There is also some evidence that in certain circumstances domain novices can draw analogies designed to illustrate arguments. It is less clear, however, whether domain novices can invoke analogies in the sophisticated manner of experts to enable them to (...)
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  4.  28
    Sleep Promotes Analogical Transfer in Problem Solving.Padraic Monaghan, Ut Na Sio, Sum Wai Lau, Hoi Kei Woo, Sally A. Linkenauger & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2015 - Cognition 143:25-30.
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  5.  14
    Finding a Needle in a Haystack: Toward a Psychologically Informed Method for Aviation Security Screening.Thomas C. Ormerod & Coral J. Dando - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):76-84.
  6.  26
    Noncoercive Human Intelligence Gathering.Coral J. Dando & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (8):1435-1448.
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  7.  31
    Sentence Memorability Reveals the Mental Representations Involved in Processing Spatial Descriptions.Alan F. Collins, Thomas C. Ormerod, Linden J. Ball & Piers Fleming - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (1):30-56.
  8.  13
    When Help Becomes Hindrance: Unexpected Errors of Omission and Commission in Eyewitness Memory Resulting From Change Temporal Order at Retrieval?Coral J. Dando, Thomas C. Ormerod, Rachel Wilcock & Rebecca Milne - 2011 - Cognition 121 (3):416-421.
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