Results for 'Theodore M. Ludwig'

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  1.  74
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Pradip Bhattacharya, Edward T. Ulrich, Joseph A. Bracken, Richard Weiss, Christopher Key Chapple, Michael C. Brannigan, Theodore M. Ludwig, S. Nagarajan, Michael H. Fisher, Steve Derné, Herman Tull, Jarrod W. Brown, Joanna Kirkpatrick, Edward T. Ulrich, Carl Olson & Deepak Sarma - 2004 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 8 (1-3):203-227.
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  2.  42
    How do we know who we are?: a biography of the self.Arnold M. Ludwig - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "The terrain of the self is vast," notes renowned psychiatrist Arnold Ludwig, "parts known, parts impenetrable, and parts unexplored." How do we construct a sense of ourselves? How can a self reflect upon itself or deceive itself? Is all personal identity plagiarized? Is a "true" or "authentic" self even possible? Is it possible to really "know" someone else or ourselves for that matter? To answer these and many other intriguing questions, Ludwig takes a unique approach, examining the art (...)
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  3.  12
    A Chapter of Franciscan History by Sister M. Mileta Ludwig.Theodore Roemer - 1951 - Franciscan Studies 11 (1):109-110.
  4.  12
    Trust in numbers: the pursuit of objectivity in science and public life.Theodore M. Porter - 1995 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
    What accounts for the prestige of quantitative methods? The usual answer is that quantification is desirable in social investigation as a result of its successes in science. Trust in Numbers questions whether such success in the study of stars, molecules, or cells should be an attractive model for research on human societies, and examines why the natural sciences are highly quantitative in the first place. Theodore Porter argues that a better understanding of the attractions of quantification in business, government, (...)
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  5. The Concept of Accountability in AI Ethics and Governance.Theodore M. Lechterman - 2023 - In Justin B. Bullock, Yu-Che Chen, Johannes Himmelreich, Valerie M. Hudson, Anton Korinek, Matthew M. Young & Baobao Zhang (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of AI Governance. Oxford University Press.
    Calls to hold artificial intelligence to account are intensifying. Activists and researchers alike warn of an “accountability gap” or even a “crisis of accountability” in AI. Meanwhile, several prominent scholars maintain that accountability holds the key to governing AI. But usage of the term varies widely in discussions of AI ethics and governance. This chapter begins by disambiguating some different senses and dimensions of accountability, distinguishing it from neighboring concepts, and identifying sources of confusion. It proceeds to explore the idea (...)
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  6. The Argument from Non-belief: THEODORE M. DRANGE.Theodore M. Drange - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (4):417-432.
    Attempts have been made to prove God's non-existence. Often this takes the form of an appeal to the so-called Argument from Evil: if God were to exist, then he would not permit as much suffering in the world as there actually is. Hence the fact that there is so much suffering constitutes evidence for God's non-existence. In this essay I propose a variation which I shall call ‘The Argument from Non-belief’. Its basic idea is that if God were to exist, (...)
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  7. An approach to the study of communicative acts.Theodore M. Newcomb - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (6):393-404.
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  8.  93
    Making Things Quantitative.Theodore M. Porter - 1994 - Science in Context 7 (3):389-407.
    The ArgumentQuantification is not merely a strategy for describing the social and natural worlds, but a means of reconfiguring them. It entails the imposition of new meanings and the disappearance of old ones. Often it is allied to systems of experimental or administrative control, and in fact considerable feats of human organization are generally required even to create stable, reasonably standardized measures. This essay urges that the uses of quantification in science, social science, and bureaucratic social and economic policy are (...)
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  9. The Cambridge history of science: The modern social sciences.Theodore M. Porter & Dorothy Ross - 2003 - History of Science 7.
    Forty-two essays by authors from five continents and many disciplines provide a synthetic account of the history of the social sciences-including behavioral and economic sciences since the late eighteenth century. The authors emphasize the cultural and intellectual preconditions of social science, and its contested but important role in the history of the modern world. While there are many historical books on particular disciplines, there are very few about the social sciences generally, and none that deal with so much of the (...)
     
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  10.  14
    Modern Religion, Modern Race.Theodore M. Vial - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Religion is a racialized category, even when race is not explicitly mentioned. In Modern Religion, Modern Race Theodore Vial argues that because the categories of religion and race are rooted in the post-Enlightenment project of reimagining what it means to be human, we cannot simply will ourselves to stop using them. Only by acknowledging that religion is already racialized can we begin to understand how the two concepts are intertwined and how they operate in our modern world.It has become (...)
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  11. The Perfect Politician.Theodore M. Lechterman - 2024 - In David Edmonds (ed.), AI Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press USA.
    Ideas for integrating AI into politics are now emerging and advancing at accelerating pace. This chapter highlights a few different varieties and show how they reflect different assumptions about the value of democracy. We cannot make informed decisions about which, if any, proposals to pursue without further reflection on what makes democracy valuable and how current conditions fail to fully realize it. Recent advances in political philosophy provide some guidance but leave important questions open. If AI advances to a state (...)
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  12. Reforming vision : the engineer Le Play learns to observe society sagely.Theodore M. Porter - 2011 - In Lorraine Daston & Elizabeth Lunbeck (eds.), Histories of Scientific Observation. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  13. #StopHateForProfit and the Ethics of Boycotting by Corporations.Theodore M. Lechterman, Ryan Jenkins & Bradley J. Strawser - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-15.
    In July 2020, more than 1,000 companies that advertise on social media platforms withdrew their business, citing failures of the platforms (especially Facebook) to address the proliferation of harmful content. The #StopHateForProfit movement invites reflection on an understudied topic: the ethics of boycotting by corporations. Under what conditions is corporate boycotting permissible, required, supererogatory, or forbidden? Although value-driven consumerism has generated significant recent discussion in applied ethics, that discussion has focused almost exclusively on the consumption choices of individuals. As this (...)
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  14.  8
    Statistics and the politics of objectivity.Theodore M. Porter - 1993 - Revue de Synthèse 114 (1):87-101.
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  15.  28
    The promotion of mining and the advancement of science: the chemical revolution of mineralogy.Theodore M. Porter - 1981 - Annals of Science 38 (5):543-570.
    This paper explores the origins of the analytical definition of simple substance, a concept whose central importance in the new chemistry of Lavoisier and his colleagues is now widely recognized. I argue that this notion derived from the practical activities of metallurgists and mineral assayers, and that the theoretical elaboration necessary for the analytical concept to be understood as relevant to chemistry was inspired by the efforts of enlightened rulers in Sweden and Germany to turn chemical science to the benefit (...)
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  16.  88
    Why respect matters.Theodore M. Benditt - 2008 - Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (4):487-496.
  17.  18
    Introduction: Historicizing the two cultures.Theodore M. Porter - 2005 - History of Science 43 (2):109-114.
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  18.  9
    Is the Life of the Scientist a Scientific Unit?Theodore M. Porter - 2006 - Isis 97 (2):314-321.
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  19. “That the Earth Belongs in Usufruct to the Living": Intergenerational Philanthropy and the Problem of Dead-Hand Control.Theodore M. Lechterman - 2023 - In Ray Madoff & Benjamin Soskis (eds.), Giving in Time: Temporal Considerations in Philanthropy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 93-116.
    Intergenerational transfers are a core feature of the practice of private philanthropy. A substantial portion of the resources committed to charitable causes comes from transfers (either during life or at death) that continue to pay out after death. Indeed, much of the power of the charitable foundation lies in its ability to extend the life of an enterprise beyond the mortal existence of its initiating agents. Despite their prevalence, whether and in what way the instruments of intergenerational philanthropy can be (...)
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  20.  43
    From mechanism to vitalism in eighteenth-century English physiology.Theodore M. Brown - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (2):179-216.
  21. Speaking precision to power: The modern political role of social science.Theodore M. Porter - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (4):1273-1294.
     
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  22.  81
    The Argument from Non-Belief.Theodore M. Drange - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (4):417 - 432.
  23.  24
    The History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty before 1900. Stephen M. Stigler.Theodore M. Porter - 1988 - Isis 79 (2):326-327.
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  24.  26
    Author’s response.Theodore M. Porter - 1997 - Metascience 6 (1):87-89.
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  25.  12
    Charles Coulston Gillispie.Theodore M. Porter - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):121-126.
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  26.  12
    Edgeworth on Chance, Economic Hazard, and Statistics. Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, Philip Mirowski.Theodore M. Porter - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):517-518.
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  27.  9
    Government and Expertise: Specialists, Administrators, and Professionals. Roy MacLeod.Theodore M. Porter - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):744-745.
  28.  3
    Histoire du calcul économique en FranceFrançois Etner.Theodore M. Porter - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):589-590.
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  29.  2
    Introduction: The Statistical Office as a Social Observatory.Theodore M. Porter - 2007 - Centaurus 49 (4):258-260.
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  30.  5
    L'économiste, la science, et la pouvoir: Le cas WalrasHervé Dumez.Theodore M. Porter - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):533-534.
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  31.  18
    Les maitres de l'erreur: Mesure et probabilite au XIXe siecle. Stephane Callens.Theodore M. Porter - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):714-715.
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  32.  8
    Modern Facts and Postmodern Interpretations.Theodore M. Porter - 2001 - Annals of Science 58 (4):417-422.
  33.  5
    The American Census: A Social History. Margo J. Anderson.Theodore M. Porter - 1989 - Isis 80 (2):296-298.
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  34.  10
    The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century BritainRoger Cooter.Theodore M. Porter - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):381-383.
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  35.  9
    The Norton History of the Human Sciences. Roger Smith.Theodore M. Porter - 2001 - Isis 92 (3):644-644.
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  36.  19
    The Politics of Numbers. William Alonso, Paul Starr.Theodore M. Porter - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):374-375.
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  37.  16
    The Search for a Methodology of Social Science: Durkheim, Weber, and the Nineteenth-Century Problem of Cause, Probability, and Action. Stephen P. Turner.Theodore M. Porter - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):109-110.
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  38.  16
    The uses of humanistic history.Theodore M. Porter - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (2):214-222.
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  39.  11
    Who's Who in Economics: A Biographical Dictionary of Major Economists, 1700-1986Mark Blaug.Theodore M. Porter - 1987 - Isis 78 (1):92-93.
  40.  28
    Normality, Disease, and Enhancement.Theodore M. Benditt - 2007 - In Harold Kincaid & Jennifer McKitrick (eds.), Establishing medical reality: Methodological and metaphysical issues in philosophy of medicine. Springer. pp. 13-21.
    The vagueness or imprecision of ‘the normal’ allows it to be exploited for various purposes and political ends. It is conspicuous in both medicine and athletics; I am going to try to say something about the normal in each of these areas. In medicine the idea of the normal is often deployed in understanding what constitutes disease and hence, as some see it, in determining the role of physicians, in determining what is or ought to be covered by insurance, and (...)
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  41. The Divine Activity: An Approach to International Theology.Theodore M. Snider - 1990
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  42.  39
    Conceptual Problems Confronting a Totally Disembodied Afterlife.Theodore M. Drange - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 329-333.
    This paper presents and defends an argument for the conclusion that a personal afterlife in the absence of any sort of body at all is not conceptually possible. The main idea behind the argument is that there would be no way for the identities of people in a bodiless state to be established, either by others or by themselves. The argument raises a significant challenge to explaining just how someone in a totally disembodied afterlife could ever be identified—a challenge that (...)
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  43. Being Good in a World of Uncertainty: A Reply to Temkin.Theodore M. Lechterman - 2019 - Journal of Practical Ethics 7 (1):33-39.
    This reply affirms Temkin’s critical perspective on effective altruism but seeks to draw out its constructive implications. It first encourages Temkin to defend the practical urgency of global poverty in the face of doubts about aid effectiveness. It then argues for a more holistic conception of effectiveness to mitigate these doubts. It considers some alternative aid strategies that respond to this broader conception. Finally, it exhorts effective altruists to think more seriously about the reform of global institutions.
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  44. Incompatible-Properties Arguments.Theodore M. Drange - 1998 - Philo 1 (2):49-60.
    Ten arguments for the nonexistence of God are formulated and discussed briefly. Each of them ascribes to God a pair of properties from the following list of divine attributes: (a) perfect, (b) immutable, (c) transcendent, (d) nonphysical, (e) omniscient, (f) omnipresent, (g) personal, (h) free, (i) all-loving, (j) all-just, (k) all-merciful, and (1) the creator of the universe. Each argument aims to demonstrate an incompatibility between the two properties ascribed. The pairs considered are: 1. (a-1), 2. (b-1), 3. (b-e), 4. (...)
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  45. Religion within the Limits of Reason alone.Immanuel Kant & Theodore M. Greene - 1936 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 43 (1):11-12.
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  46.  29
    Deterritorializing Programming Systems: For a Nomadology of Forth.Theodore M. Norton - 1998 - Symploke 6 (1):109-117.
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  47.  4
    A. E. Biedermann’s Filial Christology in Its Political Context.Theodore M. Vial - 1996 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 3 (2):203-224.
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  48. Happiness and Satisfaction - A Rejoinder to Carson.Theodore M. Benditt - 1978 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 59 (1):108.
     
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  49.  6
    Man's Vision of God, and the Logic of Theism.Theodore M. Greene - 1942 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 3 (1):96-98.
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  50. The public interest.Theodore M. Benditt - 1973 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (3):291-311.
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