Results for 'Temperance'

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  1.  4
    Continence, Temperance, and Motivational Conflict: Why Traditional Neo-Aristotelian Accounts Are Psychologically Unrealistic.Matthew C. Haug - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (2):205-225.
    Traditional neo-Aristotelian accounts hold that temperance and continence are distinct character traits that are distinguished by the extent to which their bearers experience motivational conflict. In this paper, I formulate two pairs of necessary conditions—which, collectively, I call the conformity thesis—that articulate this distinction. Then, drawing on work in contemporary social and personality psychology, I argue that the conformity thesis is false. Being highly self-controlled is the best, psychologically realistic candidate for continence. However, our best evidence suggests that highly (...)
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  2. Tempered Expressivism.Mark Schroeder - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics (1).
    The basic idea of expressivism is that for some sentences ‘P’, believing that P is not just a matter of having an ordinary descriptive belief. This is a way of capturing the idea that the meaning of some sentences either exceeds their factual/descriptive content or doesn’t consist in any particular factual/descriptive content at all, even in context. The paradigmatic application for expressivism is within metaethics, and holds that believing that stealing is wrong involves having some kind of desire-like attitude, with (...)
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  3.  52
    Tempered Realism About the Force of Selection.C. Kenneth Waters - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):553-573.
    Darwinians are realists about the force of selection, but there has been surprisingly little discussion about what form this realism should take. Arguments about the units of selection in general and genic selectionism in particular reveal two realist assumptions: (1) for any selection process, there is a uniquely correct identification of the operative selective forces and the level at which each impinges; and (2) selective forces must satisfy the Pareto-style requirement of probabilistic causation. I argue that both assumptions are false; (...)
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  4.  20
    Temperance and Epistemic Purity in Plato’s Phaedo.Patricia Marechal - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 1.
    In this paper I examine the moral psychology of the Phaedo and argue that the philosophical life in this dialogue is a temperate life, and that temperance consists in exercising epistemic discernment by actively withdrawing assent from incorrect evaluations the body inclines us to make. Philosophers deal with bodily affections by taking a correct epistemic stance. Exercising temperance thus understood is a necessary condition both for developing and strengthening rational capacities, and for fixing accurate beliefs about value. The (...)
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  5. Equality-Tempered Prioritarianism.Dale Dorsey - 2014 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (1):45-61.
    In this paper, I present and explore an alternative to a standard prioritarian axiology. Equality-tempered prioritarianism holds that the value of welfare increases should be balanced against the value of equality. However, given that, under prioritarianism, the value of marginal welfare benefits decreases as the welfare of beneficiaries increases, equality-tempered prioritarianism holds that the intrinsic value of equality will be sufficient to alter a prioritarian verdict only in cases in which welfare benefits are granted to the very well-off. I argue (...)
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  6.  14
    Adopting Temperance-Oriented Behavior? New Possibilities for Consumers and Their Food Waste.Ruxandra Malina Petrescu-Mag, Dacinia Crina Petrescu & Guy M. Robinson - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (1):5-26.
    The ongoing conflict between the economic imperative of stimulating consumption as part of the proliferation of neoliberal ideals of consumer supremacy and growing concern to increase environmental protection presents an opportunity to focus on consumption with respect to ethical behavior. Ethical concerns regarding purchasing and consumption behavior are addressed here in relation to the adoption of principles associated with temperance as applied to self-restraint in food purchase and consumption. The paper outlines theological links to the concept of temperance (...)
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  7. Epistemic Temperance.Paul Bloomfield - 2019 - American Philosophical Quarterly 56 (2):109-124.
    The idea of epistemic temperance is introduced and explicated through a discussion of Plato's understanding of it. A variety of psychological and epistemic phenomena are presented which arise due to epistemic intemperance, or the inappropriate influence of conations on cognition. Two cases familiar to philosophers, self-deception and racial prejudice, are discussed as the result of epistemic intemperance though they are not typically seen as having a common cause. Finally, epistemic temperance is distinguished from epistemic justice, as these have (...)
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  8. Sexual Temperance and Intemperance.Raja Halwani - 2007 - In Sex and Ethics: Essays on Sexuality, Virtue, and the Good Life. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 122-133.
    Explores what Aristotelian sexual temperance and intemperance are.
     
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  9.  12
    Temperance and Eating Meat.Raja Halwani - 2020 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 33 (3-6):401-420.
    This paper provides an account of the Aristotelian virtue of temperance in regards to food, an account that revolves around the idea of enjoying the right objects and not enjoying the wrong ones. In doing so, the paper distinguishes between two meanings of “taking pleasure in something,” one that refers to the idea of the activity and one to the experience of the activity. The paper then connects this distinction to the temperate person’s attitude towards enjoying the right things (...)
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  10. Tempered Strength: Studies in the Nature and Scope of Prudential Leadership.George Anastaplo, Ronald Beiner, Kenneth L. Deutsch, Ethan Fishman, Joseph R. Fornieri, Francis Fukuyama, Gary D. Glenn, Carnes Lord, Wynne Walker Moskop, Richard S. Ruderman & Peter J. Stanlis (eds.) - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    Moral leadership matters. As world politics enters a new and dangerous era, judgment, constancy, moral purpose, and a willingness to overcome partisan politicking are essential for America's leaders. Tempered Strength finds the alternative standard of leadership that Americans are seeking in the classical philosophy of prudence. Ethan Fishman's new work brings together leading American political scientists—including Ronald Beiner, Kenneth L. Deutsch, and George Anastaplo—to discuss the evolution of a standard of prudential leadership both reasonable in nature and practical in scope. (...)
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  11.  52
    Tempered Regrets Under Total Ignorance.Mary H. Acker - 1997 - Theory and Decision 42 (3):207-213.
    Several decision rules, including the minimax regret rule, have been posited to suggest optimizing strategies for an individual when neither objective nor subjective probabilities can be associated to the various states of the world. These all share the shortcoming of focusing only on extreme outcomes. This paper suggests an alternative approach of ‘tempered regrets’ which may more closely replicate the decision process of individuals in those situations in which avoiding the worst outcome tempers the loss from not achieving the best (...)
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  12.  23
    Utility Tempered with Equality.Paul Weirich - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):423-439.
  13.  16
    Temperance, Moral Friendship, and Smoking Cessation.Kyle Karches - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (3):299-313.
    The predominant approach of public health experts to cigarette smoking might be described as behaviorist, for it aims to eliminate this behavior without attending to human agency and intention. The requirement that physicians address smoking cessation at every patient visit also constitutes physicians as “managers” who focus narrowly on technical means to achieve predetermined ends. In this paper, I contrast such an approach with the Aristotelian tradition, according to which physician and patient ought to develop the virtue of temperance (...)
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  14.  11
    Temperance and the Second-Person Perspective.Andrew Pinsent - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (3):101-115.
    The virtue of temperance with respect to food and drink is often assumed to be relatively straightforward, a matter of steering a mean between excess and deficiency. Given also that humans share the need to eat and drink with non-human animals, this topic might therefore seem promising to explore for possible connections between evolutionary research on morality and theological ethics. In this paper, however, I argue that many aspects of temperance go far beyond the Aristotelian account and can (...)
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  15. Tempered Pragmatism.Ian Rumfitt - forthcoming - In Cheryl Misak & Huw Price (eds.), The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century. British Academy.
    This paper assesses the prospects of a pragmatist theory of content. I begin by criticising the theory presented in D.H. Mellor’s essay ‘Successful Semantics’. I then identify problems and lacunae in the pragmatist theory of meaning sketched in Chapter 13 of Dummett’s The Logical Basis of Metaphysics. The prospects are brighter, I contend, for a tempered pragmatism, in which the theory of content is permitted to draw upon irreducible notions of truth and falsity. I sketch the shape of such a (...)
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  16.  8
    Epistemic Temperance and the Moral Perils of Intellectual Inquiry.Ross D. Inman - 2015 - Philosophia Christi 17 (2):457-472.
    An oft-repeated dictum in contemporary epistemology is that the epistemic goal minimally includes the acquisition of true beliefs and the avoidance of false beliefs. There is, however, a robust epistemological tradition in the Christian West that distinguishes between a virtuous and a vicious desire for and pursuit of cognitive contact with reality. The cognitive ideal for humans consists in epistemic temperance, an appetite for and pursuit of truth that is conducted in appropriate measure, and calibrated to appropriate objects and (...)
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  17.  45
    Tempering Tenacity: Peirce, Belief, Education, and Growth.Lisa Eaker & Ari Stantas - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):117-128.
    In this paper we shall draw on Peirce’s four methods of fixating belief to provide a template for examining classroom experience. Such a template provides a context for understanding the dynamics that emerge at the intersection of existing belief and new experience. We shall develop several examples of tenacity as an impediment to student growth, discuss traditional responses to the irrationally tenacious student (and teacher), develop Peirce’s four methods in the context of an educational setting, and draw conclusions from his (...)
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  18.  54
    Temperance.E. Telfer - 1990 - Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):157-159.
    The kind of temperance discussed is the virtue of moderation concerning the pleasures of eating and drinking. A person lacks this moderation if either his desire for such pleasures causes conflicts with his own standards of appropriate behaviour or the standards themselves attach too much importance to the pleasures concerned. Opinions vary about the proper status of these pleasures, but people surely value them too highly if they place them above their health or the moral duty not to cause (...)
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  19.  38
    Temperance, Temptation, and Silence.Tony Lynch - 2001 - Philosophy 76 (2):251-269.
    Often a concern for truthfulness becomes the celebration of radical truthfulness, where this involves both the utter refusal of deception and that all moral and political beliefs be fit to survive publicity. An unfortunate consequence of this is that it has blinded us to a fair and accurate understanding of the nature and role of an important technique of virtue—temperance. Temperance implies a strategy of renunciation and withdrawal from the full content of our psychological lives. It involves us (...)
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  20.  18
    Corporate Temperance a Business Virtue.Richard C. Warren - 1994 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 3 (4):223–232.
    “There are strong temptations for those at the top of an organisational hierarchy to appropriate to themselves a disproportionate share of the resources of the organisation and to exercise too much power over the activities of other organisational members.” Hence the case for taking a cool look at executive remuneration and other possible breaches of applying the classical virtue of temperance to corporate behaviour. The author is Principal Lecturer in the Business Studies Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, Aytoun Building, Aytoun (...)
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  21.  15
    Tempering Tenacity: Peirce, Belief, Education, and Growth.Lisa Eaker & Ari Stantas - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):117-128.
    In this paper we shall draw on Peirce’s four methods of fixating belief to provide a template for examining classroom experience. Such a template provides a context for understanding the dynamics that emerge at the intersection of existing belief and new experience. We shall develop several examples of tenacity as an impediment to student growth, discuss traditional responses to the irrationally tenacious student, develop Peirce’s four methods in the context of an educational setting, and draw conclusions from his work for (...)
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  22.  18
    The Liberal Temper in Greek Politics. [REVIEW]P. R. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (4):692-692.
    The author is concerned with resurrecting the political doctrines which supported the Greek democracies. He finds them in the Greek anthropologists, Anaximander, Anaxagoras, Archelaus, and Democritus, and in Protagoras and Antiphon. Their empirical approach to history produced a body of thought suggestive of Hume and Dewey which was both democratic in character and liberal in temper. Furthermore, this position was until now obscured by the Platonic and Aristotelian concern with authority and law and with the essential nature of the individual--the (...)
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  23. Aristotle on Temperance.Charles M. Young - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (4):521-542.
  24. Sexual Temperance and Sexual Objectification.Raja Halwani - 2021 - In Sexual Ethics in a Secular Age: Is There Still a Virtue of Chastity? Routledge. pp. 153-167.
    The paper discusses Kant's view of sexual desire in connection with Aristotle's account of sexual temperance, arguing that if the Kantian view is correct, the Aristotelian account is false (or that if the Aristotelian account is true, then the Kantian view is false). One cannot be both an Aristotelian and a Kantian about the ethics of sexual desire.
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  25. 'With Tempered Notes, in the Green Hills and Among Rivers': Music, Learning, and the Symbolic Space of Recreation in the Manuscript Modena, Biblioteca Estense Universitaria, Α. F. 9.9.Giovanni Zanovello - 2012 - In The Music Room in Early Modern France and Italy: Sound, Space and Object. pp. 163.
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  26.  4
    On Temperance and Risk Spreading.Christophe Courbage & Béatrice Rey - 2020 - Theory and Decision 88 (4):527-539.
    This paper shows that temperance is the highest order risk preference condition for which spreading N independent and unfair risks provides the highest level of welfare than any other possible allocations of risks. These results are also interpreted through the concept of N-superadditivity of the utility premium. This paper provides a novel application of temperance, not in terms of two risks as it is common, but in terms of N risks.
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  27. Aquinas on Temperance.Reginald Mary Chua - 2019 - New Blackfriars 100 (1085):5-21.
    The purpose of this essay is to explore, and clarify, some key features in Aquinas’ account of the virtue of temperance, with an eye to answering some common objections raised against a positive evaluation of temperance. In particular, I consider three features of Aquinas’ understanding of temperance: First, the role of the rational mean in temperance; second, the role of rightly ordered passions in temperance; and third, the ‘despotic’ control of reason over the passions in (...)
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  28.  12
    Authentic Intention: Tempering the Dehumanizing Aspects of Technology on Behalf of Good Nursing Care.Catherine Cuchetti & Pamela J. Grace - 2020 - Nursing Philosophy 21 (1):e12255.
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  29. The Temperance Question.James H. Hyslop - 1902 - International Journal of Ethics 12 (2):161-172.
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  30. Scientific Temper and Advaita Vedānta.Rewati Raman Pandey - 1991 - Sureshonmesh Prakashan.
     
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  31.  19
    Temperance: Cor Ad Cor Loquitur.Michael McGhee - 1989 - Philosophical Investigations 12 (3):193-216.
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  32.  15
    Teaching Temperance to the “Cookie Monster”: Ethical Challenges to Data Mining and Direct Marketing.John Morse & Suzanne Morse - 2002 - Business and Society Review 107 (1):76-97.
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  33. A Defense of Temperate Epistemic Transparency.Eleonora Cresto - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (6):923-955.
    Epistemic transparency tells us that, if an agent S knows a given proposition p , then S knows that she knows that p . This idea is usually encoded in the so-called KK principle of epistemic logic. The paper develops an argument in favor of a moderate version of KK , which I dub quasi-transparency , as a normative rather than a descriptive principle. In the second Section I put forward the suggestion that epistemic transparency is not a demand of (...)
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  34. 'Courage and Temperance'.Giles Pearson - 2014 - In R. Polansky (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 110-134.
  35. Scientific Temper: Arguments for an Indian Enlightenment.Meera Nanda - 2010 - In Aakash Singh & Silika Mohapatra (eds.), Indian Political Thought: A Reader. Routledge.
     
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  36. A Temperate Dispute.Hilda Neatby - 1954 - Toronto, Clarke, Irwin.
     
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  37.  1
    Francis Bacon the Temper of a Man.Catherine Drinker Bowen - 1993 - Fordham Univ Press.
    The portrait Bowen paints of this controversial man, Francis Bacon (1561-1626), balances the outward life and actions of Bacon with the seemingly contradictory aspects of his refined philosophical reflections. As Lord Chancellor of England, Bacon was impeached by Parliament for taking bribes in office, convicted, and banished from London and the law courts. In a prayer Bacon composed during the interval following his punishment, he reveals that the dichotomy of his existence was no more deeply felt than by himself, and (...)
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  38.  13
    Well Temper'd Eloquence.David Hume - 1996 - The David Hume Institute.
    My own life -- Selections from Hume's letters concerning virtue, religion and matters literary -- Selections from Hume's letters on history, politics, law, commerce and Scottish affairs -- Hume's last letter : to Adam Smith -- Selections from An enquiry concerning the principles of morals -- Extracts from Of the liberty of the press.
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  39. Tempérance.Th Ruyssen - 1913 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 21:132-149.
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  40. Temperance and Sexual Ethics.Raja Halwani - 2011 - In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love: 1993-2003. Rodopi.
  41. Drinking, Temperance and the Construction of Identity in Nineteenth-Century America.Paul Johnson - 1986 - Social Science Information 25 (2):521-530.
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  42.  19
    The Temperance Problem and Social Reform, by J. Rowntree and A. Sherwell. [REVIEW]C. P. Sanger - 1901 - Ethics 12:124.
  43.  11
    Synchronization in Tempered Fractional Complex Networks Via Auxiliary System Approach.Weiyuan Ma, Changpin Li & Jingwei Deng - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
    In the famous continuous time random walk model, because of the finite lifetime of biological particles, it is sometimes necessary to temper the power law measure such that the waiting time measure has a convergent first moment. The CTRW model with tempered waiting time measure is the so-called tempered fractional derivative. In this article, we introduce the tempered fractional derivative into complex networks to describe the finite life span or bounded physical space of nodes. Some properties of the tempered fractional (...)
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  44.  12
    Hot-Tempered Philosophy [Review of David Edmonds and John Eidinow, Wittgenstein's Poker: The Story of a Ten-Minute Argument Between Two Great Philosophers].Chad Trainer - 2003 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 23 (1).
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  45.  7
    Corporate Temperance in Higher Education.Richard C. Warren - 1997 - Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education 1 (3):82-87.
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  46.  6
    La tempérance.Th Ruyssen - 1913 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 21 (1):132 - 149.
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  47.  21
    Temperance and Environmental Concerns.Paul van Tongeren - 2003 - Ethical Perspectives 10 (2):118-128.
    In this article I examine the question whether classical virtue ethics, specifically the virtue of moderation, can still be of any significance for one of the major problems of our times: the environment. Can the virtue of moderation make a meaningful contribution to environmental ethics?
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  48.  4
    The Temperance Question.James H. Hyslop - 1902 - International Journal of Ethics 12 (2):161-172.
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  49.  10
    Grit-Tempered: Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States. Nancy Marie White, Lynne P. Sullivan, Rochelle A. Marrinan. [REVIEW]Joan Mark - 2000 - Isis 91 (3):625-626.
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  50.  3
    The Temperance Question.James H. Hyslop - 1901 - Ethics 12 (2):161.
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