Results for 'Tarc��sio Porto Nogueira'

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  1. Edmund Husserl y el problema del solipsismo en las «Meditaciones cartesianas».S. J. Porto Nogueira - 2018 - Pensamiento. Revista de Investigación E Información Filosófica 74 (281):695-716.
    Las corrientes filosóficas de inspiración cartesiana tarde o temprano tienen que afrontar el solipsismo como un resultado al menos plausible de su desarrollo. La Fenomenología no podía evitar la misma suerte. Después de un rápido panorama en lo tocante a la fenomenología husserliana y el solipsismo, pasamos a exponer críticamente el texto de las Meditaciones cartesianas de Husserl, específicamente la quinta. Intentaremos señalar la insuficiencia de la exposición husserliana a la hora de superar, desde sus propias bases, la amenaza del (...)
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  2.  1
    Presumed Post-Mortem Donors: The Degree of Information Among University Students.Ivone Maria Resende Figueiredo Duarte, Cristina Maria Nogueira da Costa Santos & Rita da Silva Clemente Pinho - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-16.
    BackgroundOrgan transplantation represents the most effective and acceptable therapy for end-stage organ failure. However, its frequent practice often leads to a shortage of organs worldwide. To solve this dilemma, some countries, such as Portugal, have switched from an opt-in to an opt-out system, which has raised concerns about respect for individual autonomy. We aimed to evaluate whether young university students are aware of this opt-out system so that they can make informed, autonomous and conscious decisions, as well as to identify (...)
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  3.  61
    Killing by Autonomous Vehicles and the Legal Doctrine of Necessity.Filippo Santoni de Sio - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (2):411-429.
    How should autonomous vehicles be programmed to behave in the event of an unavoidable accident in which the only choice open is one between causing different damages or losses to different objects or persons? This paper addresses this ethical question starting from the normative principles elaborated in the law to regulate difficult choices in other emergency scenarios. In particular, the paper offers a rational reconstruction of some major principles and norms embedded in the Anglo-American jurisprudence and case law on the (...)
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  4.  72
    When Should We Use Care Robots? The Nature-of-Activities Approach.Filippo Santoni de Sio & Aimee van Wynsberghe - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1745-1760.
    When should we use care robots? In this paper we endorse the shift from a simple normative approach to care robots ethics to a complex one: we think that one main task of a care robot ethics is that of analysing the different ways in which different care robots may affect the different values at stake in different care practices. We start filling a gap in the literature by showing how the philosophical analysis of the nature of healthcare activities can (...)
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  5.  33
    Meaningful Human Control as Reason-Responsiveness: The Case of Dual-Mode Vehicles.Giulio Mecacci & Filippo Santoni de Sio - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (2):103-115.
    In this paper, in line with the general framework of value-sensitive design, we aim to operationalize the general concept of “Meaningful Human Control” in order to pave the way for its translation into more specific design requirements. In particular, we focus on the operationalization of the first of the two conditions investigated: the so-called ‘tracking’ condition. Our investigation is led in relation to one specific subcase of automated system: dual-mode driving systems. First, we connect and compare meaningful human control with (...)
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  6.  39
    Incubation and Cueing Effects in Problem-Solving: Set Aside the Difficult Problems but Focus on the Easy Ones.Ut Na Sio & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):113-129.
    Evidence for incubation effects in problem-solving is increasing, but the mechanisms that underlie incubation are unclear. An experiment tested two hypotheses about incubation: Spreading activation and opportunistic assimilation. Participants solved easy or difficult remote associates tasks without incubation period, or with an incubation period filled with high or low cognitive load tasks. A lexical decision task with cue and neutral words was given either before or after a second problem attempt. When solving difficult problems, the low-load incubation group benefitted more (...)
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  7.  14
    In a Dimension of Height: Ethics in the Education of Others.Aparna Mishra Tarc - 2006 - Educational Theory 56 (3):287-304.
    Ethics penetrates every aspect of Western education. Many of its dominant narratives — education as salvation, as progress, as panacea, and as liberation, for example — are infused with the ethical. Educators are compelled by ethical callings; in fact, education as the call of the ethical informs the singular and collective identities of educators. In this essay, Aparna Mishra Tarc troubles the role of the ethics in Western education using Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s deconstruction of the ethical in philosophy. Spivak’s deconstruction (...)
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  8.  11
    The Necessity of Objective Standards for Moral Enhancement.Filippo Santoni de Sio, Hannah Maslen & Nadira Faulmüller - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):15-16.
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  9.  56
    Four Responsibility Gaps with Artificial Intelligence: Why They Matter and How to Address Them.Filippo Santoni de Sio & Giulio Mecacci - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1057-1084.
    The notion of “responsibility gap” with artificial intelligence was originally introduced in the philosophical debate to indicate the concern that “learning automata” may make more difficult or impossible to attribute moral culpability to persons for untoward events. Building on literature in moral and legal philosophy, and ethics of technology, the paper proposes a broader and more comprehensive analysis of the responsibility gap. The responsibility gap, it is argued, is not one problem but a set of at least four interconnected problems (...)
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  10.  18
    Education as Humanism of the Other.Aparna Mishra Tarc - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (6):833–849.
    This paper explores how educators might intervene in canonized texts of the human subject on which a particular and exclusive kind of humanism rests. In imagining possible interventions educators might make, I turn to and trace Jacques Derrida's on‐going deconstruction of the philosophical texts of subjectivity. In his body of work, Derrida destabilizes fixed notions of the human subject and the institutions it founds . From Derrida's points of destabilization and through a differing but similar deconstructive stance, I also consider (...)
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  11.  32
    Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will by David Hodgson.Filippo Santoni de Sio & Nicole A. Vincent - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (4):633-644.
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  12.  57
    Porto: Distant Horizons, Beside the Douro.Asma Mehan - 2020 - Spread Stories, Not the Virus.
    Her heart shared between Iran and Italy, while Asma Mehan makes peace with lockdown in her current home in Porto, Portugal, her thoughts stray to those familiar places. In those distant horizons there is heartache, but also the unexpected promise of different futures.
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  13.  17
    Clever Hans and His Effects: Karl Krall and the Origins of Experimental Parapsychology in Germany.Fabio De Sio & Chantal Marazia - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:94-102.
  14.  57
    Japanese Immigration in Brazil.Arlinda Rocha Nogueira - 2000 - Diogenes 48 (191):45-55.
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  15. Davos, Porto Alegre, and Seoul: The Two Economics of Globalization.Kang-Kook Lee - forthcoming - Humanitas.
  16. Evolutionary Psychology of the I and Me.R. Sá-Nogueira Saraiva - 2012 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66:945-962.
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  17.  6
    Macroscopic and Histopathological Study of the Placenta - An Essential Resource in Litigation Processes.Nogueira R. & Pinto Ribeiro F. - 2015 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 6 (6).
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  18.  29
    Driving in the Dark: Designing Autonomous Vehicles for Reducing Light Pollution.Taylor Stone, Filippo Santoni de Sio & Pieter E. Vermaas - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):387-403.
    This paper proposes that autonomous vehicles should be designed to reduce light pollution. In support of this specific proposal, a moral assessment of autonomous vehicles more comprehensive than the dilemmatic life-and-death questions of trolley problem-style situations is presented. The paper therefore consists of two interrelated arguments. The first is that autonomous vehicles are currently still a technology in development, and not one that has acquired its definitive shape, meaning the design of both the vehicles and the surrounding infrastructure is open-ended. (...)
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  19.  12
    Silence is Golden: The Effect of Verbalization on Group Performance.Ut Na Sio, Kenneth Kotovsky & Jonathan Cagan - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (6):939-944.
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  20. O SUJEITO DISCURSIVIZADO COMO EMPRESA NO YOUTUBE: TRABALHO E CONDIÇÕES (DIGITAIS) DE PRODUÇÃO.Guilherme Adorno & Luciana Nogueira - 2020 - Anais Do SEAD 9:1-7.
    Autogestão, autoempreendedorismo, infotrabalho, trabalho intermitente, criptomoeda, uberização, proletariado de serviços e servidão digital delineiam uma série de designações indicativas das mudanças das condições de (re)produção do Capital nas suas formas contemporâneas. Grandes corporações como Google, Facebook e Amazon participam desse processo tanto no eixo da infraestrutura econômica, quanto na produção discursiva que sustenta ideologicamente as relações de trabalho determinadas pelo Aparelho Digital. Essa pesquisa elege como material específico de análise uma sequência de cursos oferecidos pelo “YouTube Academy” para a criação, (...)
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  21.  4
    The Long Read: On the Global Relevance of the US Elections.Paul Tarc, Fazal Rizvi, Michael A. Peters, Michalinos Zembylas, Shivali Tukdeo, Mark Mason, Lynn Mario T. M. de Souza, Wang Chengbing, Crain Soudien, Bob Lingard, Aprana Tarc, Conrad Hughes, Annette Bamberger, Lew Zipin & A. G. Rud - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-20.
  22.  6
    International Schools: Current Issues and Future Prospects. Edited by Mary Hayden and Jeff Thompson. [REVIEW]Paul Tarc - 2017 - British Journal of Educational Studies 65 (4):526-530.
  23.  9
    Porto Alegre : le mythe et la réalité.Denis Rosenfield - 2004 - Cités 17 (1):101.
    Porto Alegre est désormais un symbole politique, un symbole de la résistance à Davos pour un nouvel ordre mondial fondé sur l’ « inclusion sociale ». D’une ville méconnue en dehors des frontières de l’Amérique du Sud, elle est devenue un lieu de résistance contre la mondialisation, contre l’emprise des idées dites « néolibérales », comme si elle incarnait un autre monde..
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  24.  11
    Who Should Enhance? Conceptual and Normative Dimensions of Cognitive Enhancement.Filippo Santoni de Sio, Philip Robichaud & Nicole A. Vincent - 2014 - Humana Mente 7 (26).
    When should humans enhance themselves? We try to answer this question by engaging in a conceptual analysis of the nature of different activities. We think that cognitive enhancement is morally impermissible in some practice-oriented activities, such as some educational activities, when it is the case both that cognitive enhancement would negatively affect the point of those activities and that we have good reasons to value that point. We then argue that cognitive enhancement should be allowed in two groups of cases, (...)
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  25. Darwinismo y ciencias sociales: una interpretación evolucionista de la cultura.Laureano Castro Nogueira - 2009 - Ludus Vitalis 17 (32):281-306.
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  26. Political Theory Today.Siò Moroney & Bhan - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (2):108-110.
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  27. Water Metaphors and Evaluation of Syrian Migration: The Flow of Refugees in the Spanish Press.M. Dolores Porto - 2022 - Metaphor and Symbol 37 (3):252-267.
    In 2015 and 2016, European newspapers covered the Syrian migration into Europe in great detail, describing the path followed by millions of refugees as European authorities put up both physical and...
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  28. Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior.Laureano Castro, Luis Castro-Nogueira, Miguel A. Castro-Nogueira & Miguel A. Toro - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):347-360.
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during ontogeny, (...)
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  29.  5
    Porto: “XXIV convegno della SISPM: Finzione nel discorso filosofico medievale”.Giulio Navarra - 2020 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 62:355-366.
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  30.  2
    Porto: “XXIV convegno della SISPM: Finzione nel discorso filosofico medievale”.Giulio Navarra - 2021 - Brepols Publishers: Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale 62:355-366.
    Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale, Volume 62, Issue, Page 355-366, January 2020.
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  31.  9
    Exercise Addiction in Practitioners of Endurance Sports: A Literature Review.Abel Nogueira, Olga Molinero, Alfonso Salguero & Sara Márquez - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  32.  17
    De Porto Alegre à Gênes, la ville dans la mondialisation.Giuseppe Cocco - 2001 - Multitudes 3 (3):131-141.
    In front of deterritorialisation / reterritorialisation process one which characterize the globalization, we try to dread the elements of continuance and break which connect among them the Forums of Porto Alegre and Genoa; these two big mobilizations of citizens of world constitute, indeed, the most relevant repository in a debate on the city. By tempting these comparisons, we build an approach of the new cycle of internationalist fights which puts production and constitution of urbanterritories as main stakes in the (...)
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  33.  12
    After Marxism.Eugenia M. Porto - 1996 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 13 (13):11-17.
  34.  3
    Plato: Love or Condemnation to Athen´s Democracy?Maria Veralúcia Pessoa Porto - 2010 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 4:121-129.
    The philosophy and the magnitude of the Greek civilization perpetuated by History might mislead us by its strength and beauty. Conversely, when we carry on an in-depth analysis of the studies about this civilization we may grasp that alongside this alleged world of light and brightness a world of shadows and violence subsisted – predominantly in Athens, where the first democratic state emerged. The Athenian government failed to establish a reliable political administration of the City. The remedy for that situation (...)
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  35.  28
    Pushing the Margins of Responsibility: Lessons From Parks’ Somnambulistic Killing.Filippo Santoni de Sio & Ezio Di Nucci - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (1):35-46.
    David Shoemaker has claimed that a binary approach to moral responsibility leaves out something important, namely instances of marginal agency, cases where agents seem to be eligible for some responsibility responses but not others. In this paper we endorse and extend Shoemaker’s approach by presenting and discussing one more case of marginal agency not yet covered by Shoemaker or in the other literature on moral responsibility. Our case is that of Kenneth Parks, a Canadian man who drove a long way (...)
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  36. Causalità, colpa e responsabilità: l'eredità di Hart e Honoré.Filippo Santoni de Sio - 2008 - Rivista di Filosofia 99 (2):263-289.
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  37. Bertrand's Paradox: A Physical Way Out Along the Lines of Buffon's Needle Throwing Experiment.P. Di Porto, B. Crosignani, A. Ciattoni & H. C. Liu - 2011 - European Journal of Physics 32 (3):819–825.
    Bertrand’s paradox ) can be considered as a cautionary memento, to practitioners and students of probability calculus alike, of the possible ambiguous meaning of the term ‘at random’ when the sample space of events is continuous. It deals with the existence of different possible answers to the following question: what is the probability that a chord, drawn at random in a circle of radius R, is longer than the side of an inscribed equilateral triangle? Physics can help to remove the (...)
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  38. Los mendicantes tudenses: Arte y espiritualidad.C. Manso Porto - 1996 - Verdad y Vida 54 (215-16):329-351.
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  39. Telepatia e percepção.Lucia Ferraz Nogueira de Souza Dantas - 2018 - Cognitio 18 (2):344.
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  40. PORTO, C. - L'Instinct. [REVIEW]M. Thomas - 1937 - Scientia 31 (61):242.
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  41. Porto, C. - L'instinct. [REVIEW]M. Thomas - 1937 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 31 (61):242.
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  42.  13
    The Obvious in a Nutshell: Science, Medicine, Knowledge, and History.Fabio De Sio & Heiner Fangerau - 2019 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 42 (2-3):167-185.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, EarlyView.
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  43.  4
    Correction To: Mark Coeckelbergh, AI Ethics, MIT Press, 2021: Ethics of AI: The Philosophical Challenges.Filippo Santoni de Sio - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (5):1-1.
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  44.  6
    The depths of the sea: Karl S. Matlin, Jane Maienschein and Rachel A. Ankeny (Eds): Why study biology by the sea? Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020, X + 355 pp, $45.00 PB.Fabio De Sio - 2021 - Metascience 30 (1):145-148.
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  45.  32
    The Role of Assessor Teaching in Human Culture.Laureano Castro, Miguel Ángel Castro-Nogueira, Morris Villarroel & Miguel Ángel Toro - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):112-121.
    According to the dual inheritance theory, cultural learning in our species is a biased and highly efficient process of transmitting cultural traits. Here we define a model of cultural learning where social learning is integrated as a complementary element that facilitates the discovery of a specific behavior by an apprentice, and not as a mechanism that works in opposition to individual learning. In that context, we propose that the emergence of the ability to approve or disapprove of offspring behavior, orienting (...)
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  46.  1
    Porto: “XXIV Convegno Della SISPM: Finzione Nel Discorso Filosofico Medievale”.Giulio Navarra - 2021 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 62:355-366.
    Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale, Volume 62, Issue, Page 355-366, January 2020.
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  47.  11
    The Microstructure of SiO Thin Films: From Nanoclusters to Nanocrystals.J. Wang, X. F. Wang, Q. Li, A. Hryciw & A. Meldrum - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (1):11-27.
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  48. Semantical Mutation, Algorithms and Programs.Porto André - 2015 - Dissertatio (S1):44-76.
    This article offers an explanation of perhaps Wittgenstein’s strangest and least intuitive thesis – the semantical mutation thesis – according to which one can never answer a mathematical conjecture because the new proof alters the very meanings of the terms involved in the original question. Instead of basing our justification on the distinction between mere calculation and proofs of isolated propositions, characteristic of Wittgenstein’s intermediary period, we generalize it to include conjectures involving effective procedures as well.
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  49.  25
    The instability of field experiments: building an experimental research tradition on the rocky seashores.Jean-Baptiste Grodwohl, Franco Porto & Charbel N. El-Hani - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):45.
    In many experimental sciences, like particle physics or molecular biology, the proper place for establishing facts is the laboratory. In the sciences of population biology, however, the laboratory is often seen as a poor approximation of what occurs in nature. Results obtained in the field are usually more convincing. This raises special problems: it is much more difficult to obtain stable, repeatable results in the field, where environmental conditions vary out of the experimenter’s control, than in the laboratory. We examine (...)
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  50.  8
    C'era una volta la doppia scheda. Voto differenziato e differenziale di coalizione nelle elezioni politiche del 2001.Lorenzo de Sio - 2006 - Polis 20 (3):373-404.
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