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  1.  33
    Simulating the Coevolution of Compositionality and Word Order Regularity.Tao Gong - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (1):63-106.
    This paper proposes a coevolutionary scenario on the origins of compositionality and word order regularity in human language, and illustrates it using a multi-agent, behavioral model. The model traces a `bottom-up' process of syntactic development; artificial agents, by iterating local orders among lexical items, gradually build up basic constituent word order(s) in sentences. These results show that structural features of language (e.g. syntactic categories and word orders) could have coevolved with lexical items, as a consequence of general learning mechanisms (e.g. (...)
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  2.  23
    A Simulation Study on Word Order Bias.Tao Gong, James W. Minett & William S.-Y. Wang - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (1):51-76.
    The majority of the extant languages have one of three dominant basic word orders: SVO, SOV or VSO. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this word order bias, including the existence of a universal grammar, the learnability imposed by cognitive constraints, the descent of modern languages from an ancestral protolanguage, and the constraints from functional principles. We run simulations using a multi-agent computational model to study this bias. Following a local order approach, the model simulates individual language processing mechanisms (...)
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  3.  15
    A Simulation Study on Word Order Bias.Tao Gong, James W. Minett & William S.-Y. Wang - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (1):51-75.
    The majority of the extant languages have one of three dominant basic word orders: SVO, SOV or VSO. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this word order bias, including the existence of a universal grammar, the learnability imposed by cognitive constraints, the descent of modern languages from an ancestral protolanguage, and the constraints from functional principles. We run simulations using a multi-agent computational model to study this bias. Following a local order approach, the model simulates individual language processing mechanisms (...)
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  4.  13
    Language as an Emergent Group-Level Trait.Lan Shuai & Tao Gong - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):274-275.
    Following Smaldino's definition, we claim that language is also an emergent group-level trait, and propose two facets to verify this statement, both of which also provide a general framework to address the future work about group-level traits.
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  5. Structural Variability Shows Power-Law Based Organization of Vowel Systems.Menghan Zhang & Tao Gong - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Speech sounds are an essential vehicle of information exchange and meaning expression in approximately 7,000 spoken languages in the world. What functional constraints and evolutionary mechanisms lie behind linguistic diversity of sound systems is under ongoing debate; in particular, it remains conflicting whether there exists any universal relationship between these constraints despite of diverse sounds systems cross-linguistically. Here, we conducted cross-linguistic typological and phylogenetic analyses to address the characteristics of constraints on linguistic diversity of vowel systems. First, the typological analysis (...)
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  6.  11
    Simulating the Coevolution of Compositionality and Word Order Regularity.Tao Gong - 2011 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 12 (1):63-106.
    This paper proposes a coevolutionary scenario on the origins of compositionality and word order regularity in human language, and illustrates it using a multi-agent, behavioral model. The model traces a ‘bottom-up’ process of syntactic development; artificial agents, by iterating local orders among lexical items, gradually build up basic constituent word order in sentences. These results show that structural features of language could have coevolved with lexical items, as a consequence of general learning mechanisms initially not language-specific. Keywords: Computer simulation; language (...)
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  7.  38
    Conventionalization of Linguistic Knowledge Under Communicative Constraints.Tao Gong, Andrea Puglisi, Vittorio Loreto & William S.-Y. Wang - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (2):154-163.
    The language game approach has recently been adopted to explore the conventionalization of linguistic knowledge in a social environment. Most contemporary studies focus on the dynamics of language games in random or predefined social networks, but neglect the reverse roles of communicative constraints in language evolution and social structures. This article, based on two forms of language games , examines whether a simple, distance-based communicative constraint can affect the conventionalization of linguistic knowledge. The study bridges the gap between random networks (...)
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  8.  23
    A Computational Model of the Coevolution of Lexicon and Syntax.Tao Gong, Jinyun Ke, James W. Minett, John H. Holland & William S. Y. Wang - 2005 - Complexity 10 (6):50-62.
  9.  18
    Categorization in Artificial Agents: Guidance on Empirical Research?William S.-Y. Wang & Tao Gong - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):511-512.
    By comparing mechanisms in nativism, empiricism, and culturalism, the target article by Steels & Belpaeme (S&B) emphasizes the influence of communicational constraint on sharing color categories. Our commentary suggests deeper considerations of some of their claims, and discusses some modifications that may help in the study of communicational constraints in both humans and robots.
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  10.  41
    Coevolution of Lexicon and Syntax From a Simulation Perspective.Tao Gong, James W. Minett, Jinyun Ke, John H. Holland & William S.-Y. Wang - 2005 - Complexity 10 (6):50-62.
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  11.  10
    How Many Is Enough?—Statistical Principles for Lexicostatistics.Menghan Zhang & Tao Gong - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  12.  1
    Influence of Perceptual Saliency Hierarchy on Learning of Language Structures: An Artificial Language Learning Experiment.Tao Gong, Yau W. Lam & Lan Shuai - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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