Results for 'Tamar Landau'

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  1.  20
    Josephus as Historian G. Mader: Josephus and the Politics of Historiography: Apologetic and Impression Management in the Bellum Judaicum. Pp. X + 172. Leiden, etc.: Brill 2000. Cased, $65. ISBN: 90-04-11446-. [REVIEW]Tamar Landau - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (02):242-.
  2.  65
    Teaching & Learning Guide for: Belief‐Desire Explanation.Nikolaj Nottelmann - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (1):71-73.
    This guide accompanies the following article: Nikolaj Nottelmann, ‘Belief‐Desire Explanation’. Philosophy Compass Vol/Iss : 1–10. doi: 10.1111/j.1747‐9991.2011.00446.xAuthor’s Introduction“Belief‐desire explanation” is short‐hand for a type of action explanation that appeals to a set of the agent’s mental states consisting of 1. Her desire to ψ and 2. Her belief that, were she to φ, she would promote her ψ‐ing. Here, to ψ could be to eat an ice cream, and to φ could be to walk to the ice cream vendor. Adherents (...)
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  3. I—Tamar Szabó Gendler: The Third Horse: On Unendorsed Association and Human Behaviour.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):185-218.
    On one standard reading, Plato's works contain at least two distinct views about the structure of the human soul. According to the first, there is a crucial unity to human psychology: there is a dominant faculty that is capable of controlling attention and behaviour in a way that not only produces right action, but also ‘silences’ inclinations to the contrary—at least in idealized circumstances. According to the second, the human soul contains multiple autonomous parts, and although one of them, reason, (...)
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  4.  31
    Iddo Landau responds.Iddo Landau - 2007 - Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):158-161.
  5. Ruaḥ ḥadashah ba-armon ha-Torah: sefer yovel li-khevod Prof. Tamar Ros ʻim hagiʻah li-gevurot = A new spirit in the palace of Torah: jubilee volume in honor of Professor Tamar Ross on the occasion of her eightieth birthday.Tamar Ross, Ronit ʻIr-Shai & Dov Schwartz (eds.) - 2018 - Ramat-Gan: Universiṭat Bar-Ilan.
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  6.  34
    Book Symposium on Human Nature in an Age of Biotechnology: the Case for Mediated Posthumanism By Tamar Sharon Springer, Dordrecht, 2014.Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Michael Hauskeller, Sandra Braman, Xavier Guchet & Tamar Sharon - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (4):581-599.
  7. Iddo Landau, Finding Meaning in an Imperfect World, Oxford University Press, 297pp., $24.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190657666. [REVIEW]Stephen M. Campbell & Sven Nyholm - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2017.
    Iddo Landau understands a meaningful life as a life containing a sufficient number of sufficiently valuable aspects. Do the world's and the human condition's imperfections threaten meaning, thus understood? Landau argues that we can have a sufficient number of sufficiently valuable parts of our lives, even if the world is imperfect and the human condition involves various different imperfections. In this review, we offer some constructive criticisms of Landau's discussion, and we also highlight some of the virtues (...)
     
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  8. The Work of the Imagination.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):414-418.
  9. SHAFER-LANDAU, Russ (ed). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Second Edition. London, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.Gabriel Garmendia da Trindade - 2017 - Pensando - Revista de Filosofia 8 (15):366.
    Shafer-Landau, Russ. Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Second Edition. London, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
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  10. The Problem of Imaginative Resistance.Tamar Szabó Gendler & Shen-yi Liao - 2016 - In John Gibson & Noël Carroll (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Literature. Routledge. pp. 405-418.
    The problem of imaginative resistance holds interest for aestheticians, literary theorists, ethicists, philosophers of mind, and epistemologists. We present a somewhat opinionated overview of the philosophical discussion to date. We begin by introducing the phenomenon of imaginative resistance. We then review existing responses to the problem, giving special attention to recent research directions. Finally, we consider the philosophical significance that imaginative resistance has—or, at least, is alleged to have—for issues in moral psychology, theories of cognitive architecture, and modal epistemology.
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  11. Moral Realism: A Defence.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. His central thesis, as well as the many novel supporting arguments used to defend it, will spark much controversy among those concerned with the foundations of ethics.
  12.  84
    Self-Tracking for Health and the Quantified Self: Re-Articulating Autonomy, Solidarity, and Authenticity in an Age of Personalized Healthcare.Tamar Sharon - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (1):93-121.
    Self-tracking devices point to a future in which individuals will be more involved in the management of their health and will generate data that will benefit clinical decision making and research. They have thus attracted enthusiasm from medical and public health professionals as key players in the move toward participatory and personalized healthcare. Critics, however, have begun to articulate a number of broader societal and ethical concerns regarding self-tracking, foregrounding their disciplining, and disempowering effects. This paper has two aims: first, (...)
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  13.  33
    The Landau-Peierls relation and a causal bound in covariant relativistic quantum theory.R. Arshansky & L. P. Horwitz - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (6):701-715.
    Thought experiments analogous to those discussed by Landau and Peierls are studied in the framework of a manifestly covariant relativistic quantum theory. It is shown that momentum and energy can be arbitrarily well defined, and that the drifts induced by measurement in the positions and times of occurrence of events remain within the (stable) spread of the wave packet in space-time. The structure of the Newton-Wigner position operator is studied in this framework, and it is shown that an analogous (...)
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  14.  29
    Landau's density matrix in quantum electrodynamics.L. Diósi - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (1):63-70.
    This paper is devoted to Landau's concept of the problem of damping in quantum mechanics. It shows that Landau's density matrix formalism should survive in the context of modern quantum electrodynamics. The correct generalized master equation has been derived for the reduced dynamics of the charges. The recent relativistic theory of spontaneous emission becomes reproducible.
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  15.  31
    Sex selection for social purposes in Israel: quest for the "perfect child" of a particular gender or centuries old prejudice against women?R. Landau - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e10-e10.
    On 9 May 2005, the Israeli Ministry of Health issued guidelines spelling out the conditions under which sex selection by preimplantation genetic diagnosis for social purposes is to be permitted in Israel. This article first reviews the available medical methods for sex selection, the preference for children of a specific gender in various societies and the ethical controversies surrounding PGD for medical and social purposes in different countries. It focuses then on the question of whether procreative liberty or parental responsibility (...)
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  16.  22
    Landau and Lifshitz’ Formulation of Le Chatelier’s Principle: An Insight into Symbiosis?T. Halabi - 2013 - Acta Biotheoretica 61 (4):521-523.
    A correspondence allows application of Landau and Lifshitz’ formulation of Le Chatelier’s principle from statistical physics to a simple 2-D model of biological symbiosis. The insight: symbionts stabilize the occupation of narrow peaks on fitness landscape.
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  17.  6
    Individual Differences in Learning Abilities Impact Structure Addition: Better Learners Create More Structured Languages.Tamar Johnson, Noam Siegelman & Inbal Arnon - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (8).
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  18.  84
    Reconceiving Recognition: Towards a Cumulative Politics of Recognition.Tamar Malloy - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (4):416-437.
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  19.  6
    When digital health meets digital capitalism, how many common goods are at stake?Tamar Sharon - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (2).
    In recent years, all major consumer technology corporations have moved into the domain of health research. This ‘Googlization of health research’ begs the question of how the common good will be served in this research. As critical data scholars contend, such phenomena must be situated within the political economy of digital capitalism in order to foreground the question of public interest and the common good. Here, trends like GHR are framed within a double, incommensurable logic, where private gain and economic (...)
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  20. Genuine Rational Fictional Emotions.Tamar Szabó Gendler & Karson Kovakovich - 2006 - In Matthew Kieran (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art. Blackwell. pp. 241-253.
    The “paradox of fictional emotions” involves a trio of claims that are jointly inconsistent but individually plausible. Resolution of the paradox thus requires that we deny at least one of these plausible claims. The paradox has been formulated in various ways, but for the purposes of this chapter, we will focus on the following three claims, which we will refer to respectively as the Response Condition, the Belief Condition and the Coordination Condition.
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  21. Human Nature in an Age of Biotechnology: The Case for Mediated Posthumanism.Tamar Sharon - 2014 - Dordrecht: Imprint: Springer.
    New biotechnologies have propelled the question of what it means to be human - or posthuman - to the forefront of societal and scientific consideration. This volume provides an accessible, critical overview of the main approaches in the debate on posthumanism, and argues that they do not adequately address the question of what it means to be human in an age of biotechnology. Not because they belong to rival political camps, but because they are grounded in a humanist ontology that (...)
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  22. Shafer-Landau and Moral Realism.Christian Miller - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (2):311-331.
    In 1903 G.E. Moore celebrated a robust nonnaturalistic form of moral realism with the publication of his Principia Ethica. Subsequent years have witnessed the development and refinement of a number of views motivated at least in part by a deep resistance to the metaphysical and epistemological commitments of nonnaturalism. Over time, Moore’s view arguably has become the position of last resort for philosophers working in metaethics. Exactly one hundred years later, analytic metaethics has come full circle with the publication of (...)
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  23.  36
    Antibiotic Resistance Spreads Internationally across Borders.Tamar F. Barlam & Kalpana Gupta - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):12-16.
    Antibiotic resistance poses an urgent public health risk. High rates of ABR have been noted in all regions of the globe by the World Health Organization. ABR develops when bacteria are exposed to antibiotics either during treatments in humans or animals or through environmental sources contaminated with antibiotic residues. Spread beyond those administered antibiotics occurs through direct contact with the infected or colonized person or animal, through contact or ingestion of retail meat or agricultural products contaminated with ABR organisms, or (...)
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  24.  64
    Whatever Happened to Good and Evil?Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Since September 11, 2001, many people in the United States have been more inclined to use the language of good and evil, and to be more comfortable with the idea that certain moral standards are objective (true independently of what anyone happens to think of them). Some people, especially those who are not religious, are not sure how to substantiate this view. Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? provides a basis for exploring these doubts and ultimately defends the objectivity of (...)
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  25. The Fundamentals of Ethics.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Part I: The good life -- Hedonism : its powerful appeal -- Is happiness all that matters? -- Getting what you want -- Problems for the desire theory -- Part II: Doing the right thing -- Morality and religion -- Natural law theory -- Psychological egoism -- Ethical egoism -- Consequentialism : its nature and attractions -- Consequentialism : its difficulties -- The kantian perspective : fairness and justice -- The kantian perspective : autonomy and respect -- The (...)
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  26.  32
    Does bilingualism twist your tongue?Tamar H. Gollan & Matthew Goldrick - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):491-497.
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  27. Supervenience and moral realism.Russ Shafer-Landau - 1994 - Ratio 7 (2):145-152.
  28. Alief and Belief.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):634-663.
  29. What is a child?Tamar Schapiro - 1999 - Ethics 109 (4):715–738.
  30. Beyond Morality: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Russ Shaffer-Landau, Bryan Van Norden & Richard Garner - forthcoming - DVD.
    Are moral systems actually impediments to leading a truly good human life? What is good and what is not good? Do we need anyone to tell us these things? With Russ Shaffer-Landau, Bryan Van Norden, and Richard Garner.
     
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  31.  49
    Feeling Like It: A Theory of Inclination and Will.Tamar Schapiro - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Feeling like doing something is not the same as deciding to do it. When you feel like doing something, you are still free to decide to do it or not. You are having an inclination to do it, but you are not thereby determined to do it. I call this the moment of drama. This book is about what you are faced with, in this moment. How should you relate to the inclinations you “have,” given that you are free to (...)
  32.  10
    Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 1.Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Epistemology is a major new biennial volume offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this important field. Under the guidance of a distinguished editorial board composed of leading philosophers in North America, Europe, and Australasia, it will publish exemplary papers in epistemology, broadly construed. Anyone wanting to understand the latest developments at the leading edge of the discipline can start here. Contributors Stewart Cohen, Keith DeRose, Richard Fumerton, Alvin Goldman, Alan Hajek, Gilbert Harman, Frank Jackson, James (...)
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  33.  8
    From hostile worlds to multiple spheres: towards a normative pragmatics of justice for the Googlization of health.Tamar Sharon - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (3):315-327.
    The datafication and digitalization of health and medicine has engendered a proliferation of new collaborations between public health institutions and data corporations like Google, Apple, Microsoft and Amazon. Critical perspectives on these new partnerships tend to frame them as an instance of market transgressions by tech giants into the sphere of health and medicine, in line with a “hostile worlds” doctrine that upholds that the borders between market and non-market spheres should be carefully policed. This article seeks to outline the (...)
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  34.  96
    Coincidence and Common Cause.Tamar Lando - 2017 - Noûs 51 (1):132-151.
    According to the traditional view of the causal structure of a coincidence, the several parts of a coincidence are produced by independent causes. I argue that the traditional view is mistaken; even the several parts of a coincidence may have a common cause. This has important implications for how we think about the relationship between causation and causal explanation—and in particular, for why coincidences cannot be explained.
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  35.  45
    Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 1.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    The contents of the inaugural volume of Oxford Studies in Metaethics nicely mirror the variety of issues that make this area of philosophy so interesting. The volume opens with Peter Railton's exploration of some central features of normative guidance, the mental states that underwrite it, and its relationship to our reasons for feeling and acting. In the next offering, Terence Cuneo takes up the case against expressivism, arguing that its central account of the nature of moral judgments is badly mistaken. (...)
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  36.  9
    Japaridze, Tamar. The Kantian Subject: Sensus Communis, Mimesis, Work of Mourning. [REVIEW]Eva Brann - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):431-433.
  37. The nature of inclination.Tamar Schapiro - 2009 - Ethics 119 (2):229–256.
    There is a puzzle in the very notion of passive motivation ("passion" or "inclination"). To be motivated is not simply to be moved from the outside. Motivation is in some sense self-movement. But how can an agent be passive with respect to her own motivation? How is passive motivation possible? In this paper I defend the ancient view that inclination stems from a motivational source independent of reason, a motivational source that is both agential and nonrational.
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  38. Landau, A., Rezensionen zur Kantischen Philosophie, Bd. 1: 1781-87. [REVIEW]B. Raymaekers - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (2):365.
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  39.  7
    Ginzburg-Landau model for periodic intermittency.Dimitris Stassinopoulos & Preben Alstr0m - 1995 - In R. J. Russell, N. Murphy & A. R. Peacocke (eds.), Chaos and Complexity. Vatican Observatory Publications. pp. 259.
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  40. Tamar Ross: Constructing Faith.Hava Tirosh-Samuelson & Aaron W. Hughes (eds.) - 2016 - Boston: Brill.
    Tamar Ross, Professor of Jewish Philosophy at Bar-Ilan University, is a constructive theologian who has made original and important contributions to feminist Orthodoxy.
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  41.  35
    Blind-sided by privacy? Digital contact tracing, the Apple/Google API and big tech’s newfound role as global health policy makers.Tamar Sharon - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (S1):45-57.
    Since the outbreak of COVID-19, governments have turned their attention to digital contact tracing. In many countries, public debate has focused on the risks this technology poses to privacy, with advocates and experts sounding alarm bells about surveillance and mission creep reminiscent of the post 9/11 era. Yet, when Apple and Google launched their contact tracing API in April 2020, some of the world’s leading privacy experts applauded this initiative for its privacy-preserving technical specifications. In an interesting twist, the tech (...)
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  42.  10
    Sexual harassment and the “repetition requirement”.Landau Iddo - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (1):79-83.
    In his “Reply to Iddo Landau,” Edmund Wall responds to the author’s critique of some of the views expressed in his “Sexual Harassment and Wrongful Communication.” The present article concentrates on what the author takes to be the main problem in Wall’s definition: by requiring that any act, even if intentional and cruel in nature, needs to be repeated to count as sexual harassment, Wall allows too much leeway and renders permissible a wide range of intentional, mean, and harmful (...)
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  43. Conceivability and Possibility.Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The capacity to represent things to ourselves as possible plays a crucial role both in everyday thinking and in philosophical reasoning; this volume offers much-needed philosophical illumination of conceivability, possibility, and the relations between them.
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  44.  7
    Beyond justice: introducing personal moral philosophies to ethical evaluations of human resource practices.Tamar Shultz & Yael Brender-Ilan - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (4):302-316.
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  45. The moral fixed points: new directions for moral nonnaturalism.Terence Cuneo & Russ Shafer-Landau - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 171 (3):399-443.
    Our project in this essay is to showcase nonnaturalistic moral realism’s resources for responding to metaphysical and epistemological objections by taking the view in some new directions. The central thesis we will argue for is that there is a battery of substantive moral propositions that are also nonnaturalistic conceptual truths. We call these propositions the moral fixed points. We will argue that they must find a place in any system of moral norms that applies to beings like us, in worlds (...)
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  46.  49
    Developing intuitions about free will between ages four and six.Tamar Kushnir, Alison Gopnik, Nadia Chernyak, Elizabeth Seiver & Henry M. Wellman - 2015 - Cognition 138 (C):79-101.
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  47. On the epistemic costs of implicit bias.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (1):33-63.
  48. Consciousness, Neural Basis of.Tamar Weber & Hakwan Lau - 2015 - International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd Edition).
    In this entry we give an overview of the search for the neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs). We begin with a discussion of the conceptual complexities of defining the notion of an NCC. We then discuss some of the experimental approaches used to empirically investigate the NCCs. We then consider some competing views of NCCs. Finally, we consider how the competing views of NCCs bear on different theories of consciousness. We focus on the methodological and theoretical challenges facing this line (...)
     
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  49. Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History.Herzog Tamar - 2012
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  50.  19
    The Trouble with Terror: Liberty, Security and the Response to Terrorism.Tamar Meisels - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is terrorism and can it ever be defended? Beginning with its definition, proceeding to its possible justifications, and culminating in proposals for contending with and combating it, this book offers a full theoretical analysis of the issue of terrorism. Tamar Meisels argues that, regardless of its professed cause, terrorism is diametrically opposed to the requirements of liberal morality and can only be defended at the expense of relinquishing the most basic of liberal commitments. Meisels opposes those who express (...)
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