Results for 'Tadas Klimas'

287 found
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  1.  9
    Thomas of Sutton on the Nature of the Intellective Soul and the Thomistic Theory of Being.Gyula Klima - 2001 - In Jan A. Aertsen, Kent Emery & Andreas Speer (eds.), Nach der Verurteilung von 1277 / After the Condemnation of 1277: Philosophie und Theologie an der Universität von Paris im letzten Viertel des 13. Jahrhunderts. Studien und Texte / Philosophy and Theology at the University of Paris in the Last Quarter of. De Gruyter. pp. 436-455.
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  2.  61
    Testing the involvement of the prefrontal cortex in lucid dreaming: A tDCS study.Tadas Stumbrys, Daniel Erlacher & Michael Schredl - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1214-1222.
    Recent studies suggest that lucid dreaming might be associated with increased brain activity over frontal regions during rapid eye movement sleep. By applying transcranial direct current stimulation , we aimed to manipulate the activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during REM sleep to increase dream lucidity. Nineteen participants spent three consecutive nights in a sleep laboratory. On the second and third nights they randomly received either 1 mA tDCS for 10 min or sham stimulation during each REM period starting with (...)
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  3.  44
    Consequences of a closed, token-based semantics: the case of John Buridan.Gyula Klima - 2004 - History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (2):95-110.
    This paper argues for two principal conclusions about natural language semantics based on John Buridan's considerations concerning the notion of formal consequence, that is, formally valid inference. (1) Natural languages are essentially semantically closed, yet they do not have to be on that account inconsistent. (2) Natural language semantics has to be token based, as a matter of principle. The paper investigates the Buridanian considerations leading to these conclusions, and considers some obviously emerging objections to the Buridanian approach.
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  4. Dvejopa machinacijos samprata heideggerio technikos filosofijoje.Čapanauskas Tadas - 2017 - Problemos 92:169-179.
    Straipsnyje nagrinėjama dvejopa machinacijos (Machenschaft) samprata Martino Heideg-gerio technikos filosofijoje. Pirmoji susijusi su Vakarų metafizikos destrukcija (Destruktion) ir jos kulmi-nacija reflektuojama moderniosios technikos plotmėje. Pirmiausiai machinaciją Heideggeris pristato kaip pačios Būties atsivėrimo būdą „pirmoje pradžioje“ (ersten Anfang). Machinacija lemia μετά judesio pamatą, nurodantį į nuolatinę transcendencijos aspiraciją bei „techninį“ esinių atvėrimo pobūdį, nors savo „pajėgumų“ prasme machinacija graikų metafizikoje dar glūdi implicitiškai. Eksplicitiškai machi-nacija pasirodo tik moderniojoje technikoje. Kiek kitokią machinacijos sampratą galime aptikti Heideg-gerio „Juoduosiuose sąsiuviniuose“ (Schwarze Hefte), rašytuose 1931–1938 (...)
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  5.  80
    Įrankio ir technikos santykio problema Heideggerio technikos filosofijoje.Tadas Čapanauskas - 2019 - Problemos 95:22-32.
    Straipsnio tikslas – atskleisti įrankio (Zeug) ir technikos (Technik) skirtumą M. Heideggerio technikos filosofijoje. Analizuojami skirtumai nurodo pasaulio konstitucijos problematiką. Dasein santykį su įrankiu M. Heideggeris pristatė kaip parankų (Zuhandenheit), o štai santykį su technika įvardijo priešingai. Technika, kylanti iš gamtos mokslų, susaistytų machinacija (Machenschaft), filosofo pristatoma kaip Dasein kūrybines galias nuostatyne (Gestell) slopinanti terpė. Straipsnyje atskleidžiama dvejopa problematika. Pirma, parodomi įrankio ir technikos ontologiniai skirtumai. Antra, atskleidžiamas nuostatyno ontologijos ambivalentiškumas. Nuostatynas M. Heideggeriui nėra tik techniškai orientuoto pasaulio užvaldymo mechanizmas, (...)
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  6.  15
    Intentionality, Cognition, and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy.Gyula Klima (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Fordham University.
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  7.  10
    What Does the Gospel Have to Say to Disabled Persons?Joni Eareckson Tada - 1990 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 7 (1):20-23.
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  8.  91
    Induction of lucid dreams: A systematic review of evidence.Tadas Stumbrys, Daniel Erlacher, Melanie Schädlich & Michael Schredl - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1456-1475.
    In lucid dreams the dreamer is aware of dreaming and often able to influence the ongoing dream content. Lucid dreaming is a learnable skill and a variety of techniques is suggested for lucid dreaming induction. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the effectiveness of induction techniques. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in biomedical databases and specific resources. Thirty-five studies were included in the analysis , of which 26 employed cognitive techniques, 11 external stimulation and one drug application. (...)
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  9.  49
    The Semantic Principles Underlying St. Thomas Aquinas's Metaphysics of Being.Gyula Klima - 1996 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 5 (1):87-141.
  10.  15
    Atgaivinančioji rasa, arba A. Andrijausko žvilgsnis į tradicinę indų estetiką ir meną.Tadas Snuviškis - 2017 - Logos: A Journal, of Religion, Philosophy Comparative Cultural Studies and Art 93:217-222.
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  11.  3
    Budistinė saṃdhinirmocana ir H. G. Gadamerio hermeneutika: lyginamoji analizė.Tadas Snuviškis - 2017 - Logos: A Journal, of Religion, Philosophy Comparative Cultural Studies and Art 90:170-183.
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  12.  16
    Indian Philosophy in China.Tadas Snuviškis - 2020 - Dialogue and Universalism 30 (3):89-106.
    Daśapadārthī is a text of Indian philosophy and the Vaiśeṣika school only preserved in the Chinese translation made by Xuánzàng 玄奘 in 648 BC. The translation was included in the catalogs of East Asian Buddhist texts and subsequently in the East Asian Buddhist Canons despite clearly being not a Buddhist text. Daśapadārthī is almost unquestionably assumed to be written by a Vaiśeṣika 勝者 Huiyue 慧月 in Sanskrit reconstructed as Candramati or Maticandra. But is that the case? The author argues that (...)
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  13.  7
    Vaiśeṣikos realizmas versus budizmo fenomenalizmas Kinijos budistiniuose tekstuose.Tadas Snuviškis - 2020 - Logos: A Journal, of Religion, Philosophy Comparative Cultural Studies and Art 103.
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  14.  39
    Aquinas on the Union of Body and Soul.Gyula Klima - 2020 - Quaestiones Disputatae 10 (2):31-52.
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  15.  41
    The Semantic Principles Underlying St. Thomas Aquinas's Metaphysics of Being.Gyula Klima - 1996 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 5 (1):87-141.
  16.  25
    Producing Parenthood: Islamic Bioethical Perspectives & Normative Implications.Aasim I. Padela, Katherine Klima & Rosie Duivenbode - 2020 - The New Bioethics 26 (1):17-37.
    Biomedicine has opened up new possibilities for parenthood. Once resigned to remaining childless or pursuing adoption, infertile couples can now pursue options such as gamete donation, in-vitro fer...
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  17.  34
    Aquinas’ Balancing Act.Gyula Klima - 2018 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 21 (1):29-48.
    In this paper, I will primarily argue for the consistency of Aquinas’ conception, according to which the human soul, uniquely in God’s creation, is both the inherent, material, substantial form of the human body, and the subsistent immaterial substance underlying the immaterial operations of its immaterial, rational powers, namely, intellect and will. In this discussion, I will point out that typical challenges to Aquinas’ conception usually rely on semantic or ontological assumptions that can plausibly be denied in Aquinas’ own conceptual (...)
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  18. Aquinas on the materiality of the human soul and the immateriality of the human intellect.Gyula Klima - 2009 - Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):163-182.
    This paper argues that Aquinas's conception of the human soul and intellect offers a consistent alternative to the dilemma of materialism and post-Cartesian dualism. It also argues that in their own theoretical context, Aquinas' arguments for the materiality of the human soul and immateriality of the intellect provide a strong justification of his position. However, that theoretical context is rather "alien" to ours in contemporary philosophy. The conclusion of the paper will point in the direction of what can be done (...)
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  19.  1
    The Various Kinds of Concepts and the Idea of a Mental Language.Gyula Klima - 2009 - In John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Common representational content allows the Buridanian classification of human concepts discussed in the fourth chapter, which provides the first thoroughgoing, systematic survey of Buridan’s conception of a mental language. The chapter discusses the divisions of concepts into syncategorematic and categorematic, simple and complex, absolute and connotative, and singular and common concepts. Besides presenting these classifications, the chapter provides a detailed discussion of the idea of conceptual complexity as semantic compositionality, its role in Buridan’s nominalist program of “ontological reduction,” and his (...)
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  20.  28
    Language, ethnicity, and the nation-state: on Max Weber’s conception of “imagined linguistic community”.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (4):437-466.
    Methodological nationalism in sociological theory is unfit for the current globalized era, and should be discarded. In light of this contention, the present article discusses Max Weber’s view of language as a way to relativize the frame of the national society. While a “linguistic turn” in sociology since the 1960s has assumed that the sharing of language—linguistic community—stands as an intersubjective foundation for understanding of meaning, Weber saw linguistic community as constructed. From Weber’s rationalist, subjectivist, individualist viewpoint, linguistic community was (...)
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  21.  1
    The Primacy of Mental Language.Gyula Klima - 2009 - In John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
    The third chapter discusses how Buridan’s conception of mental language provides the grounding for the objectivity and universality of logic despite the radical conventionality of written and spoken languages. Buridan’s conception, since it is based on the Aristotelian idea of the uniformity of natural human capacities in all individual humans, is nothing like modern psychologism, the kind heavily criticized by Frege. Indeed, Buridan’s mental language is not a “private language” criticized by Wittgenstein. On Buridan’s conception, the naturally representative units of (...)
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  22.  2
    The Properties of Terms.Gyula Klima - 2009 - In John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Having seen the limitations of a reconstruction of Buridan’s semantics in terms of a modified quantification theory, this chapter begins engaging Buridan’s theory in its own terms, starting with a detailed discussion of the semantic properties of terms. The discussion moves from a brief discussion of Buridan’s distinction between immediate and ultimate signification, to Buridan’s theory of reference, namely, supposition, and oblique reference, namely, appellation. The chapter discusses suppositional descents as distinguishing quantifier-scopes, numerical quantification, and appellation in temporal and modal (...)
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  23.  1
    The Possibility of Scientific Knowledge.Gyula Klima - 2009 - In John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter provides a brief survey of Buridan’s reliabilist epistemology, contrasting it with skeptical challenges of his time, and comparing it with modern responses to similar skeptical challenges in modern philosophy, arguably stemming from the controversies of Buridan’s time. In particular, the chapter argues that the sort of “Demon-skepticism” modern readers are familiar with from Descartes was made conceptually possible precisely by the emergence of late-medieval nominalist semantics, and that the modern strategies responding to the skeptical challenge, exemplified by the (...)
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  24.  2
    The Semantics of Propositions.Gyula Klima - 2009 - In John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter provides a systematic discussion of Buridan’s nominalist semantics of propositions and sentential nominalizations. The chapter argues that despite its incompleteness, Buridan’s theory is still “nominalism’s best shot” at a semantics of propositions without buying into a philosophically and theologically dubious ontology of dicta, enuntiabilia, complexe significabilia, real propositions, or states of affairs.
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  25.  7
    The Unexpected Merits of Oppression.Ivan Klima - 1990 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 2 (1):37-42.
  26.  10
    Viešojo intereso nustatymas ‒ objektyvieji kriterijai.Evaldas Klimas & Julius Lankelis - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (1):115-140.
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  27.  30
    Intentionality of Communication.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2010 - Schutzian Research 2:181-200.
    The aim of this article is to explore how a self-referential social system, although it is not a human being, can be said to “observe.” For this purpose, the article reformulates Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems as sociological phenomenology, or the de-consciousness philosophized phenomenology, because a social system has the same structure of intentionality as consciousness: Just as consciousness is always consciousness of something, communication is always communication of something. In correlation to this communicative intentionality, communicated environments come and (...)
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  28.  20
    Intentionality of Communication: Theory of Self-referential Social Systems as Sociological Phenomenology.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2010 - Schutzian Research. A Yearbook of Worldly Phenomenology and Qualitative Social Science 2:183-202.
    The aim of this article is to explore how a self-referential social system, although it is not a human being, can be said to “observe.” For this purpose, the article reformulates Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems as sociological phenomenology, or the de-consciousness philosophized phenomenology, because a social system has the same structure of intentionality as consciousness: Just as consciousness is always consciousness of something, communication is always communication of something. In correlation to this communicative intentionality, communicated environments come and (...)
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  29.  8
    Intentionality of Communication.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2010 - Schutzian Research 2:181-200.
    The aim of this article is to explore how a self-referential social system, although it is not a human being, can be said to “observe.” For this purpose, the article reformulates Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems as sociological phenomenology, or the de-consciousness philosophized phenomenology, because a social system has the same structure of intentionality as consciousness: Just as consciousness is always consciousness of something, communication is always communication of something. In correlation to this communicative intentionality, communicated environments come and (...)
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  30.  4
    Correction to: Language, ethnicity, and the nation-state: on Max Weber’s conception of “imagined linguistic community”.Mitsuhiro Tada - forthcoming - Theory and Society:1-1.
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  31.  18
    The Metaphysics of Personal Identity: Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics Volume 13.Stephen Ogden, Gyula Klima & Alex Hall (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
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  32.  11
    Infinite hope: in the midst of struggles.Joni Eareckson Tada & Jill De Haan (eds.) - 2018 - Carol Stream, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers.
    Infinite Hope, rich with inspirational true stories and breathtaking artwork, will bless you with the kind of hope that never fades and always brightens the darkest paths of life. This is no ordinary hope, but instead a life-transforming hope. It is a hope that will fill you with confidence and inspire you to find peace with yourself and your circumstances. Stories and insights about suffering and the goodness of God, along with illustrations from Joni Eareckson Tada and Jill DeHaan, will (...)
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  33. Artificial intelligence and its natural limits.Karl D. Stephan & Gyula Klima - 2021 - AI and Society (1):9-18.
    An argument with roots in ancient Greek philosophy claims that only humans are capable of a certain class of thought termed conceptual, as opposed to perceptual thought, which is common to humans, the higher animals, and some machines. We outline the most detailed modern version of this argument due to Mortimer Adler, who in the 1960s argued for the uniqueness of the human power of conceptual thought. He also admitted that if conceptual thought were ever manifested by machines, such an (...)
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  34.  9
    Correction to: Language and imagined Gesellschaft: Émile Durkheim’s civil-linguistic nationalism and the consequences of universal human ideals.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (4):631-631.
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  35.  8
    Correction to: Language and imagined Gesellschaft: Émile Durkheim’s civil-linguistic nationalism and the consequences of universal human ideals.Mitsuhiro Tada - forthcoming - Theory and Society.
    A Correction to this paper has been published: 10.1007/s11186-021-09436-2.
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  36. How the church can protect the dignity of the most vulnerable among us.Joni Eareckson Tada - 2019 - In David S. Dockery & John Stonestreet (eds.), Life, marriage, and religious liberty: what belongs to God, what belongs to Caesar. New York, NY: Fidelis Books.
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  37.  17
    Insight into initiator–DNA interactions: a lesson from the archaeal ORC.Shusuke Tada, Lena R. Kundu & Takemi Enomoto - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (3):208-211.
    Although initiation of DNA replication is considered to be highly coordinated through multiple protein–DNA and protein–protein interactions, it is poorly understood how particular locations within the eukaryotic chromosome are selected as origins of DNA replication. Here, we discuss recent reports that present structural information on the interaction characteristics of the archaeal orthologues of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex with their cognate binding sequences.1,2 Since the archaeal replication system is postulated as a simplified version of the one in eukaryotes, by analogy, (...)
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  38.  4
    Ishoku no kokugakusha Fujitani Mitsue no shōgai.Junten Tada - 1990 - Kyōto-shi: Shibunkaku Shuppan.
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  39.  13
    Language and imagined Gesellschaft: Émile Durkheim’s civil-linguistic nationalism and the consequences of universal human ideals.Mitsuhiro Tada - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (4):597-630.
    When Thomas Luckmann, a pioneer of the “linguistic turn” in sociology, regarded Émile Durkheim as a source for the sociology of language, he had lifeworldly community–building in mind. However, the French sociologist himself understood language in the context ofcivil society–building. To Durkheim, language was a “social thing in the highest degree” that enabled general ideas and intermediated them to people. Abstract human ideals like the civil religion since the French Revolution could be shared through (a common) language. Thus, Durkheim took (...)
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  40.  24
    Problem and paradigms: Somatic generation of a genetic polymorphism: Towards the solution of the I‐J Enigma.Tomio Tada & Yoshihiro Asano - 1986 - Bioessays 4 (6):283-285.
    I‐J has been regarded as a polymorphic genetic marker controlled by a locus in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) which is expressed only on functional T cells. However, this antigenic determinant has been found not to be directly encoded by the MHC gene per se but is somatically generated according to the MHC of the cellular environment during ontogeny. This explains the apparent linkage of I‐J to MHC, despite the failure to find the structural gene for I‐J within the MHC. (...)
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  41.  25
    Regulation of the Ca 2+ pump atpase by cAMP‐dependent phosphorylation of phospholamban.Michihiko Tada & Masaaki Kadoma - 1989 - Bioessays 10 (5):157-163.
    Ca2+ transients in myocardial cells are modulated by cyclic AMP‐dependent phosphorylation of a protein in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. This protein, termed phospholamban, serves to regulate the Ca2+ pump ATPase of this membrane, thus altering the mode of Ca2+ transients and the myocardial contractile response. Elucidating the structure of phospholamban and its intimate interaction with the Ca2+ pump ATPase should provide the basis for understanding, at the molecular level, how the cAMP system contributes to excitation‐contraction coupling in muscle cells.
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  42. Shōchō shugi kōdō shugi.Michitarō Tada (ed.) - 1957 - Kyōto-shi: Sanichi Shobō.
     
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  43.  10
    The function [mathematical formula] in sharply bounded arithmetic.Mitsuru Tada & Makoto Tatsuta - 1997 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 36 (1).
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  44.  26
    Remembering in signs.Ursula Bellugi, Edward S. Klima & Patricia Siple - 1974 - Cognition 3 (2):93-125.
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  45.  16
    The function \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $\lfloor a/m\rfloor$\end{document} in sharply bounded arithmetic. [REVIEW]Mitsuru Tada & Makoto Tatsuta - 1997 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (1):51-57.
    This paper proves that the division operation \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $\lfloor a/m\rfloor$\end{document} is provably total in the system \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $S_2^0$\end{document} of bounded arithmetic if and only if \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $m$\end{document} is of the form \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $2^n$\end{document} for some \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} (...)
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  46.  66
    John Buridan.Gyula Klima - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Buridan's life, works, and influence -- Buridan's logic and the medieval logical tradition -- The primacy of mental language -- The various kinds of concepts and the idea of a mental language -- Natural language and the idea of a formal syntax in Buridan -- Existential import and the square of opposition -- Ontological commitment -- The properties of terms (proprietates terminorum) -- The semantics of propositions -- Logical validity in a token-based, semantically closed logic -- The possibility of scientific (...)
  47. Liberty for Corvids.Mark Wells, Scott Simmons & Diana Klimas - 2017 - Public Affairs Quarterly 31 (3):231-254.
    We argue that at least some corvids morally ought to be granted a right to bodily liberty in the US legal system and relevantly similar systems. This right would grant immunity to frivolous captivity and extermination. Implementing this right will require new legislation or the expansion of existing legislation including the elimination of various "pest" clauses. This paper proceeds in three parts. First, we survey accounts of the moral grounds of legal rights. Second, to establish an overlapping consensus supporting corvid (...)
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  48.  82
    The neural organization of language: evidence from sign language aphasia.G. Hickok, U. Bellugi & E. S. Klima - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (4):129-136.
    To what extent is the neural organization of language dependent on factors specific to the modalities in which language is perceived and through which it is produced? That is, is the left-hemisphere dominance for language a function of a linguistic specialization or a function of some domain-general specialization(s), such as temporal processing or motor planning? Investigations of the neurobiology of signed language can help answer these questions. As with spoken languages, signed languages of the deaf display complex grammatical structure but (...)
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  49.  18
    John Buridan.Gyula Klima - 2001 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 597--603.
    This is a brief, accessible introduction to the thought of the philosopher John Buridan (ca. 1295-1361). Little is known about Buridan's life, most of which was spent studying and then teaching at the University of Paris. Buridan's works are mostly by-products of his teaching. They consist mainly of commentaries on Aristotle, covering the whole extent of Aristotelian philosophy, ranging from logic to metaphysics, to natural science, to ethics and politics. Gyula Klima argues that many of Buridan's academic concerns are strikingly (...)
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  50.  60
    What's right about the neural organization of sign language? A perspective on recent neuroimaging results.G. Hickok, U. Bellugi & E. S. Klima - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):465-468.
    To what extent is the neural organization of language dependent on factors specific to the modalities in which language is perceived and through which it is produced? That is, is the left-hemisphere dominance for language a function of a linguistic specialization or a function of some domain-general specialization, such as temporal processing or motor planning? Investigations of the neurobiology of signed language can help answer these questions. As with spoken languages, signed languages of the deaf display complex grammatical structure but (...)
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