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T. V. Smith [173]Tony Smith [105]Tara Smith [32]T. Smith [26]
Thomas Vernor Smith [24]Tiddy Smith [13]Terry Smith [12]Thomas W. Smith [11]

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Tony Smith
University of Georgia
Tiddy Smith
University of Otago
Tara Smith
The Catholic University of America
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  1.  11
    The Public and Its Problems.T. V. Smith - 1929 - Philosophical Review 38 (2):177.
  2. Behavior and its Causes: Philosophical Foundations of Operant Psychology.T. L. Smith - 1994 - Springer Verlag.
    The rise of cognitive science in the 1960s was widely heralded as a scientific revolution -- an interpretation that implied the decline and eventual death of behavioral psychology. Although many forms of behavioral psychology did indeed disappear, there was a striking exception: the program of operant psychology founded by B.F. Skinner. This program actually grew at a rapid pace during the `cognitive revolution' and shows no signs of fading away. What, then, is its place within psychology, and in particular, what (...)
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  3.  2
    Viable Values: A Study of Life as the Root and Reward of Morality.Tara Smith - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Viable Values examines the most basic foundations of value and morality, demonstrating the shortcomings of major traditional views and proposing that morality is grounded in the objective requirements of human life. Smith argues that morality depends on a proper understanding of the concept of values, and that values depend on the alternative of life or death. She proposes that human beings need to be moral in order to live, explaining how life is the standard of morality, how flourishing is the (...)
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  4.  79
    Segregation That No One Seeks.Ryan Muldoon, Tony Smith & Michael Weisberg - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (1):38-62.
    This paper examines a series of Schelling-like models of residential segregation, in which agents prefer to be in the minority. We demon- strate that as long as agents care about the characteristics of their wider community, they tend to end up in a segregated state. We then investigate the process that causes this, and conclude that the result hinges on the similarity of informational states amongst agents of the same type. This is quite di erent from Schelling-like behavior, and sug- (...)
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  5.  9
    The Scene Perception & Event Comprehension Theory (SPECT) Applied to Visual Narratives.Lester C. Loschky, Adam M. Larson, Tim J. Smith & Joseph P. Magliano - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (1):311-351.
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  6.  5
    Geologic Pattern Recognition From Seismic Attributes: Principal Component Analysis and Self-Organizing Maps.Rocky Roden, Thomas Smith & Deborah Sacrey - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):SAE59-SAE83.
    Interpretation of seismic reflection data routinely involves powerful multiple-central-processing-unit computers, advanced visualization techniques, and generation of numerous seismic data types and attributes. Even with these technologies at the disposal of interpreters, there are additional techniques to derive even more useful information from our data. Over the last few years, there have been efforts to distill numerous seismic attributes into volumes that are easily evaluated for their geologic significance and improved seismic interpretation. Seismic attributes are any measurable property of seismic data. (...)
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  7. Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist. [REVIEW]Tara Smith - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (1):117-126.
    Ayn Rand is well known for advocating egoism, but the substance of that instruction is rarely understood. Far from representing the rejection of morality, selfishness, in Rand's view, actually demands the practice of a systematic code of ethics. This book explains the fundamental virtues that Rand considers vital for a person to achieve their objective well-being: rationality, honesty, independence, justice, integrity, productiveness, and pride. Tracing Rand's account of the value and harmony of human beings' rational interests, Smith examines what each (...)
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  8. The Common Consent Argument for the Existence of Nature Spirits.Tiddy Smith - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):334-348.
    The traditional common consent argument for the existence of God has largely been abandoned—and rightly so. In this paper, I attempt to salvage the strongest version of the argument. Surprisingly,...
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  9.  14
    Skinner's Environmentalism: The Analogy with Natural Selection.Terry L. Smith - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (2):133-153.
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  10.  21
    Behaviorism, Science, and Human Nature.Terry L. Smith - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):41-44.
  11. Ayn Rand's Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist.Tara Smith - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ayn Rand is well known for advocating egoism, but the substance of that instruction is rarely understood. Far from representing the rejection of morality, selfishness, in Rand's view, actually demands the practice of a systematic code of ethics. This book explains the fundamental virtues that Rand considers vital for a person to achieve his objective well-being: rationality, honesty, independence, justice, integrity, productiveness, and pride. Tracing Rand's account of the harmony of human beings' rational interests, Smith examines what each of these (...)
     
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  12.  60
    The Logic of Marx’s “Capital”: Replies to Hegelian Criticisms.Tony Smith - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    In a step-by-step progression through Marx's three volume work, discovers a systematic theory of socio-economic categories ordered according to the dialectical logic derived from Hegel.
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  13. Pixie.Matthew Lipman, Ann Margaret Sharp & Theresa L. Smith - 1981
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  14. The Logic of Marx’s “Capital”: Replies to Hegelian Criticisms.Tony Smith - 1990 - Science and Society 56 (1):116-118.
     
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  15.  57
    The Naturalism of the Sciences.Gregory W. Dawes & Tiddy Smith - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 67:22-31.
    The sciences are characterized by what is sometimes called a “methodological naturalism,” which disregards talk of divine agency. In response to those who argue that this reflects a dogmatic materialism, a number of philosophers have offered a pragmatic defense. The naturalism of the sciences, they argue, is provisional and defeasible: it is justified by the fact that unsuccessful theistic explanations have been superseded by successful natural ones. But this defense is inconsistent with the history of the sciences. The sciences have (...)
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  16.  65
    Non-Distributive Blameworthiness.Thomas H. Smith - 2009 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt1):31-60.
    I adapt an old example of Frank Jackson's, in order to show that it is not only possible that actions with different individual agents are sub-optimal when each is not, but that they are impermissible when each is not, and blameworthy when each is not.
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  17. 'Shared Agency', Gilbert, and Deep Continuity.Thomas H. Smith - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):49-57.
    I compare Bratman’s theory with Gilbert’s. I draw attention to their similarities, query Bratman’s claim that his theory is the more parsimonious, and point to one theoretical advantage of Gilbert’s theory.
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  18.  33
    The Methods of Science and Religion: Epistemologies in Conflict.Tiddy Smith - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    The Methods of Science and Religion is a philosophical analysis of the conflict between science and religion, which challenges the popular, contemporary view that science and religion are complementary worldviews. It exposes their methodological incompatibility and concludes that religious modes of investigation are unreliable.
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  19.  98
    The Importance of the Subject in Objective Morality: Distinguishing Objective From Intrinsic Value: Tara Smith.Tara Smith - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):126-148.
    This essay contends that the debate between subjectivism and objectivism in ethics is better understood as a dispute among three alternatives: subjectivism, objectivism, and intrinsicism. Ayn Rand has identified intrinsicism – the belief that certain things are good “in, by, and of” themselves – as the doctrine that is actually operative in many defenses of moral objectivity. What intrinsicism fails to appreciate, however, is the significant role of the subject, the person to whom and for whom anything can be valuable. (...)
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  20. Romantic Love.Thomas H. Smith - 2011 - Essays in Philosophy 12 (1):68-92.
    Nozick provides us with a compelling characterization of romantic love, but, as I argue, he under-describes the phenomenon, for he fails to distinguish it from attitudes that those who are not romantically involved may bear to each other. Frankfurt also offers a compelling characterization of love, but he is sceptical about its application to the case of romantic love. I argue that each account has the resources with which to complete the other. I consider a preliminary synthesis of the two (...)
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  21.  7
    CRISP: A Computational Model of Fixation Durations in Scene Viewing.Antje Nuthmann, Tim J. Smith, Ralf Engbert & John M. Henderson - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):382-405.
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  22.  44
    Methodological Naturalism and its Misconceptions.Tiddy Smith - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (3):321-336.
    Methodological naturalism has been defended on both intrinsic and pragmatic grounds. Both of these defenses agree that methodological naturalism is a principle of science according to which the scientist ought to eschew talk of causally efficacious disembodied minds. I argue that this is the wrong interpretation of methodological naturalism. Methodological naturalism does not constrain the theories that scientists may conjecture, but how those theories may be justified. On this view, methodological naturalism is a principle of science according to which supernatural (...)
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  23.  99
    Ethics in Medical Research: A Handbook of Good Practice.Trevor Smith - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a comprehensive and practical guide to the ethical issues raised by different kinds of medical research, and is the first such book to be written with the needs of the researcher in mind. Clearly structured and written in a plain and accessible style, the book covers every significant ethical issue likely to be faced by researchers and research ethics committees. The author outlines and clarifies official guidelines, gives practical advice on how to adhere to these, and suggests procedures (...)
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  24. Advertising Ethics: Practitioner and Student Perspectives.E. Lincoln James, Cornelius B. Pratt & Tommy V. Smith - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (2):69 – 83.
    This study examines the self-reported ethics of both current and future advertising practitioners, and compares their responses to four scenarios and 17 statements on advertising ethics. Stepwise discriminant analysis was used to determine the extent to which both groups applied the classical ethical theory of deontology to the scenarios and statements. Results indicate significant differences between both groups. For example, current advertising practitioners are significantly less likely than future practitioners to apply deontology to decision making. The implications of these results (...)
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  25. Emergence, Self-Organization, and Social Interaction: Arousal-Dependent Structure in Social Systems.Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens - 1996 - Sociological Theory 14 (2):131-153.
    The understanding of emergent, self-organizing phenomena has been immensely deepened in recent years on the basis of simulation-based theoretical research. We discuss these new ideas, and illustrate them using examples from several fields. Our discussion serves to introduce equivalent self-organized phenomena in social interaction. Interaction systems appear to be structured partly by virtue of such emergents. These appear under specific conditions: When cognitive buffering is inadequate relative to the levels of stress persons are subjected to, anxiety-spreading has the potential of (...)
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  26. Hyperstructures and the Biology of Interpersonal Dependence: Rethinking Reciprocity and Altruism.Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (1):106-130.
    Fluctuations in endogenous opioid activity in the brain, controlled under ordinary conditions by attachment, are capable of producing patterns of dependence in social behavior resembling those appearing in substance abusers. Withdrawal symptoms arising in relation to these fluctuations, short of producing dependence, ordinarily fuel everyday social interaction, and interaction then serves to modulate opioid activity within a range associated with comfort. Comfort-constraints in this sense operate in all settings of social interaction, part of an innate caregiving mechanism conserved by evolution (...)
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  27.  47
    Nga Tini Ahuatanga O Whakapapa Korero.Takirirangi Smith - 2000 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 32 (1):53–60.
  28.  13
    Philosophy in the Artworld: Some Recent Theories of Contemporary Art.Terry Smith - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (3):37-0.
    “The contemporary” is a phrase in frequent use in artworld discourse as a placeholder term for broader, world-picturing concepts such as “the contemporary condition” or “contemporaneity”. Brief references to key texts by philosophers such as Giorgio Agamben, Jacques Rancière, and Peter Osborne often tend to suffice as indicating the outer limits of theoretical discussion. In an attempt to add some depth to the discourse, this paper outlines my approach to these questions, then explores in some detail what these three theorists (...)
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  29.  11
    Ethical Relativity.T. V. Smith - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 43 (1):73-77.
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  30.  33
    "Social" Objectivity and the Objectivity of Value.Tara Smith - 2004 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 143--171.
  31. The Metaphysical Case for Honesty.Tara Smith - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):517-531.
  32.  78
    Playing One’s Part.Thomas H. Smith - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (2):213-44.
    The consensus in the philosophical literature on joint action is that, sometimes at least, when agents intentionally jointly φ, this is explicable by their intending that they φ, for a period of time prior to their φ-ing. If this be granted, it poses a dilemma. For agents who so intend either severally or jointly intend that they φ. The first option is ruled out by two stipulations that we may consistently make: (i) that at least one of the agents non-akratically (...)
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  33. The Ethical Dimension of Work: A Feminist Perspective.Sabine Gurtler & Translated By Andrew F. Smith - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):119-134.
  34.  17
    The Economics of Insider Trading: A Free Market Perspective.Taylor Smith & Walter E. Block - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (1):47-53.
    We deny that asymmetrical information is a market failure. In order to make this case, we subject to critical scrutiny the strongest case for this thesis: the view that laws prohibiting insider trading are viable, necessary, or compatible with the rule of law.
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  35.  82
    Tolerance & Forgiveness: Virtues or Vices?Tara Smith - 1997 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):31-41.
  36.  9
    The Role of Ethics in Social Theory: Essays From a Habermasian Perspective.Tony Smith - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Smith begins with a comprehensive analysis of social theory, presents a defense of Jurgen Habermas' main contribution to social ethics and contrasts Habermas' rational foundation for ethics with the decisionism defended by Max Weber, and ...
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  37.  8
    Animism.Tiddy Smith - 2022 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Animism Animism is a religious and ontological perspective common to many indigenous cultures across the globe. According to an oft-quoted definition from the Victorian anthropologist E. B. Tylor, animists believe in the “animation of all nature”, and are characterized as having “a sense of spiritual beings…inhabiting trees and rocks and waterfalls”. More recently, ethnographers and … Continue reading Animism →.
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  38.  69
    Intrinsic Value: Look-Say Ethics. [REVIEW]Tara Smith - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (4):539-553.
  39.  45
    The ‘General Intellect’ in the Grundrisse and Beyond.Tony Smith - 2013 - Historical Materialism 21 (4):235-255.
    In recent publications Paolo Virno and Carlo Vercellone have called attention to Marx’s category of the general intellect in theGrundrisse, and to the unprecedented role its diffusion plays in contemporary capitalism. According to Virno, the flourishing of the general intellect, which Marx thought could only take place within communism, characterises post-Fordist capitalism. Vercellone adds that Marx’s account of the real subsumption of living labour under capital is obsolete in contemporary cognitive capitalism. Both authors regard Marx’s value theory as historically obsolete. (...)
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  40.  1
    1. On Ad Hoc Hypotheses On Ad Hoc Hypotheses (Pp. 1-14).J. Christopher Hunt, Kareem Khalifa, Ryan Muldoon, Tony Smith, Michael Weisberg, Michelle G. Gibbons, Elliott O. Wagner & Andreas Wagner - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (1):1-14.
    This article examines a series of Schelling-like models of residential segregation, in which agents prefer to be in the minority. We demonstrate that as long as agents care about the characteristics of their wider community, they tend to end up in a segregated state. We then investigate the process that causes this and conclude that the result hinges on the similarity of informational states among agents of the same type. This is quite different from Schelling-like behavior and suggests that segregation (...)
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  41.  94
    The Practice of Pride.Tara Smith - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (1):71.
    Pride has been denounced as one of the seven deadly sins and praised as the crown of the virtues. Perhaps because of the difficulty of navigating between these appraisals, pride has not been paid very much attention by ethicists. Moreover, pride is so familiar as a feeling that the suggestion that it could be a virtue may seem misplaced.
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  42.  55
    Who’s Who?: Direct Belief and Symmetrical Substitution.Tiddy Smith - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):101-105.
    According to Jonathan Berg’s Theory of Direct Belief, a belief about some individual is an unmediated dyadic relation between the believer and that individual. Berg’s thesis incorporates a Millian account of proper names, and invokes conversational implicature to explain well-known anti-substitution intuitions. In this critical note, I present a puzzle for the Theory of Direct Belief involving symmetrical substitution in false identity belief reports.
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  43.  79
    The Relevance of Systematic Dialectics to Marxian Thought: A Reply to Rosenthal.Tony Smith - 1999 - Historical Materialism 4 (1):215-240.
    In his recent work The Myth of Dialectics John Rosenthal presents a forceful polemic against Hegel and Marxists sympathetic to the Hegelian legacy. The methodology Hegel employed, his metaphysical assertions, his rejection of the principles of formal logic, and the political implications of his standpoint, are all fundamentally incompatible with Marx’s perspective, according to Rosenthal. While Rosenthal grants that Marx did make use of Hegelian motifs in his theory of value, even this is not to Hegel’s credit: the very perversity (...)
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  44. The Case Against Free Market Environmentalism.Tony Smith - 1995 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (2):126-144.
    Free market environmentalists believe that the extension of private property rights and market transactions is sufficient to address environmental difficulties. But there is no invisible hand operating in markets that ensures that environmentally sound practices will be employed just because property rights are in private hands. Also, liability laws and the court systems cannot be relied upon to force polluters to internalize the social costs of pollution. Third, market prices do not provide an objective measure of environmental matters. Finally, there (...)
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  45.  4
    The Ethics of Rhetoric.T. V. Smith - 1954 - Ethics 64 (3):229-229.
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  46.  5
    Hegel's Logic and Marx's Concept of Capital.Tony Smith - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-13.
    Arash Abazari's Hegel's Ontology of Power is a superb study of the relevance of Hegel's logic to Marx's theory. Hegel is often dismissed by Marxists as an ‘idealist’ denying the reality of the world, as if Hegel were Bishop Berkeley with a German accent.1 Abazari recognizes this is not the case: ‘he logical categories are not self-standing, but shadow, or track, the empirical world’. But the world in its full actuality does not simply consist of the objects we sense or (...)
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  47.  34
    On the Homology Thesis.Tony Smith - 2003 - Historical Materialism 11 (1):185-194.
    Chris Arthur‟s body of work counts as a very important and original contribution to systematic dialectics, and I have profited immensely from his writings over the years. However we disagree on a number of points. Some have to do with the relatively secondary question of the intellectual relationship between Hegel and Marx; others involve more substantive matters. In his reply to my review of Joseph McCarney‟s Hegel on History Arthur distinguishes three different versions of the thesis that there is a (...)
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  48.  11
    The Context Repetition Effect: Predicted Events Are Remembered Better, Even When They Don’T Happen.Troy A. Smith, Adam E. Hasinski & Per B. Sederberg - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1298.
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  49.  14
    [Book Review] Dialectical Social Theory and its Critics, From Hegel to Analytical Marxism and Postmodernism. [REVIEW]Tony Smith - 1993 - Science and Society 59 (1):109-112.
  50.  5
    Introduction.Theresa Smith, Nicholas Pickwoad, Paul Needham, Manfred Mayer, Oliver Hahn, Irene Brückle & Horst Bredekamp - 2014 - In Paul Needham, Irene Brückle & Horst Bredekamp (eds.), A Galileo Forgery: Unmasking the New York Sidereus Nuncius. De Gruyter. pp. 9-14.
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