Results for 'T. Kirchin Simon'

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  1.  69
    Thick Concepts.Simon T. Kirchin - unknown
    What is the difference between judging someone to be good and judging them to be kind? Both judgements are typically positive, but the latter seems to offer more description of the person: we get a more specific sense of what they are like. Very general evaluative concepts are referred to as thin concepts, whilst more specific ones are termed thick concepts. In this volume, an international team of experts addresses the questions that this distinction opens up. How do the descriptive (...)
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  2.  50
    The Shapelessness Hypothesis.Simon T. Kirchin - 2010 - Philosophers' Imprint 10.
    In this paper I discuss the shapelessnesss hypothesis, which is often referred to and relied on by certain sorts of ethical and evaluative cognitivist, and which they use primarily in arguing against a certain, influential form of noncognitivism. I aim to (i) set out exactly what the hypothesis is; (ii) show that its original and traditional use is left wanting; and (iii) show that there is some rehabilitation on offer that might have a chance of convincing neutrals.
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  3. Introduction: Thick and Thin Concepts.Simon T. Kirchin - unknown
     
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  4. Self-Evidence, Theory and Anti-Theory.Simon T. Kirchin - unknown
    In this article I consider the recent revival of moral intuitionism and focus on its prospects, especially by thinking about what it means to understand a moral claim. From this I consider the implications for both generalists and particularists in normative ethical theory, or at least those who are also intuitionists. I conclude that the prospects for both theoretical families are bleak, and hence that intuitionism itself is in trouble and has some work to do.
     
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  5. Arguing About Metaethics.Andrew Fisher & Simon Kirchin (eds.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    _Arguing about Metaethics_ collects together some of the most exciting contemporary work in metaethics in one handy volume. In it, many of the most influential philosophers in the field discuss key questions in metaethics: Do moral properties exist? If they do, how do they fit into the world as science conceives it? If they don’t exist, then how should we understand moral thought and language? What is the relation between moral judgement and motivation? As well as these questions, this volume (...)
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  6.  38
    Thick Evaluation.Simon Kirchin - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    The descriptions 'good' and 'bad' are examples of thin concepts, as opposed to 'kind' or 'cruel' which are thick concepts. Simon Kirchin provides one of the first full-length studies of the crucial distinction between 'thin' and 'thick' concepts, which is fundamental to many debates in ethics, aesthetics and epistemology.
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  7.  9
    Metaethics.Simon Kirchin - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book, designed for high-level undergraduates, postgraduates and fellow researchers, introduces the reader to the main areas of metaethical work today. As we as introducing familiar positions and arguments, Kirchin argues clearly and engagingly for a set of distinctive and arresting views.
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  8.  23
    Thick Concepts and Thick Descriptions.Simon Kirchin - 2013 - In Thick Concepts. Oxford University Press. pp. 60.
    In this article I compare Ryle's notion of a thick description with Williams' notion of a thick concept so as to illuminate our understanding of both. In doing so I suggest lines of thought that show us that the notion of 'evaluation' in play in many people's writings should be broadened. Doing so will help to lessen the credibility of separationist notions of thick concepts.
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  9. A World Without Values.Richard Joyce & Simon Kirchin - 2009 - Springer.
    Taking as its point of departure the work of moral philosopher John Mackie (1917-1981), A World Without Values is a collection of essays on moral skepticism by leading contemporary philosophers, some of whom are sympathetic to Mackie s ...
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  10.  44
    A Tension in the Moral Error Theory.Simon Kirchin - 2010 - In Richard Joyce & Simon Kirchin (eds.), A World Without Values: Essays on John Mackie's Moral Error Theory.
    I highlight a tension within the moral error theoretic stance. Although I do not show that it is fatal, I believe the tension is problematic. In stating the tension I outline a conception of the common moral background against which it arises. I also discuss aspects of the similar error theories developed by John Mackie and Richard Joyce in order to show the tension at work.
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  11.  6
    Reading Parfit: On What Matters.Simon Kirchin (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Derek Parfit was one of the world’s leading philosophers. His _On What Matters_ was the most eagerly awaited book in philosophy for many years. _Reading Parfit: On What Matters _is an essential overview and assessment of volumes 1 and 2 of Parfit’s monumental work by a team of international contributors, and includes responses by Parfit himself. It discusses central features of Parfit’s book, including the structure and nature of reasons; the ideas underlying moral principles; Parfit’s discussions of consequentialism, contractualism and (...)
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  12.  4
    Reading Parfit: On on What Matters.Simon Kirchin (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Derek Parfit was one of the world’s leading philosophers. His _On What Matters_ was the most eagerly awaited book in philosophy for many years. _Reading Parfit: On What Matters _is an essential overview and assessment of volumes 1 and 2 of Parfit’s monumental work by a team of international contributors, and includes responses by Parfit himself. It discusses central features of Parfit’s book, including the structure and nature of reasons; the ideas underlying moral principles; Parfit’s discussions of consequentialism, contractualism and (...)
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  13.  64
    Ethical Phenomenology and Metaethics.Simon Kirchin - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (3):241-264.
    In recent times, comments have been made and arguments advanced in support of metaethical positions based on the phenomenology of ethical experience – in other words, the feel that accompanies our ethical experiences. In this paper I cast doubt on whether ethical phenomenology supports metaethical positions to any great extent and try to tease out what is involved in giving a phenomenological argument. I consider three such positions: independent moral realism (IMR), another type of moral realism – sensibility theory – (...)
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  14. Moral Particularism: An Introduction.Simon Kirchin - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (1):8-15.
    Moral particularism is a contentious position at present and seems likely to be so for the foreseeable future. In this Introduction, I outline and detail its essential claim, which I take to be, roughly, that what can be a reason that helps to make one action right need not be a reason that always helps to make actions right. This claim challenges a central assumption on which most, if not all, normative ethical theories are supposedly based. We owe this way (...)
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  15. Quasi-Realism, Sensibility Theory, and Ethical Relativism.Simon Kirchin - 2000 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):413 – 427.
    This paper is a reply to Simon Blackburn's 'Is Objective Moral Justification Possible on a Quasi-realist Foundation?' Inquiry 42, pp. 213-28. Blackburn attempts to show how his version of non-cognitivism - quasi-realist projectivism - can evade the threat of ethical relativism, the thought that all ways of living are as ethically good as each other and every ethical judgment is as ethically true as any other. He further attempts to show that his position is superior in this respect to, (...)
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  16.  40
    What is Intuitionism and Why Be an Intuitionist?Simon Kirchin - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (4):581-606.
    This paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of ethical intuitionism and is an extended critical discussion of an edited collection Rethinking Intutionism (ed.) Stratton-Lake (OUP) that has been much discussed. (My piece is one of the first discussions of it.) Along other matters, I argue for the original and fairly controversial claim that in order for intuitionism to hold water, we must allow that what is involved in full moral understanding can differ from person to person, rather than thinking that (...)
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  17.  61
    Particularism and Default Valency.Simon Kirchin - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (1):16-32.
    In this paper, I concentrate on the notion of default valency, drawing on some of the distinctions made and thoughts given in my Introduction. I motivate why the notion is important for particularists to have up their sleeves by outlining a recent debate between particularists and generalists. I then move to the main aim of the piece which is to discuss how anyone, particularist and generalist alike, might seek to distinguish reason-generating features into different types. My main aim is not (...)
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  18. II—Evaluation, Normativity and Grounding.Simon Kirchin - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):179-198.
    I consider the ‘normative relevance’ argument and the idea of grounding. I diagnose why there appears to be a tension between the conclusion that we are tempted to reach and the intuition that the normative is grounded in or by the non‐normative. Much of what I say turns on the idea of the normative itself. In short, I think that concentrating on this idea can help us see how the tension arises. My aim is to encourage people to reconceptualize the (...)
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  19.  25
    Ethics.Simon Kirchin & James Lenman - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):179-183.
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  20.  10
    Particularism, Generalism and the Counting Argument.Simon Kirchin - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):54-71.
    In a recent collection of papers - Moral Particularism - some writers argue against a particularist explanation of thick ethical features, particularist in the sense developed by Jonathan Dancy. In this piece I argue that particularists can tackle what I regard as the most interesting argument put forward by these writers, an argument I call the Counting argument. My aim is twofold. First, I wish to make clear exactly what the debate between particularists and their opponents about the thick rests (...)
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  21.  31
    Particularism, Generalism and the Counting Argument.Simon Kirchin - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):54–71.
    In this paper I argue for a particularist understanding of thick evaluative features, something that is rarely done and is fairly controversial. That is, I argue that sometimes that the fact that an act is just, say, could, in certain situations, provide one with a reason against performing the action. Similarly, selfishness could be right-making. To show this, I take on anti-particularist ideas from two much-cited pieces (by Crisp, and by McNaughton and Rawling), in the influential Moral Particularism anthology (eds.) (...)
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  22.  19
    Football: The Philosophy Behind the Game.Simon Kirchin - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (280):645-647.
    Football: the Philosophy behind the Game. By MUMFORD STEPHEN.
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  23. The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism • by Terence Cuneo. [REVIEW]Simon Kirchin - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):189-190.
    In this excellent, clearly written, and clear sighted book, Terence Cuneo defends moral realism from a variety of different attacks. Cuneo is particularly interested in the charge that the moral facts that realists posit are suspect because they are unnatural and queer. He addresses a number of arguments against realism, not least Mackie's Argument from Queerness. What makes the book distinctive is its strategy. Cuneo is keen to show that moral facts and epistemic facts are very similar, if not inseparably (...)
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  24.  25
    How Blackburn Improves: Reply to Lain Law.Simon Kirchin - 1997 - Cogito 11 (2):123-127.
  25.  12
    For ETMP Spring 2018.Simon Kirchin - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):201-202.
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  26.  31
    Review of Michael Smith, Ethics and the a Priori[REVIEW]Simon Kirchin - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (4).
  27.  33
    Review of Alice Crary, Beyond Moral Judgment[REVIEW]Simon Kirchin - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1).
  28.  25
    Reviews Contextuality in Practical Reason . By A.W. Price. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2008 Pp. 208, £37.50 (Hbk).Simon Kirchin - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):295-299.
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  29.  29
    Interview by Simon Cushing.Eric T. Olson & Simon Cushing - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Eric Olson on 1 July 2016.
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  30.  2
    Reviews: Reviews. [REVIEW]Simon Kirchin - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):295-299.
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  31.  30
    7 Virtue Ethics in the Twentieth Century.Miranda Fricker Crisp, Brad Hooker, Simon Kirchin, Kelvin Knight, Adrian Moore & Daniel C. Russell - 2013 - In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
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  32.  22
    Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
  33.  92
    Emmanuel Levinas: Basic Philosophical Writings.Adriaan T. Peperzak, Simon Critchley & Robert Bernasconi (eds.) - 1996 - Indiana University Press.
    Emmanuel Levinas has exerted a profound influence on 20th-century continental philosophy. This anthology, including Levinas's key philosophical texts over a period of more than forty years, provides an ideal introduction to his thought and offers insights into his most innovative ideas. Five of the ten essays presented here appear in English for the first time. An introduction by Adriaan Peperzak outlines Levinas's philosophical development and the basic themes of his writings. Each essay is accompanied by a brief introduction and notes. (...)
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  34.  12
    Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems.Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  35. Small-Scale Societies Exhibit Fundamental Variation in the Role of Intentions in Moral Judgment.H. Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Alyssa N. Crittenden, Daniel M. T. Fessler, Simon Fitzpatrick, Michael Gurven, Joseph Henrich, Martin Kanovsky, Geoff Kushnick, Anne Pisor, Brooke A. Scelza, Stephen Stich, Chris von Rueden, Wanying Zhao & Stephen Laurence - 2016 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (17):4688–4693.
    Intent and mitigating circumstances play a central role in moral and legal assessments in large-scale industrialized societies. Al- though these features of moral assessment are widely assumed to be universal, to date, they have only been studied in a narrow range of societies. We show that there is substantial cross-cultural variation among eight traditional small-scale societies (ranging from hunter-gatherer to pastoralist to horticulturalist) and two Western societies (one urban, one rural) in the extent to which intent and mitigating circumstances influence (...)
     
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  36.  11
    Between Cheap and Costly Signals: The Evolution of Partially Honest Communication.Kevin J. S. Zollman, Carl T. Bergstrom & Simon M. Huttegger - unknown
    Costly signalling theory has become a common explanation for honest communication when interests conflict. In this paper, we provide an alternative explanation for partially honest communication that does not require significant signal costs. We show that this alternative is at least as plausible as traditional costly signalling, and we suggest a number of experiments that might be used to distinguish the two theories.
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  37.  11
    Autobiographical Memory for Emotion.K. T. Strongman & Simon Kemp - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):195-198.
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  38. Chapter Seven K».William T. Wcislo & Simon M. Tierney - 2009 - In Juergen Gadau & Jennifer Fewell (eds.), Organization of Insect Societies: From Genome to Sociocomplexity. Harvard. pp. 148.
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  39. Claudian, Panegyricus de Consulatu Manlii Theodori.T. D. Barnes & Werner Simon - 1975 - American Journal of Philology 96 (4):417.
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  40.  69
    The Notebooks of Simone Weil.Simone Weil - 1956 - Routledge.
    Simone Weil (1909-1943) was a defining figure of the twentieth century; a philosopher, Christian, resistance fighter, anarchist, feminist, labor activist and teacher. She was described by T. S. Eliot as "a woman of genius, of a kind of genius akin to that of the saints," and by Albert Camus as "the only great spirit of our time." Originally published posthumously in two volumes, these newly reissued notebooks, are among the very few unedited personal writings of Weil's that still survive today. (...)
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  41.  14
    Signals Without Teleology.Carl T. Bergstrom, Simon M. Huttegger & Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84:101310.
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  42. Hamilton Versus Mill, a Thorough Discussion [by T.C. Simon] of Each Chapter in Mr. John S. Mill's Examination of Hamilton's Logic and Philosophy. [REVIEW]Thomas Collyns Simon & John Stuart Mill - 1866 - Palala Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps, and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely (...)
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  43.  35
    Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems.Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  44.  6
    A Code of Digital Ethics: laying the foundation for digital ethics in a science and technology company.Sarah J. Becker, André T. Nemat, Simon Lucas, René M. Heinitz, Manfred Klevesath & Jean Enno Charton - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    The rapid and dynamic nature of digital transformation challenges companies that wish to develop and deploy novel digital technologies. Like other actors faced with this transformation, companies need to find robust ways to ethically guide their innovations and business decisions. Digital ethics has recently featured in a plethora of both practical corporate guidelines and compilations of high-level principles, but there remains a gap concerning the development of sound ethical guidance in specific business contexts. As a multinational science and technology company (...)
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  45.  53
    Biological Foundations of Numerical Thinking Response to T.J. Simon.E. Spelke - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (10):365-366.
  46.  4
    Investigating Multiple Streams of Consciousness: Using Descriptive Experience Sampling to Explore Internally and Externally Directed Streams of Thought.Charles Fernyhough, Ben Alderson-Day, Russell T. Hurlburt & Simone Kühn - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  47.  15
    Thick Concepts Simon Kirchin Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013; 236 Pp.; £45.00. [REVIEW]David Rocheleau-Houle - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (3).
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  48.  44
    Basic Philosophical Writings. By Emmanuel Levinas. Edited by Adriaan T. Peperzak, Simon Critchley, and Robert Bemasconi.Michael D. Barber - 1998 - Modern Schoolman 76 (1):84-85.
  49. Emmanuel Levinas. Altérité et Responsabilité. Guide de lecture.Simonne Plourde, Emmanuel Levinas, Adriaan T. Peperzak, Simon Critchley & Robert Bernasconi - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (3):613-614.
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  50.  7
    The Man Who Solved the Market: How Jim Simons Launched the Quant Revolution.Simone Raudino - 2021 - The European Legacy 27 (3-4):407-409.
    Should this book be summarized in a single quip it would be in Albert Einstein’s remark “there is a natural order in the world.” Author Gregory Zuckerman patiently portrays the logical steps that t...
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