Results for 'T. J. M. Capon-Bench'

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  1.  13
    HYPO's Legacy: Introduction to the Virtual Special Issue.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (2):205-250.
    This paper is an introduction to a virtual special issue of AI and Law exploring the legacy of the influential HYPO system of Rissland and Ashley. The papers included are: Arguments and cases: An inevitable intertwining, BankXX: Supporting legal arguments through heuristic retrieval, Modelling reasoning with precedents in a formal dialogue Game, A note on dimensions and factors, An empirical investigation of reasoning with legal cases through theory construction and application, Automatically classifying case texts and predicting outcomes, A factor-based definition (...)
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  2.  48
    The Missing Link Revisited: The Role of Teleology in Representing Legal Argument. [REVIEW]T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):79-94.
    In this paper I recapitulate the ideas of Berman and Hafner (1993) regarding the role of teleology in legal argument. I show how these ideas can be used to address some issues arising from more recent work on legal argument, and how this relates to ideas associated with the New Rhetoric of Perelman. I illustrate the points with a discussion of the classic problem of which vehicles should be allowed in parks.
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  3.  81
    Isomorphism and Legal Knowledge Based Systems.T. J. M. Bench-Capon & F. P. Coenen - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (1):65-86.
    This paper discusses some engineering considerations that should be taken into account when building a knowledge based system, and recommends isomorphism, the well defined correspondence of the knowledge base to the source texts, as a basic principle of system construction in the legal domain. Isomorphism, as it has been used in the field of legal knowledge based systems, is characterised and the benefits which stem from its use are described. Some objections to and limitations of the approach are discussed. The (...)
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  4. Agreeing to Differ: Modeling Persuasive Dialogue Between Parties Without Consensus About Values.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - unknown
     
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  5.  37
    Representing Popov V Hayashi with Dimensions and Factors.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (1):15-35.
    Modelling reasoning with legal cases has been a central concern of AI and Law since the 1980s. The approach which represents cases as factors and dimensions has been a central part of that work. In this paper I consider how several varieties of the approach can be applied to the interesting case of Popov v Hayashi. After briefly reviewing some of the key landmarks of the approach, the case is represented in terms of factors and dimensions, and further explored using (...)
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  6.  52
    A Method for the Computational Modelling of Dialectical Argument with Dialogue Games.T. J. M. Bench-Capon, T. Geldard & P. H. Leng - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 8 (2-3):233-254.
    In this paper we describe a method for the specification of computationalmodels of argument using dialogue games. The method, which consists ofsupplying a set of semantic definitions for the performatives making upthe game, together with a state transition diagram, is described in full.Its use is illustrated by some examples of varying complexity, includingtwo complete specifications of particular dialogue games, Mackenzie's DC,and the authors' own TDG. The latter is also illustrated by a fully workedexample illustrating all the features of the game.
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  7.  3
    Ethical Approaches and Autonomous Systems.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 281:103239.
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  8.  23
    Eveline T. Feteris: Fundamentals of Legal Argumentation: Springer, 2017, 2nd Edn, Pp. 363.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 26 (3):307-314.
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  9. Coherence in Finite Argument Systems.Paul E. Dunne & T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 141 (1-2):187-203.
  10.  87
    A Note on Mr. Karmo's Disturbances.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 1977 - Analysis 37 (4):148 - 149.
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  11.  11
    Before and After Dung: Argumentation in AI and Law.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2020 - Argument and Computation 11 (1-2):221-238.
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  12. A note on Mr. Karmo's disturbances.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 1977 - Analysis 37 (4):148.
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  13.  6
    Special Issue in Memory of Carole Hafner: Editor’s Introduction.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 24 (4):325-345.
    In this introduction I give an overview of Carole Hafner’s work and discuss the papers in this volume. The final section offers some more personal reminiscences of Carole and her contribution to the AI and Law community, from myself and other colleagues.
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  14.  16
    E-Motion: Moving Toward the Utilization of Artificial Emotion.Michael A. Gilbert & T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (3).
    During human-human interaction, emotion plays a vital role in structuring dialogue. Emotional content drives features such as topic shift, lexicalisation change and timing; it affects the delicate balance between goals related to the task at hand and those of social interaction; and it represents one type of feedback on the effect that utterances are having. These various facets are so central to most real-world interaction, that it is reasonable to suppose that emotion should also play an important role in human-computer (...)
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  15. Two Party Immediate Response Disputes: Properties and Efficiency.Paul E. Dunne & T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 149 (2):221-250.
  16.  4
    Reinterpreting the Proofs of the Existence of God.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (3):299 - 306.
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  17. An Examination of Some Metaphorical Contexts for Biologically Motivated Computing.R. C. Paton, H. S. Nwana, M. J. R. Shave & T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):505-525.
    Biologically motivated computing seeks to transfer ideas from the biosciences to computer science. In seeking to make transfers it is helpful to be able to appreciate the metaphors which people use. This is because metaphors provide the context through which analogies and similes are made and by which many scientific models are constructed. As such, it is important for any rapidly evolving domain of knowledge to have developments accounted for in these terms. This paper seeks to provide one overview of (...)
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  18. Audiences in Argumentation Frameworks.Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon, Sylvie Doutre & Paul E. Dunne - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (1):42-71.
  19.  47
    A Factor-Based Definition of Precedential Constraint.John F. Horty & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (2):181-214.
    This paper describes one way in which a precise reason model of precedent could be developed, based on the general idea that courts are constrained to reach a decision that is consistent with the assessment of the balance of reasons made in relevant earlier decisions. The account provided here has the additional advantage of showing how this reason model can be reconciled with the traditional idea that precedential constraint involves rules, as long as these rules are taken to be defeasible. (...)
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  20.  25
    Try to See It My Way: Modelling Persuasion in Legal Discourse. [REVIEW]Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (4):271-287.
    In this paper I argue that to explain and resolve some kinds of disagreement we need to go beyond what logic alone can provide. In particular, following Perelman, I argue that we need to consider how arguments are ascribed different strengths by different audiences, according to how accepting these arguments promotes values favoured by the audience to which they are addressed. I show how we can extend the standard framework for modelling argumentation systems to allow different audiences to be represented. (...)
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  21.  10
    Transition Systems for Designing and Reasoning About Norms.Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 23 (4):345-366.
    The design and analysis of norms is a somewhat neglected topic in AI and Law, but this is not so in other areas of Computer Science. In recent years powerful techniques to model and analyse norms have been developed in the Multi-Agent Systems community, driven both by the practical need to regulate electronic institutions and open agent systems, and by a theoretical interest in mechanism design and normative systems. Agent based techniques often rely heavily on enforcing norms using the software (...)
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  22.  64
    A Comparison of Four Ontologies for the Design of Legal Knowledge Systems.Pepijn R. S. Visser & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (1):27-57.
    There is a growing interest in how people conceptualise the legal domain for the purpose of legal knowledge systems. In this paper we discuss four such conceptualisations (referred to as ontologies): McCarty's language for legal discourse, Stamper's norma formalism, Valente's functional ontology of law, and the ontology of Van Kralingen and Visser. We present criteria for a comparison of the ontologies and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the ontologies in relation to these criteria. Moreover, we critically review the criteria.
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  23.  49
    Argumentation in AI and Law: Editors' Introduction. [REVIEW]Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon & Paul E. Dunne - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (1):1-8.
  24.  28
    George C. Christie, the Notion of an Ideal Audience in Legal Argument.Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (1):59-71.
  25. Zenon Bankowski, Ian White, and Ulrike Hahn, Informatics and the Foundations of Legal Reasoning.Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (4):363-365.
     
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  26.  11
    Establishing Norms with Metanorms in Distributed Computational Systems.Samhar Mahmoud, Nathan Griffiths, Jeroen Keppens, Adel Taweel, Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon & Michael Luck - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 23 (4):367-407.
    Norms provide a valuable mechanism for establishing coherent cooperative behaviour in decentralised systems in which there is no central authority. One of the most influential formulations of norm emergence was proposed by Axelrod :1095–1111, 1986). This paper provides an empirical analysis of aspects of Axelrod’s approach, by exploring some of the key assumptions made in previous evaluations of the model. We explore the dynamics of norm emergence and the occurrence of norm collapse when applying the model over extended durations. It (...)
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  27.  1
    The Maximum Length of Prime Implicates for Instances of 3-SAT.Paul E. Dunne & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 92 (1-2):317-329.
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  28.  28
    : Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St B. T. Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175-195.
  29.  32
    Phenomenology and the Metaphysics of Presence. [REVIEW]J. M. T. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (4):760-761.
    In this text, the reader will find a well focused, clearly written, and concise review of major themes in the philosophy of Edmund Husserl. This work could well serve the beginning student to focus on the major problems in Husserlian thought. Fuchs argues that Husserl’s phenomenology is in conformity with and an outgrowth of the traditional orientation of Western philosophy called the metaphysics of presence. In separate discussions of evidence, temporality, and intersubjectivity, the author attempts to demonstrate both that Husserl (...)
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  30.  18
    Blessed Rage for Order. [REVIEW]J. M. T. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (4):749-750.
    This book deserves the attention of philosophers of religion. Tracy presents a monumental synthesis of philosophy and history within the context of a "revisionist" theological model. Part I attempts adequately to articulate a method of inquiry by outlining the sets of evaluative criteria, the uses of evidence, and the place of the various philosophical and historical methods within this model. Not only must the method be responsive to the historical tradition, but it also must heed the non-Christian scrutiny of what (...)
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  31. J. T. J. Srzednicki, The Place of Space and Other Themes. Variations on Kant's First Critique. [REVIEW]J. M. Young - 1985 - Kant-Studien 76 (3):342.
  32.  1
    Predicting Volleyball Serve-Reception.Ana Paulo, Frank T. J. M. Zaal, Sofia Fonseca & Duarte Araújo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  33.  6
    Studies in Later Greek Comedy. By T. B. L. Webster. Pp. Ix + 261. Manchester: University Press, 1953. 25s.J. M. T. Charlton & T. B. L. Webster - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:202-202.
  34.  52
    Contributions to Logic and Methodology in Honor of J. M. Bochenski. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):607-607.
    This is the collection of essays presented to Bochenski on his 60th birthday, and it contains, as a mirror of Bochenski's own work, a broad spectrum of studies ranging from formal logic and history of logic, to the philosophy of logic and language, and to the methodology of explanation in Greek philosophy. Of the seventeen articles, these are some of the more important to the reviewer: "Betrachtungen zum Sequenzen Kalkül" by Paul Bernays, which is an extensive study of Gentzen-type formulations (...)
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  35.  95
    The Status of the Do-Not-Resuscitate Order in Chinese Clinical Trial Patients in a Cancer Centre.J. M. Liu, W. C. Lin, Y. M. Chen, H. W. Wu, N. S. Yao, L. T. Chen & J. Whang-Peng - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):309-314.
    OBJECTIVE: To report and analyse the pattern of end-of-life decision making for terminal Chinese cancer patients. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: A cancer clinical trials unit in a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: From April 1992 to August 1997, 177 consecutive deaths of cancer clinical trial patients were studied. MAIN MEASUREMENT: Basic demographic data, patient status at the time of signing a DNR consent, or at the moment of returning home to die are documented, and circumstances surrounding these events evaluated. RESULTS: (...)
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  36. Time: A Tripartite Sociotemporal Model.J. M. Halpern & T. L. Christie - 1996 - In J. T. Fraser & M. Soulsby (eds.), Dimensions of Time and Life: The Study of Time. , Volume 8. pp. 8--187.
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  37.  23
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining a Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications.J. M. Swanson, T. Wigal, K. Lakes & N. D. Volkow - 2011 - In Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics. Oxford University Press.
    Prospective follow-up studies have shown that even though some children outgrow the disorder, a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is clearly a risk factor for a broad range of adverse outcomes, with extremes including drug abuse and juvenile delinquency. This article considers the use of several spectrum concepts and some neuroethical issues. It provides a list of criterion symptoms with a threshold set for the number of symptoms required for categorical diagnoses of disorders. It gives a brief review (...)
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  38.  5
    Logics of Varieties, Logics of Semilattices and Conjunction.J. M. Font & T. Moraschini - 2014 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 22 (6):818-843.
  39.  11
    Studies in Menander. By T. B. L. Webster Pp. Xi + 238. Manchester: University Press, 1950. 25s.J. M. T. Charlton & T. B. L. Webster - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:134-135.
  40.  7
    Information-Based Social Coordination Between Players of Different Skill in Doubles Pong.A. A. M. van Opstal, Niek H. Benerink, Frank T. J. M. Zaal, Remy Casanova & Reinoud J. Bootsma - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  41.  29
    The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks. New Revised Edition. By G. M. A. Richter. Pp. Xxxvi + 337, with 2 Maps and 775 Figures. New Haven: Yale University Press , 1950. £4 17s. 6d. [REVIEW]T. J. Dunbabin & G. M. A. Richter - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:162-162.
  42.  10
    Excavations and Researches at Perge. By A. M. Mansel and A. Akarca. Pp. 68; Pl. 23. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1949.T. J. Dunbabin, A. M. Mansel & A. Akarca - 1950 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 70:93-93.
  43.  11
    Neural Activity in Relation to Temporal Distance: Differences in Past and Future Temporal Discounting.J. M. He, X. T. Huang, H. Yuan & Y. G. Chen - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1662-1672.
    This study investigated the differences between past and future temporal discounting in terms of neural activity in relation to temporal distance. Results show that brain regions are engaged differently in past and future temporal discounting. This is likely because past temporal discounting requires memory reconstruction, whereas future temporal discounting requires the processing of uncertainty about the future. In past temporal discounting, neural activity differed only when preferences were made between rewards received one hour prior and rewards received further in the (...)
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  44. HeX and the Single Anthill: Playing Games with Aunt Hillary.J. M. Bishop, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay, E. B. Roesch & M. C. Spencer - 2015 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 367-389.
    In a reflective and richly entertaining piece from 1979, Doug Hofstadter playfully imagined a conversation between ‘Achilles’ and an anthill (the eponymous ‘Aunt Hillary’), in which he famously explored many ideas and themes related to cognition and consciousness. For Hofstadter, the anthill is able to carry on a conversation because the ants that compose it play roughly the same role that neurons play in human languaging; unfortunately, Hofstadter’s work is notably short on detail suggesting how this magic might be achieved1. (...)
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  45.  68
    On Possibilities for Action: The Past, Present and Future of Affordance Research.Gert-Jan Pepping, Joanne Smith, Frank T. J. M. Zaal & Annemiek D. Barsingerhorn - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):54-69.
    We give a historical overview of the development of almost 50 years of empirical research on the affordances in the past and in the present. Defined by James Jerome Gibson in the early development of the Ecological Approach to Perception and Action as the prime of perception and action, affordances have become a rich topic of investigation in the fields of human movement science and experimental psychology. The methodological origins of the empirical research performed on affordances can be traced back (...)
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  46.  99
    A Review of Awareness Interventions in Brain Injury Rehabilitation. [REVIEW]J. M. Fleming & T. Ownsworth - 2006 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 16 (4):474-500.
  47.  5
    Social Dominance in Adult Male Vervet Monkeys: Behavior-Biochemical Relationships.M. T. McGuire, M. J. Raleigh & C. Johnson - 1983 - Social Science Information 22 (2):311-328.
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  48. A Theory of the Electrical Properties of Liquid Metals.T. E. Faber & J. M. Ziman - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 11 (109):153-173.
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  49.  14
    Incorporating Biobank Consent Into a Healthcare Setting: Challenges for Patient Understanding.T. J. Kasperbauer, Karen K. Schmidt, Ariane Thomas, Susan M. Perkins & Peter H. Schwartz - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (2):113-122.
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  50.  11
    Macular Degeneration Affects Eye Movement Behavior During Visual Search.Stefan Van der Stigchel, Richard A. I. Bethlehem, Barrie P. Klein, Tos T. J. M. Berendschot, Tanja C. W. Nijboer & Serge O. Dumoulin - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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