Results for 'T. Arthur Thomson'

982 found
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  1.  20
    Theoretical Biology By J. von Uexküll. Translated by D. L. Mackinnon D.Sc. [REVIEW]T. Arthur Thomson - 1927 - Philosophy 2 (7):413.
  2.  57
    New books. [REVIEW]Dorothy M. Emmet, T. D. Weldon, J. O. Urmson, Stephen Toulmin, Arthur Thomson & C. J. Holloway - 1948 - Mind 57 (226):250-263.
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  3.  25
    Different Kinds of Evolution.J. Arthur Thomson - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (1):50.
    Evoluvation is one of the badly over worked words, like “ force,” “ instinct,” and “ value.” It means a process of Becoming. but it is applied to various orders of facts which have very little in common, either as regards the material evolving or in the way in which the evolution comes about. We hear of the evolution of a solar system, the evolution of matter, the evolution of religion, the evolution of the chemical elements, the evolution of man, (...)
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  4.  8
    Different Kinds of Evolution.J. Arthur Thomson - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (1):50-54.
    Evoluvation is one of the badly over worked words, like “ force,” “ instinct,” and “ value.” It means a process of Becoming. but it is applied to various orders of facts which have very little in common, either as regards the material evolving or in the way in which the evolution comes about. We hear of the evolution of a solar system, the evolution of matter, the evolution of religion, the evolution of the chemical elements, the evolution of man, (...)
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  5.  11
    Obras Completas. Tomo III. Carlos J. Finlay.T. Arthur Smith - 1969 - Isis 60 (1):121-122.
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  6.  3
    Philosophie et Esthétique Chez David Hume.Arthur Thomson - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (69):378-380.
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  7.  40
    The Philosophy of J. F. Ferrier.Arthur Thomson - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (147):46 - 62.
    James Frederick Ferrier was born in Edinburgh on June 16th, 1808. He was educated privately and at the Royal High School, Edinburgh. After spending two sessions at Edinburgh University, he entered Magdalen College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1831. Returning to Edinburgh, he qualified as an advocate in 1832, but devoted himself to philosophical studies, largely as a result of his close friendship with Sir William Hamilton. In 1838-9, he published An Introduction to the Philosophy of Consciousness in Blackwood's Magazine. (...)
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  8.  9
    An Introduction to Logic - Second Edition: Using Natural Deduction, Real Arguments, a Little History, and Some Humour.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2016 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    In lively and readable prose, Arthur presents a new approach to the study of logic, one that seeks to integrate methods of argument analysis developed in modern “informal logic” with natural deduction techniques. The dry bones of logic are given flesh by unusual attention to the history of the subject, from Pythagoras, the Stoics, and Indian Buddhist logic, through Lewis Carroll, Venn, and Boole, to Russell, Frege, and Monty Python. A previous edition of this book appeared under the title (...)
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  9.  13
    Man and woman, a study of human secondary sexual characters.J. Arthur Thomson - 1895 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 39 (3):536-539.
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  10.  7
    Mario Bunge on Causality: Some Key Insights and Their Leibnizian Precedents.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2019 - In Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.), Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift. Springer Verlag. pp. 185-204.
    Mario Bunge wrote his classic Causality and Modern Science more than 60 years ago, and a third revised edition was published by Dover in 1979. With its impressive scope and historical perspective it was a long way ahead of its time. But many of its insights still have not been sufficiently appreciated by physicists and philosophers alike. These include Bunge’s distinction between causation and other types of determination, his critique of the still-dominant Humean accounts of causality as leaving out the (...)
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  11.  34
    The Reality of Time Flow: Local Becoming in Modern Physics.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    It is commonly held that there is no place for the 'now’ in physics, and also that the passing of time is something subjective, having to do with the way reality is experienced but not with the way reality is. Indeed, the majority of modern theoretical physicists and philosophers of physics contend that the passing of time is incompatible with modern physical theory, and excluded in a fundamental description of physical reality. This book provides a forceful rebuttal of such claims. (...)
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  12. An Introduction to Logic: Using Natural Deduction, Real Arguments, a Little History, and Some Humour.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2016 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    In lively and readable prose, Arthur presents a new approach to the study of logic, one that seeks to integrate methods of argument analysis developed in modern “informal logic” with natural deduction techniques. The dry bones of logic are given flesh by unusual attention to the history of the subject, from Pythagoras, the Stoics, and Indian Buddhist logic, through Lewis Carroll, Venn, and Boole, to Russell, Frege, and Monty Python. A previous edition of this book appeared under the title (...)
     
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  13.  55
    Biological section.J. Arthur Thomson - 1905 - Mind 14 (1):102-106.
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  14.  11
    Purpose in Evolution.J. Arthur Thomson - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (22):153 - 165.
    Age after age, and often from the depths of human nature, the question has arisen whether there is some transcendental Purpose in the making of the world. Is there some recondite meaning in it all, and if so, can we get any glimpse of what it is? More especially, is it legitimate to say that Nature is Nature for a Purpose? Was there a Purpose, or something dimly analogous to a Purpose, in the origination of the process of Evolution? Is (...)
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  15.  39
    The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research Program at the National Human Genome Research Institute.Elizabeth J. Thomson, Joy T. Boyer & Eric Mark Meslin - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (3):291-298.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research Program at the National Human Genome Research InstituteEric M. Meslin (bio), Elizabeth J. Thomson (bio), and Joy T. Boyer (bio)Organizers of the Human Genome Project (HGP) understood from the beginning that the scientific activities of mapping and sequencing the human genome would raise ethical, legal, and social issues that would require careful attention by scientists, health care professionals, government officials, and (...)
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  16. Animal species and their evolution.Arthur J. Cain & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
  17. Presupposition, Aggregation, and Leibniz’s Argument for a Plurality of Substances.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2011 - The Leibniz Review 21:91-115.
    This paper consists in a study of Leibniz’s argument for the infinite plurality of substances, versions of which recur throughout his mature corpus. It goes roughly as follows: since every body is actually divided into further bodies, it is therefore not a unity but an infinite aggregate; the reality of an aggregate, however, reduces to the reality of the unities it presupposes; the reality of body, therefore, entails an actual infinity of constituent unities everywhere in it. I argue that this (...)
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  18. Newton's fluxions and equably flowing time.Richard T. W. Arthur - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (2):323-351.
  19.  16
    Leibniz’s syncategorematic infinitesimals.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2013 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 67 (5):553-593.
    In contrast with some recent theories of infinitesimals as non-Archimedean entities, Leibniz’s mature interpretation was fully in accord with the Archimedean Axiom: infinitesimals are fictions, whose treatment as entities incomparably smaller than finite quantities is justifiable wholly in terms of variable finite quantities that can be taken as small as desired, i.e. syncategorematically. In this paper I explain this syncategorematic interpretation, and how Leibniz used it to justify the calculus. I then compare it with the approach of Smooth Infinitesimal Analysis, (...)
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  20. Minkowski spacetime and the dimensions of the present.Richard T. W. Arthur - unknown
    In Minkowski spacetime, because of the relativity of simultaneity to the inertial frame chosen, there is no unique world-at-an-instant. Thus the classical view that there is a unique set of events existing now in a three dimensional space cannot be sustained. The two solutions most often advanced are that the four-dimensional structure of events and processes is alone real, and that becoming present is not an objective part of reality; and that present existence is not an absolute notion, but is (...)
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  21.  72
    Relief from Rescue.Jordan Arthur Thomson - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (4):1221-1239.
    Moral extremists argue for highly demanding duties of beneficence on the ground that accepting a more moderate position commits us to denying the common-sense moral intuition elicited by easy rescue cases. I argue that a moderate duty of beneficence is consistent with this intuition in light of what I call aggregationism, the view that the large aggregate cost of performing many low-cost acts of beneficence is relevant to what moral agents may do in cases where they face multiple low-cost occasions (...)
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  22.  34
    Jean D'Alembert: Science and the Enlightenment.Arthur Thomson & Thomas L. Hankins - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (84):268.
  23. Leibniz’s Theory of Space.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (3):499-528.
    In this paper I offer a fresh interpretation of Leibniz’s theory of space, in which I explain the connection of his relational theory to both his mathematical theory of analysis situs and his theory of substance. I argue that the elements of his mature theory are not bare bodies (as on a standard relationalist view) nor bare points (as on an absolutist view), but situations. Regarded as an accident of an individual body, a situation is the complex of its angles (...)
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  24.  24
    Leibniz’s Syncategorematic Actual Infinite.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2018 - In Igor Agostini, Richard T. W. Arthur, Geoffrey Gorham, Paul Guyer, Mogens Lærke, Yitzhak Y. Melamed, Ohad Nachtomy, Sanja Särman, Anat Schechtman, Noa Shein & Reed Winegar (eds.), Infinity in Early Modern Philosophy. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 155-179.
    It is well known that Leibniz advocated the actual infinite, but that he did not admit infinite collections or infinite numbers. But his assimilation of this account to the scholastic notion of the syncategorematic infinite has given rise to controversy. A common interpretation is that in mathematics Leibniz’s syncategorematic infinite is identical with the Aristotelian potential infinite, so that it applies only to ideal entities, and is therefore distinct from the actual infinite that applies to the actual world. Against this, (...)
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  25.  17
    Exacting a Philosophy of Becoming From Modern Physics.Richard T. W. Arthur - 1982 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 63 (2):101-110.
  26. Shared mental models: Ideologies and institutions.Arthur T. Denzau & Douglass C. North - 1994 - Kyklos 47 (1):3–31.
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  27.  13
    Declarative Memory Predicts Phonological Processing Abilities in Adulthood.Dana T. Arthur, Michael T. Ullman & F. Sayako Earle - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Individual differences in phonological processing abilities have often been attributed to perceptual factors, rather than to factors relating to learning and memory. Here, we consider the contribution of individual differences in declarative and procedural memory to phonological processing performance in adulthood. We examined the phonological processing, declarative memory, and procedural memory abilities of 79 native English-speaking young adults with typical language and reading abilities. Declarative memory was assessed with a recognition memory task of real and made-up objects. Procedural memory was (...)
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  28.  13
    Virtual Processes and Quantum Tunnelling as Fictions.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (10):1461-1473.
  29.  14
    Marginalia in Russell's Copy of Gerhardt's Edition of Leibniz's Philosophische Schriften.Richard T. W. Arthur, Jolen Galaugher & Nicholas Griffin - 2017 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 37 (1).
    Russell’s most important source for his book on Leibniz was C. I. Gerhardt’s seven-volume Die philosophischen Schriften von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Russell heavily annotated his copy of this important edition of Leibniz’s works. The present paper records all Russell’s marginalia, with the exception of passages marked merely by vertical lines in the margin, and provides explanatory commentary.
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  30. Time Lapse and the Degeneracy of Time: Gödel, Proper Time and Becoming in Relativity Theory.Richard T. W. Arthur - unknown
    In the transition to Einstein’s theory of Special Relativity (SR), certain concepts that had previously been thought to be univocal or absolute properties of systems turn out not to be. For instance, mass bifurcates into (i) the relativistically invariant proper mass m0, and (ii) the mass relative to an inertial frame in which it is moving at a speed v = βc, its relative mass m, whose quantity is a factor γ = (1 – β2) -1/2 times the proper mass, (...)
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  31.  12
    The Labyrinth of the Continuum - Writings on the Continuum Problem 1672-1686.Richard T. W. Arthur (ed.) - 2013 - Yale University Press.
    This book gathers together for the first time an important body of texts written between 1672 and 1686 by the great German philosopher and polymath Gottfried Leibniz. These writings, most of them previously untranslated, represent Leibniz's sustained attempt on a problem whose solution was crucial to the development of his thought, that of the composition of the continuum. The volume begins with excerpts from Leibniz's Paris writings, in which he tackles such problems as whether the infinite division of matter entails (...)
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  32.  11
    Bioethics and Democracy: Competing Roles of National Bioethics Organisations.Susan Dodds, Colin Thomson, Robert M. Veatch, Arthur Caplan, Autumn Fiester, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Ana Smith Iltis, Fabrice Jotterand, Wenmay Rei & Jiunn-Rong Yeh - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (6):326-338.
    ABSTRACT In establishing National Bioethics Organisations (NBOs), liberal democracies seek to acknowledge the diversity of strongly held ethical positions and the imperative to engage in public debate about important bioethical decisions. NBOs are typically given a range of responsibilities, including contributing to and stimulating public debate; providing expert opinion on relevant issues for policy deliberations; and developing public policy. The state is now found to have an interest in areas previously thought to be a matter of individual choice. NBOs can (...)
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  33. The Interpreter's Bible.George Arthur Buttrick, O. S. Rankin, Gaius Glenn Atkins, Theophile J. Meek, Hugh Thomson Kerr, R. B. Y. Scott, G. G. D. Kilpatrick, James Muilenberg, Henry Sloane Coffin, James Philip Hyatt & Stanley Romaine Hopper - 1956
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  34.  41
    Geoffrey Hellman* and Stewart Shapiro.**Varieties of Continua—From Regions to Points and Back.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2019 - Philosophia Mathematica 27 (1):148-152.
    HellmanGeoffrey* * and ShapiroStewart.** ** Varieties of Continua—From Regions to Points and Back. Oxford University Press, 2018. ISBN: 978-0-19-871274-9. Pp. x + 208.
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  35.  80
    Poverty and the Peril of Particulars.Jordan Arthur Thomson - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (4):661-677.
    Moral extremists argue for a demanding duty of poverty relief by leveraging powerful intuitions about our duties to rescue those close at hand. I clear the way for a less demanding duty by arguing that this argumentative strategy commits the extremist to a conception of our duty in the face of global poverty that is deeply at odds with our convictions about how we may discharge that duty. These convictions reveal that global poverty and easy rescue cases give rise to (...)
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  36.  22
    Russell's Leibniz Notebook.Richard T. W. Arthur & Nicholas Griffin - 2017 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 37 (1).
    In preparation for his lectures on Leibniz delivered in Cambridge in Lent Term 1899, Russell started in the summer of 1898 to keep notes on writings by and about Leibniz in a large notebook of the type he commonly used for notetaking at this time. This article prints, with annotation, all the material on Leibniz in that notebook.
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  37.  77
    Leibniz’s Mechanical Principles : Commentary and Translation.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2013 - The Leibniz Review 23:101-105.
  38. Leibniz’s Actual Infinite in Relation to His Analysis of Matter.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2015 - In David Rabouin, Philip Beeley & Norma B. Goethe (eds.), G.W. Leibniz, Interrelations Between Mathematics and Philosophy. Springer Verlag.
  39. Intimations of Reality: Critical Realism in Science and Religion.Arthur Peacocke, James T. Cushing, C. F. Delaney & Gary M. Gutting - 1985 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 18 (3):176-178.
     
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  40. Actual Infinitesimals in Leibniz's Early Thought.Richard T. W. Arthur - unknown
    Before establishing his mature interpretation of infinitesimals as fictions, Gottfried Leibniz had advocated their existence as actually existing entities in the continuum. In this paper I trace the development of these early attempts, distinguishing three distinct phases in his interpretation of infinitesimals prior to his adopting a fictionalist interpretation: (i) (1669) the continuum consists of assignable points separated by unassignable gaps; (ii) (1670-71) the continuum is composed of an infinity of indivisible points, or parts smaller than any assignable, with no (...)
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  41.  5
    Review of Charles Selby Oakley: Vivisection. Can It Advance Mankind?[REVIEW]J. Arthur Thomson - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (1):129-130.
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  42. Ignace de Loyola et Descartes.Arthur Thomson - 1972 - Archives de Philosophie 35 (1):61-85.
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  43.  9
    Review of Havelock Ellis: Man and Woman: A Study of Human Secondary Sexual Characters.[REVIEW]J. Arthur Thomson - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (3):386-390.
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  44.  22
    Review of Havelock Ellis: Studies in the Psychology of Sex. Vol. VI. Sex in Relation to Society[REVIEW]J. Arthur Thomson - 1911 - International Journal of Ethics 21 (3):367-370.
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  45.  14
    Review of John H. King: Man an Organic Community[REVIEW]J. Arthur Thomson - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1):132-133.
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  46.  47
    Leibniz’s Causal Theory of Time Revisited.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2016 - The Leibniz Review 26:151-178.
    Following the lead of Hans Reichenbach in the early twentieth century, many authors have attributed a causal theory of time to Leibniz. My exposition of Leibniz’s theory of time in a paper of 1985 has been interpreted as a version of such a causal theory, even though I was critical of the idea that Leibniz would have tried to reduce relations among monadic states to causal relations holding only among phenomena. Since that time previously unpublished texts by Leibniz have become (...)
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  47. Problems of Sex, by J.A. Thomson and P. Geddes.John Arthur Thomson & Patrick Geddes - 1912
     
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  48.  57
    Knightly virtues : enhancing virtue literacy through stories : research report.J. Arthur, T. Harrison, D. Carr, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins - unknown
    There is a growing consensus in Britain on the importance of character, and on the belief that the virtues that contribute to good character are part of the solution to many of the challenges facing modern society. Parents, teachers and schools understand the need to teach basic moral virtues to pupils, such as honesty, self-control, fairness, and respect, while fostering behaviour associated with such virtues today. However, until recently, the materials required to help deliver this ambition have been missing in (...)
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  49.  23
    Enquete sur le Nominalisme.Arthur Thomson & Jean Largeault - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):360.
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  50.  35
    Leibniz: Dissertation on Combinatorial Art. Translated with introduction and commentary by Massimo Mugnai, Han van Ruler, and Martin Wilson.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2020 - The Leibniz Review 30:141-145.
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