Results for 'Sylvia A. Morelli'

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  1.  60
    Cognitive Load Selectively Interferes with Utilitarian Moral Judgment.Jonathan D. Cohen Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144.
  2. Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144-1154.
    Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes. Here we test a dual-process theory synthesizing these perspectives. More specifically, our theory associates utilitarian moral judgment (approving of harmful actions that maximize good consequences) with controlled cognitive processes and associates non-utilitarian moral judgment with automatic emotional responses. Consistent with this theory, we find that a cognitive load manipulation selectively interferes with utilitarian judgment. This interference (...)
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  3. The role of automaticity and attention in neural processes underlying empathy for happiness, sadness, and anxiety.Sylvia A. Morelli & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  4.  6
    Medical Disaster: Why Ken Mattingly Can’t Have Measles in Apollo 13.Sylvia A. Pamboukian - 2016 - Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (1):53-64.
    The film Apollo 13 depicts denial of illness and refusal of health care as key components of American masculinity. In the film, male astronauts and mission controllers deny vulnerability to measles and to urinary infections, as well as the need to sleep, to prove their manliness. This is symbolized by their ridicule of flight surgeon Dr. Chuck. Conversely, the astronauts’ wives are depicted admitting vulnerability, especially insomnia. Thus, the film exploits and reinforces existing strands of American culture that view admission (...)
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  5.  6
    Birding on Borrowed Time, by Phoebe Snetsinger. [REVIEW]Sylvia A. Manalis - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):449-452.
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  6.  13
    Persia: An Archeological Guide.Edward J. Keall & Sylvia A. Matheson - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (3):502.
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  7.  6
    Insulin, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and blood pressure.James F. Tait & Sylvia A. S. Tait - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (2):246-259.
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  8.  24
    From Expectations to Experiences: Consumer Autonomy and Choice in Personal Genomic Testing.Jacqueline Savard, Chriselle Hickerton, Sylvia A. Metcalfe, Clara Gaff, Anna Middleton & Ainsley J. Newson - 2020 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 11 (1):63-76.
    Background: Personal genomic testing (PGT) offers individuals genetic information about relationships, wellness, sporting ability, and health. PGT is increasingly accessible online, including in emerging markets such as Australia. Little is known about what consumers expect from these tests and whether their reflections on testing resonate with bioethics concepts such as autonomy. Methods: We report findings from focus groups and semi-structured interviews that explored attitudes to and experiences of PGT. Focus group participants had little experience with PGT, while interview participants had (...)
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  9. On temporal representations: a study from the lexicon.Sylvia Costa, Federico de León, Ernesto Macazaga García & Yamila Montenegro - 2024 - In Carlos Enrique Caorsi & Ricardo J. Navia (eds.), Philosophy of language in Uruguay: language, meaning, and philosophy. Lanham: Lexington Books.
     
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  10.  9
    Conversations for Action: A Speech Act Model of Human-Computer Communication in a Psychiatric Hospital.R. A. Morelli, J. D. Bronzino & J. W. Goethe - 1993 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 3 (2-4):87-118.
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  11.  8
    Measuring Creative Self-Efficacy: An Item Response Theory Analysis of the Creative Self-Efficacy Scale.Amy Shaw, Melissa Kapnek & Neil A. Morelli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Applying the graded response model within the item response theory framework, the present study analyzes the psychometric properties of Karwowski’s creative self-efficacy scale. With an ethnically diverse sample of US college students, the results suggested that the six items of the CSE scale were well fitted to a latent unidimensional structure. The scale also had adequate measurement precision or reliability, high levels of item discrimination, and an appropriate range of item difficulty. Gender-based differential item functioning analyses confirmed that there were (...)
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  12. De uitdaging· van duurzaam beleggen.V. A. N. Poor Sylvia - forthcoming - Idee.
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  13. Fly~, Rex A., 203.Sylvia Joseph Galambos, C. R. Gallistel, Rachel Gelman, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Trevor A. Harley, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Jonathan D. Kaye, Stephen M. Kosslyn, Robert J. Melara & Elizabeth F. Shipley - 1990 - Cognition 34 (303):303.
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  14. Intervista.Giancarlo Parodi & A. Cura di Daniela Morelli - 1999 - In Luigi Garbini (ed.), Il profumo della musica sacra. Lucca [Italy]: Akademos.
     
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  15.  23
    Spindle cell hemangioma reoccurrence in the hand: case report.Sylvia S. Gray, Mahmoud A. Eltorky, Roy F. Riascos & Richard D. Montilla - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press.
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  16.  10
    4. Women’s Intuition: A Lonerganian Analysis.Elizabeth A. Morelli - 1994 - In Cynthia S. W. Crysdale (ed.), Lonergan and Feminism. University of Toronto Press. pp. 72-87.
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  17.  5
    Theology, ethics, and technology in the work of Jacques Ellul and Paul Virilio: a nascent theological tradition.Michael Morelli - 2021 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book examines biographical and textual connections between sociologist-theologian Jacques Ellul and philosopher-phenomenologist Paul Virilio. Through an examination of Ellul and Virilio's embeddedness in the socio-historical context of postwar France, the book identifies a relationship between these critics of technology which constitutes a nascent theological tradition. The author shows from various vantage points how Ellul and Virilio's nascent tradition exposes technology as modernity's primary idol; and, how it uses multiple disciplines-including history, sociology, philosophy, phenomenology, theology, and ethics-to resist the perilous (...)
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  18.  55
    The existence of the self before God in Kierkegaard's the sickness unto death.Elizabeth A. Morelli - 1995 - Heythrop Journal 36 (1):15–29.
  19.  39
    Eliciting positive, negative and mixed emotional states: A film library for affective scientists.Andrea C. Samson, Sylvia D. Kreibig, Blake Soderstrom, A. Ayanna Wade & James J. Gross - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (5).
  20.  6
    Post-Hegelian Elements in Lonergan's Philosophy of Religion.Elizabeth A. Morelli - 1994 - Method 12 (2):215-238.
  21.  11
    It is a complex process, but it’s very important to return these results to participants’. Stakeholders’ perspectives on the ethical considerations for returning individual pharmacogenomics research results to people living with HIV.Sylvia Nabukenya, David Kyaddondo, Adelline Twimukye, Ian Guyton Munabi, Catriona Waitt & Erisa S. Mwaka - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (2):363-387.
    This study aimed to explore stakeholders’ perspectives on the ethical considerations for returning individual pharmacogenomics research results to people living with HIV. A qualitative approach to investigation involved five focus group discussions with 30 Community representatives, 12 key informant interviews with researchers, and 12 in-depth interviews with research ethics committee members. In total, 54 stakeholders who were involved in pharmacogenomics research and HIV treatment and care contributed to the data collection between September 2021 and February 2022. The study explored five (...)
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  22.  25
    Kierkegaard's theology.Sylvia Walsh - 2013 - In John Lippitt & George Pattison (eds.), The Oxford handbook of Kierkegaard. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. pp. 292.
    This chapter analyses the theology of Soren Kierkegaard. It explains that Kierkegaard was trained in the theology of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark and was well-versed in the subject, but did not consider himself as a theologian. The chapter suggests that his main theological project was the reintroduction of Christianity into Christendom or the ecclesiastical-sociopolitical established order. Kierkegaard believes that Christianity is not a doctrine but an ‘existence-communication’ and a subjective truth that is to be actualized in existence with (...)
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  23.  8
    Power and morality in a business society.Sylvia Kopald Selekman - 1956 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. Edited by Benjamin M. Selekman.
    USA. Monograph examining the dilemmas of power (incl. Workplace power) and ethics in business management - demonstrates manifestations of power in sciences, business and political power, shows the channels for its control in human relations, and analyses creative uses in negotiation, etc.
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  24.  6
    Kierkegaard on woman, gender, and love.Sylvia Walsh - 2022 - Macon Georgia: Mercer University Press.
    This collection of essays on Kierkegaard consists of various articles published in academic journals over the course of several decades. They address dominant and consistent themes in Kierkegaard's authorship, demonstrating the importance of these topics for understanding his authorship as a whole and for contemporary discussions of these issues. In particular, these articles seek to bring his thought into conversation with woman and gender studies in contemporary feminist philosophy and hermeneutics as well as other forms of interpretation. Many of the (...)
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  25.  22
    Uniform probability in cosmology.Sylvia Wenmackers - 2023 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 101 (C):48-60.
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  26.  81
    Defending Robustness: The Bacterial Mesosome as a Test Case.Sylvia Culp - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:46 - 57.
    Rasmussen (1993) argues that, because electron microscopists did not use robustness and would not have been warranted in using it as a criterion for the reality or the artifactuality of mesosomes, the bacterial mesosome serves as a test case for robustness that it fails. I respond by arguing that a more complete reading of the research literature on the mesosome shows that ultimately the more robust body of data did not support the mesosome and that electron microscopists used and were (...)
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  27.  4
    Gassendi et l'Europe, 1592-1792: actes du Colloque international de Paris "Gassendi et sa postérité, 1592-1792", Sorbonne, 6-10 octobre 1992.Sylvia Murr (ed.) - 1997 - Paris: J. Vrin.
    Difficile à lire, connu de réputation pour ses objections aux Méditations de Descartes, sa réhabilitation d'Épicure et des atomes, voire le caractère ambigu de ses relations avec les "libertins", Pierre Gassendi est un personnage un peu flou dans notre galerie de portraits imaginaire. Il fut cependant un auteur important, lu, connu, approuvé ou critiqué dans toute l'Europe, surtout par les savants qui voulaient fonder efficacement leur physique moderne sans renier pour autant les acquis des anciens. Les études réunies ici ont (...)
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  28. Fair infinite lotteries.Sylvia Wenmackers & Leon Horsten - 2013 - Synthese 190 (1):37-61.
    This article discusses how the concept of a fair finite lottery can best be extended to denumerably infinite lotteries. Techniques and ideas from non-standard analysis are brought to bear on the problem.
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  29.  68
    Naturalizing power: essays in feminist cultural analysis.Sylvia Junko Yanagisako & Carol Lowery Delaney (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Routledge.
    This collection of essays analyzes relations of social inequality that appear to be logical extensions of a "natural order," and in the process demonstrates that a revitalized feminist anthropology of the 1990s has much to offer the field of feminist theory. Fashioned as a response to the lack of cultural analysis in feminist scholarship, the contributors question the category of gender within the inclusive context of the structural dynamics of inequality. They also examine how cultural identities, domains and institutions affect (...)
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  30. Objectivity in experimental inquiry: Breaking data-technique circles.Sylvia Culp - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (3):438-458.
    I respond to H. M. Collins's claim (1985, 1990, 1993) that experimental inquiry cannot be objective because the only criterium experimentalists have for determining whether a technique is "working" is the production of "correct" (i.e., the expected) data. Collins claims that the "experimenters' regress," the name he gives to this data-technique circle, cannot be broken using the resources of experiment alone. I argue that the data-technique circle, can be broken even though any interpretation of the raw data produced by techniques (...)
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  31.  67
    Beta adrenergic blockade reduces utilitarian judgement.Sylvia Terbeck, Guy Kahane, Sarah McTavish, Julian Savulescu, Neil Levy, Miles Hewstone & Philip Cowen - 2013 - Biological Psychology 92 (2):323-328.
    Noradrenergic pathways are involved in mediating the central and peripheral effects of physiological arousal. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of noradrenergic transmission in moral decision-making. We studied the effects in healthy volunteers of propranolol (a noradrenergic beta-adrenoceptor antagonist) on moral judgement in a set of moral dilemmas pitting utilitarian outcomes (e.g., saving five lives) against highly aversive harmful actions (e.g., killing an innocent person) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design. Propranolol (40 mg orally) (...)
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  32.  7
    Essai sur le cœur humain ou Principes naturels de l'education.Etienne-Gabriel Morelly & Morelly-E. - 1745 - Genève: Slatkine Reprints.
    Essai sur le coeur humain, ou Principes naturels de l'education, par M. MorellyDate de l'edition originale: 1745Ce livre est la reproduction fidele d'une oeuvre publiee avant 1920 et fait partie d'une collection de livres reimprimes a la demande editee par Hachette Livre, dans le cadre d'un partenariat avec la Bibliotheque nationale de France, offrant l'opportunite d'acceder a des ouvrages anciens et souvent rares issus des fonds patrimoniaux de la BnF.Les oeuvres faisant partie de cette collection ont ete numerisees par la (...)
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  33.  30
    Should Hospital Ethics Committees have a budget?Joanne E. Morelli - 1990 - HEC Forum 2 (3):203-207.
  34. Infinitesimal Probabilities.Sylvia Wenmackers - 2016 - In Richard Pettigrew & Jonathan Weisberg (eds.), The Open Handbook of Formal Epistemology. PhilPapers Foundation. pp. 199-265.
    Non-Archimedean probability functions allow us to combine regularity with perfect additivity. We discuss the philosophical motivation for a particular choice of axioms for a non-Archimedean probability theory and answer some philosophical objections that have been raised against infinitesimal probabilities in general.
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  35.  41
    When Does It Pay to be Good? Moderators and Mediators in the Corporate Sustainability–Corporate Financial Performance Relationship: A Critical Review.Sylvia Grewatsch & Ingo Kleindienst - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):383-416.
    In this paper, we review the literature on moderators and mediators in the corporate sustainability –corporate financial performance relationship. We provide some clarity on what has been learned so far by taking a contingency perspective on this much-researched relationship. Overall, we find that this research has made some progress in the past. However, we also find this research stream to be characterized by three major shortcomings, namely low degree of novelty, missing investment in theory building, and a lack of research (...)
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  36.  8
    Murray A. Rae, Kierkegaard's Vision of the Incarnation: By Faith Transformed.Sylvia Walsh - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46 (3):191-193.
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  37.  11
    Ancestralidade africana na Europa : O legado feminino na saúde psíquica da diáspora negra no mundo.Sylvia Serbin & Regina Marques De Souza Oliveira - 2017 - Odeere 4:15.
    Entrevista realizada durante a conferência proferida por Sylvia Serbin nas atividades do “Congresso Internacional Territorialidade e Saude: desigualdades raciais e sociais em contextos locais e globais”, organizado e coordenado pelo Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisa em Psicanalise, Identidade, Negritude e Sociedade, ocorrido de 03 a 7 de setembro de 2014, no Centro de Ciências da Saude da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, em Santo Antonio de Jesus/BA.
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  38.  10
    The Child's Discovery of Death: A Study in Child Psychology.Sylvia Anthony - 1999 - Routledge.
    Routledge is now re-issuing this prestigious series of 204 volumes originally published between 1910 and 1965. The titles include works by key figures such asC.G. Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Otto Rank, James Hillman, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney and Susan Isaacs. Each volume is available on its own, as part of a themed mini-set, or as part of a specially-priced 204-volume set. A brochure listing each title in the "International Library of Psychology" series is available upon request.
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  39. Theory structure and theory change in contemporary molecular biology.Sylvia Culp & Philip Kitcher - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (4):459-483.
    Traditional approaches to theory structure and theory change in science do not fare well when confronted with the practice of certain fields of science. We offer an account of contemporary practice in molecular biology designed to address two questions: Is theory change in this area of science gradual or saltatory? What is the relation between molecular biology and the fields of traditional biology? Our main focus is a recent episode in molecular biology, the discovery of enzymatic RNA. We argue that (...)
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  40.  40
    Will There Ever Be a Drug with No or Negligible Side Effects? Evidence from Neuroscience.Sylvia Terbeck & Laurence Paul Chesterman - 2013 - Neuroethics 7 (2):189-194.
    Arguments in the neuroenhancement debate are sometimes based upon idealistic scenarios involving the assumption of using a drug that has no or negligible side effects. At least it is often implicitly assumed – as technology and scientific knowledge advances - that there soon will be a drug with no or negligible side effects. We will review evidence from neuroscience, complex network research and evolution theory and demonstrate that - at least in terms of psychopharmacological intervention – on the basis of (...)
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  41.  57
    Reconciling Corporate Citizenship and Competitive Strategy: Insights from Economic Theory.Sylvia Maxfield - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):367-377.
    Neoclassical and Austrian/evolutionary economic paradigms have different implications for integrating corporate social responsibility (corporate citizenship) and competitive strategy. porter's "Five Forces" model implicitly rests on neoclassical theory of the firm and is not easily reconciled with corporate social responsibility. Resource-based models of competitive strategy do not explicitly embrace a particular economic paradigm, but to the extent their conceptualization rests on neoclassical assumptions such as imperfect factor markets and profits as rents, these models also imply a trade-off between competitive advantage and (...)
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  42.  22
    Contract theories and partnership in health care. A philosophical inquiry to the philosophy of John Rawls and Seyla Benhabib.Sylvia Määttä, Kim Lützén & Stina Öresland - 2017 - Nursing Philosophy 18 (3):e12164.
    Over the last 20 years, a paternalistic view in health care has been losing ground. The question about less asymmetrical positions in the healthcare professional–patient relationship is, for example, being addressed by the increased emphasis on person‐centred care, promoted in disciplines such as medicine and nursing. Partnership is considered as a key component in person‐centred care. Although the previous studies have addressed the attributes inherent in partnership, there is still potential for further discussion on how the various interpretations of partnership (...)
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  43.  14
    From Form to In-formation: A Spinozan Link between Deleuzian and Simondonian Ontologies.J. J. Sylvia Iv - 2022 - Deleuze and Guattari Studies 16 (2):233-261.
    In developing the concept of assemblages, Gilles Deleuze draws at least some inspiration from Gilbert Simondon’s concept of information. While his acknowledgement of Simondon’s influence is almost entirely positive, Deleuze explicitly distances himself from the concept of information in order to avoid its link to the field of cybernetics. However, a Deleuzian informational ontology could instead be leveraged as an alternative to cybernetics. Drawing on the Spinozan link between the work of Deleuze and Simondon, it is possible to develop a (...)
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  44.  59
    Comparing quality of reporting between preprints and peer-reviewed articles in the biomedical literature.Olavo B. Amaral, Vanessa T. Bortoluzzi, Sylvia F. S. Guerra, Steven J. Burgess, Richard J. Abdill, Pedro B. Tan, Martin Modrák, Lieve van Egmond, Karina L. Hajdu, Igor R. Costa, Gerson D. Guercio, Flávia Z. Boos, Felippe E. Amorim, Evandro A. De-Souza, David E. Henshall, Danielle Rayêe, Clarissa B. Haas, Carlos A. M. Carvalho, Thiago C. Moulin, Victor G. S. Queiroz & Clarissa F. D. Carneiro - 2020 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 5 (1).
    BackgroundPreprint usage is growing rapidly in the life sciences; however, questions remain on the relative quality of preprints when compared to published articles. An objective dimension of quality that is readily measurable is completeness of reporting, as transparency can improve the reader’s ability to independently interpret data and reproduce findings.MethodsIn this observational study, we initially compared independent samples of articles published in bioRxiv and in PubMed-indexed journals in 2016 using a quality of reporting questionnaire. After that, we performed paired comparisons (...)
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  45.  51
    The Assessment of Trait Emotional Intelligence: Psychometric Characteristics of the TEIQue-Full Form in a Large Italian Adult Sample.Antonio Chirumbolo, Laura Picconi, Mara Morelli & K. V. Petrides - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  46.  70
    Ultralarge lotteries: Analyzing the Lottery Paradox using non-standard analysis.Sylvia Wenmackers - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (4):452-467.
    A popular way to relate probabilistic information to binary rational beliefs is the Lockean Thesis, which is usually formalized in terms of thresholds. This approach seems far from satisfactory: the value of the thresholds is not well-specified and the Lottery Paradox shows that the model violates the Conjunction Principle. We argue that the Lottery Paradox is a symptom of a more fundamental and general problem, shared by all threshold-models that attempt to put an exact border on something that is intrinsically (...)
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  47.  27
    The Snow White problem.Sylvia Wenmackers - 2019 - Synthese 196 (10):4137-4153.
    The Snow White problem is introduced to demonstrate how learning something of which one could not have learnt the opposite (due to observer selection bias) can change an agent’s probability assignment. This helps us to analyse the Sleeping Beauty problem, which is deconstructed as a combinatorial engine and a subjective wrapper. The combinatorial engine of the problem is analogous to Bertrand’s boxes paradox and can be solved with standard probability theory. The subjective wrapper is clarified using the Snow White problem. (...)
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  48.  12
    Visual, haptic and bimodal scene perception: Evidence for a unitary representation.Helene Intraub, Frank Morelli & Kristin M. Gagnier - 2015 - Cognition 138 (C):132-147.
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  49.  11
    Collected Works of Bernard Lonergan: The Halifax Lectures on Insight. Understanding and being.Bernard J. F. Lonergan, Frederick E. Crowe, Elizabeth A. Morelli & Lonergan Research Institute - 1990
  50.  93
    On the Cutting Edge: Ethical Responsiveness to Cesarean Rates.Sylvia Burrow - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):44-52.
    Cesarean delivery rates have been steadily increasing worldwide. In response, many countries have introduced target goals to reduce rates. But a focus on target goals fails to address practices embedded in standards of care that encourage, rather than discourage, cesarean sections. Obstetrical standards of care normalize use of technology, creating an imperative to use technology during labor and birth. A technological imperative is implicated in rising cesarean rates if physicians or patients fear refusing use of technology. Reproductive autonomy is at (...)
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