Results for 'Susan E. Lederer'

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  1.  42
    Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics.Susan E. Lederer & Jonathan D. Moreno - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.
    : President Clinton's charge to the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments included the identification of ethical and legal standards for evaluating government-sponsored radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War. In this paper, we review the traditional account of the history of American research ethics, and then highlight and explain the significance of a number of the Committee's historical findings as they relate to this account. These findings include both the national defense establishment's struggles with legal and insurance issues concerning (...)
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  2.  7
    Living Donors and the Issue of “Informed Consent”.Susan E. Lederer - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (6):8-9.
    This essay considers the issue of informed consent as it arose in the context of 1960s living kidney donors. In one of the earliest empirical inquiries into informed consent, psychiatrists Carl H. Fellner and John R. Marshall interviewed donors about their decision‐making process and their experience and reflections on donorship. In their much‐cited 1970 paper, the physicians reported that living donors, rather than reaching a reasoned, intellectual, and unemotional decision about donating a kidney (as stipulated in the Ethical Guidelines for (...)
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  3.  35
    Walter Reed and the yellow fever experiments.Susan E. Lederer - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 9--17.
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  4.  11
    Putting Death in Context.Susan E. Lederer - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (6):3-3.
  5. Darkened by the shadow of the atom : Burn research in 1950s America.Susan E. Lederer - 2006 - In Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.), Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body As an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.
     
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  6. Another Voice: Putting Death in Context.Susan E. Lederer - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  7.  3
    Disease in the Popular American Press: The Case of Diphtheria, Typhoid Fever, and Syphilis, 1870-1920Terra Ziporyn.Susan E. Lederer - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):794-795.
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  8.  15
    “Ethics and Clinical Research” in Biographical Perspective.Susan E. Lederer - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (1):18-36.
    Fifty years ago, Henry Knowles Beecher published his essay on clinical research ethics in the New England Journal of Medicine. The culmination of more than a decade and a half’s rumination and reflection on the use of patients and “captive populations” in research, Beecher’s 1966 article understandably casts a large shadow in American bioethics. In 1976, the Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences established the Henry Knowles Beecher Award for Contributions to Ethics and the Life Sciences and named (...)
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  9.  12
    Frankenstein's Footsteps: Science, Genetics, and Popular Culture. Jon Turney.Susan E. Lederer - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):375-376.
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  10.  7
    Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare 1932-45 and the American Cover-Up. Sheldon H. Harris.Susan E. Lederer - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):687-687.
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  11.  13
    Going for the Burn: Medical Preparedness in Early Cold War America.Susan E. Lederer - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (1):48-53.
    This article looks at the context of research in treating burns at the dawn of the atomic age. Funded by the Army and other defense agencies, burn research increased as concerns over an atomic attack on an American city intensified.
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  12.  13
    Going for the Burn: Medical Preparedness in Early Cold War America.Susan E. Lederer - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (1):48-53.
    On September 23, 1949, President Harry Truman announced that the Soviet Union had successfully detonated an atomic bomb. The news that the Soviet Union had done this came as little surprise to a number of American scientists and to some members of the intelligence community who had predicted that the Soviets would quickly acquire this advanced weapons technology. But for many Americans this news was disturbing. Truman’s announcement was taken up by, among others, a young Baptist evangelist named Billy Graham. (...)
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  13.  11
    Images of Animals: Anthropomorphism and Animal Mind. Eileen CristHumans and Other Animals. Arien Mack.Susan E. Lederer - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):834-835.
  14.  17
    Shining Light on a Shady Study.Susan E. Lederer - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (2):3-3.
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  15.  2
    Everyday EvilSubjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War.Susan M. Reverby & Susan E. Lederer - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (5):38.
    Book reviewed in this article: Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War. By Susan E. Lederer.
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  16.  13
    Book Reveiw: Karen Rader, Making Mice: Standardizing Animals for American Biomedical Research. [REVIEW]Susan E. Lederer - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):588-590.
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  17.  4
    Book Reveiw: Karen Rader, Making Mice: Standardizing Animals for American Biomedical Research. [REVIEW]Susan E. Lederer - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):588-590.
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  18.  14
    Horst H. Freyhofer. The Nuremberg Medical Trial: The Holocaust and the Origin of the Nuremberg Medical Code. viii + 209 pp., illus., index. New York: Peter Lang, 2004. $35.95 .Paul Julian Weindling. Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials: From Medical War Crimes to Informed Consent. xii + 482 pp., illus., index. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. $80. [REVIEW]Susan E. Lederer - 2007 - Isis 98 (2):424-425.
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  19.  30
    SUSAN E. LEDERER, Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature. New Brunswick, NJ and London: Rutgers University Press, 2002. Pp. ix+78. ISBN 0-8135-3200-0. $30.00. [REVIEW]Ian Higginson - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (3):354-355.
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  20.  20
    Susan E. Lederer. Flesh and Blood: Organ Transplantation and Blood Transfusion in Twentieth‐Century America. xvi + 224 pp., illus., index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. $35. [REVIEW]Aryn Martin - 2010 - Isis 101 (1):238-239.
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  21.  16
    Susan E. Lederer. Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature. ix + 78 pp., illus. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002. $30. [REVIEW]Carl Freedman - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):506-507.
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  22.  12
    Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War. Susan E. Lederer.David J. Rothman - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):164-165.
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  23.  19
    Everyday Evil. [REVIEW]Susan M. Reverby - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (5):38.
    Book reviewed in this article: Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War. By Susan E. Lederer.
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  24.  9
    The Other Boston Busing Story: Whats Won and Lost Across the Boundary Line.Susan E. Eaton - 2001 - Yale University Press.
    METCO, America’s longest-running voluntary school desegregation program, has for 34 years bused black children from Boston’s city neighborhoods to predominantly white suburban schools. In contrast to the infamous violence and rage of forced school busing within the city in the 1970s, METCO has quietly and calmly promoted school integration. How has this program affected the lives of its graduates? Would they choose to participate if they had it to do over again? Would they place their own children on the bus (...)
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  25. The elusive goal of informed consent by adolescents.Susan E. Zinner - 1995 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (4).
    While parents have traditionally provided proxy consent for minors to participate in research, this has proven inadequate for adolescents who are mentally and emotionally capable of making their own decisions. Research has proven that even young children, and certainly most adolescents, are developmentally prepared to make such decisions for themselves. The author challenges the assumption that both consent and assent are static concepts, and proposes that a sliding scale of competence be created to ascertain the adolescent's comprehension of the proposed (...)
     
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  26.  10
    The Use of Narratives In Graduate Bioethics Education.Susan E. Zinner - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (2):361-368.
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  27.  80
    Impossible dreams: rationality, integrity, and moral imagination.E. Babbitt Susan - 1996 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    Conventional wisdom and commonsense morality tend to take the integrity of persons for granted. But for people in systematically unjust societies, self-respect and human dignity may prove to be impossible dreams.Susan Babbitt explores the implications of this insight, arguing that in the face of systemic injustice, individual and social rationality may require the transformation rather than the realization of deep-seated aims, interests, and values. In particular, under such conditions, she argues, the cultivation and ongoing exercise of moral imagination is (...)
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  28.  4
    Public Bioethics and Publics: Consensus, Boundaries, and Participation in Biomedical Science Policy.Susan E. Kelly - 2003 - Science, Technology and Human Values 28 (3):339-364.
    Public bioethics bodies are used internationally as institutions with the declared aims of facilitating societal debate and providing policy advice in certain areas of scientific inquiry raising questions of values and legitimate science. In the United States, bioethical experts in these institutions use the language of consensus building to justify and define the outcome of the enterprise. However, the implications of public bioethics at science-policy boundaries are underexamined. Political interest in such bodies continues while their influence on societal consensus, public (...)
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  29.  29
    Understanding the Practice of Ethics Consultation: Results of an Ethnographic Multi-Site Study.Susan E. Kelly, Patricia A. Marshall, Lee M. Sanders, Thomas A. Raffin & Barbara A. Koenig - 1997 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 8 (2):136-149.
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  30.  14
    Adding dynamic consent to a longitudinal cohort study: A qualitative study of EXCEED participant perspectives.Susan E. Wallace & José Miola - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-10.
    Background Dynamic consent has been proposed as a process through which participants and patients can gain more control over how their data and samples, donated for biomedical research, are used, resulting in greater trust in researchers. It is also a way to respond to evolving data protection frameworks and new legislation. Others argue that the broad consent currently used in biobank research is ethically robust. Little empirical research with cohort study participants has been published. This research investigated the participants’ opinions (...)
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  31. Partner‐Specific Adaptation in Dialog.Susan E. Brennan & Joy E. Hanna - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):274-291.
    No one denies that people adapt what they say and how they interpret what is said to them, depending on their interactive partners. What is controversial is when and how they do so. Several psycholinguistics research programs have found what appear to be failures to adapt to partners in the early moments of processing and have used this evidence to argue for modularity in the language processing architecture, claiming that the system cannot take into account a partner’s distinct needs or (...)
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  32.  43
    Respecting Autonomy Over Time: Policy and Empirical Evidence on Re‐Consent in Longitudinal Biomedical Research.Susan E. Wallace, Elli G. Gourna, Graeme Laurie, Osama Shoush & Jessica Wright - 2015 - Bioethics 30 (3):210-217.
    Re-consent in research, the asking for a new consent if there is a change in protocol or to confirm the expectations of participants in case of change, is an under-explored issue. There is little clarity as to what changes should trigger re-consent and what impact a re-consent exercise has on participants and the research project. This article examines applicable policy statements and literature for the prevailing arguments for and against re-consent in relation to longitudinal cohort studies, tissue banks and biobanks. (...)
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  33. Working memory and language.Susan E. Gathercole - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  90
    Hope for the future: Achieving the original intent of advance directives.Susan E. Hickman, Bernard J. Hammes, Alvin H. Moss & Susan W. Tolle - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):s26-s30.
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  35.  3
    Combined Effects of Gaze and Orientation of Faces on Person Judgments in Social Situations.Raphaela E. Kaisler & Helmut Leder - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  36.  29
    The Needle in the Haystack: International Consortia and the Return of Individual Research Results.Susan E. Wallace - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):631-639.
    Where research was once strictly confined to one laboratory or office, investigators now widely share and compare their plans, analyses, and results. With the advent of genomic knowledge, researchers are seeking to understand the genetics and genomics of complex human disease. They are combining their efforts into international consortia in order to take on problems that face individuals around the world, such as cancer and malaria — problems that are too large to solve by one country alone. These consortia bring (...)
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  37.  59
    Coordinating cognition: The costs and benefits of shared gaze during collaborative search.Susan E. Brennan, Xin Chen, Christopher A. Dickinson, Mark B. Neider & Gregory J. Zelinsky - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1465-1477.
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  38.  76
    Racism and Philosophy.Susan E. Babbitt & Sue Campbell (eds.) - 1999 - Cornell University Press.
    By definitively establishing that racism has broad implications for how the entire field of philosophy is practiced -- and by whom -- this powerful and ...
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  39.  6
    Artless Integrity: Moral Imagination, Agency, and Stories.Susan E. Babbitt - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Susan Babbitt dissects a common moral perspective for judging importance which she calls 'moral imagination.' In order to explain ourselves, and to recognize in others, what we often already perceive intuitively to be right or good, we instinctively create a story as a framework. She argues that we intentionally create stories which appear artless or chaotic, something capable of imperfection. This allows the story-maker to eventually deviate if he or she chooses, without a loss of hope, even if that (...)
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  40. Collective memory or knowledge of the past : "Covering reality with flowers".Susan E. Babbitt - 2009 - In Sue Campbell, Letitia Meynell & Susan Sherwin (eds.), Embodiment and Agency. Pennsylvania State University Press.
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  41.  16
    Making sure you know whom to kill: spatial strategies and strategic boundaries in the Eastern Roman Empire.Susan E. Alcock - 2007 - Millennium 4 (1):13-20.
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  42.  38
    The Acropolis.Susan E. Alcock - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (02):441-.
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  43.  19
    1 The stratigraphy of serendipity.Susan E. Alcock - 2010 - In Mark de Rond & Iain Morley (eds.), Serendipity: Fortune and the Prepared Mind. Cambridge University Press. pp. 22--11.
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  44.  2
    Whose Movement? STS and Social Justice.Susan E. Cozzens - 1993 - Science, Technology and Human Values 18 (3):275-277.
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  45.  28
    The POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) Paradigm to Improve End-of-Life Care: Potential State Legal Barriers to Implementation.Susan E. Hickman, Charles P. Sabatino, Alvin H. Moss & Jessica Wehrle Nester - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):119-140.
    The Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment Paradigm is designed to improve end-of-life care by converting patients' treatment preferences into medical orders that are transferable throughout the health care system. It was initially developed in Oregon, but is now implemented in multiple states with many others considering its use. An observational study was conducted in order to identify potential legal barriers to the implementation of a POLST Paradigm. Information was obtained from experts at state emergency medical services and long-term care organizations/agencies (...)
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  46.  10
    The POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) Paradigm to Improve End-of-Life Care: Potential State Legal Barriers to Implementation.Susan E. Hickman, Charles P. Sabatino, Alvin H. Moss & Jessica Wehrle Nester - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):119-140.
    The Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment Paradigm is designed to improve end-of-life care by converting patients’ treatment preferences into medical orders that are transferable throughout the health care system. It was initially developed in Oregon, but is now implemented in multiple states with many others considering its use. Accordingly, an observational study was conducted in order to identify potential legal barriers to the implementation of a POLST Paradigm. Information was obtained from experts at state emergency medical services and long-term care (...)
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  47.  30
    Listening to People: Using Social Psychology to Spotlight an Overlooked Virtue.Susan E. Notess - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (4):621-643.
    I offer a novel interdisciplinary approach to understanding the communicative task of listening, which is under-theorised compared to its more conspicuous counterpart, speech. By correlating a Rylean view of mental actions with a virtue ethical framework, I show listeners’ internal activity as a morally relevant feature of how they treat people. The listener employs a policy of responsiveness in managing the extent to which they allow a speaker's voice to be centred within their more effortful, engaged attention. A just listener's (...)
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  48.  22
    Family tree and ancestry inference: is there a need for a ‘generational’ consent?Susan E. Wallace, Elli G. Gourna, Viktoriya Nikolova & Nuala A. Sheehan - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundGenealogical research and ancestry testing are popular recreational activities but little is known about the impact of the use of these services on clients’ biological and social families. Ancestry databases are being enriched with self-reported data and data from deoxyribonucleic acid analyses, but also are being linked to other direct-to-consumer genetic testing and research databases. As both family history data and DNA can provide information on more than just the individual, we asked whether companies, as a part of the consent (...)
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  49.  18
    Harmonised consent in international research consortia: an impossible dream?Susan E. Wallace & M. Knoppers Bartha - 2011 - Genomics, Society and Policy 7 (1):1-12.
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  50.  24
    Clarifications on mass media campaigns promoting organ donation: a response to Rady, McGregor, & Verheijde (2012).Susan E. Morgan & Thomas Hugh Feeley - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):865-868.
    The current paper provides readers some clarifications on the nature and goals of mass media campaigns designed to promote organ donation. These clarifications were necessitated by an earlier essay by Rady et al. (Med Health Care Philos 15:229–241, 2012) who present erroneous claims that media promotion campaigns in this health context represent propaganda that seek to misrepresent the transplantation process. Information is also provided on the nature and relative power of media campaigns in organ donation promotion.
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