Results for 'Susan B. Barnes'

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  1.  9
    Education and Technology: A Cultural Faustian Bargain.Susan B. Barnes - 1999 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 19 (1):11-16.
    American government and industry are encouraging educators to adopt the computer as a primary educational medium. However, efforts to use educational software have been disappointing and computer literacy has not been widely adopted as a basic literacy skill. This article will explore the advantages and disadvantages of integrating computers into education and describe their cultural implications for educational policy.
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  2.  40
    Returning Genetic Research Results to Individuals: Points‐to‐Consider.Gaile Renegar, Christopher J. Webster, Steffen Stuerzebecher, Lea Harty, Susan E. Ide, Beth Balkite, Taryn A. Rogalski‐Salter, Nadine Cohen, Brian B. Spear & Diane M. Barnes - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (1):24-36.
    This paper is intended to stimulate debate amongst stakeholders in the international research community on the topic of returning individual genetic research results to study participants. Pharmacogenetics and disease genetics studies are becoming increasingly prevalent, leading to a growing body of information on genetic associations for drug responsiveness and disease susceptibility with the potential to improve health care. Much of these data are presently characterized as exploratory (non‐validated or hypothesis‐generating). There is, however, a trend for research participants to be permitted (...)
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  3.  20
    The Less Visible Side of Transhumanism Is Dangerously Un-radical.Susan B. Levin - 2024 - Techné Research in Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):99-131.
    According to transhumanists who urge the radical enhancement of human beings, humanity’s top priority should be engineering “posthumans,” whose features would include agelessness. Increasingly, transhumanism is critiqued on foundational grounds rather than based largely on anticipated results of its implementation, such as rising social inequality. This expansion is crucial but insufficient because, despite its radical aim, transhumanism reflects beliefs and attitudes that are evident in the broader culture. With a focus on the yearning to eliminate aging, I consider four of (...)
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  4.  7
    Enhancing Future Children: How It Might Happen, Whether It Should.Susan B. Levin - 2017 - In Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Paul Burcher (eds.), Reproductive Ethics: New Challenges and Conversations. Springer. pp. 27-44.
    If Savulescu and Kahane’s Principle of Procreative Beneficence were implemented regarding cognitive enhancement, the result would be highly impoverishing for future children. For, apart from being inadequate to rationality itself, advocates’ accounts of cognitive enhancement sever reason from the input to judgments and decision-making that other faculties provide. When handling desire, supporters of cognitive enhancement frame conflicts between reason and the nonrational in terms of self-governance or akratic failure, depending on which one triumphs. Further, so-called negative emotions are treated as (...)
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  5.  5
    Delusions in science and spirituality: the fall in the standard model and the rise of knowledge from unseen worlds.Susan B. Martinez - 2015 - Rochester, Vermont: Bear & Company.
    Debunks cherished theories of mainstream consensus and reveals the deeper mysteries of the science of the unseen.
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  6.  24
    Plato’s Rivalry with Medicine: A Struggle and its Dissolution.Susan B. Levin - 2014 - New York: Oup Usa.
    Susan B. Levin argues that Plato's engagement with medicine is richer than previously recognized and that he views it as an important rival for authority on nature and flourishing. Levin shows further that Plato's work, particularly the Laws, holds significant promise for bioethics that has so far been nearly untapped.
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  7.  57
    When doctors say No: the battleground of medical futility.Susan B. Rubin - 1998 - Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.
    Who should decide? In When Doctors Say No, philosopher and bioethicist Rubin examines this controversial issue.
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  8.  78
    The ancient quarrel between philosophy and poetry revisited: Plato and the Greek literary tradition.Susan B. Levin - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this study, Levin explores Plato's engagement with the Greek literary tradition in his treatment of key linguistic issues. This investigation, conjoined with a new interpretation of the Republic's familiar critique of poets, supports the view that Plato's work represents a valuable precedent for contemporary reflections on ways in which philosophy might benefit from appeals to literature.
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  9.  40
    Antiquity’s Missive to Transhumanism.Susan B. Levin - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (3):278-303.
    To reassure those concerned about wholesale discontinuity between human existence and posthumanity, transhumanists assert shared ground with antiquity on vital challenges and aspirations. Because their claims reflect key misconceptions, there is no shared vision for transhumanists to invoke. Having exposed their misuses of Prometheus, Plato, and Aristotle, I show that not only do transhumanists and antiquity crucially diverge on our relation to ideals, contrast-dependent aspiration, and worthy endeavors but that illumining this divide exposes central weaknesses in transhumanist argumentation. What is (...)
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  10.  22
    Posthuman Bliss?: The Failed Promise of Transhumanism.Susan B. Levin - 2020 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    Transhumanists would have humanity's creation of posthumanity be our governing aim. Susan B. Levin challenges their overarching commitments regarding the mind, brain, ethics, liberal democracy, knowledge, and reality. Her critique unmasks their notion of humanity's self-transcendence via science and technology as pure, albeit seductive, fantasy.
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  11.  33
    Upgrading Discussions of Cognitive Enhancement.Susan B. Levin - 2016 - Neuroethics 9 (1):53-67.
    Advocates of cognitive enhancement maintain that technological advances would augment autonomy indirectly by expanding the range of options available to individuals, while, in a recent article in this journal, Schaefer, Kahane, and Savulescu propose that cognitive enhancement would improve it more directly. Here, autonomy, construed in broad procedural terms, is at the fore. In contrast, when lauding the goodness of enhancement expressly, supporters’ line of argument is utilitarian, of an ideal variety. An inherent conflict results, for, within their utilitarian frame, (...)
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  12.  20
    The Future of Knowing and Values: Information Technologies and Plato's Critique of Rhetoric.Susan B. Levin - 2017 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 50 (2):153-177.
    The most contentious issue in current debates about human enhancement is whether it properly belongs to human aspiration to outstrip our human ceiling in cognition and longevity so radically that the result would not be improved human beings but instead "posthumans." Transhumanists answer strongly in the affirmative and hence vigorously support our directing available and foreseeable technologies to that end. According to Nick Bostrom, transhumanism is "an outgrowth of secular humanism and the Enlightenment." Our "ceasing to be human is [not] (...)
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  13.  88
    What’s in a Name?Susan B. Levin - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):91-115.
  14.  10
    Navigators and Captains: Expertise in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Susan B. Rubin & Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine 18 (4):421-432.
    The debate about what constitutes the discipline of ethics and who qualifies as an ethics consultant is linked unavoidably to a debate that is potentiated by the reality of a rapidly changing and high-stakes health care consultation marketplace. Who we are and what we can offer to the moral gesture that is medicine is shaped by our fundamental understanding of the place of expert knowledge in the transformation of social reality. The struggle for self-definition is particularly freighted since clinical ethics (...)
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  15.  8
    Clinical Ethics and the Road Less Taken: Mapping the Future by Tracking the Past.Susan B. Rubin & Laurie Zoloth - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):218-225.
    Clinical ethics, like the broader field of bioethics from which it emerged, is at a critical crossroads in its development, with conflicting paths ahead. It can either claim its distinctive place in the clinical arena, insisting unapologetically on certain minimal standards of professional training, practice and competence, addressing head on debates about various models of and methodological approaches to consultation, and establishing a shared vision of the purpose and meaning of the enterprise of clinical ethics itself. Or, it can devolve (...)
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  16.  79
    If We Think It’s Futile, Can’t We Just Say No?Susan B. Rubin - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (1):45-65.
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  17.  22
    Clinical Ethics and the Road Less Taken: Mapping the Future by Tracking the Past.Susan B. Rubin & Laurie Zoloth - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):218-225.
    Clinical ethics, like the broader field of bioethics from which it emerged, is at a critical crossroads in its development, with conflicting paths ahead. It can either claim its distinctive place in the clinical arena, insisting unapologetically on certain minimal standards of professional training, practice and competence, addressing head on debates about various models of and methodological approaches to consultation, and establishing a shared vision of the purpose and meaning of the enterprise of clinical ethics itself. Or, it can devolve (...)
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  18.  7
    “We all love charles”: Men in child care and the social construction of gender.Susan B. Murray - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (4):368-385.
    Based on four years of participant-observation field research and focused interviews with men and women child care workers, the author analyzes how the marking of men workers and their experiences doing child care work show how deeply feminized the work of child care is. When men choose to do child care work, they become suspect. This suspicion manifests in restriction of men's access to children in child care centers. Restricted access of men workers to children implies men's desire for access (...)
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  19.  16
    A world of difference: The fundamental opposition between transhumanist “welfarism” and disability advocacy.Susan B. Levin - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (8):779-789.
    From the standpoint of disability advocacy, further exploration of the concept of well-being stands to be availing. The notion that “welfarism” about disability, which Julian Savulescu and Guy Kahane debuted, qualifies as helpful is encouraged by their claim that welfarism shares important commitments with that advocacy. As becomes clear when they apply their welfarist frame to procreative decisions, endorsing welfarism would, in fact, sharply undermine it. Savulescu and Kahane's Principle of Procreative Beneficence—which reflects transhumanism, or advocacy of radical bioenhancement—morally requires (...)
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  20.  25
    Looking for Trouble and Finding It.Susan B. Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton & Wylie Burke - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):15-17.
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  21.  98
    Plato on Women’s Nature.Susan B. Levin - 2000 - Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):81-97.
  22. Women's Nature and Role in the Ideal Polis.Susan B. Levin - 1996 - In Julie K. Ward (ed.), Feminism and Ancient Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 13--30.
     
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  23.  9
    Contributions of Hippocratic medicine and Plato to today’s debate over health, social determinants and the authority of biomedicine.Susan B. Levin - 2023 - Medical Humanities 49 (2):297-307.
    By exploring a competition for authority on health and human nature between Plato and Hippocratic medicine, this paper offers a fresh perspective on an overarching debate today involving health and the role of healthcare in its safeguarding. Economically and politically, healthcare continues to dominate the USA’s handling of health, construed biophysically as the absence of disease. Yet, notoriously, in major health outcomes, the USA fares worse than other countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Clearly, in giving (...)
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  24.  28
    Eryximachus' Tale: The Symposium's Role in Plato's Critique of Medicine.Susan B. Levin - 2009 - Apeiron 42 (4):275-308.
  25.  35
    Is Medicine a Technê?Susan B. Levin - 2007 - Philosophical Inquiry 29 (5):125-153.
  26.  23
    Politics and Medicine: Plato’s Final Word Part I: Sphilosopher-Rulers and the Laws: Thing of the Past or (Un)Expected Return?Susan B. Levin - 2010 - Polis 27 (1):1-24.
    Recently the view that Plato moves from optimism to pessimism concerning the best sociopolitical condition has come under attack. The present article concurs that this disjunction is too simplistic and finds emphasis on the regulative status of the Republic’s ideal of unity to be salutary. It diverges, however, on how to interpret it thus construed and the implications of its status as regulative for the Republic’s tie to the Laws where human governance is concerned. While unity through aretē remains the (...)
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  27.  7
    Politics and Medicine: Plato’s Final Word Part II: A Rivalry Dissolved: The Restoration of Medicine’s Technē Status in the Laws.Susan B. Levin - 2010 - Polis 27 (2):193-221.
    This article challenges the widespread assumption that Plato’s valuation of medicine remains steady across the corpus. While Plato’s opposition to poetry and sophistry/rhetoric endures, in the Laws he no longer views medicine as a rival concerning phusis and eudaimonia. Why is this dispute laid to rest, even as the others continue? This article argues that the Laws’ developments with a bearing onmedicine stem ultimately from the philosopher-ruler’s disappearance. The deeper appreciation of good medical practice that ensues, combined with an array (...)
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  28.  49
    Why Organ Conscription Should Be off the Table: Extrapolation from Heidegger’s Being and Time.Susan B. Levin - 2019 - Sophia 58 (2):153-174.
    The question, what measures to address the shortage of transplantable organs are ethically permissible? requires careful attention because, apart from its impact on medical practice, the stance we espouse here reflects our interpretations of human freedom and mortality. To raise the number of available organs, on utilitarian grounds, bioethicists and medical professionals increasingly support mandatory procurement. This view is at odds with the Catechism of the Catholic Church, according to which ‘[o]rgan donation after death is a noble and meritorious act’ (...)
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  29.  45
    Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology.Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler - 1987 - American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13-33.
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  30.  13
    Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology.Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler - 1987 - American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13-33.
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  31.  14
    Colloquium 5 Anger and Our Humanity: Transhumanists Stoke the Flames of an Ancient Conflict.Susan B. Levin - 2021 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 36 (1):131-158.
    This paper presents Stoicism as, in broad historical terms, the point of origin in Western thought of an extreme form of rational essentialism that persists today in the debate over human bioenhancement. Advocates of “radical” enhancement would have us codify extreme rational essentialism through manipulation of genes and the brain to maximize rational ability and eliminate the capacity for emotions deemed unsalutary. They, like Stoics, see anger as especially dangerous. The ancient dispute between Stoics and Aristotle over the nature and (...)
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  32.  9
    Creating a Higher Breed: Transhumanism and the Prophecy of Anglo-American Eugenics.Susan B. Levin - 2018 - In Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Paul Burcher (eds.), Reproductive Ethics Ii: New Ideas and Innovations. Springer Verlag. pp. 37-58.
    How we assess current calls for vigorous, or “radical”, enhancement through befitting procreative choices depends in part on the plausibility of supporters’ rejecting all substantive ties between their views and earlier eugenics. When denying such connections, today’s advocates of vigorous enhancement routinely emphasize that enhancement decisions would stem from individuals and families, not the state. In a multipronged critique, I show the untenability of transhumanists’ denials.
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  33.  19
    Commentary on Osborne.Susan B. Levin - 1999 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):282-293.
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  34.  32
    Puzzles and peculiarities: How scientists attend to and process anomalies during data analysis.Susan B. Trickett, Christian D. Schunn & J. Gregory Trafton - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum. pp. 97--118.
  35.  52
    Spiritual Deterrence in the Nuclear Age.Susan B. Anthony - 1984 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 59 (1):64-77.
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  36.  17
    Teaching Health Law.Susan B. Apel - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):420-426.
    Interdisciplinary teaching can be a hard sell to the legal academic community. Over almost three decades, I have spoken at conferences on a variety of subjects. When I have presented on this particular topic, however, I have drawn my most meager crowds. Is it because we think interdisciplinary pedagogy is a bad idea, that we are ill-equipped, or that it is generally too difficult to do successfully? After a dozen years of creating and teaching an interdisciplinary course in law and (...)
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  37.  10
    Die Bauornamentik von Resafa-Sergiupolis: Studien zur spätaniken Architektur und Bauausstattung in Syrien und Normesopotamien (Resafa 6)Die Bauornamentik von Resafa-Sergiupolis: Studien zur spataniken Architektur und Bauausstattung in Syrien und Normesopotamien.Susan B. Downey & Gunnar Brands - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (1):157.
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  38.  6
    Damaskus-Aleppo: 5000 Jahre Stadtentwicklung in Syrien.Susan B. Downey, Beate Bollman & Philipp von Zabern - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (1):169.
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  39.  15
    Hatra: Geschichte und Kultur einer Karawanstadt im romisch-parthischen Mesopotamien.Susan B. Downey & Michael Sommer - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (3):590.
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  40.  15
    Nabatäische Architektur: Insbesondere Gräber und TempelNabataische Architektur: Insbesondere Graber und Tempel.Susan B. Downey & Ehud Netzer - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (1):158.
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  41.  7
    The Royal Palace Institution in the First Millennium BC: Regional Development and Cultural Interchange between East and West.Susan B. Downey & Inge Nielsen - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):256.
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  42.  14
    Uruk Architektur IV: Von der Seleukiden- bis zur Sasanidenzeit.Susan B. Downey & Arno Kose - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):188.
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  43. Individuals with sex chromosomal aneuploidies: Does the phenotype reflect the genotype?Susan B. Jimenez - 1991 - Nexus 9 (1):9.
     
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  44.  27
    The role of maltreatment experience in children's understanding of the antecedents of emotion.Susan B. Perlman, Charles W. Kalish & Seth D. Pollak - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (4):651-670.
  45.  40
    Autonomy for Mothers? Relational Theory and Parenting Apart.Susan B. Boyd - 2010 - Feminist Legal Studies 18 (2):137-158.
    This article explores the tensions between autonomy and expectations of mother-caregivers, in the context of normative trends in post-separation parenting law. Going back to first principles of feminism, the article asks what scope for autonomy there is for modern mothers in the face of socio-legal norms that prioritise shared parenting. The very relationship between mother-caregivers and children illustrates the important connection between relationships and autonomy: the caregiving that mothers provide enables children to become autonomous persons yet, at the same time, (...)
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  46.  45
    Commentary.Susan B. Rubin - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):98-100.
    Whether surrogate decisionmakers have the authority to refuse pain and symptom management measures on behalf of incapacitated patients is a particularly timely question to ask in this era of growing commitment to ensuring appropriate pain and symptom management measures for all patients.
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  47.  11
    Teaching Health Law.Susan B. Apel - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):420-426.
    Interdisciplinary teaching can be a hard sell to the legal academic community. Over almost three decades, I have spoken at conferences on a variety of subjects. When I have presented on this particular topic, however, I have drawn my most meager crowds. Is it because we think interdisciplinary pedagogy is a bad idea, that we are ill-equipped, or that it is generally too difficult to do successfully? After a dozen years of creating and teaching an interdisciplinary course in law and (...)
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  48. Limiting Investigations: Ludwig Wittgenstein and Critical Theory.Susan B. Brill - 1991 - Dissertation, The University of New Mexico
    Much of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein can be brought to bear directly on the theoretical and critical determinations made by literature scholars. Like a language game which consists of a structural center in its essential grammar or rules and a temporal and contingent diversity in its actual uses or playing moves, Wittgensteinian philosophy as adapted herein for literary criticism points us toward a strategy of descriptive investigations whose coherence and usefulness is demonstrated in its circumstantial adaptability and responsiveness to (...)
     
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  49. Wittgenstein and Critical Theory: Beyond Postmodern Criticism and Toward Descriptive Investigations.Susan B. Brill - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (186):103-106.
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  50.  14
    Wittgenstein & Critical Theory: Beyond Postmodern Criticism and Toward Descriptive Investigations.Susan B. Brill - 1994 - Ohio University Press.
    The crucial point of Brill’s study is that of fit: which critical methods prove most useful towards opening up which texts? Close investigations into the parameters of the language games of texts, critics, and methods enable us to determine which paths to take towards more complete descriptive analyses and critique. Such an emphasis on the philosophical method of Ludwig Wittgenstein reorients literary criticism to involve a conjoint responsibility to both reader and text as the literary critic assumes the humbler role (...)
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