Results for 'Stuart A. West'

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  1.  49
    The Niche Construction Perspective: A Critical Appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  2.  3
    Stuart Bell: The Novel Theology of H. G. Wells.Stuart Bell - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (2):104-123.
    “Lambeth Palace is my Washpot. Over Fulham have I cast my breeches.” So declared the novelist and secularist H. G. Wells in a letter to his mistress, Rebecca West, in May 1917. His claim was that, because of him, Britain was “full of theological discussion” and theological books were “selling like hot cakes”. He was lunching with liberal churchmen and dining with bishops.Certainly, the first of the books published during Wells’s short “religious period”, the novel Mr. Britling Sees It (...)
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  3.  11
    Writers and Politics in West Germany K. Stuart Parkes , Ii + 251 Pp., $29.95, Cloth. [REVIEW]A. Keele - 1988 - History of European Ideas 9 (6):728-729.
  4. Racist Rantings, Travellers' Tales, and a Creole Counterblast: Thomas Carlyle, John Stuart Mill, J. A. Froude, and J. J. Thomas on British Rule in the West Indies. [REVIEW]Marylu Hill - 2010 - In Paul E. Kerry (ed.), Thomas Carlyle Resartus: Reappraising Carlyle's Contribution to the Philosophy of History, Political Theory, and Cultural Criticism. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
  5.  44
    A Balanced Intervention Ladder: Promoting Autonomy Through Public Health Action.P. E. Griffiths & C. West - 2015 - Public Health 129 (8):1092--1098.
    The widely cited Nuffield Council on Bioethics ‘Intervention Ladder’ structurally embodies the assumption that personal autonomy is maximized by non-intervention. Consequently, the Intervention Ladder encourages an extreme ‘negative liberty’ view of autonomy. Yet there are several alternative accounts of autonomy that are both arguably superior as accounts of autonomy and better suited to the issues facing public health ethics. We propose to replace the one-sided ladder, which has any intervention coming at a cost to autonomy, with a two-sided ‘Balanced Intervention (...)
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  6.  14
    Oriental Philosophy: A Westerner's Guide to Eastern Thought.Stuart Cornelius Hackett - 1979 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    This insightful explication of oriental philosophy meets a long felt need for a critical introduction to four systems of eastern thought—Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Hinduism—presented in familiar western terms. Students of comparative religion, eastern philosophy and civilization, and the philosophy of religion who have been trained in traditional western modes of thought often find the intuitive and aphorisic quality of eastern writing a major stumbling block to understanding. This is eastern philosophy presented to westerners by a westerner, a practical and (...)
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  7.  18
    Review of Opening a Mountain: Kōans of the Zen Masters by Steven Heine. [REVIEW]Dale Stuart Wright - 2006 - Philosophy East and West 56 (1):194-197.
  8.  43
    Philosophical Meditations on Zen Buddhism.Dale Stuart Wright - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first to engage Zen Buddhism philosophically on crucial issues from a perspective that is informed by the traditions of western philosophy and religion. It focuses on one renowned Zen master, Huang Po, whose recorded sayings exemplify the spirit of the 'golden age' of Zen in medieval China, and on the transmission of these writings to the West. The author makes a bold attempt to articulate a post-romantic understanding of Zen applicable to contemporary world culture. While (...)
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  9.  94
    An Introduction to Mill’s Utilitarian Ethics.Henry R. West - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Stuart Mill was the leading British philosopher of the nineteenth century and his famous essay Utilitarianism is the most influential statement of the philosophy of utilitarianism: that actions, laws, policies and institutions are to be evaluated by their utility or contribution to good or bad consequences. Henry West has written the most up-to-date and user-friendly introduction to utilitarianism available. The book serves as both a commentary to and interpretation of the text. It also defends Mill against his (...)
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  10.  17
    Early Buddhism and John Stuart Mill's Thinking in the Fields of Philosophy and Religion: Some Notes Toward a Comparative Study.Vijitha Rajapakse - 1987 - Philosophy East and West 37 (3):260-285.
  11. Should Knowledge of Management Be Organized as Theories or as Methods?Stuart Umpleby - 2002 - In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal. Austrian Society for Cybernetics Studies. pp. 2--492.
    The philosophy of science has traditionally assumed that knowledge should be organized in the form of theories. From theories propositions can be deduced that can be tested in experiments. Most propositions deduced from theories take the form of if-then statements. For example, if variable A increases, what happens to variable B, assuming that all other variables are held constant? However, an alternative way of organizing knowledge, in the form of producer-product relationships, was proposed by the philosopher E.A. Singer, Jr. and (...)
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  12.  1
    The Novel Theology of H. G. Wells.Stuart Bell - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (2):104-123.
    “Lambeth Palace is my Washpot. Over Fulham have I cast my breeches.” So declared the novelist and secularist H. G. Wells in a letter to his mistress, Rebecca West, in May 1917. His claim was that, because of him, Britain was “full of theological discussion” and theological books were “selling like hot cakes”. He was lunching with liberal churchmen and dining with bishops. Certainly, the first of the books published during Wells’s short “religious period”, the novel Mr. Britling Sees (...)
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  13.  64
    Gandhi’s Devotional Political Thought.Stuart Gray & Thomas M. Hughes - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (2):375-400.
    The political thought of Mohandas K. Gandhi has been increasingly used as a paradigmatic example of hybrid political thought that developed out of a cross-cultural dialogue of eastern and western influences. With a novel unpacking of this hybridity, this article focuses on the conceptual influences that Gandhi explicitly stressed in his autobiography and other writings, particularly the works of Leo Tolstoy and the Bhagavad Gītā. This new tracing of influence in the development of Gandhi’s thought alters the substantive thrust of (...)
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  14.  7
    Truth, Freedom, and Responsibility: Seeking Common Ethical Ground in International News Work.Stuart J. Bullion - 1986 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 1 (2):68 – 73.
    This article recounts the evolution of a global debate on the development of a common international code of journalistic ethics that would apply to East and West, Developed and Developing Countries. It sees as unlikely universal principles and prescriptions for professionals can be adopted across the divergent sociopolitical philosophies involved. Even common ground for constructive discussion on the topic is limited. Scholars, journalists, and educators are encouraged to instill an appreciation for the differences and to help create an understanding (...)
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  15.  16
    Oswald Spengler.H. Stuart Hughes - 1962 - New York: Scribner.
    ... by a totally unknown scholar called Oswald Spengler, bearing the provocative title Der Untergang des Abend- landes — the decline of the West. ...
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  16.  19
    The Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that self-organization (...)
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  17.  4
    A World Beyond Physics: The Emergence and Evolution of Life.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Explores the possiblity and process of evolution beyond the standard and established scientific principles.
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  18. Personal Identity, Individual Autonomy and Group Rights.Caroline West - manuscript
    It is a commonplace in liberal circles that individual persons have a right to individual autonomy or self-determination. Each mentally competent adult has a right to be at liberty to live and shape their own life in accordance with their own view about what makes for a good life, free from undue coercion or interference by others, so long as they do not harm others. In the words of John Stuart Mill, mentally-competent persons should have the liberty of “framing (...)
     
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  19.  4
    Humanity in a Creative Universe.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2016 - Oup Usa.
    In this fascinating read, Kauffman concludes that the development of life on earth is not entirely predictable, because no theory could ever fully account for the limitless variations of evolution. Sure to cause a stir, this book will be discussed for years to come and may even set the tone for the next "great thinker.".
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  20.  5
    Investigations.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    "It may be that I have stumbled upon an adequate description of life itself." These modest yet profound words trumpet an imminent paradigm shift in scientific, economic, and technological thinking. In the tradition of Schrödinger's classic What Is Life?, Kauffman's Investigations is a tour-de-force exploration of the very essence of life itself, with conclusions that radically undermine the scientific approaches on which modern science rests--the approaches of Newton, Boltzman, Bohr, and Einstein. Building on his pivotal ideas about order and evolution (...)
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  21.  11
    J.S. Mill.Henry R. West - 2013 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter begins with an overview of John Stuart Mill's life and philosophy. Mill's chief contributions to the history of ethics are two-fold. The first was to popularize utilitarianism: to present utilitarianism in a short text, written by a recognized great philosopher, which could be read with apparent understanding by an ordinary person. The second was to persuade academic philosophers to take utilitarianism so seriously that it could compete with Aristotle and Kant as one of the three greatest traditions (...)
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  22. Mill's Utilitarianism: Critical Essays.Elizabeth S. Anderson, F. R. Berger, David O. Brink, D. G. Brown, Amy Gutmann, Peter Railton, J. O. Urmson & Henry R. West (eds.) - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism continues to serve as a rich source of moral and theoretical insight. This collection of articles by top scholars offers fresh interpretations of Mill's ideas about happiness, moral obligation, justice, and rights. Applying contemporary philosophical insights, the articles challenge the conventional readings of Mill, and, in the process, contribute to a deeper understanding of utilitarian theory as well as the complexity of moral life.
     
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  23. Beyond Desartes and Newton: Recovering Life and Humanity.Stuart A. Kauffman & Arran Gare - 2015 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119 (3):219-244.
    Attempts to ‘naturalize’ phenomenology challenge both traditional phenomenology and traditional approaches to cognitive science. They challenge Edmund Husserl’s rejection of naturalism and his attempt to establish phenomenology as a foundational transcendental discipline, and they challenge efforts to explain cognition through mainstream science. While appearing to be a retreat from the bold claims made for phenomenology, it is really its triumph. Naturalized phenomenology is spearheading a successful challenge to the heritage of Cartesian dualism. This converges with the reaction against Cartesian thought (...)
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  24.  60
    Articulation of Parts Explanation in Biology and the Rational Search for Them.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:257 - 272.
  25.  8
    At Home in the Universe the Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity.Stuart Kauffman & Stuart A. Kauffman - 1995 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    The author examines the concept of self-organization, or as he calls it "order for free," discussing how it occurs more frequently in nature than originally believed.
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  26.  32
    A Tale of Two Indias.M. Kohn - 2006 - Political Theory 34 (2):192-228.
    The subject of empire has emerged as a central concern in political theory. Edmund Burke and John Stuart Mill have been at the center of much recent scholarship on this topic. A number of depictions of Burke as a critic and Mill as a defender of empire rely largely on their writings about India. This article focuses instead on Burke and Mill's writings on the West Indies and America from the standpoint of both thinkers' connection to Scottish Enlightenment (...)
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  27.  5
    Cybernetics and the Russian Intellectual Tradition.T. A. Medvedeva - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 10:37-45.
    Understanding the differences between scientific approaches to cybernetics is difficult because of the very different histories and intellectual traditions in Russia and the West, i.e. the U.S. and Europe. This paper, firstly, describes the peculiarities of the Russian style of scientific thinking, considering as an example Alexander Bogdanov’s theory in context of the Russian intellectual tradition. Secondly, the paper compares Vladimir E. Lepskiy’s and Stuart A. Umpleby’s theories of cybernetics looking at them through the prism of Russian and (...)
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  28.  31
    Physical Determinants in the Emergence and Inheritance of Multicellular Form.Stuart A. Newman & Marta Linde-Medina - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):274-285.
    We argue that the physics of complex materials and self-organizing processes should be made central to the biology of form. Rather than being encoded in genes, form emerges when cells and certain of their molecules mobilize physical forces, effects, and processes in a multicellular context. What is inherited from one generation to the next are not genetic programs for constructing organisms, but generative mechanisms of morphogenesis and pattern formation and the initial and boundary conditions for reproducing the specific traits of (...)
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  29. A Short Hystery of Conception.Stuart A. Copans - 1973 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 16 (2):232-239.
  30.  15
    Dominance Relationships: The Cheshire Cat's Grin?Stuart A. Altmann - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):430-431.
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  31.  42
    A Computer Scientist's Perspective on Chaos and Mystery.Stuart A. Kurtz - 2002 - Zygon 37 (2):415-420.
  32.  8
    A Framework to Think About Evolving Genetic Regulatory Systems.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. pp. 165--184.
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  33.  17
    Notions of Weak Genericity.Stuart A. Kurtz - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):764-770.
  34.  5
    Introducing “Critical Concepts in Biological Theory”.Stuart A. Newman - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):113-113.
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  35.  21
    A Commentary on Homer's Odyssey. [REVIEW]Richard Janko, Homer, A. Heubeck, S. West, J. B. Hainsworth & A. Hoekstra - 1990 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 110:205-209.
  36.  7
    Critical Thinking Vis-a-Vis General-Semantics.Stuart A. Mayper - 1993 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 11 (2):8-12.
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  37. A Chinese Room That Understands.Herbert A. Simon & Stuart A. Eisenstadt - 2003 - In John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press.
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  38.  4
    The Dynamic Architecture of a Developing Organism.Stuart A. Newman - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (9):870-870.
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  39.  17
    Remembering Richard Lewontin.Stuart A. Newman, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Daniel L. Hartl, Philip Kitcher, Diane B. Paul, John Beatty, Sahotra Sarkar, Elliott Sober & William C. Wimsatt - 2021 - Biological Theory 16 (4):257-267.
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  40.  7
    Developmental Logic and its Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1987 - Bioessays 6 (2):82-87.
  41. Head and Hand Movements in the Orchestration of Dialogue.Stuart A. Battersby & Patrick Gt Healey - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  42. The Developmental Specificity of Physical Mechanisms.Stuart A. Newman - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):343-351.
     
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  43.  6
    Sticky Fingers:Hox Genes and Cell Adhesion in Vertebrate Limb Development.Stuart A. Newman - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (3):171-174.
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  44.  12
    Computational Limitations of Small-Depth Circuits.Stuart A. Kurtz & Johan Hastad - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1259.
  45.  19
    Skinner's Circus.Stuart A. Altmann - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):678.
  46. Insights & Perspectives.Stuart A. Newman, Carlos Sonnenschein, Ana M. Soto, David L. Vaux, James P. Curley, Anja Pm Verhagen, Ger Jm Pruijn, Frederik Leliaert, Heroen Verbruggen & Frederick W. Zechman - unknown - Bioessays 33:653 - 656.
     
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  47.  17
    Book Review: Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth-Century America. [REVIEW]Stuart A. Capper - 2007 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 44 (1):128-129.
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  48.  34
    The Sciences of Complexity and "Origins of Order".Stuart A. Kauffman - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:299 - 322.
    This article discusses my book, Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution, in the context of the emerging sciences of complexity. Origins, due out of Oxford University Press in early 1992, attempts to lay out a broadened theory of evolution based on the marriage of unexpected and powerful properties of self organization which arises in complex systems, properties which may underlie the origin of life itself and the emergence of order in ontogeny, and the continuing action of natural (...)
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  49.  14
    Problems and Paradigms: Is Segmentation Generic?Stuart A. Newman - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (4):277-283.
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  50.  12
    Stuart A. Kauffman, "A World Beyond Physics: The Emergence and Evolution of Life.".Evan Clarke - 2020 - Philosophy in Review 40 (3):123-125.
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