Results for 'Steven Todd'

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  1. Book Reviews-Female Infidelity and Paternal Uncertainty: Evolutionary Perspectives in Mel Anti-Cuckoldry Tactics.Steven M. Platek, Todd K. Shackelford & Francis T. McAndrew - 2006 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (3):367.
     
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  2.  24
    Pure short-term memory capacity has implications for understanding individual differences in math skills.Steven A. Hecht & Todd K. Shackelford - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):124-125.
    Future work is needed to establish that pure short-term memory is a coherent individual difference attribute that is separable from traditional compound short-term memory measures. Psychometric support for latent pure short-term memory capacity will provide an important starting point for future fine-grained analyses of the intrinsic factors that influence individual differences in math skills.
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  3. A Difference That Makes a Difference: Passing through Dennett's Stalinesque/orwellian Impasse.Steven J. Todd - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):497-520.
    Dennett and Kinsbourne ([1992]) argue that metacontrast backward visual masking provides a clear illustration that ‘there is really only a verbal difference’ between two versions of the Cartesian Theater model of the mind. This alleged lack of a distinction is both the crucial premise of their main argument against the Cartesian Theater and a motivator for accepting their own Multiple Drafts model. I argue that metacontrast reveals a difference between the two versions of the Cartesian Theater that meets criteria found (...)
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  4.  97
    Unmasking multiple drafts.Steven J. Todd - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):477-494.
    Any theoretician constructing a serious model of consciousness should carefully assess the details of empirical data generated in the neurosciences and psychology. A failure to account for those details may cast doubt on the adequacy of that model. This paper presents a case in point. Dennett and Kinsbourne's (Dennett, D., & Kinsbourne, M. (1992). Time and the observer: The where and when of consciousness in the brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15, 183-243) assault on the materialist version of the Cartesian (...)
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  5.  29
    watching Television: Notes toward a Political CriticismWatching Television. [REVIEW]Steven Best, Douglas Kellner & Todd Gitlin - 1987 - Diacritics 17 (2):97.
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  6.  70
    A Time Travel Dialogue.John W. Carroll, Steven Carpenter, Beth Ehrlich Slater, Gray Maddrey, Kevin Martell, Stuart Miller, Nathan Sasser, Stephen Sutton, Robert Todd, Diana Tysinger & Laura Wingler - 2014 - Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.
    Is time travel just a confusing plot device deployed by science fiction authors and Hollywood filmmakers to amaze and amuse? Or might empirical data prompt a scientific hypothesis of time travel? Structured on a fascinating dialogue involving  ...
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  7. Unconscious, stimulus-dependent priming and conscious, percept-dependent priming with chromatic stimuli.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro, Haluk Ögmen & Steven Todd - 2007 - Perception and Psychophysics 69 (4):550-557.
     
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  8.  28
    Affect and the resolution of cognitive control dilemmas.Jeremy R. Gray, Alexandre Schaefer, Todd S. Braver & Steven B. Most - 2005 - In Barr (ed.), Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press.
  9.  14
    Moderate Reverberation Does Not Increase Subjective Fatigue, Subjective Listening Effort, or Behavioral Listening Effort in School-Aged Children.Erin M. Picou, Brianna Bean, Steven C. Marcrum, Todd A. Ricketts & Benjamin W. Y. Hornsby - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  34
    Lisa Marie Anderson, Hamann and the Tradition (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2012). David Appelbaum, À Propos, Levinas (Albany: SUNY Press, 2012). Alain Badiou, The Adventure of French Philosophy, trans. Bruno Bosteels (New York: Verso Press, 2012). [REVIEW]Alain Badiou, Miguel Beistegui, David Boersema, Steven M. Cahn, Robert B. Talisse, Adam Rosen-Carole, Todd Mayers, Françoise Dastur, Juan Manuel Garrido & Boris Gasparov - 2012 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 33 (2).
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  11. Visualized space. The cult of the cold and the gendered body in mountain films / Ingeborg Majer-O'Sickey ; Panoptic paranoia and phantasmagoria: Fritz Lang's nocturnal city / Steven Jacobs ; Subjective topographies: Berlin in post-wall photography / Miriam Paeslack ; Kreuzberg as relational place: respatializing the "ghetto" in Bettina Blümner's Prinzessinnenbad [Pool of princesses, 2007] / Jaimey Fisher ; Digital geographies: Berlin in the ages of new media.Todd Presner - 2010 - In Jaimey Fisher & Barbara Caroline Mennel (eds.), Spatial Turns: Space, Place, and Mobility in German Literary and Visual Culture. Rodopi.
     
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  12.  10
    Ivory Diptych Sundials, 1570-1750 by Steven A. Lloyd. [REVIEW]W. Todd & Peggy Kidwell - 1993 - Isis 84:583-584.
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  13.  18
    Disease and Distinctiveness in the American South. Todd L. Savitt, James Harvey YoungScience and Medicine in the Old South. Ronald L. Numbers, Todd L. Savitt. [REVIEW]Steven Stowe - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):793-794.
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  14.  54
    Steven M. Platek, Julian Paul Keenan and Todd K. Shackelford (eds), evolutionary cognitive neuroscience.Mitch Parsell - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (2):275-278.
  15. Gravitation and cosmology: principles and applications of the general theory of relativity.Steven Weinberg - 1972 - New York,: Wiley.
    Weinberg's 1972 work, in his description, had two purposes. The first was practical to bring together and assess the wealth of data provided over the previous decade while realizing that newer data would come in even as the book was being printed. He hoped the comprehensive picture would prepare the reader and himself to that new data as it emerged. The second was to produce a textbook about general relativity in which geometric ideas were not given a starring role for (...)
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  16.  26
    Monism: science, philosophy, religion, and the history of a worldview.Todd H. Weir (ed.) - 2012 - New York, N.Y.: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This groundbreaking volume casts light on the long shadow of naturalistic monism in modern thought and culture. When monism's philosophical proposition - the unity of all matter and thought in a single, universal substance - fused with scientific empiricism and Darwinism in the mid-nineteenth century, it led to the formation of a powerful worldview articulated in the work of figures such as Ernst Haeckel. The compelling essays collected here, written by leading international scholars, investigate the articulation of monism in science, (...)
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  17.  27
    Political morality and constitutional settlements.Steven Wall - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):481-499.
    This paper presents a way of thinking about how to respond to the pluralism of modern societies that avoids any commitment to contractualist norms of political justification. The argument developed appeals to the notion of a constitutional settlement. Constitutional settlements are complex on-going social practices that both express certain values to which political societies are committed and establish procedures for resolving disputes among members of these societies. As such, they are a product of both moral commitment and the balance of (...)
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  18.  34
    The Real Value of Fake Teams: An Ethical Defense of Fantasy Sports.Steven Weimer - 2019 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (2):226-240.
    In the only two articles on the topic of which I am aware, Chad Carlson and Scott Aikin have leveled three objections against fantasy sports—namely, that participation in fantasy sports elicits...
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  19.  51
    The Right Tool for the Job: Philosophy’s Evolving Role in Advancing Management Theory.Steven E. Wallis - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):67-99.
    In this paper, I build on Wittgenstein’s metaphor of a toolbox to introduce the metaphor of ‘tool confusion’ – how differing conceptual constructs may be applied, or misapplied, to one another and the effect that such applications have on the advancement of management theory. Moving beyond metaphor, I investigate a theory of management through two specific philosophical lenses (Popper and Lyotard). This analysis tests both the theory and the philosophies with regard to how each philosophy may be applied as a (...)
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  20. A Unified Account of the Moral Standing to Blame.Patrick Todd - 2019 - Noûs 53:347-374.
    Recently, philosophers have turned their attention to the question, not when a given agent is blameworthy for what she does, but when a further agent has the moral standing to blame her for what she does. Philosophers have proposed at least four conditions on having “moral standing”: -/- 1. One’s blame would not be “hypocritical”. 2. One is not oneself “involved in” the target agent’s wrongdoing. 3. One must be warranted in believing that the target is indeed blameworthy for the (...)
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  21. The variable nature of cognitive control: a dual mechanisms framework.Todd S. Braver - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):106-113.
  22. Visual Search: The role of memory for rejected distractors.Todd S. Horowitz & J. M. Wolfe - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 264.
  23.  24
    Film: The Dark Knight.Todd Walters - 2009 - Philosophy Now 73:42-45.
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  24.  21
    Horton Hears a Who!Todd Walters - 2008 - Philosophy Now 67:46-47.
  25.  64
    Computational complexity analysis can help, but first we need a theory.Todd Wareham, Iris van Rooij & Moritz Müller - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):399-400.
    Leech et al. present a connectionist algorithm as a model of (the development) of analogizing, but they do not specify the algorithm's associated computational-level theory, nor its computational complexity. We argue that doing so may be essential for connectionist cognitive models to have full explanatory power and transparency, as well as for assessing their scalability to real-world input domains.
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  26.  63
    Context processing in older adults: evidence for a theory relating cognitive control to neurobiology in healthy aging.Todd S. Braver, Deanna M. Barch, Beth A. Keys, Cameron S. Carter, Jonathan D. Cohen, Jeffrey A. Kaye, Jeri S. Janowsky, Stephan F. Taylor, Jerome A. Yesavage & Martin S. Mumenthaler - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):746.
  27. Empirically Skeptical Theism.Todd DeRose - 2020 - Faith and Philosophy 37 (3):323-335.
    Inspired by Peter van Inwagen’s “simulacra model” of the resurrection, I investigate whether it could be reasonable to adopt an analogous approach to the problem of evil. Empirically Skeptical Theism, as I call it, is the hypothesis that God shields our lives from irredeemable evils surreptitiously (just as van Inwagen proposes that God shields our bodies from destruction surreptitiously). I argue that EST compares favorably with traditional skeptical theism and with eschatological theodicies, and that EST does not have the negative (...)
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  28. Non-Compensable Harms.Todd N. Karhu - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):222–230.
    It is more or less uncontroversial that when we harm someone through wrongful conduct we incur an obligation to compensate her. But sometimes compensation is impossible: when the victim is killed, for example. Other times, only partial compensation is possible. In this article, I take some initial steps towards exploring this largely ignored issue. I argue that the perpetrator of a wrongful harm incurs a duty to promote the impartial good in proportion to the amount of harm that cannot be (...)
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  29. Conceptualizing the (dis)unity of science.Todd A. Grantham - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):133-155.
    This paper argues that conceptualizing unity as "interconnection" (rather than reduction) provides a more fruitful and versatile framework for the philosophical study of scientific unification. Building on the work of Darden and Maull, Kitcher, and Kincaid, I treat unity as a relationship between fields: two fields become more integrated as the number and/or significance of interfield connections grow. Even when reduction fails, two theories or fields can be unified (integrated) in significant ways. I highlight two largely independent dimensions of unification. (...)
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  30.  9
    The ancient origins of consciousness: how the brain created experience.Todd E. Feinberg - 2016 - Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Edited by Jon Mallatt.
    How consciousness appeared much earlier in evolutionary history than is commonly assumed, and why all vertebrates and perhaps even some invertebrates are conscious. How is consciousness created? When did it first appear on Earth, and how did it evolve? What constitutes consciousness, and which animals can be said to be sentient? In this book, Todd Feinberg and Jon Mallatt draw on recent scientific findings to answer these questions—and to tackle the most fundamental question about the nature of consciousness: how (...)
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  31. The evolutionary and genetic origins of consciousness in the Cambrian Period over 500 million years ago.Todd E. Feinberg & Jon Mallatt - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  32. Autonomous Learning of Sequential Tasks: Experiments and Analyses.Todd Peterson - unknown
    This paper presents a novel learning model Clarion , which is a hybrid model based on the two-level approach proposed in Sun (1995). The model integrates neural, reinforcement, and symbolic learning methods to perform on-line, bottom-up learning (i.e., learning that goes from neural to symbolic representations). The model utilizes both procedural and declarative knowledge (in neural and symbolic representations respectively), tapping into the synergy of the two types of processes. It was applied to deal with sequential decision tasks. Experiments and (...)
     
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  33.  80
    Cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation failure.Todd F. Heatherton & Dylan D. Wagner - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):132-139.
  34.  20
    Club-guessing, stationary reflection, and coloring theorems.Todd Eisworth - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (10):1216-1243.
    We obtain very strong coloring theorems at successors of singular cardinals from failures of certain instances of simultaneous reflection of stationary sets. In particular, the simplest of our results establishes that if μ is singular and , then there is a regular cardinal θ<μ such that any fewer than cf stationary subsets of must reflect simultaneously.
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  35.  21
    Elements of Folk-Psychology.Arthur J. Todd - 1918 - The Monist 28:159.
  36.  23
    Normative Systems.D. D. Todd - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (3):437-438.
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  37. Subjectivity “Demystified”: Neurobiology, Evolution, and the Explanatory Gap.Todd E. Feinberg & Jon Mallatt - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    While life in general can be explained by the mechanisms of physics, chemistry and biology, to many scientists and philosophers it appears that when it comes to explaining consciousness, there is what the philosopher Joseph Levine called an “explanatory gap” between the physical brain and subjective experiences. Here we deduce the living and neural features behind primary consciousness within a naturalistic biological framework, identify which animal taxa have these features (the vertebrates, arthropods, and cephalopod molluscs), then reconstruct when consciousness first (...)
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  38.  49
    Global collective action.Todd Sandler - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Although the global community has achieved some success in endeavors such as eradicating smallpox, efforts to coordinate nations' actions in others--such as the reduction of drug trafficking--have not been sufficient. Identifying the factors that promote, or inhibit, successful collective action for an ever-growing set of challenges associated with globalization, Todd Sandler applies them to promoting global health, providing foreign assistance, controlling rogue nations, limiting transnational terrorism, and intervening in civil wars.
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  39.  43
    Phenomenal Consciousness and Emergence: Eliminating the Explanatory Gap.Todd E. Feinberg & Jon Mallatt - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  40.  73
    Rawls and Habermas: reason, pluralism, and the claims of political philosophy.Todd Hedrick - 2010 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    A critical evaluation of Rawlsian and Habermasian paradigms of political philosophy that offers an interpretation and defense of Habermas's theory of law and ...
  41. What Justifies Our Bias Toward the Future?Todd Karhu - 2023 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 101 (4):876-889.
    A person is biased toward the future when she prefers, other things being equal, bad events to be in her past rather than her future or good ones to be in her future rather than her past. In this paper, I explain why both critics and defenders of future bias have failed to consider the best version of the view. I distinguish external time from personal time, and show that future bias is best construed in terms of the latter. This (...)
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  42. The Liberal Basis of the Right to Bear Arms.Todd C. Hughes & Lester H. Hunt - 2000 - Public Affairs Quarterly 14 (1):1-25.
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  43.  59
    The nature of primary consciousness. A new synthesis.Todd E. Feinberg & Jon Mallatt - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:113-127.
  44.  15
    Todd Gooch: Paul Natorp “Between the Ages”.Todd Gooch - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):129-151.
    This article seeks to provide a fuller account of the philosophy of religion of the Marburg Neo-Kantian, Paul Natorp (1854–1924), than has hitherto been available. It does so by describing important changes in Natorp’s thinking about religion between the publication of his early book, Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der Humanität (1894), and later writings in which he espouses a version of logos-mysticism strikingly at odds with the concept of a “religion of reason” put forward by his long-time Marburg colleague, Hermann (...)
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  45.  20
    Todd Gooch: Paul Natorp “Between the Ages”.Todd Gooch - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):129-151.
    This article seeks to provide a fuller account of the philosophy of religion of the Marburg Neo-Kantian, Paul Natorp (1854–1924), than has hitherto been available. It does so by describing important changes in Natorp’s thinking about religion between the publication of his early book, Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der Humanität (1894), and later writings in which he espouses a version of logos-mysticism strikingly at odds with the concept of a “religion of reason” put forward by his long-time Marburg colleague, Hermann (...)
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  46.  80
    Hume's Argument for the Temporal Priority of Causes.Todd Ryan - 2003 - Hume Studies 29 (1):29-41.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Hume Studies Volume 29, Number 1, April 2003, pp. 29-41 Hume's Argument for the Temporal Priority of Causes TODD RYAN In a section entitled "Of Probability; and of the idea of cause and effect," Hume embarks on a search for the conceptual components of our idea of causation. Rejecting the possibility of analyzing the idea in terms of the qualities of objects, Hume claims to discover two constituent (...)
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  47. Where in the brain is the self?Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):671-678.
    Localizing the self in the brain has been the goal of consciousness research for centuries. Recently, there has been an increase in attention to the localization of the self. Here we present data from patients suffering from a loss of self in an attempt to understand the neural correlates of consciousness. Focusing on delusional misidentification syndrome , we find that frontal regions, as well as the right hemisphere appear to play a significant role in DMS and DMS related disorders. These (...)
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  48.  92
    Explanatory pluralism in paleobiology.Todd A. Grantham - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):236.
    This paper is a defense of "explanatory pluralism" (i.e., the view that some events can be correctly explained in two distinct ways). To defend pluralism, I identify two distinct (but compatible) styles of explanation in paleobiology. The first approach ("actual sequence explanation") traces out the particular forces that affect each species. The second approach treats the trend as "passive" or "random" diffusion away from a boundary in morphological space. I argue that while these strategies are distinct, some trends are correctly (...)
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  49.  14
    Short-term gains, long-term pains: How cues about state aid learning in dynamic environments.Todd M. Gureckis & Bradley C. Love - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):293-313.
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  50. The Primacy of Intention and the Duty to Truth: A Gandhi-Inspired Argument for Retranslating Hiṃsā_ and _Ahiṃsā.Todd Davies - 2022 - In V. K. Kool & Rita Agrawal (eds.), Gandhi’s Wisdom: Insights from the Founding Father of Modern Psychology in the East. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 227-246.
    “Violence” and “nonviolence” are, increasingly, misleading translations for the Sanskrit words hiṃsā and ahiṃsā—used by Gandhi as the basis for his philosophy of satyāgraha. I argue for rereading hiṃsā as “maleficence” and ahiṃsā as “beneficence.” These two more mind-referring English words capture the primacy of intention implied by Gandhi’s core principles. Reflecting a political turn in moral accountability detectable through linguistic data, both the scope and the usage of the word “violence” have expanded dramatically, making it harder to convincingly characterize (...)
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