Results for 'Steven R. Chesnut'

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  1.  43
    University Students’ Perceptions of Academic Cheating: Triangulating Quantitative and Qualitative Findings.Tianlan Wei, Steven R. Chesnut, Lucy Barnard-Brak & Marcelo Schmidt - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (4):287-298.
    Using a parallel mixed-methods design, the current study examined university students’ perceptions of academic cheating through collecting and analyzing both the quantitative and qualitative data. Our quantitative findings corroborate previous research that male students have engaged more in academic cheating than females based on students’ self-reports, and that undergraduate students are less willing to discuss issues on academic cheating as compared with their graduate counterparts. Five themes emerged from the thematic analysis of the qualitative data: flexible definitions for cheating, environmental (...)
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  2.  54
    From Cognitive Science to Cognitive Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics: Steven R. Quartz.Steven R. Quartz - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):459-471.
    As an emerging discipline, neuroeconomics faces considerable methodological and practical challenges. In this paper, I suggest that these challenges can be understood by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between the emergence of neuroeconomics and the emergence of cognitive and computational neuroscience two decades ago. From these parallels, I suggest the major challenge facing theory formation in the neural and behavioural sciences is that of being under-constrained by data, making a detailed understanding of physical implementation necessary for theory construction in neuroeconomics. (...)
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  3. Experimental Philosophy of Technology.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34:993-1012.
    Experimental philosophy is a relatively recent discipline that employs experimental methods to investigate the intuitions, concepts, and assumptions behind traditional philosophical arguments, problems, and theories. While experimental philosophy initially served to interrogate the role that intuitions play in philosophy, it has since branched out to bring empirical methods to bear on problems within a variety of traditional areas of philosophy—including metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and epistemology. To date, no connection has been made between developments in experimental philosophy (...)
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  4. Debunking (the) Retribution (Gap).Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Robotization is an increasingly pervasive feature of our lives. Robots with high degrees of autonomy may cause harm, yet in sufciently complex systems neither the robots nor the human developers may be candidates for moral blame. John Danaher has recently argued that this may lead to a retribution gap, where the human desire for retribution faces a lack of appropriate subjects for retributive blame. The potential social and moral implications of a retribution gap are considerable. I argue that the retributive (...)
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  5. The Neural Basis of Cognitive Development: A Constructivist Manifesto.Steven R. Quartz & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):537-556.
    How do minds emerge from developing brains? According to the representational features of cortex are built from the dynamic interaction between neural growth mechanisms and environmentally derived neural activity. Contrary to popular selectionist models that emphasize regressive mechanisms, the neurobiological evidence suggests that this growth is a progressive increase in the representational properties of cortex. The interaction between the environment and neural growth results in a flexible type of learning: minimizes the need for prespecification in accordance with recent neurobiological evidence (...)
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  6. COVID-19: Against a Lockdown Approach.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 13 (2):195-212.
    Governments around the world have faced the challenge of how to respond to the recent outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease. Some have reacted by greatly restricting the freedom of citizens, while others have opted for less drastic policies. In this paper, I draw a parallel with vaccination ethics to conceptualize two distinct approaches to COVID-19 that I call altruistic and lockdown. Given that the individual measures necessary to limit the spread of the virus can in principle be achieved voluntarily (...)
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  7. Vaccinating for Whom? Distinguishing Between Self-Protective, Paternalistic, Altruistic and Indirect Vaccination.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (2):190-200.
    Preventive vaccination can protect not just vaccinated individuals, but also others, which is often a central point in discussions about vaccination. To date, there has been no systematic study of self- and other-directed motives behind vaccination. This article has two major goals: first, to examine and distinguish between self- and other-directed motives behind vaccination, especially with regard to vaccinating for the sake of third parties, and second, to explore some ways in which this approach can help to clarify and guide (...)
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  8.  40
    Neural Networks, Nativism, and the Plausibility of Constructivism.Steven R. Quartz - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):223-242.
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  9. Continuous Glucose Monitoring as a Matter of Justice.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (4):345-370.
    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic illness that requires intensive lifelong management of blood glucose concentrations by means of external insulin administration. There have been substantial developments in the ways of measuring glucose levels, which is crucial to T1D self-management. Recently, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has allowed people with T1D to keep track of their blood glucose levels in near real-time. These devices have alarms that warn users about potentially dangerous blood glucose trends, which can often be shared with (...)
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  10.  22
    Survey Article: Global Investment Rules as a Site for Moral Inquiry.Steven R. Ratner - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (1):107-135.
    The legal regime regulating cross-border investment gives key rights to foreign investors and places significant duties on states hosting that investment. It also raises distinctive moral questions due to its potential to constrain a state’s ability to manage its economy and protect its people. Yet international investment law remains virtually untouched as a subject of philosophical inquiry. The questions of international political morality surrounding investment rules can be mapped through the lens of two critiques of the law – that it (...)
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  11. Reason, Emotion and Decision-Making: Risk and Reward Computation with Feeling.Steven R. Quartz - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (5):209-215.
  12.  79
    The Constructivist Brain.Steven R. Quartz - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):48-57.
  13. Against COVID‐19 Vaccination of Healthy Children.Steven R. Kraaijeveld, Rachel Gur-Arie & Euzebiusz Jamrozik - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (6):687-698.
  14.  27
    Moralization and Mismoralization in Public Health.Steven R. Kraaijeveld & Euzebiusz Jamrozik - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
    Moralization is a social-psychological process through which morally neutral issues take on moral significance. Often linked to health and disease, moralization may sometimes lead to good outcomes; yet moralization is often detrimental to individuals and to society as a whole. It is therefore important to be able to identify when moralization is inappropriate. In this paper, we offer a systematic normative approach to the evaluation of moralization. We introduce and develop the concept of ‘mismoralization’, which is when moralization is metaethically (...)
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  15.  39
    On the Role of Deep Subjects in Semantic Interpretation.Steven R. Anderson - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (3):361-377.
  16.  45
    A Formalization of Set Theory Without Variables.Alfred Tarski & Steven R. Givant - 1987 - American Mathematical Soc..
    Completed in 1983, this work culminates nearly half a century of the late Alfred Tarski's foundational studies in logic, mathematics, and the philosophy of science. Written in collaboration with Steven Givant, the book appeals to a very broad audience, and requires only a familiarity with first-order logic. It is of great interest to logicians and mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics, but also to philosophers interested in logic, semantics, algebraic logic, or the methodology of the deductive sciences, and (...)
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  17. Metamorality without Moral Truth.Steven R. Kraaijeveld & Hanno Sauer - 2018 - Neuroethics 12 (2):119-131.
    Recently, Joshua Greene has argued that we need a metamorality to solve moral problems for which evolution has not prepared us. The metamorality that he proposes is a utilitarian account that he calls deep pragmatism. Deep pragmatism is supposed to arbitrate when the values espoused by different groups clash. To date, no systematic appraisal of this argument for a metamorality exists. We reconstruct Greene’s case for deep pragmatism as a metamorality and consider three lines of objection to it. We argue (...)
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  18.  53
    Innateness and the Brain.Steven R. Quartz - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):13-40.
    The philosophical innateness debate has long relied onpsychological evidence. For a century, however, a parallel debate hastaken place within neuroscience. In this paper, I consider theimplications of this neuroscience debate for the philosophicalinnateness debate. By combining the tools of theoretical neurobiologyand learning theory, I introduce the ``problem of development'' that alladaptive systems must solve, and suggest how responses to this problemcan demarcate a number of innateness proposals. From this perspective, Isuggest that the majority of natural systems are in fact innate. (...)
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  19. Aspects of Consciousness: Volume 3, Awareness and Self-Awareness.G. Underwood & R. Stevens (eds.) - 1982 - Academic Press.
  20.  31
    The 'Demented Other' or Simply 'a Person'? Extending the Philosophical Discourse of Naue and Kroll Through the Situated Self.Steven R. Sabat, Ann Johnson, Caroline Swarbrick & John Keady - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (4):282-292.
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  21.  15
    A Triarchic Reaction to a Triarchic Theory of Intelligence.Steven R. Yussen - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):303.
  22.  29
    Beyond Modularity: Neural Evidence for Constructivist Principles in Development.Steven R. Quartz & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):725-726.
  23. Metacognitive Aspects of Reading.Steven R. Yussen, Samuel R. Mathews & Elfrieda Hiebert - 1982 - In Wayne Otto & Sandra White (eds.), Reading Expository Material. Academic. pp. 189--218.
  24. Kripke's Cartesian Argument.Steven R. Bayne - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (2-3):265-270.
  25.  26
    The Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer as a Semiotic Subject.Steven R. Sabat & Rom Harré - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):145-160.
  26.  63
    Predator and Prey: Seizing and Killing Suspected Terrorists Abroad.Steven R. Ratner - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):251–275.
  27.  31
    Subjectivity, the Brain, Life Narratives and the Ethical Treatment of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease.Steven R. Sabat - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):23-25.
  28. Mind, Meaning and Personhood in Dementia: The Effects of Positioning.Steven R. Sabat - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
     
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  29.  39
    Voices of Alzheimer's Disease Sufferers: A Call for Treatment Based on Personhood.Steven R. Sabat - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (1):35.
  30.  5
    Ties That Bind: ISCT As a Procedural Approach to Business Ethics.Steven R. Salbu - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (4):444-451.
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  31. The Thin Justice of International Law: A Moral Reckoning of the Law of Nations.Steven R. Ratner - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Offering a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice and integrating the insights of international relations and contemporary ethics, this book asks whether the core norms of international law are just by appraising them according to a standard of global justice grounded in the advancement of peace and protection of human rights.
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  32.  31
    A Critical Analysis of Misappropriation Theory in Insider Trading Cases.Steven R. Salbu - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):465-477.
    Under the present judicial interpretation of federal securities law, an individual is prohibited from trading on non-public information that has been misappropriated in contravention of a fiduciary duty. Trades made using non-pubIic information that has not been misappropriated are not prohibited by Rule 10b-5, promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. The current requirement of misappropriation to trigger Rule 10b-5 liability creates a gap that permits transactions that are both ethically and economically undesirable. Judicial or legislative reforms are (...)
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  33.  17
    A Slim Book About Narrow Content. Gabriel M. A. Segal. [REVIEW]Steven E. BoË & R. - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1115-1119.
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  34.  19
    Complicity and Compromise in the Law of Nations.Steven R. Ratner - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):559-573.
    This paper considers the implications of Chiara Lepora and Robert Goodin's On Complicity and Compromise (OUP, 2013) for our understanding of international law. That volume systematizes and evaluates individuals’ ethical choices in getting (too) close to evil acts. For the law of nations, these concepts are relevant in three critical ways. First, they capture the dilemmas of those charged with implementing international law, e.g., Red Cross delegates pledged to confidentiality learning of torture in a prison. Second, they offer a rubric (...)
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  35.  32
    Lost in Translation: Incomer Organic Farmers, Local Knowledge, and the Revitalization of Upland Japanese Hamlets. [REVIEW]Steven R. McGreevy - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (3):393-412.
    Upland Japan suffers from extreme depopulation, aging, and loss of agricultural, economic, and social viability. In addition, the absence of a successor generation in many marginalized hamlets endangers the continuation of local knowledge associated with upland agricultural livelihoods and severely limits the prospects of rural revitalization and development. Resettlement by incomer organic farmers represents an opportunity to both pass on valuable local knowledge and rejuvenate local society. Survey and interview data are used to explore the knowledge dynamics at play in (...)
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  36.  19
    Distorted Ideals: The “Problem of Dependency” and the Mythology of Independent Living.Steven R. Smith - 2001 - Social Theory and Practice 27 (4):579-598.
  37.  54
    The Social Construction of Talent: A Defence of Justice as Reciprocity.Steven R. Smith - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (1):19–37.
    Debates concerning principles of justice need to be attentive to various types of social process. One concerns the distribution of resources between groups defined as talented and untalented. Another concerns the social mechanisms by which people come to be categorised as talented and untalented. Political philosophers have paid considerable attention to the former issues, much less to the latter. That, I shall argue, represents a significant oversight.
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  38.  13
    A Legal and Economic Analysis of Insider Trading: Establishing an Appropriate Sphere of Regulation.Steven R. Salbu - 1989 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 8 (2):3-21.
  39. Moral Reasoning for Journalists: Cases and Commentary.Steven R. Knowlton - 1997 - Praeger.
    This up-to-date collection of more than two dozen real-life cases illustrates the moral issues facing contemporary American journalists. It will help students hone their reasoning skills, encouraging them to think rationally and act with integrity.
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  40.  32
    Is International Law Impartial?Steven R. Ratner - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (1):39-74.
  41. Aspects of Consciousness: Volume 2, Structural Issues.G. Underwood & R. Stevens (eds.) - 1981 - Academic Press.
  42.  7
    Deficits in the Mimicry of Facial Expressions in Parkinson's Disease.Steven R. Livingstone, Esztella Vezer, Lucy M. McGarry, Anthony E. Lang & Frank A. Russo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  43.  73
    Defeasibility Theories of Knowledge.Steven R. Levy - 1977 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):115 - 123.
    There have been many attempts of late to formulate a satisfactory theory of knowledge with which to replace the traditional justified true belief analysis. Almost all agree that it must be the case that in order for S to know that p; i.) p be true, and ii.) S believe that p. Although many argue that there must be a condition stating that S has adequate evidence for p, requirements other than i.) and ii.) are controversial. The most popular approach (...)
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  44.  78
    Neuroscience, Ethics and Legal Responsibility: The Problem of the Insanity Defense: Commentary on “The Ethics of Neuroscience and the Neuroscience of Ethics: A Phenomenological–Existential Approach”.Steven R. Smith - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):475-481.
    The insanity defense presents many difficult questions for the legal system. It attracts attention beyond its practical significance (it is seldom used successfully) because it goes to the heart of the concept of legal responsibility. “Not guilty by reason of insanity” generally requires that as a result of mental illness the defendant was unable to distinguish right from wrong at the time of the crime. The many difficult and complex questions presented by the insanity defense have led some in the (...)
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  45.  78
    Misleading Defeaters.Steven R. Levy - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (12):739-742.
  46.  39
    Citizenship and Disability: Incommensurable Lives and Well-Being.Steven R. Smith - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (3):403-420.
  47.  40
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  48. Robert Fiengo and Robert May, Indices and Identity Reviewed By.Steven R. Bayne - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (2):96-100.
     
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  49.  28
    Editorial: Refining Prevention: Genetic and Epigenetic Contributions.Steven R. H. Beach & Jessica M. Sales - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  50. Moral Reasoning for Journalists.Steven R. Knowlton - 2009 - Praeger.
    This volume is an introduction to the underpinnings of journalism ethics, and a guide for journalists and journalism teachers looking for ways to form consistent and informed ethical decisions.
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