Results for 'Steven J. Bradtke'

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  1.  7
    Learning to act using real-time dynamic programming.Andrew G. Barto, Steven J. Bradtke & Satinder P. Singh - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 72 (1-2):81-138.
  2. The Picture Theory of Disability.Steven J. Firth - 2023 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (2):198-216.
    The leading models of disability struggle to fully encompass all aspects of “disability.” This difficulty arises, the author argues, because the models fundamentally misunderstand the nature of disability. Current theoretical approaches to disability can be understood as “nounal,” in that they understand disability as a thing that is caused or embodied. In contrast, this paper presents an adverbial perspective on disability, which shows that disability is experienced as a personally irremediable impediment to daily-living tasks or goals-like-ours. The picture theory of (...)
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  3. Visual working memory capacity: from psychophysics and neurobiology to individual differences.Steven J. Luck & Edward K. Vogel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (8):391-400.
  4.  21
    Jesuit Scientific Activity in the Overseas Missions, 1540–1773.Steven J. Harris - 2005 - Isis 96 (1):71-79.
    ABSTRACT Within the context of national traditions in colonial science, the scientific activities of Jesuit missionaries present us with a unique combination of challenges. The multinational membership of the Society of Jesus gave its missionaries access to virtually every Portuguese, Spanish, and French colony. The Society was thus compelled to engage an astonishingly diverse array of cultural and natural environments, and that diversity of contexts is reflected in the range and the complexity of Jesuit scientific practices. Underlying that complexity, however, (...)
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  5.  24
    Is there a universal need for positive self-regard?Steven J. Heine, Darrin R. Lehman, Hazel Rose Markus & Shinobu Kitayama - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (4):766-794.
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  6.  18
    Anent the theoretical justification of a sex doula program.Steven J. Firth & Ivars Neiders - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 44 (2):125-140.
    The Human Condition is neither a well-defined nor well-described concept—nevertheless, it is generally agreed that human sexuality is a fundamental and constituent part of it. For most able-bodied persons, accessing and expressing one's sexuality is a (relatively) trouble-free process. However, many disabled persons experience difficulty in accessing their sexuality, while others experience such significant barriers that they are often precluded from sexual citizenship altogether. Recognising the barriers to the sexual citizenship of disabled persons, the concept of a Welfare-Funded Sex Doula (...)
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  7.  81
    Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal.Steven J. Wagner & Richard Wagner (eds.) - 1993 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Naturalism - the thesis that all facts are natural facts, that is the facts that can be recognised and explained by a natural science - plays a central role in contemporary analytical philosophy. Yet many philosophers reject the claims of naturalism. The essays in this anthology explore the difficulties of naturalism by revealing the ambiguities surrounding it, as well as the tensions that exist among its critics.
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  8.  23
    What Will It Take to Address the Global Threat of Antibiotic Resistance?Steven J. Hoffman & Kevin Outterson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):363-368.
    In March 2015, the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation convened a workshop in Uppsala, Sweden to address questions about antibiotic resistance, in partnership with the Global Strategy Lab, the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, and ReAct – Action on Antibiotic Resistance. Eleven concise articles were commissioned to explore whether ABR depended on global collective action, and if so, what tools could help states and non-state actors to achieve it. This article introduces that collection, which is (...)
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  9.  46
    The Implications of Rorty’s Post-Foundational “Moral Imagination” for Teaching Business Ethics.Steven J. Gold - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (S2):299-310.
    As one of the most influential commentators on the role of modern philosophy, Richard Rorty's work impacted all areas of philosophical inquiry, including business ethics. Rorty's post-foundational approach to "moral imagination" can inform how we teach business ethics in a diverse and philosophically eclectic manner. A summary of Rorty's critique of philosophy, ethics, and applied ethics will be followed by a discussion of the implications for a critical pedagogy and the pragmatic use of an expansive philosophical lexicon in a business (...)
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  10.  60
    Neuromarketing: Ethical Implications of its Use and Potential Misuse.Steven J. Stanton, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Scott A. Huettel - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (4):799-811.
    Neuromarketing is an emerging field in which academic and industry research scientists employ neuroscience techniques to study marketing practices and consumer behavior. The use of neuroscience techniques, it is argued, facilitates a more direct understanding of how brain states and other physiological mechanisms are related to consumer behavior and decision making. Herein, we will articulate common ethical concerns with neuromarketing as currently practiced, focusing on the potential risks to consumers and the ethical decisions faced by companies. We argue that the (...)
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  11.  37
    The virtues of positive psychology: The rapprochement and challenges of an affirmative postmodern perspective.Steven J. Sandage & Peter C. Hill - 2001 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 31 (3):241–260.
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  12. The Living Universe: Nasa and the Development of Astrobiology.Steven J. Dick & James E. Strick - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):386-387.
  13.  30
    Addressing Antibiotic Resistance Requires Robust International Accountability Mechanisms.Steven J. Hoffman & Trygve Ottersen - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):53-64.
    Most proposals for new international agreements aim to address important global challenges. If the goal is to solve problems, then the value of these agreements depends on their ability to influence the world — to shape norms, constrain behavior, facilitate cooperation, and mobilize action. A recent review of empirical studies has suggested that many international agreements fail to achieve their aspirations. The review indicates that the form in which states make commitments to each other — through an international legal agreement (...)
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  14.  28
    Evolutionary Psychology: Alternative Approaches.Steven J. Scher & Frederick Rauscher (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The aim of this collection is not to reject evolutionary psychology but to open up new vistas which students and researchers can use to ensure that evolutionary ...
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  15.  34
    The Samaritan State and Social Welfare Provision.Steven J. Wulf - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (2):217-236.
    Christopher Wellman and some allied scholars argue that a ‘samaritan theory’ can justify state coercion. They also suppose that states may provide robust, social egalitarian welfare provisions for a variety of reasons that would arise within samaritan states. However, the most promising reasons—samaritanism itself, natural socialism, relational equality, and anti-crime paternalism—cannot support robust provision without discarding the strong presumption favoring individual liberty which must motivate the samaritan theory. Consequently, a samaritan state cannot be a robust social welfare state.
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  16.  30
    The Bull in the China Shop: A Discussion of an Ambiguity Within Pettit's Theory of Freedom as Discursive Control (Philip Pettit, A Theory of Freedom: From the Psychology to the Politics of Agency).Steven J. Youngblood - 2005 - Cosmos and History 1 (1):185-190.
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  17.  6
    Whither a Welfare-Funded Sex Doula' Programme?Steven J. Firth - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 45 (6):361-364.
    The sexual citizenship of disabled persons is an ethically contentious issue with important and broad-reaching ramifications. Awareness of the issue has risen considerably due to the increasingly public responses from charitable organisations which have recently sought to respond to the needs of disabled persons—yet this important debate still struggles for traction in academia. In response, this paper continues the debate raised in this journal between Appel and Di Nucci, concurring with Appel’s proposals that sexual pleasure is a fundamental human right (...)
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  18. Fair Division: From Cake-Cutting to Dispute Resolution.Steven J. Brams & Alan D. Taylor - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cutting a cake, dividing up the property in an estate, determining the borders in an international dispute - such problems of fair division are ubiquitous. Fair Division treats all these problems and many more through a rigorous analysis of a variety of procedures for allocating goods, or deciding who wins on what issues, when there are disputes. Starting with an analysis of the well-known cake-cutting procedure, 'I cut, you choose', the authors show how it has been adapted in a number (...)
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  19.  36
    Making Sense of Genetics: The Problem of Essentialism.Steven J. Heine, Benjamin Y. Cheung & Anita Schmalor - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (S1):19-26.
    Abstract“Psychological essentialism” refers to our tendency to view the natural world as emerging from the result of deep, hidden, and internal forces called “essences.” People tend to believe that genes underlie a person’s identity. People encounter information about genetics on a regular basis, as through media such as a New York Times piece “Infidelity Lurks in Your Genes” or a 23andMe commercial showing people acquiring new ethnic identities as the result of their genotyping. How do people make sense of new (...)
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  20.  25
    Governing the Global Antimicrobial Commons: Introduction to Special Issue.Steven J. Hoffman, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Claas Kirchhelle, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Isaac Weldon, Brooke Campus, Mark Harrison, Hannah Maslen & Angela McLean - 2023 - Health Care Analysis 31 (1):1-8.
    Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest public health crises of our time. The natural biological process that causes microbes to become resistant to antimicrobial drugs presents a complex social challenge requiring more effective and sustainable management of the global antimicrobial commons—the common pool of effective antimicrobials. This special issue of Health Care Analysis explores the potential of two legal approaches—one long-term and one short-term—for managing the antimicrobial commons. The first article explores the lessons for antimicrobial resistance that can be (...)
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  21.  21
    Matrilateral biases in the investment of aunts and uncles.Steven J. C. Gaulin, Donald H. McBurney & Stephanie L. Brakeman-Wartell - 1997 - Human Nature 8 (2):139-151.
    In a study of the kin investment of aunts and uncles we show that the laterality effect expected as a result of paternity uncertainty is statistically reliable but somewhat smaller than the sex effect. Matrilateral aunts invest significantly more than patrilateral aunts, and the same is true for uncles. Regardless of laterality, however, aunts invest significantly more than uncles. Multivariate controls show that the matrilateral bias is fully independent of any age or distance confounds that might result from sex differences (...)
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  22.  39
    Understanding and defining cognitive style and learning style: a Delphi study in the context of educational psychology.Steven J. Armstrong, Elizabeth R. Peterson & Stephen G. Rayner - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (4):449-455.
    This report outlines the findings from a Delphi study designed to establish consensus on the definitions of cognitive style and learning style amongst an international style researcher community. The study yields long-needed definitions for each construct that reflect high levels of agreement. In a field that has been criticised for a bewildering array of definitions and a proliferation of terms and concepts, this study represents an important step to address confusion in the meaning of the two terms. New researchers interested (...)
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  23.  45
    Sense and the identity conception of truth.Steven J. Methven - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):1041-1056.
    The identity conception of truth holds that a thinkable is true just in case it is a fact. As such, it sets itself against correspondence theories of truth, while respecting the substantive role played by truth in respect of enquiry. In this article, I motivate and develop that view, and, in so doing, promote a particular conception of sense. This allows me to defend the view from two substantial criticisms. First, that the identity conception of truth is incoherent in respect (...)
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  24.  30
    The Quality Adjusted Life Year: A Total-Utility Perspective.Steven J. Firth - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):284-294.
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  25.  28
    Optimal deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  26.  17
    Comment on “Resilience of Complex Systems: State of the Art and Directions for Future Research”.Steven J. Lade & Garry D. Peterson - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-4.
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  27.  16
    From Steam to Diesel: Managerial Customs and Organizational Capabilities in the Twentieth-Century American Locomotive Industry. Albert J. Churella.Steven J. Ericson - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):819-820.
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  28. Long-distance corporations, big sciences, and the geography of knowledge.Steven J. Harris - 2011 - In Sandra G. Harding (ed.), The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader. Duke University Press.
     
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  29.  1
    The Bioethics of Space Exploration, by Konrad Szocik.Steven J. Firth - 2024 - Teaching Philosophy 47 (2):292-296.
  30. Confidence in word detection predicts word identification: Implications for an unconscious perception paradigm.Steven J. Hasse & Gary D. Fisk - 2001 - American Journal of Psychology 114 (3):439-468.
  31.  88
    Good and Evil Actions: A Journey Through Saint Thomas Aquinas.Steven J. Jensen - 2010 - Catholic University of America Press.
    *Tackles the Thomistic debate surrounding the inherent good and evil of human actions*.
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  32.  8
    Scripture as Cognitive Principle of Christian Dogmatics.Steven J. Duby - 2019 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 61 (2):223-240.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie Jahrgang: 61 Heft: 2 Seiten: 223-240.
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  33. David J. Buller, Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature Reviewed by.Steven J. Scher - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (4):243-245.
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  34. Confession-Building, Long-Distance Networks, and the Organization of Jesuit Science.Steven J. Harris - 1996 - Early Science and Medicine 1 (3):287-318.
    The ability of the Society of Jesus to engage in a broad and enduring tradition of scientific activity is here addressed in terms of its programmatic commitment to the consolidation and extension of the Catholic confession and its mastery of the administrative apparatus necessary to operate long-distance networks. The Society's early move into two major apostolates, one in education and the other in the overseas missions, brought Jesuits into regular contact with the educated elites of Europe and at the same (...)
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  35.  26
    William of Ockham, the Subalternate Sciences, and Aristotle's Theory of metabasis.Steven J. Livesey - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (2):127-145.
    Historians of fourteenth-century science have long recognized the extraordinary work at both Oxford and Paris in which natural philosophy was becoming highly mathematical. The movement to subject natural philosophy to a mathematical analysis and to quantify such qualities as heat, color, and of course speed surely stands as one of the most significant aspects of late medieval science. Yet as Edith Sylla has observed, because qualities and quantities pertain to different categories in Aristotelian theory, one might expect Aristotelian theorists to (...)
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  36. Superior Beings. If They Exist How Would We Know?Steven J. Brams - 1987 - Studia Logica 46 (2):205-206.
  37.  28
    Tokyo in Transit: Japanese Culture on the Rails and Road.Steven J. Ericson - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (6):794-795.
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  38.  7
    Lessons from Malinowski: scholarship opportunities and the clinical academic.Steven J. Ersser - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (2):97-98.
  39.  22
    What criteria do patients use when judging the effectiveness of psoriasis management?Steven J. Ersser, Heidi Surridge & Anne Wiles - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (4):367-376.
  40.  64
    Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders.Alice H. Eagly & Steven J. Karau - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (3):573-598.
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  41. The Evolution of Imagination: An Archaeological Perspective.Steven J. Mithen - 2001 - Substance 30 (1/2):28.
  42.  31
    Some comments on the projectibility of anthropological hypotheses: Samoa briefly revisited.Steven J. Miller & Marcel Fredericks - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (3):279 - 299.
    The purpose of this article is to examine the applicability of the theory of projection for Anthropological hypotheses. The claim is made that Goodman's classic statement of the problem does not apply in its entirety to actual Anthropological hypotheses. The recent Freeman-Mead debate is employed as a framework for the discussion, illustrating that the issue of projectibility, while central for the social sciences, is best used as a backdrop to illustrate several important methodological problems. For Anthropology, and other related social (...)
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  43.  13
    Whither a Welfare-Funded ’Sex Doula' Programme?Steven J. Firth - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):361-364.
    The sexual citizenship of disabled persons is an ethically contentious issue with important and broad-reaching ramifications. Awareness of the issue has risen considerably due to the increasingly public responses from charitable organisations which have recently sought to respond to the needs of disabled persons—yet this important debate still struggles for traction in academia. In response, this paper continues the debate raised in this journal between Appel and Di Nucci, concurring with Appel’s proposals that sexual pleasure is a fundamental human right (...)
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  44.  46
    Transposing the Merton Thesis: Apostolic Spirituality and the Establishment of the Jesuit Scientific Tradition.Steven J. Harris - 1989 - Science in Context 3 (1):29-65.
    The ArgumentDespite more than fifty years of debate on the Merton thesis, there have been few attempts to substantiate Merton's argument through empirically based comparative studies. This study of the Jesuit scientific tradition is intended to serve as a test of some of Merton's central claims.Jesuit science is remarkable for its scope and longevity, and is distinguished by its markedly empirical and utilitarian orientation. In this paper I examine the ideological structure of the Society of Jesus and find at its (...)
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  45.  20
    Sexual citizenship: defending society’s most disadvantaged.Steven J. Firth & Ivars Neiders - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2023 (1):1-4.
  46.  12
    The moment of truth.Steven J. Lawson - 2018 - Orlando, Florida: Reformation Trust.
    The reality of truth -- The reality of truth in a fallen world -- The reality of truth in the inerrant word -- The reality of truth in the written word -- The reality of truth in the exclusive Gospel -- The rejection of truth -- The rejection of truth by the first couple -- The rejection of truth by an unbelieving age -- The rejection of truth by a worldly church -- The rejection of truth in the Christian's life (...)
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  47.  44
    Judging in Good Faith.Steven J. Burton - 1992 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers an original theory of adjudication focused on the ethics of judging in courts of law, and proposes two main theses. One is the good faith thesis, which defends the possibility of lawful judicial decisions even when judges exercise discretion. The other is the permissible discretion thesis, which defends the compatibility of judicial discretion and legal indeterminacy with the legitimacy of adjudication in a constitutional democracy. Together these two theses oppose both conservative theories that would restrict the scope (...)
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  48. The weirdest people in the world?Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine & Ara Norenzayan - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):61-83.
    Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers – often implicitly – assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these “standard subjects” are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is (...)
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  49.  16
    A Philosophical Theory of Citizenship: Obligation, Authority, and Membership.Steven J. Wulf - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    This book develops an “idiomatic” foundational theory of the self and its moral obligations. It then employs this theory to answer a variety of questions about legal obligation, political authority, community, and international justice. It argues that we ought to obey a particular community’s laws and government commands, so long as our government restricts itself to protecting classical liberty and individual property rights under the rule of law. It further argues that people today should ideally live in confederated, legally sovereign (...)
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  50.  7
    The Influence of Leader-Follower Cognitive Style Similarity on Followers’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviors.Steven J. Armstrong & Meng Qi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    While cognitive style congruence has been highlighted as a potentially important variable influencing performance outcomes in work-related contexts, studies of its influence are scarce. This paper examines the influence of leader-follower cognitive style similarity on followers’ organizational citizenship behaviors. Data from 430 leader-follower dyads were analyzed using polynomial regression and response surface analysis. Results demonstrate that congruence of leader/follower cognitive style is a predictor of follower organizational citizenship behaviors. Organizations may therefore benefit from considering issues of similarity of cognitive styles (...)
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