Results for 'Steven E. Petersen'

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  1. Visualizing human brain function.Steven E. Petersen & Adina L. Roskies - 2001 - In E. Bizzi, P. Calissano & V. Volterra (eds.), Frontiers of Life, Vol III: The Intelligent Systems, Part One: The Brain of Homo Sapiens. Academic Press.
    Running head: Functional neuroimaging Abstract Several recently developed techniques enable the investigation of the neural basis of cognitive function in the human brain. Two of these, PET and fMRI, yield whole-brain images reflecting regional neural activity associated with the performance of specific tasks. This article explores the spatial and temporal capabilities and limitations of these techniques, and discusses technical, biological, and cognitive issues relevant to understanding the goals and methods of neuroimaging studies. The types of advances in understanding cognitive and (...)
     
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  2. The neurobiology of attention.David Lee Robinson & Steven E. Petersen - 1986 - In David A. Oakley (ed.), Mind and Brain. Methuen.
  3.  10
    Neuroimaging.Randy L. Buckner & Steven E. Petersen - 1998 - In George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.), A Companion to Cognitive Science. Blackwell. pp. 413–424.
    A growing number of scientists have become interested in the relation between cognitive processes and their biological basis. This growth in interest has led to the creation of a subfield within psychology called cognitive neuroscience, which has now spawned its own scientific journal, a conference, and several graduate programs around the United States. One reason for recent enthusiasm is the development of several methods that allow researchers to observe brain activity in healthy, awake subjects while they perform cognitive tasks. These (...)
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  4.  92
    A dual-networks architecture of top-down control.Nico U. F. Dosenbach, Damien A. Fair, Alexander L. Cohen, Bradley L. Schlaggar & Steven E. Petersen - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):99-105.
  5.  38
    In favor of a ‘fractionation’ view of ventral parietal cortex: comment on Cabeza et al.Steven M. Nelson, Kathleen B. McDermott & Steven E. Petersen - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):399-400.
  6. UPDATE-Response-Asymmetric frontal activation during episodic memory: What kind of specificity?William M. Kelley, Randy L. Buckner & Steven E. Petersen - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):421-421.
  7.  16
    The Economist's View of the World: And the Quest for Well-Being.Steven E. Rhoads - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Released in 1984, Steven E. Rhoads' classic was considered by many to be among the best introductions to the economic way of thinking and its applications. This anniversary edition has been updated to account for political and economic developments - from the greater interest in redistributing income and the ascendancy of behaviorism to the Trump presidency. Rhoads explores opportunity cost, marginalism, and economic incentives and explains why mainstream economists - even those well to the left - still value free (...)
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  8. The neurobiology of addiction: Implications for voluntary control of behavior.Steven E. Hyman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):8 – 11.
    There continues to be a debate on whether addiction is best understood as a brain disease or a moral condition. This debate, which may influence both the stigma attached to addiction and access to treatment, is often motivated by the question of whether and to what extent we can justly hold addicted individuals responsible for their actions. In fact, there is substantial evidence for a disease model, but the disease model per se does not resolve the question of voluntary control. (...)
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  9. Interview with Steven E. Hyman.Steven E. Hyman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):3-5.
  10.  28
    Semantics and Cognition.Steven E. Boër - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):111.
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  11.  49
    The First Person: An Essay on Reference and Intentionality.Steven E. Boer - 1981 - Philosophy 58 (225):403-405.
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  12.  62
    Intentions to Report Questionable Acts: An Examination of the Influence of Anonymous Reporting Channel, Internal Audit Quality, and Setting.Steven E. Kaplan & Joseph J. Schultz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):109-124.
    The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 requires audit committees of public companies’ boards of directors to install an anonymous reporting channel to assist in deterring and detecting accounting fraud and control weaknesses. While it is generally accepted that the availability of such a reporting channel may reduce the reporting cost of the observer of a questionable act, there is concern that the addition of such a channel may decrease the overall effectiveness compared to a system employing only non-anonymous reporting options. The (...)
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  13. Knowing who.Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (5):299 - 344.
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  14.  23
    Narcissism Dynamics and Auditor Skepticism.Steven E. Kaszak, Eric N. Johnson, Philip M. J. Reckers & Alan Reinstein - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    The process by which auditors consider fraud risk in assessing management’s motivation and character remains under-addressed. This is problematic given the rising tide of narcissism, as well as recent research documenting that both self- and other-perceptions of narcissism influence an array of judgments. While a skeptical attitude is fundamental to the auditor’s gatekeeper role, it remains unclear how auditors form and act on perceptions of client narcissism. With a large sample of experienced accountants as participants, we leverage insights from current (...)
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  15.  27
    Moral Judgment and Causal Attributions: Consequences of Engaging in Earnings Management.Steven E. Kaplan, James C. McElroy, Susan P. Ravenscroft & Charles B. Shrader - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):149-164.
    Recent, well-publicized accounting scandals have shown that the penalties outsiders impose on those found culpable of earnings management can be severe. However, less is known about how colleagues within internal labor markets respond when they believe fellow managers have managed earnings. Designers of responsibility accounting systems need to understand the reputational costs managers impose on one another within internal labor markets. In an experimental study, 159 evening MBA students were asked to assume the role of a manager in a company (...)
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  16.  35
    Talk About Beliefs.Steven E. Boër - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):358.
  17.  17
    Mandarin ethnomethodology or mutual interchange?Steven E. Clayman & Douglas W. Maynard - 2018 - Discourse Studies 20 (1):120-141.
    Contributors to the 2016 Special Issue of Discourse Studies on the ‘Epistemics of Epistemics’ claim that studies of epistemics in interaction have lost the ‘radical’ character of groundbreaking work in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. We suggest that the critiques and related writings are a kind of mandarin EM, lacking an adequate definition of ‘radical’, other than to invoke brief and by now familiar statements from Garfinkel and Sacks regarding the pursuit of ‘ordinary everyday activities’ and the avoidance of ‘formal analysis’. (...)
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  18.  12
    The Subjective View.Steven E. Boer - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):327-330.
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  19. The Myth of Semantic Presupposition.Steven E. Boer & William G. Lycan - 1976 - Indiana University Linguistics Club.
  20.  29
    Abstraction and Insight: Building Better Conceptual Systems to Support More Effective Social Change.Steven E. Wallis - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (2):189-198.
    When creating theory to understand or implement change at the social and/or organizational level, it is generally accepted that part of the theory building process includes a process of abstraction. While the process of abstraction is well understood, it is not so well understood how abstractions “fit” together to enable the creation of better theory. Starting with a few simple ideas, this paper explores one way we work with abstractions. This exploration challenges the traditionally held importance of abstracting concepts from (...)
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  21.  17
    Cassia, cinnamomo, ossidiana: Uomini e merci tra Oceano Indiano e Mediterraneo.Steven E. Sidebotham & Federico de Romanis - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (4):590.
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  22. Who, Me?Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):427 - 466.
  23.  31
    The Reputation Effects of Earnings Management in the Internal Labor Market.Steven E. Kaplan & Susan P. Ravenscroft - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):453-478.
    The current study is designed to propose and test a model about the ethical reputation of a target manager who must decide whether to engage in earnings management. We employ an experimental approach to examine the potential negative reputation effects within the internal labor market of a firm that occur as a consequence of earnings management. We examine participants’ responses to a hypothetical (target) manager when both the target’s behavior and the corporate incentives were manipulated. Participants assessed how ethical they (...)
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  24.  32
    Attributive names.Steven E. Boër - 1978 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 19 (1):177-185.
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  25.  90
    Proper names as predicates.Steven E. Boër - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (6):389 - 400.
  26.  48
    Ethically related judgments by observers of earnings management.Steven E. Kaplan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4):285 - 298.
    Merchant and Rockness (1994, p. 92) characterize earnings management as "probably the most important ethical issue facing the accounting profession" and provide initial evidence of the ethical judgments of various organizational members. The current study extends their work by examining the extent to which an individual''s ethically-related judgments in response to earnings management activities are associated with the individual''s role.In an experimental study, evening MBA students read three hypothetical scenarios involving a manager engaging in earnings management. The scenarios involved a (...)
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  27. The structure of theory and the structure of scientific revolutions: What constitutes an advance in theory?Steven E. Wallis (ed.) - 2010 - IGI Global.
    From a Kuhnian perspective, a paradigmatic revolution in management science will significantly improve our understanding of the business world and show practitioners (including managers and consultants) how to become much more effective. Without an objective measure of revolution, however, the door is open for spurious claims of revolutionary advance. Such claims cause confusion among scholars and practitioners and reduce the legitimacy of university management programs. Metatheoretical methods, based on insights from systems theory, provide new tools for analyzing the structure of (...)
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  28.  22
    ``Who, Me?".Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):427-466.
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  29.  61
    toward a science of metatheory.Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Integral Review 6 (3):73-120.
    In this article, I explore the field of metatheory with two goals. My first goal is to present a clear understanding of what metatheory “is” based on a collection of over twenty definitions of the term. My second goal is to present a preliminary investigation into how metatheory might be understood as a science. From that perspective, I present some strengths and weaknesses of our field and suggest steps to make metatheory more rigorous, more scientific, and so make more of (...)
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  30.  33
    The Science of Conceptual Systems: A Progress Report.Steven E. Wallis - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (4):579-602.
    In this paper I provide a brief history of the emerging science of conceptual systems, explain some methodologies, their sources of data, and the understandings that they have generated. I also provide suggestions for extending the science-based research in a variety of directions. Essentially, I am opening a conversation that asks how this line of research might be extended to gain new insights—and eventually develop more useful and generally accepted methods for creating and evaluating theory. This effort will support our (...)
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  31. Developing effective ethics for effective behavior.Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Social Responsibility Journal 6 (4):536-550.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the internal structure of Gandhi's ethics as a way to determine opportunities for improving that system's ability to influence behavior. In this paper, the author aims to work under the idea that a system of ethics is a guide for social responsibility. -/- Design/methodology/approach – The data source is Gandhi's set of ethics as described by Naess. These simple (primarily quantitative) studies compare the concepts within the code of ethics, and (...)
     
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  32.  60
    Reference and identifying descriptions.Steven E. Boer - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):208-228.
  33.  40
    Thought-contents and the formal ontology of sense.Steven E. Boër - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (1):43-114.
    This paper articulates a formal theory of belief incorporating three key theses: (1) belief is a dyadic relation between an agent and a property; (2) this property is not the belief's truth condition (i.e., the intuitively self-ascribed property which the agent must exemplify for the belief to be true) but is instead a certain abstract property (a "thought-content") which contains a way of thinking of that truth condition; (3) for an agent a to have a belief "about" such-and-such items it (...)
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  34.  23
    “Yes, who?” Reply to Yagisawa.Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (2):187-190.
  35.  17
    Erratum to: Abstraction and Insight: Building Better Conceptual Systems to Support More Effective Social Change.Steven E. Wallis - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (3):675-675.
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  36.  35
    toward more robust policy models.Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Integral Review 6 (1):153-160.
    The current state of the world suggests we have some difficulty in developing effective policy. This paper demonstrates two methods for the objective analysis of logic models within policy documents. By comparing policy models, we will be better able to compare policies and so determine which policy is best. Our ability to develop effective policy is reflected across the social sciences where our ability to create effective theoretical models is being called into question. The broad scope of this issue suggests (...)
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  37.  47
    Propositions and the Substitution Anomaly.Steven E. Boër - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (5):549-586.
    The Substitution Anomaly is the failure of intuitively coreferential expressions of the corresponding forms “that S” and “the proposition that S” to be intersubstitutable salva veritate under certain ‘selective’ attitudinal verbs that grammatically accept both sorts of terms as complements. The Substitution Anomaly poses a direct threat to the basic assumptions of Millianism, which predict the interchangeability of “that S” and “the proposition that S”. Jeffrey King has argued persuasively that the most plausible Millian solution is to treat the selective (...)
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  38.  17
    The First Person: An Essay on Reference and Intentionality.Steven E. Boër - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):273.
  39.  34
    An Examination of the Effect of CEO Social Ties and CEO Reputation on Nonprofessional Investors’ Say-on-Pay Judgments.Steven E. Kaplan, Janet A. Samuels & Jeffrey Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):103-117.
    CEO compensation has received much attention from both academics and regulators. However, academics have given scant attention to understanding judgments about CEO compensation by third parties such as investors. Our study contributes to the ethics literature on CEO compensation by examining whether judgments about CEO compensation are influenced by two aspects of a company’s tone at the top—social ties between the CEO and members of the Executive Compensation Committee and the CEO’s Reputation, particularly for financial reporting and disclosures. Although, stock (...)
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  40.  32
    The methodology of normative economics.Steven E. Landsburg - manuscript
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  41.  19
    Address terms in the service of other actions: The case of news interview talk.Steven E. Clayman - 2010 - Discourse and Communication 4 (2):161-183.
    In broadcast news interviews, interviewees will occasionally address the interviewer by name. As a method of establishing the directionality of talk, address terms are redundant in this institutional context because the normative question/answer activity structure and associated participation framework make the direction of address transparent and knowable in advance. But address terms can be deployed in the service of a variety of actions beyond addressing per se. Some of these involve disaligning actions such as topic shifts, non-conforming responses, and disagreements. (...)
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  42.  12
    Landesman on conventions.Steven E. Boër - 1974 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):63 – 67.
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  43.  89
    A performadox in truth-conditional semantics.Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (1):71 - 100.
    An argument is developed at some length to show that any semantical theory which treats superficially nonperformative sentences as being governed by performative prefaces at some level of underlying structure must either leave those sentences semantically uninterpreted or assign them the wrong truth-conditions. Several possible escapes from this dilemma are examined; it is tentatively concluded that such hypotheses as the Ross-Lakoff-Sadock Performative Analysis should be rejected despite their attractions.
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  44.  75
    The epistemology of speaker-meaning.Steven E. Boër & George S. Pappas - 1975 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):204 – 219.
  45. Propositional attitudes and compositional semantics.Steven E. Boer - 1995 - Philosophical Perspectives 9:341-380.
  46.  76
    Does Ken Wilber offer a good metatheory?Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Reading Room.
    In evaluating a metatheory, it is possible and desirable to use methods found in critical metatheory. In this post, I use such tools to rigorously analyze and quantify the internal logical structure of Wilber's metatheory. The results show that Wilber's metatheory is unlikely to be of much use in practical application and that it has much room for growth and improvement.
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  47. Eat Me: The Food and Philosophy of Kenny Shopsin-by Kenny Shopsin and Carolynn Carreno.Steven E. Connelly - 2009 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (1):97.
     
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  48.  18
    A Key-Word-in-Context Concordance to Targum Neofiti: A Guide to the Complete Palestinian Aramaic Text of the Torah.Steven E. Fassberg, Stephen A. Kaufman & Michael Sokoloff - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1):145.
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  49.  23
    The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.Steven E. Boer - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):791-796.
    The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the subject-Gottlieb Frege and Bertrand Russell-but sometimes supportive of (or even defensive about) the work of the fathers. Howard Wettstein's sympathies lie with the critics. But he says that they have often misconceived their critical project, treating it in ways that are technically focused and that miss the deeper implications of their revolutionary challenge. Wettstein argues that Wittgenstein-a figure with whom the critics (...)
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  50.  51
    The Right Tool for the Job: Philosophy’s Evolving Role in Advancing Management Theory.Steven E. Wallis - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):67-99.
    In this paper, I build on Wittgenstein’s metaphor of a toolbox to introduce the metaphor of ‘tool confusion’ – how differing conceptual constructs may be applied, or misapplied, to one another and the effect that such applications have on the advancement of management theory. Moving beyond metaphor, I investigate a theory of management through two specific philosophical lenses (Popper and Lyotard). This analysis tests both the theory and the philosophies with regard to how each philosophy may be applied as a (...)
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