Results for 'Steven E. Massey'

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  1.  3
    Host Manipulation Mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2.Steven E. Massey - 2021 - Acta Biotheoretica 70 (1).
    Viruses are the simplest of pathogens, but possess sophisticated molecular mechanisms to manipulate host behavior, frequently utilizing molecular mimicry. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has been shown to bind to the host receptor neuropilin-1 in order to gain entry into the cell. To do this, the virus utilizes its spike protein polybasic cleavage site, which mimics the CendR motif of neuropilin-1’s endogenous ligands. In addition to facilitating cell entry, binding to neuropilin-1 has analgesic effects. We discuss the potential impact (...)
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  2. Interview with Steven E. Hyman.Steven E. Hyman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):3-5.
  3.  4
    The Economist's View of the World: And the Quest for Well-Being.Steven E. Rhoads - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Released in 1984, Steven E. Rhoads' classic was considered by many to be among the best introductions to the economic way of thinking and its applications. This anniversary edition has been updated to account for political and economic developments - from the greater interest in redistributing income and the ascendancy of behaviorism to the Trump presidency. Rhoads explores opportunity cost, marginalism, and economic incentives and explains why mainstream economists - even those well to the left - still value free (...)
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  4.  14
    Semantics and Cognition.Steven E. Boër - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):111.
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  5. The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behavior.Steven E. Hyman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):8 – 11.
    There continues to be a debate on whether addiction is best understood as a brain disease or a moral condition. This debate, which may influence both the stigma attached to addiction and access to treatment, is often motivated by the question of whether and to what extent we can justly hold addicted individuals responsible for their actions. In fact, there is substantial evidence for a disease model, but the disease model per se does not resolve the question of voluntary control. (...)
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  6.  38
    The First Person: An Essay on Reference and Intentionality.Steven E. Boer - 1981 - Philosophy 58 (225):403-405.
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  7. Knowing Who.Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (5):299 - 344.
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  8. The Myth of Semantic Presupposition.Steven E. Boer & William G. Lycan - 1976 - Indiana University Linguistics Club.
  9.  60
    Intentions to Report Questionable Acts: An Examination of the Influence of Anonymous Reporting Channel, Internal Audit Quality, and Setting.Steven E. Kaplan & Joseph J. Schultz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):109-124.
    The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 requires audit committees of public companies’ boards of directors to install an anonymous reporting channel to assist in deterring and detecting accounting fraud and control weaknesses. While it is generally accepted that the availability of such a reporting channel may reduce the reporting cost of the observer of a questionable act, there is concern that the addition of such a channel may decrease the overall effectiveness compared to a system employing only non-anonymous reporting options. The (...)
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  10.  14
    Talk About Beliefs.Steven E. Boër - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):358.
  11.  32
    Ethically Related Judgments by Observers of Earnings Management.Steven E. Kaplan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4):285 - 298.
    Merchant and Rockness (1994, p. 92) characterize earnings management as "probably the most important ethical issue facing the accounting profession" and provide initial evidence of the ethical judgments of various organizational members. The current study extends their work by examining the extent to which an individual''s ethically-related judgments in response to earnings management activities are associated with the individual''s role.In an experimental study, evening MBA students read three hypothetical scenarios involving a manager engaging in earnings management. The scenarios involved a (...)
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  12. Who, Me?Steven E. Boer & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):427 - 466.
  13.  48
    Toward a Science of Metatheory.Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Integral Review 6 (3):73-120.
    In this article, I explore the field of metatheory with two goals. My first goal is to present a clear understanding of what metatheory “is” based on a collection of over twenty definitions of the term. My second goal is to present a preliminary investigation into how metatheory might be understood as a science. From that perspective, I present some strengths and weaknesses of our field and suggest steps to make metatheory more rigorous, more scientific, and so make more of (...)
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  14.  23
    An Examination of the Effect of CEO Social Ties and CEO Reputation on Nonprofessional Investors’ Say-on-Pay Judgments.Steven E. Kaplan, Janet A. Samuels & Jeffrey Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):103-117.
    CEO compensation has received much attention from both academics and regulators. However, academics have given scant attention to understanding judgments about CEO compensation by third parties such as investors. Our study contributes to the ethics literature on CEO compensation by examining whether judgments about CEO compensation are influenced by two aspects of a company’s tone at the top—social ties between the CEO and members of the Executive Compensation Committee and the CEO’s Reputation, particularly for financial reporting and disclosures. Although, stock (...)
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  15.  73
    Proper Names as Predicates.Steven E. Boër - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (6):389 - 400.
  16.  33
    Moral Judgment and Causal Attributions: Consequences of Engaging in Earnings Management.Steven E. Kaplan, James C. McElroy, Susan P. Ravenscroft & Charles B. Shrader - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):149-164.
    Recent, well-publicized accounting scandals have shown that the penalties outsiders impose on those found culpable of earnings management can be severe. However, less is known about how colleagues within internal labor markets respond when they believe fellow managers have managed earnings. Designers of responsibility accounting systems need to understand the reputational costs managers impose on one another within internal labor markets. In an experimental study, 159 evening MBA students were asked to assume the role of a manager in a company (...)
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  17.  8
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Use in Warfighting: Benefits, Risks, and Future Prospects.Steven E. Davis & Glen A. Smith - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  18.  52
    The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.Steven E. Boer - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):791-796.
    The late 20th century saw great movement in the philosophy of language, often critical of the fathers of the subject-Gottlieb Frege and Bertrand Russell-but sometimes supportive of (or even defensive about) the work of the fathers. Howard Wettstein's sympathies lie with the critics. But he says that they have often misconceived their critical project, treating it in ways that are technically focused and that miss the deeper implications of their revolutionary challenge. Wettstein argues that Wittgenstein-a figure with whom the critics (...)
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  19.  29
    Structures of Logic in Policy and Theory: Identifying Sub-Systemic Bricks for Investigating, Building, and Understanding Conceptual Systems.Steven E. Wallis - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (3):213-231.
    A rapidly growing body of scholarship shows that we can gain new insights into theories and policies by understanding and increasing their systemic structure. This paper will present an overview of this expanding field and discuss how concepts of structure are being applied in a variety of contexts to support collaboration, decision making, learning, prediction, and results. Next, it will delve into the underlying structures of logic that may be found within those theories and policies. Here, we will go beyond (...)
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  20. The Structure of Theory and the Structure of Scientific Revolutions: What Constitutes an Advance in Theory?Steven E. Wallis (ed.) - 2010 - IGI Global.
    From a Kuhnian perspective, a paradigmatic revolution in management science will significantly improve our understanding of the business world and show practitioners (including managers and consultants) how to become much more effective. Without an objective measure of revolution, however, the door is open for spurious claims of revolutionary advance. Such claims cause confusion among scholars and practitioners and reduce the legitimacy of university management programs. Metatheoretical methods, based on insights from systems theory, provide new tools for analyzing the structure of (...)
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  21. Propositional Attitudes and Compositional Semantics.Steven E. Boer - 1995 - Philosophical Perspectives 9:341-380.
  22.  18
    The Science of Conceptual Systems: A Progress Report.Steven E. Wallis - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (4):579-602.
    In this paper I provide a brief history of the emerging science of conceptual systems, explain some methodologies, their sources of data, and the understandings that they have generated. I also provide suggestions for extending the science-based research in a variety of directions. Essentially, I am opening a conversation that asks how this line of research might be extended to gain new insights—and eventually develop more useful and generally accepted methods for creating and evaluating theory. This effort will support our (...)
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  23.  6
    The First Person: An Essay on Reference and Intentionality.Steven E. Boër - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):273.
  24.  63
    Thought-Contents: On the Ontology of Belief and the Semantics of Belief Attribution.Steven E. Boër - 2006 - Springer.
    This book provides a formal ontology of senses and the belief-relation that grounds the distinction between de dicto, de re, and de se beliefs as well as the opacity of belief reports. According to this ontology, the relata of the belief-relation are an agent and a special sort of object-dependent sense (a "thought-content"), the latter being an "abstract" property encoding various syntactic and semantic constraints on sentences of a language of thought. One bears the belief-relation to a thought-content T just (...)
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  25.  17
    The Reputation Effects of Earnings Management in the Internal Labor Market.Steven E. Kaplan & Susan P. Ravenscroft - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):453-478.
    The current study is designed to propose and test a model about the ethical reputation of a target manager who must decide whether to engage in earnings management. We employ an experimental approach to examine the potential negative reputation effects within the internal labor market of a firm that occur as a consequence of earnings management. We examine participants’ responses to a hypothetical (target) manager when both the target’s behavior and the corporate incentives were manipulated. Participants assessed how ethical they (...)
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  26. Developing Effective Ethics for Effective Behavior.Steven E. Wallis - 2010 - Social Responsibility Journal 6 (4):536-550.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the internal structure of Gandhi's ethics as a way to determine opportunities for improving that system's ability to influence behavior. In this paper, the author aims to work under the idea that a system of ethics is a guide for social responsibility. -/- Design/methodology/approach – The data source is Gandhi's set of ethics as described by Naess. These simple (primarily quantitative) studies compare the concepts within the code of ethics, and (...)
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  27.  4
    The Subjective View.Steven E. Boer - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):327-330.
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  28.  10
    Articles.Steven E. Tozer, Debra Miretzky, Steven I. Miller & Ronald R. Morgan - 2000 - Educational Studies 31 (2):106-131.
    Since publication of the 1986 Carnegie Commission report, A Nation Prepared: Teachers for the 21st Century, the professional teaching standards movement has gained noticeable momentum. The professional standards movement in teaching has been fueled by national organizations such as the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, the Interstate New Teachers Assessment and Support Consortium, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, and by close collaboration among these four entities. Further, nearly all (...)
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  29.  74
    A Performadox in Truth-Conditional Semantics.Steven E. Boër & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (1):71 - 100.
    An argument is developed at some length to show that any semantical theory which treats superficially nonperformative sentences as being governed by performative prefaces at some level of underlying structure must either leave those sentences semantically uninterpreted or assign them the wrong truth-conditions. Several possible escapes from this dilemma are examined; it is tentatively concluded that such hypotheses as the Ross-Lakoff-Sadock Performative Analysis should be rejected despite their attractions.
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  30.  33
    Neo-Fregean Thoughts.Steven E. Boer - 1989 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:187-224.
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  31.  31
    Meaning and Contrastive Stress.Steven E. Boer - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):263 - 298.
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  32.  11
    Cassia, Cinnamomo, Ossidiana: Uomini E Merci Tra Oceano Indiano E Mediterraneo.Steven E. Sidebotham & Federico de Romanis - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (4):590.
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  33.  47
    Reference and Identifying Descriptions.Steven E. Boer - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):208-228.
  34.  9
    ``Who, Me?&Quot.Steven E. Boer & William G. Lycan - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):427-466.
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  35.  24
    The Scientific Research Output of U.S. Research Universities, 1980–2010: Continuing Dispersion, Increasing Concentration, or Stable Inequality? [REVIEW]Steven Brint & Cynthia E. Carr - 2017 - Minerva 55 (4):435-457.
    Extending and expanding Geiger and Feller’s analysis of increasing dispersion in R&D expenditures during the 1980s, the paper analyzes publication and citation counts as well as R&D expenditures for 194 top producers using Web of Science data. We find high and stable levels of inequality in the 1990s and 2000s, combined with robust growth both in the system and on individual campuses, considerable opportunities for short-range mobility and very limited opportunities for long-range mobility. Initial investments in research, private control, and (...)
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  36.  2
    Address Terms in the Service of Other Actions: The Case of News Interview Talk.Steven E. Clayman - 2010 - Discourse and Communication 4 (2):161-183.
    In broadcast news interviews, interviewees will occasionally address the interviewer by name. As a method of establishing the directionality of talk, address terms are redundant in this institutional context because the normative question/answer activity structure and associated participation framework make the direction of address transparent and knowable in advance. But address terms can be deployed in the service of a variety of actions beyond addressing per se. Some of these involve disaligning actions such as topic shifts, non-conforming responses, and disagreements. (...)
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  37.  1
    Mandarin Ethnomethodology or Mutual Interchange?Steven E. Clayman & Douglas W. Maynard - 2018 - Discourse Studies 20 (1):120-141.
    Contributors to the 2016 Special Issue of Discourse Studies on the ‘Epistemics of Epistemics’ claim that studies of epistemics in interaction have lost the ‘radical’ character of groundbreaking work in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. We suggest that the critiques and related writings are a kind of mandarin EM, lacking an adequate definition of ‘radical’, other than to invoke brief and by now familiar statements from Garfinkel and Sacks regarding the pursuit of ‘ordinary everyday activities’ and the avoidance of ‘formal analysis’. (...)
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  38.  41
    The Right Tool for the Job: Philosophy’s Evolving Role in Advancing Management Theory.Steven E. Wallis - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):67-99.
    In this paper, I build on Wittgenstein’s metaphor of a toolbox to introduce the metaphor of ‘tool confusion’ – how differing conceptual constructs may be applied, or misapplied, to one another and the effect that such applications have on the advancement of management theory. Moving beyond metaphor, I investigate a theory of management through two specific philosophical lenses (Popper and Lyotard). This analysis tests both the theory and the philosophies with regard to how each philosophy may be applied as a (...)
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  39.  7
    The Effects of Current Income Attributes on Nonprofessional Investors’ Say-on-Pay Judgments: Does Fairness Still Matter?Steven E. Kaplan & Valentina L. Zamora - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (2):407-425.
    The say-on-pay regulation in the Dodd-Frank Act requires publicly-traded U.S. firms to hold a nonbinding, advisory shareholder vote on executive compensation. Advocates claim that SOP voting gives shareholders a mechanism to hold managers and boards more accountable. Critics contend that SOP votes may simplistically reflect shareholders’ reactions to the overall value of CEO compensation or the firm’s net income. However, based on prior research, we contend that market participants’ SOP votes are likely to consider current income attributes. For example, the (...)
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  40.  76
    The Irrelevance of the Free Will Defence.Steven E. Boër - 1978 - Analysis 38 (2):110 - 112.
  41.  55
    Abstraction and Insight: Building Better Conceptual Systems to Support More Effective Social Change.Steven E. Wallis - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):353-362.
    When creating theory to understand or implement change at the social and/or organizational level, it is generally accepted that part of the theory building process includes a process of abstraction. While the process of abstraction is well understood, it is not so well understood how abstractions “fit” together to enable the creation of better theory. Starting with a few simple ideas, this paper explores one way we work with abstractions. This exploration challenges the traditionally held importance of abstracting concepts from (...)
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  42.  60
    'Who' and 'Whether': Towards a Theory of Indirect Question Clauses. [REVIEW]Steven E. Boër - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (3):307 - 345.
    This paper shows in detail how the formal semiotic of M. J. Cresswell [6] may be extended to provide an account of indirect question clauses in English. The resulting account is compared at various points with the theory recently propounded by Karttunen [12] and is argued to have two major advantages over the latter in that (i) it accommodates the manifest teleological relativity of who-clauses, and (ii) it avoids the need for categorial segregation of sentence-taking verbs from wh-clause-taking verbs while (...)
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  43.  25
    Steven E. Boër and William G. Lycan. Knowing Who. Bradford Books. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1986, Xiv + 212 Pp. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):657-659.
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  44.  85
    Propositions and the Substitution Anomaly.Steven E. Boër - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (5):549-586.
    The Substitution Anomaly is the failure of intuitively coreferential expressions of the corresponding forms “that S” and “the proposition that S” to be intersubstitutable salva veritate under certain ‘selective’ attitudinal verbs that grammatically accept both sorts of terms as complements. The Substitution Anomaly poses a direct threat to the basic assumptions of Millianism, which predict the interchangeability of “that S” and “the proposition that S”. Jeffrey King has argued persuasively that the most plausible Millian solution is to treat the selective (...)
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  45.  14
    Incubation Effects.Steven M. Smith & Steven E. Blankenship - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (4):311-314.
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  46. Nietzsche, Anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust.Steven E. Aschheim - 1997 - In Jacob Golomb (ed.), Nietzsche and Jewish Culture. Routledge. pp. 3--20.
     
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  47.  50
    What Is Complexity Science, Really?Steven E. Phelan - 2001 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 3 (1):120-136.
  48.  47
    Wrongdoing by Consultants: An Examination of Employees' Reporting Intentions. [REVIEW]Susan Ayers & Steven E. Kaplan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):121 - 137.
    Organizations are increasingly embedded with consultants and other non-employees who have the opportunity to engage in wrongdoing. However, research exploring the reporting intentions of employees regarding the discovery of wrongdoing by consultants is scant. It is important to examine reporting intentions in this setting given the enhanced presence of consultants in organizations and the fact that wrongdoing by consultants changes a key characteristic of the wrongdoing. Using an experimental approach, the current paper reports the results of a study examining employees (...)
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  49. Propositional Attitudes and Formal Ontology.Steven E. Boër - 1994 - Synthese 98 (2):187 - 242.
    This paper develops — within an axiomatic theory of properties, relations, and propositions which accords them well-defined existence and identity conditions — a sententialist-functionalist account of belief as a symbolically mediated relation to a special kind of propositional entity, theproxy-encoding abstract proposition. It is then shown how, in terms of this account, the truth conditions of English belief reports may be captured in a formally precise and empirically adequate way that accords genuinely semantic status to familiar opacity data.
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  50.  17
    Review: Steven E. Boer, William G. Lycan, Knowing Who. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):657-659.
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