Results for 'Stephen W. Tuholski'

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  1.  32
    Working Memory, Short-Term Memory, and General Fluid Intelligence: A Latent-Variable Approach.Randall W. Engle, Stephen W. Tuholski, James E. Laughlin & Andrew R. A. Conway - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):309.
  2.  16
    The Generality of Working Memory Capacity: A Latent-Variable Approach to Verbal and Visuospatial Memory Span and Reasoning.Michael J. Kane, David Z. Hambrick, Stephen W. Tuholski, Oliver Wilhelm, Tabitha W. Payne & Randall W. Engle - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (2):189-217.
  3. Economic Equality: Rawls Versus Utilitarianism: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):225-244.
    Perhaps the most salient feature of Rawls's theory of justice which at once attracts supporters and repels critics is its apparent egalitarian conclusion as to how economic goods are to be distributed. Indeed, many of Rawls's sympathizers may find this result intuitively appealing, and regard it as Rawls's enduring contribution to the topic of economic justice, despite technical deficiencies in Rawls's contractarian, decision-theoretic argument for it which occupy the bulk of the critical literature. Rawls himself, having proposed a “coherence” theory (...)
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  4. Maximin Justice, Sacrifice, and the Reciprocity Argument: A Pragmatic Reassessment of the Rawls/Nozick Debate: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):157-184.
    Theories of economic justice are characteristically based on abstract ethical concerns often unrelated to practical distributive results. Two decades ago, Rawls's theory of justice began as a reaction against the alleged ‘sacrifices’ condoned by utilitarian theory. One variant of this objection is that utilitarianism permits gross inequalities, severe deprivations of individual liberty, or even the enslavement of society's least well-off individuals. There are, however, more subtle forms of the objection. In Rawls, it is often waged without any claim that utilitarianism (...)
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  5. Critical Review of Rawls's Political Liberalism: A Utilitarian and Decision-Theoretical Analysis of the Main Arguments: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):222-240.
  6.  4
    A Brief History of Time From the Big Bang to Black Holes.Stephen W. Hawking - 1988 - Bantam.
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes is a popular-science book on cosmology by British physicist Stephen Hawking. It was first published in 1988. Hawking wrote the book for readers who have no prior knowledge of the universe and people who are interested in learning.
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  7. Reductionism in Ethics and Science: A Contemporary Look at G. E. Moore's Open-Question Argument.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):197 - 213.
  8.  92
    Bachelard and the Problem of Epistemological Analysis.Stephen W. Gaukroger - 1976 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 7 (3):189.
  9. The Siren and the Sage: Knowledge and Wisdom in Ancient Greece and China.Steven Shankman & Stephen W. Durrant - 2000 - A&C Black.
    A comparative study of what the most influential writers of Ancient Greece and China thought it meant to have knowledge and whether they distinguished knowledge from other forms of wisdom. It surveys selected works of poetry, history and philosophy from the period of roughly the eighth through to the second century BCE, including Homer's "Odyssey", the ancient Chinese "Classic of Poetry", Thucydides' "History of the Peloponnesian War", Sima Qian's "Records of the Historian", Plato's "Symposium", and Laozi's "Dao de Jing and (...)
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  10. Evolution, Explanation, and the Fact/Value Distinction.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (3):317-348.
    Though modern non-cognitivists in ethics characteristically believe that values are irreducible to facts, they nevertheless believe that values are determined by facts, viz., those specified in functionalist, explanatory theories of the evolutionary origin of morality. The present paper probes the consistency of this position. The conventionalist theories of Hume and Harman are examined, and are seen not to establish a tight determinative reduction of values to facts. This result is illustrated by reference to recent theories of the sociobiological mechanisms involved (...)
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  11. The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critical Analysis of Liberal Theory.Stephen W. Ball - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):475-479.
  12. Linguistic Intuitions and Varieties of Ethical Naturalism.Stephen W. Ball - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):1-38.
  13.  7
    CAHOST: An Excel Workbook for Facilitating the Johnson-Neyman Technique for Two-Way Interactions in Multiple Regression.Stephen W. Carden, Nicholas S. Holtzman & Michael J. Strube - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  14.  48
    Choosing Between Choice Models of Ethics: Rawlsian Equality, Utilitarianism, and the Concept of Persons.Stephen W. Ball - 1987 - Theory and Decision 22 (3):209-224.
  15.  41
    End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Care: Principles and Policies for Regulating the Dying Process.Stephen W. Smith - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction -- Moral status -- The value of life -- Killing versus letting die and moral responsibility -- Autonomy and paternalism -- Beneficence, non-maleficence and harm -- Dignity -- A comprehensive ethical approach -- Introduction to Part Two -- Protection of patients -- The impact on health care practitioners -- Greater societal issues -- Slippery slope arguments -- Necessary procedural protections -- Conclusions.
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  16.  5
    From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China.Stephen W. Durrant & Benjamin A. Elman - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (2):346.
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  17. Philosophy Beside Itself: On Deconstruction and Modernism.Stephen W. Melville & Donald Marshall - 1986 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _Philosophy Beside Itself _ was first published in 1986. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. The writings of French philosopher Jacques Derrida have been the single most powerful influence on critical theory and practice in the United States over the past decade. But with few exceptions American philosophers have taken little or no interest in Derrida's work, and the task of reception, (...)
     
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  18.  69
    Facts, Values, and Normative Supervenience.Stephen W. Ball - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 55 (2):143 - 172.
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  19.  29
    Dworkin and His Critics: The Relevance of Ethical Theory in Philosophy of Law.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (3):340-384.
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  20.  57
    Uncertainty in Moral Theory: An Epistemic Defense of Rule-Utilitarian Liberties.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (2):133-160.
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  21.  19
    The Distinction Between Authoritarianism and Fundamentalism in Three Cultures: Factor Analysis and Personality Correlates.Stephen W. Krauss, Heinz Streib, Barbara Keller & Christopher Silver - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 28 (1):341-348.
    The goals of the study were to examine whether fundamentalism and authoritarianism could be distinguished by the Big Five factors of personality in American, Romanian and German samples, and to determine whether fundamentalism and authoritarianism could be distinguished by factor analysis in any of the three cultures. The results in all three cultures indicate that fundamentalism and authoritarianism have virtually identical personality correlates. In all three cultures, the two constructs were indistinguishable via exploratory factor analysis and could only be distinguished (...)
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  22.  41
    The Distinction Between Authoritarianism and Fundamentalism in Three Cultures: Factor Analysis and Personality Correlates.Stephen W. Krauss, Heinz Streib, Barbara Keller & Christopher Silver - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):341-348.
    The goals of the study were to examine whether fundamentalism and authoritarianism could be distinguished by the Big Five factors of personality in American, Romanian and German samples, and to determine whether fundamentalism and authoritarianism could be distinguished by factor analysis in any of the three cultures. The results in all three cultures indicate that fundamentalism and authoritarianism have virtually identical personality correlates. In all three cultures, the two constructs were indistinguishable via exploratory factor analysis and could only be distinguished (...)
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  23. Precautionary Reasoning in Determining Moral Worth.Stephen W. Smith - 2008 - In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24.  2
    Shakespeare's Last Plays: Essays in Literature and Politics.Stephen W. Smith & Travis Curtright (eds.) - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    What were Shakespeare's final thoughts on history, tragedy, and comedy? Shakespeare's Last Plays focuses much needed scholarly attention on Shakespeare's "Late Romances." The work—a collection of newly commissioned essays by leading scholars of classical political philosophy and literature—offers careful textual analysis of Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale, The Tempest, All is True, and The Two Noble Kinsmen. The essays reveal how Shakespeare's thought in these final works compliments, challenges, fulfills, or transforms previously held conceptions of the playwright (...)
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  25. Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in Mind and Machine.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (2):259-266.
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  26. Epistemology and Cognition.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1988 - Artificial Intelligence 34 (2):251-264.
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  27. Eight Reviews on Connectionism.Stephen W. Smoliar & Mark J. Stefik - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 62 (1):89-91.
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  28. Logical Foundations of Artificial Intelligence.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 38 (1):119-124.
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  29. Music, Mind and Machine: Studies in Computer Music, Music Cognition and Artificial Intelligence.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 79 (2):361-371.
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  30. Models of Musical Communication and Cognition.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 44 (3):361-372.
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  31. The Robot's Dilemma: The Frame Problem in Artificial Intelligence.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1988 - Artificial Intelligence 36 (1):131-137.
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  32. The Remembered Present: A Biological Theory of Consciousness.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 52 (3):295-318.
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  33. The Society of Mind.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 48 (3):349-370.
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  34.  7
    Linguistic Intuitions and Varieties of Ethical Naturalism.Stephen W. Ball - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):1-38.
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  35.  26
    A Useful Inheritance: Evolutionary Aspects of the Theory of Knowledge. Nicholas Rescher. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):332-334.
  36. How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 48 (2):253-256.
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  37. Neural Darwinism: The Theory of Neuronal Group Selection.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 39 (1):121-136.
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  38.  61
    Epictetus on Fearing Death: Bugbear and Open Door Policy.W. O. Stephens - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (2):365-391.
  39.  9
    Dogs and Monsters: Moral Status Claims in the Fiction of Dean Koontz.Stephen W. Smith - 2016 - Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (1):35-51.
    This article explores conceptions of moral status in the work of American thriller author Dean Koontz. It begins by examining some of the general theories of moral status used by philosophers to determine whether particular entities have moral status. This includes both uni-criterial theories and multi-criterial theories of moral status. After this examination, the article argues for exploring bioethics conceptions in popular fiction. Popular fiction is considered a rich source for analysis because it provides not only a good approximation of (...)
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  40.  2
    The Music Collection.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 79 (2):341-342.
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  41.  56
    Gibbard's Evolutionary Theory of Rationality and its Ethical Implications.Stephen W. Ball - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):129-180.
    Gibbard''s theory of rationality is evolutionary in terms of its result as well as its underpinning argument. The result is that judgments about what is rational are analyzed as being similar to judgments of morality — in view of what Darwin suggests concerning the latter. According to the Darwinian theory, moral judgments are based on sentiments which evolve to promote the survival and welfare of human societies. On Gibbard''s theory, rationality judgments should be similarly regarded as expressing emotional attachments to (...)
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  42.  44
    Morality Among Nations: An Evolutionary View. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):361-377.
  43.  76
    Book ReviewsCarl Cohen,, and James P Sterba,. Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate.Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. Xv+394. $30.00. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):226-228.
  44.  1
    Artificial Life.Stephen W. Smoliar - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 73 (1-2):371-377.
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  45.  99
    Bergmann's Theory of Freedom.Stephen W. Ball - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):287-304.
  46.  98
    Hegel on Proving the Existence of God.Stephen W. Ball - 1979 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (2):73 - 100.
  47.  92
    Stephen W. Smith: End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Care: Principles and Policies for Regulating the Dying Process: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012, 350 Pp, $110, ISBN: 978-1-107-00538-9. [REVIEW]Francis J. Beckwith - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (6):499-504.
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  48.  1
    Decomposing Modernity: Ernest Becker's Images of Humanity at the End of an Age.Stephen W. Martin - 1996 - Upa.
    This book reads Ernest Becker both as a prophet of modernity and as a sensitive observer of its decline. Situated within the disciplinary approach of 'theology of culture,' the book discerns in dialogue with Becker the contours of modern vision in its depth-dimension. Taking note of Becker's works as a whole, it identifies the two master images of human existence—homo poeta and homo heroica—which articulate this dimension, situating them in scholarly debate and comparing and relating them to the contemporary situation.
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  49.  23
    Infectious Milk: Issues of Pathogenic Certainty Within Ideational Regimes and Their Biopolitical Implications.Stephen W. Speake - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):530-541.
    Throughout the 19th century and early decades of the 20th century, milk was a dangerous food that required state intervention to make it safe. Throughout this period, the germ theory of contagious disease came to prominence, but could not explicitly determine the causal relationships linking germs, milk, and human illness. Using the notion of an ideational regime, I examine how (1) knowledge claims move from uncertainty to certainty and become privileged claims within ideational regimes that (2) result in an unintended, (...)
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  50. Year-by-Year and Cumulative Impacts of Attending a High-Mobility Elementary School on Children's Mathematics Achievement in Chicago, 1995 to 2005. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Raudenbush, Marshall Jean & M. Art - 2011 - In Greg J. Duncan & Richard J. Murnane (eds.), Whither Opportunity. Russell Sage. pp. 359--376.
     
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