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Stephen R. Latham [46]Stephen Rogers Latham [1]
  1.  51
    Personal Transformation and Advance Directives: An Experimental Bioethics Approach.Brian D. Earp, Stephen R. Latham & Kevin P. Tobia - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):72-75.
  2.  14
    The Dead Donor Rule, Reversibility and Donor Wishes.Stephen R. Latham & Ramesh K. Batra - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (2):31-32.
    We agree with Nielsen Busch and Mjaaland’s (2023) assessment that the Dead Donor Rule (DDR) should be viewed as an essential requirement of the organ donation process, and that the essence of the r...
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  3.  16
    Developing a Triage Protocol for the COVID-19 Pandemic: Allocating Scarce Medical Resources in a Public Health Emergency.Mark R. Mercurio, Mark D. Siegel, John Hughes, Ernest D. Moritz, Jennifer Kapo, Jennifer L. Herbst, Sarah C. Hull, Karen Jubanyik, Katherine Kraschel, Lauren E. Ferrante, Lori Bruce, Stephen R. Latham & Benjamin Tolchin - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 31 (4):303-317.
    The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has caused shortages of life-sustaining medical resources, and future waves of the virus may cause further scarcity. The Yale New Haven Health System developed a triage protocol to allocate scarce medical resources during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the primary goal of saving the most lives possible, and a secondary goal of making triage assessments and decisions consistent, transparent, and fair. We outline the process of developing the protocol, summarize the protocol, and discuss the major ethical challenges (...)
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  4.  76
    Political Theory, Values and Public Health.Stephen R. Latham - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (2):139-149.
    This article offers some general criticisms of the idea that any political theory can legitimate public health interventions, and then some particular criticisms of Civic Republicanism as a political theory for public health. Civic Republicanism, I argue, legitimizes liberty-infringing public health interventions by demanding high levels of civic engagement in framing and reviewing them; to demand such engagement in pursuit of such a baseline value as health will leave insufficient civic energy for the pursuit of higher values.
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  5.  9
    Meaningful Residual Function, Permanence and Brain Death.Ramesh K. Batra & Stephen R. Latham - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (3):269-271.
    We share Nair-Collins and Joffe's (2023) concern with the accuracy of the “whole brain-death” diagnosis, which fails to take into account current understandings of residual brain function (neurohor...
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  6.  15
    Molecular HIV Surveillance and Public Health Ethics: Old Wine in New Bottles.Liza Dawson & Stephen R. Latham - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):39-41.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 39-41.
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  7.  11
    Reflections on New Evidence on Crisis Standards of Care in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Mark R. Mercurio, Mark D. Siegel, John Hughes, Ernest D. Moritz, Jennifer Kapo, Jennifer L. Herbst, Sarah C. Hull, Karen Jubanyik, Katherine Kraschel, Lauren E. Ferrante, Lori Bruce, Stephen R. Latham & Benjamin Tolchin - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (4):358-360.
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  8.  7
    Frailty, an Imperfect ICU Rationing Criterion.Stephen R. Latham & Ramesh K. Batra - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):69-71.
    We welcome and applaud Wilkinson’s impressive and subtle exploration of the possible considerations of frailty as a criterion for triage in times of pandemic-dr...
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  9.  24
    U.S. Law and Animal Experimentation: A Critical Primer.Stephen R. Latham - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (s1):35-39.
    Every country's law permits medical experimentation on animals. While some countries protect particular kinds of animals from being subject to experimentation—notably great apes and endangered species—very few place concrete limitations on what researchers may cause animals to suffer, given sufficient scientific justification. What laws do, instead, is establish standards for the humane treatment and housing of animals in labs, and they encourage researchers to limit or seek alternatives to the use of animals, when doing that is consistent with the scientific (...)
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  10.  11
    Professionalization of Clinical Ethics Consultation: Defining (Down) the Code.Stephen R. Latham - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):54-56.
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  11.  22
    Expert Bioethics Testimony.Stephen R. Latham - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):242-247.
    The question of whether the normative testimony of ethics experts should be admissible under the rules of evidence has been the subject of much debate. Professor Imwinkelried's paper is an effort to get us, for a moment, to change that subject. He seeks to turn our attention, instead, to a means by which bioethics experts’ normative analyses might come before the court without regard to the rules of evidence - a means lying formally outside those rules’ jurisdiction. The court, he (...)
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  12.  13
    Expert Bioethics Testimony.Stephen R. Latham - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):242-247.
    The question of whether the normative testimony of ethics experts should be admissible under the rules of evidence has been the subject of much debate. Professor Imwinkelried's paper is an effort to get us, for a moment, to change that subject. He seeks to turn our attention, instead, to a means by which bioethics experts’ normative analyses might come before the court without regard to the rules of evidence - a means lying formally outside those rules’ jurisdiction. The court, he (...)
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  13.  43
    Kant Condemned All Suicide.Stephen R. Latham - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):49-51.
  14.  37
    Debating Medical Utility, Not Futility: Ethical Dilemmas in Treating Critically Ill People Who Use Injection Drugs.Stephen R. Baldassarri, Ike Lee, Stephen R. Latham & Gail D'Onofrio - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):241-251.
    Physicians who care for critically ill people with opioid use disorder frequently face medical, legal, and ethical questions related to the provision of life-saving medical care. We examine a complex medical case that illustrates these challenges in a person with relapsing injection drug use. We focus on a specific question: Is futility an appropriate and useful standard by which to determine provision of life-saving care to such individuals? If so, how should such determinations be made? If not, what alternative decisionmaking (...)
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  15.  20
    Asymmetrical Intuitions.Stephen R. Latham - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):54-55.
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  16.  35
    Some limits of decision-theory in bioethics: Rights, ends, and thick concepts.Stephen R. Latham - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):56 – 58.
  17.  12
    Responsibility for Collateral Harm.Stephen R. Latham - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):55-57.
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  18.  18
    Too Few Physicians, or Too Many?Stephen R. Latham - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (1):11-12.
  19.  15
    Moral Distress and Cooperation With Wrongdoing.Stephen R. Latham - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):31-32.
  20.  23
    Whither the Affordable Care Act?Stephen R. Latham - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (3):14-15.
    The U.S. Supreme Court has likely already decided how much, if any, of President Obama's signature Affordable Care Act it is going to strike down as unconstitutional; its holding will be published this summer. No matter what the Court decides, though, it will send state and federal legislators scrambling—either to implement the law or to deal with the consequences of its alteration. There are various decisions the Court might make, but it is still most apt either to leave the ACA (...)
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  21.  9
    “Aid in Dying” in the Courts.Stephen R. Latham - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):11-12.
    Three states—Oregon, Washington, and Vermont—have used straightforwardly democratic means to legalize the practice formerly known as “physician‐assisted suicide” but now termed “aid‐in‐dying.” In two states—Montana and New Mexico—aid‐in‐dying has been declared legal neither by directly democratic action by citizens nor by representatively democratic action by the legislature but by court rulings in cases brought by aid‐in‐dying activists. The court case in New Mexico (Morris v. New Mexico, 2014) is undoubtedly of greater significance to the rest of the states. The Morris (...)
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  22.  8
    Avoiding Ineffective End‐of‐Life Care: A Lesson from Triage?Stephen R. Latham - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):71-72.
    Ethicists and physicians all over the world have been working on triage protocols to plan for the possibility that the Covid‐19 pandemic will result in shortages of intensive care unit beds, ventilators, blood products, or medications. In reflecting on those protocols, many health care workers have noticed that, outside the pandemic shortage situation, we routinely supply patients in the ICU with invasive and painful care that will not help the patients survive even their hospitalization. This is the kind of pointless (...)
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  23.  12
    A note—and a call—from the weeds.Stephen R. Latham - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):inside front cover-inside front.
    For the past few years I've had the distinct privilege to edit the Hastings Center Report's Policy & Politics column. The column—as indicated by a little block of text at its end—was originally conceived as, and remains, a joint production of HCR and the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. For me, as column editor, this means that I can accept contributions only from ASBH members. Luckily this presents me with an extremely large pool of talent from which to draw! (...)
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  24.  28
    Between Public Opinion and Public Policy: Human Embryonic Stem-Cell Research and Path-Dependency.Stephen R. Latham - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):800-806.
    In bioethics as in other areas of health policy, historical institutional factors can shape policy independently of interests or public opinion. This article finds policy divergence among countries with similar national moral views of stem cell research, and explains that divergence as the product of path-dependency.
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  25.  12
    Between Public Opinion and Public Policy: Human Embryonic Stem-Cell Research and Path-Dependency.Stephen R. Latham - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):800-806.
    My aim in this paper is simply to show that, in bioethics no less than in other areas of health care, policy in democracies is shaped not only by principles and values, but also — and to some extent independently — by the shape and history of particular political institutions and past policies. “Path dependency,” or what one scholar has called the “accidental logics” of already-existing institutions, condition and guide national policy choices. These institutional and historical pressures can even create (...)
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  26.  23
    Conflict of interest in medical practice.Stephen R. Latham - 2001 - In Michael Davis & Andrew Stark (eds.), Conflict of Interest in the Professions. Oxford University Press. pp. 279--301.
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  27.  11
    Ethics and politics.Stephen R. Latham - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):46 – 47.
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  28.  5
    Justice and the Financing of Health Care.Stephen R. Latham - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 341–353.
    The prelims comprise: Introduction: The Moral Arbitrariness of Health Status Justice as a Social Virtue Libertarian and Conservative Arguments Utilitarian Approaches to Justice in Health Care Finance Rawls' s Theory of Justice Justice and the Social Determinants of Health The Capabilities Approach International Justice and Health Conclusion References.
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  29.  12
    Lawrence Gostin's Enthusiastic Globalism.Stephen R. Latham - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (6):43-44.
    These are hard days for globalism. A major candidate for the United States presidency ran on an anti-immigration, anti-free-trade platform and denounced such venerable international institutions as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the United Nations. The European Union is under threat after the vote for Brexit; the Euro is under strain. China is denouncing and ignoring the result of an international arbitration over its claims to the South China Sea. Nationalist, xenophobic political parties are in the ascendency around the (...)
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  30.  11
    Non-Human Germline Interventions.Stephen R. Latham - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):23-25.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 23-25.
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  31. policy and politics: Speaking Off Label.Stephen R. Latham - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
  32.  26
    Speaking Off Label.Stephen R. Latham - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (6):9-10.
    In the United States, while it is legal for physicians to prescribe drugs for “off-label” indications (uses for which the drugs do not have Food and Drug Administration approval), it is largely—though not entirely—illegal for drug manufacturers to promote off-label uses of their drugs to physicians. In recent months, the rules against off-label marketing have been rigorously enforced: in October, Allergan reached a $375 million settlement over off-label promotion of Botox; in September, Novartis settled an off-label marketing dispute for $422.5 (...)
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  33.  23
    Trump's Abortion‐Promoting Aid Policy.Stephen R. Latham - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4):7-8.
    On the fourth day of his presidency, Donald Trump reinstated and greatly expanded the “Mexico City policy,” which imposes antiabortion restrictions on U.S. foreign health aid. In general, the policy has prohibited U.S. funding of any family-planning groups that use even non-U.S. funds to perform abortions; prohibited aid recipients from lobbying for liberalization of abortion laws; prohibited nongovernment organizations from creating educational materials on abortion as a family-planning method; and prohibited health workers from referring patients for legal abortions in any (...)
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  34.  11
    The Author Replies.Stephen R. Latham - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):3-4.
    A response to “Normalizing Aid-in-Dying within the Practice of Medicine,” by Kathryn L. Tucker.
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  35.  8
    The Author Replies.Stephen R. Latham - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (2):5-5.
    Reply to a commentary by Timothy F. Murphy.
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  36.  12
    The (low) life of ethics codes.Stephen R. Latham - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):46 – 48.
  37.  30
    The "Real-Life" Death Panel, Reformed.Stephen R. Latham - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (1):53-53.
    The United Kingdom's coalition government has just begun the most sweeping overhaul of the National Health Service since its inception.1 Under the reforms, 80 percent of the NHS budget will be handed over to about five hundred local consortia of primary care physicians, who will be empowered to make medical spending and allocation decisions for their patients. The 152 existing Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), which purchase hospital and community care for patients and oversee primary care physicians in their regions, will (...)
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  38.  10
    Time to Decriminalize HIV Status.Stephen R. Latham - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):12-13.
    We punish people who recklessly or deliberately expose others to HIV? Why not try to force HIV-positive individuals to disclose their.
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  39.  15
    The United Kingdom Revisits Its Surrogacy Law.Stephen R. Latham - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (1):6-7.
    The United Kingdom is partway through a multiyear process of revising its law on surrogacy, both traditional and gestational. In October of 2019, the Law Commission of England and Wales and the Scottish Law Commission—statutorily created independent bodies charged with keeping the law under review and recommending reforms whenever necessary—completed a public consultation on surrogacy. In June, the commissions published an extensive consultation paper laying out the case for surrogacy reform and making tentative recommendations about how revision should proceed. The (...)
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  40.  6
    U.S. Lawsuit Claims Federal Law Can Require Emergency Abortions.Stephen R. Latham - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (5):4-5.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 5, Page 4-5, September–October 2022.
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  41.  5
    Work Requirements That Don't Work.Stephen R. Latham - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (6):5-6.
    Early in 2018, the Trump administration's Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services issued a guidance letter outlining a new and controversial kind of Medicaid waiver proposal. The administration invited states to propose waivers that would impose work (or other “community engagement”) requirements as a condition of eligibility for Medicaid. The Trump administration and state proponents of work requirements want to force able‐bodied Medicaid beneficiaries into the workplace. Critics allege that this is because they mistakenly believe that low‐income individuals are not (...)
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  42.  9
    A Hub and Spoke Model for Improving Access and Standardizing Ethics Consultations Across a Large Healthcare System.Benjamin Tolchin, Lori Bruce, Mark Mercurio & Stephen R. Latham - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (4):42-45.
    Fox’s update of her pivotal 2007 study on ethics consultations in U.S. hospitals found that the gap in ethics consultations is widening between large teaching hospitals and small community hospital...
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  43.  19
    Review of Marc A. Rodwin, Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France and Japan. [REVIEW]Stephen R. Latham - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):36 - 37.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 36-37, October 2011.
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  44.  11
    Review of The Story of Success. [REVIEW]Stephen R. Latham - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 3:115-117.
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  45.  16
    Review of Wesley J. Smith, secondhand smoke. [REVIEW]Stephen R. Latham - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):65 – 66.