Results for 'Stephen Loftus'

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  1.  70
    Repeatedly Thinking about a Non-event: Source Misattributions among Preschoolers.Stephen J. Ceci, Mary Lyndia Crotteau Huffman, Elliott Smith & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (3-4):388-407.
    In this paper we review the factors alleged to be responsible for the creation of inaccurate reports among preschool-aged children, focusing on so-called "source misattribution errors." We present the first round of results from an ongoing program of research that suggests that source misattributions could be a powerful mechanism underlying children′s false beliefs about having experienced fictitious events. Preliminary findings from this program of research indicate that all children of all ages are equally susceptible to making source misattributions. Data from (...)
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  2.  40
    Pain and its Metaphors: A Dialogical Approach. [REVIEW]Stephen Loftus - 2011 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (3):213-230.
    Most health professionals are unaware of the extent to which aspects of language, such as metaphor, influence their practice. Sensitivity to metaphor can deepen our understanding of healthcare and, arguably, improve its quality. This is because metaphors, and the linguisticality of which they are a part, shape medical practice in important ways. Examples are the metaphors used in pain management. By exploring the dialogical tension between such metaphors, we can better understand the ways in which they influence medical practice.
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  3.  30
    “Are False Memories Permanent?”: An Investigation of the Long-Term Effects of Source Misattributions.Mary Lyn Huffman, Angela M. Crossman & Stephen J. Ceci - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):482-490.
    With growing concerns over children's suggestibility and how it may impact their reliability as witnesses, there is increasing interest in determining the long-term effects of induced memories. The goal of the present research was to learn whether source misattributions found by Ceci, Huffman, Smith, and Loftus caused permanent memory alterations in the subjects tested. When 22 children from the original study were reinterviewed 2 years later, they recalled 77% of all true events. However, they only consented to 13% of (...)
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  4.  33
    A Brief History of Time From The Big Bang to Black Holes.Stephen W. Hawking - 2020 - Bantam.
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes is a popular-science book on cosmology (the study of the origin and evolution of the universe) by British physicist Stephen Hawking. It was first published in 1988. Hawking wrote the book for readers who have no prior knowledge of the universe and people who are interested in learning.
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  5.  5
    Unapologetic: why philosophy of religion must end.John W. Loftus - 2016 - Durham, North Carolina: Pitchstone Publishing. Edited by David Eller.
    Just as intelligent design is not a legitimate branch of biology in public educational institutions, nor should the philosophy of religion be a legitimate branch of philosophy. So argues leading atheist thinker and writer John Loftus in this forceful takedown of the very discipline in which he was trained. In his call for ending the philosophy of religion, he argues that as it is presently being practiced, the main reason the discipline exists is to serve the faith claims of (...)
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  6. Political ecology as praxis.Alex Loftus - 2015 - In Thomas Albert Perreault, Gavin Bridge & James McCarthy (eds.), The Routledge handbook of political ecology. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  7.  20
    The Aesthetics of Mimesis: Ancient Texts and Modern Problems.Stephen Halliwell - 2002 - Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press.
    A comprehensive reassessment of the concept of mimesis in the history of ancient Greek aesthetics and philosophy of art, with particular attention to Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophy, and neoplatonism. There is also a wide-ranging review of arguments pro and contra the idea of artistic mimesis from the Renaissance to modern literar theory. The book challenges standard accounts in numerous respects and builds a new dialectical model with which to make sense of the entire history of mimeticist thinking in aesthetics.
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  8. Is conceivability a guide to possibility?Stephen Yablo - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):1-42.
  9.  90
    Return to reason.Stephen Toulmin - 2001 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    In Return to Reason, Stephen Toulmin argues that the potential for reason to improve our lives has been hampered by a serious imbalance in our pursuit of ...
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  10. Go figure: A path through fictionalism.Stephen Yablo - 2001 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):72–102.
  11. Stephen Hetherington on epistemology: knowing, more or less.Stephen Hetherington - 2024 - London: Bloomsbury Academic. Edited by Jeremiah Joven Joaquin & Mark Anthony Dacela.
    Stephen Hetherington's prominent career within epistemology has been a series of distinctive, bold, varied and provocative arguments and ideas. Bringing together Hetherington's unique body of writing for the first time, this collection features previously published as well as new material that link his approaches to key issues including knowledge, justification, fallibility, scepticism and the Gettier Problem. Advancing our understanding of the systemic nature of Hetherington's thinking, Stephen Hetherington on Epistemology presents his distinctive perspective on some of philosophy's central (...)
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  12.  93
    A spreading-activation theory of semantic processing.Allan M. Collins & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (6):407-428.
  13.  79
    Is Conceivability a Guide to Possibility?Stephen Yablo - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):1–42.
  14.  27
    Imagination Inflation: Imagining a Childhood Event Inflates Confidence that it Occurred.Charles G. Manning & Elizabeth F. Loftus - unknown
    Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one's past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the social psychology literature showing that imagining a future event increases the subjective likelihood that the event will occur. The concepts of cognitive availability and the source monitoring framework provide reasons to expect that imagination may inflate confidence that a childhood event occurred. However, people routinely produce myriad counterfactual imaginings (i.e., (...)
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  15. Knowledge, Practical Interests, and Rising Tides.Stephen R. Grimm - 2015 - In John Greco & David Henderson (eds.), Epistemic Evaluation: Point and Purpose in Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Defenders of pragmatic encroachment in epistemology (or what I call practicalism) need to address two main problems. First, the view seems to imply, absurdly, that knowledge can come and go quite easily—in particular, that it might come and go along with our variable practical interests. We can call this the stability problem. Second, there seems to be no fully satisfying way of explaining whose practical interests matter. We can call this the “whose stakes?” problem. I argue that both problems can (...)
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  16.  28
    The pliability of autobiographical memory: Misinformation and the false memory problem.Robert F. Belli & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1996 - In David C. Rubin (ed.), Remembering Our Past: Studies in Autobiographical Memory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 157--179.
  17.  33
    Modern moral philosophy: from Grotius to Kant.Stephen L. Darwall - 2023 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Elizabeth Anscombe famously argued that "modern moral philosophy" centrally involved unsupported notions of obligation and culpability. Modern Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to Kant exhibits, for the first time, resources that modern moral philosophers had to respond to Anscombe's challenge, also enhancing our own philosophical grasp of morality and its foundations.
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  18. Understanding as an Intellectual Virtue.Stephen Grimm - 2019 - In Battaly Heather (ed.), Routledge Companion to Virtue Epistemology. Routledge.
    In this paper I elucidate various ways in which understanding can be seen as an excellence of the mind or intellectual virtue. Along the way, I take up the neglected issue of what it might mean to be an “understanding person”—by which I mean not a person who understands a number of things about the natural world, but a person who steers clear of things like judgmentalism in her evaluation of other people, and thus is better able to take up (...)
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  19.  55
    The Reality of Repressed Memories.Elizabeth F. Loftus - unknown
    Repression is one of the most haunting concepts in psychology. Something shocking happens, and the mind pushes it into some inaccessible corner of the unconscious. Later, the memory may emerge into consciousness. Repression is one of the foundation stones on which the structure of psychoanalysis rests. Recently there has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years. With recent changes in legislation, people with recently unearthed memories are suing alleged perpetrators for (...)
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  20.  50
    Not So Fast: A Response to Augustine’s Critique of the BICS Contest.Stephen Braude, Imants Barušs, Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin & Helané Wahbeh - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 36 (2):399-411.
    Keith Augustine’s critical evaluation of the essay contest sponsored by the Bigelow Institute of Consciousness Studies (BICS) is an interesting but problematic review. It mixes reasonable and detailed criticisms of the contest and many of the winning essays with a disappointing reliance on some of the most trite and superficial criticisms of parapsychological research. Ironically, Augustine criticizes the winning essays for using straw-man arguments and cherry-picked evidence even though many of his own arguments commit these same errors.
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  21.  5
    Sensory and cognitive components of visual information acquisition.Thomas A. Busey & Geoffrey R. Loftus - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (3):446-469.
  22. Knowledge Can Be Lucky.Stephen Hetherington - 2013 - In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Blackwell. pp. 164.
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  23. Pure versus Hybrid Expressivism and the Enigma of Conventional Implicature.Stephen Barker - 2014 - In Guy Fletcher & Michael Ridge (eds.), Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 199-222.
    Can hybridism about moral claims be made to work? I argue it can if we accept the conventional implicature approach developed in Barker (Analysis 2000). However, this kind of hybrid expressivism is only acceptable if we can make sense of conventional implicature, the kind of meaning carried by operators like ‘even’, ‘but’, etc. Conventional implictures are a form of pragmatic presupposition, which involves an unsaid mode of delivery of content. I argue that we can make sense of conventional implicatures, but (...)
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  24.  5
    Experimental Philosophy and the Philosophical Tradition.Stephen Stich & Kevin P. Tobia - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 3–21.
    Many experimental philosophers are philosophers by training and professional affiliation, but some best work in experimental philosophy has been done by people who do not have advanced degrees in philosophy and do not teach in philosophy departments. This chapter explains that the experimental philosophy is the empirical investigation of philosophical intuitions, the factors that affect them, and the psychological and neurological mechanisms that underlie them. It explores what are philosophical intuitions, and why do experimental philosophers want to study them using (...)
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  25.  6
    Resisting corporate corruption: cases in practical ethics from enron through the financial crisis.Stephen V. Arbogast - 2017 - Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Scrivener.
    Resisting Corporate Corruption teaches business ethics in a manner very different from the philosophical and legal frameworks that dominate graduate schools. The book offers twenty-eight case studies and nine essays that cover a full range of business practice, controls and ethics issues. The essays discuss the nature of sound financial controls, root causes of the Financial Crisis, and the evolving nature of whistleblower protections. The cases are framed to instruct students in early identification of ethics problems and how to work (...)
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  26.  56
    Self-knowledge of an amnesic patient: toward a neuropsychology of personality and social psychology.Stanley B. Klein, Judith Loftus & John F. Kihlstrom - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (3):250.
  27. Might text-davinci-003 have inner speech?Stephen Francis Mann & Daniel Gregory - 2024 - Think 23 (67):31-38.
    In November 2022, OpenAI released ChatGPT, an incredibly sophisticated chatbot. Its capability is astonishing: as well as conversing with human interlocutors, it can answer questions about history, explain almost anything you might think to ask it, and write poetry. This level of achievement has provoked interest in questions about whether a chatbot might have something similar to human intelligence or even consciousness. Given that the function of a chatbot is to process linguistic input and produce linguistic output, we consider the (...)
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  28.  13
    Altering traumatic memory.Veronika Nourkova, Daniel Bernstein & Elizabeth Loftus - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (4):575-585.
  29.  68
    Creating false memories.Elizabeth Loftus - manuscript
    When Cool finally realized that false memories had been planted, she sued the psychiatrist for malpractice. In March 1997, after five weeks of trial, her case was settled out of court for $2.4 million. Nadean Cool is not the only patient to develop false memories as a result of questionable therapy. In Missouri in 1992 a church counselor helped Beth Rutherford to remember during therapy that her father, a clergyman, had regularly raped her between the ages of seven and 14 (...)
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  30. Stop Asking Why There’s Anything.Stephen Maitzen - 2012 - Erkenntnis 77 (1):51-63.
    Why is there anything, rather than nothing at all? This question often serves as a debating tactic used by theists to attack naturalism. Many people apparently regard the question—couched in such stark, general terms—as too profound for natural science to answer. It is unanswerable by science, I argue, not because it’s profound or because science is superficial but because the question, as it stands, is ill-posed and hence has no answer in the first place. In any form in which it (...)
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  31. Mysticism of East and West.William Loftus Hare - 1923 - London,: J. Cape.
     
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  32.  37
    When Dreams Become Reality.Giuliana A. L. Mazzoni & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):442-462.
    In three experiments, we found that after a subtle suggestion, subjects falsely recognized words from their own dreams and thought they had been presented during the waking state. The procedure used in these studies involved three phases. Subjects studied a list of words on Day 1. On Day 2, they received a false suggestion that some words from their previously reported dreams had been presented on the list. On Day 3, they tried to recall only what had occurred on the (...)
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  33. Justice and Retaliation.Stephen Darwall - 2010 - Philosophical Papers 39 (3):315-341.
    Punishment and Reparations are sometimes held to express retaliatory emotions whose object is to strike back against a victimizer. I begin by examining a version of this idea in Mill's writings about natural resentment and the sense of justice in Chapter V of Utilitarianism. Mill's view is that the ?natural? sentiment of resentment or ?vengeance? that is at the heart of the concept of justice is essentially retaliatory, therefore has ?nothing moral in it,? and so must be disciplined or moralized (...)
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  34.  20
    History of English thought in the eighteenth century.Leslie Stephen - 1902 - New York,: G. P. Putnam's sons; [etc., etc.].
    From 1876, this influential work in the history of ideas focuses on the eighteenth-century deist controversy and its effects.
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  35. Buridan on paradox.Stephen Read - 2024 - In Spencer C. Johnston & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), Interpreting Buridan: critical essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  36.  1
    Kierkegaard: a single life.Stephen Backhouse - 2016 - Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.
    A controversial life -- School life -- Family life -- Public life/private life -- Love life -- Writing life -- Pirate life -- An armed and neutral life -- A life concluded -- A life continued -- Afterword -- Overviews of the works of Søren Kierkegaard.
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  37.  15
    Fondamentalismo darwiniano parte III.Stephen Jay Gould - manuscript
    "Stretta è la porta e angusta è la via." I fondamentalisti di ogni sorta ispirano la propria vita a questo venerabile motto e quindi devono brandire senza sosta le proprie spade in una continua battaglia mentale contro le opinioni antitetiche degli apostati e dei rivali.
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  38.  3
    The human odyssey: East, West and the search for universal values.Stephen Green - 2019 - London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.
    The long human odyssey of self-discovery has reached a crucial stage: everything we do affects everyone and everything else - and we know it. The next hundred years will bring more change than we can easily imagine: more opportunities for more people to achieve the fulfilment of a good life, and more risks that could result in catastrophic harm to the entire planet.Viewed geopolitically, the main question is whether the world-views of the world's most important and influential powers - China (...)
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  39. Ethics in neurosurgical practice.Stephen Honeybul (ed.) - 2020 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    The field of modern day bioethics is relatively young and continues to constantly evolve in parallel with the ever increasingly complex nature of contemporary medical practice. These advances present clinicians with an array of therapeutic options that would have not seemed possible only a generation ago. Given these medical advances and the expansion of the academic and medicolegal field of bioethics, one would have thought that clinical decision making would have become easier. However paradoxically this has not proved to be (...)
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  40. Chronosophy' in classic Maya thought.Stephen Houston - 2016 - In Kurt A. Raaflaub (ed.), The adventure of the human intellect: self, society and the divine in ancient world cultures. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
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  41.  4
    International order: a political history.Stephen A. Kocs - 2019 - Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
    Traces the rise and fall of successive international systems from medieval times to the present, showing how international order is created, how it is maintained, and why it breaks down.
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  42.  22
    Identity crisis: modernity, psychoanalysis, and the self.Stephen Frosh - 1991 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book examines the psychological responses of people to the excitements and terrors that characterise the modern world. Beginning with a description of modernist and post-modernist accounts of contemporary life, it then moves into detailed discussions of narcissism and psychosis - two states of mind that seem to characterise the 'crises of self' to which the modern world gives rise. With an interweaving of social theory and psychodynamic explanations, this is a sophisticated and compelling text. Identity Crisis will be of (...)
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  43. The identity of reason.Stephen Engstrom - 2022 - In Giovanni Pietro Basile & Ansgar Lyssy (eds.), System and freedom in Kant and Fichte. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  44.  63
    Eyewitness testimony: The influence of the wording of a question.Elizabeth F. Loftus & Guido Zanni - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):86-88.
  45.  51
    Imagination inflation: Imagining a childhood event inflates confidence that it occurred.Elizabeth Loftus - manuscript
    Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one's past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the social psychology literature showing that imagining a future event increases the subjective likelihood that the event will occur. The concepts of cognitive availability and the source monitoring framework provide reasons to expect that imagination may inflate confidence that a childhood event occurred. However, people routinely produce myriad counterfactual imaginings (i.e., (...)
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  46.  8
    Kant and Mysticism: Critique as the Experience of Baring All in Reason's Light.Stephen Palmquist - 2019 - London: Lexington Books.
    Kant and Mysticism interprets Kant’s early criticism of Swedenborg’s mysticism as the fountainhead of the Critical philosophy. Kantian Critique revolutionizes not only traditional metaphysics, but also our understanding of mysticism: Critical mysticism is a unitive experience that impels us to lay bare all human pretensions to reason’s light.
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  47. A liberal argument for slavery.Stephen Kershnar - 2003 - Journal of Social Philosophy 34 (4):510–536.
    The slavery contract is not a rights violation since the right not to be enslaved and the right not to give out a benefit are waivable and the conjunction of their voluntary waiver is not itself a rights violation. The case for the contract being pejoratively exploitative is not clear. Hence given the general presumption in favor of liberty of contract, such a transaction ought to be permitted. The contract is also not invalid on the grounds that the wrongdoer’s consent (...)
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  48. Is the unconscious Smart or dumb?Elizabeth F. Loftus & M. R. Klinger - 1992 - American Psychologist 47:761-65.
  49.  3
    Replies.Stephen Stich - 2009-03-20 - In Dominic Murphy & Michael Bishop (eds.), Stich. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 190–252.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Reply to Devitt and Jackson Reply to Egan Reply to Cowie Reply to Goldman Reply to Sterelny Reply to Prinz Reply to Godfrey‐Smith Reply to Sosa Reply to Bishop References.
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  50. Ethics in the Light Of Wittgenstein.Stephen Mulhall - 2002 - Philosophical Papers 31 (3):293-321.
    Abstract This paper examines a number of ways in which Wittgenstein's later philosophical method has been appropriated for moral philosophy. The work of Paul Johnston, Sabina Lovibond and Cora Diamond is discussed in relation to the following questions. Is there a sustainable distinction between ethics and meta-ethics (in the form, say, of distinctively ethical language games and grammatical reminders about them)? What role does the imagination, and hence the domain of literature, play in ethical understanding? How far does ethical discourse (...)
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