Results for 'Stephen J. Willson'

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  1.  52
    Long-Term Behavior in the Theory of Moves.Stephen J. Willson - 1998 - Theory and Decision 45 (3):201-240.
    This paper proposes a revised Theory of Moves (TOM) to analyze matrix games between two players when payoffs are given as ordinals. The games are analyzed when a given player i must make the first move, when there is a finite limit n on the total number of moves, and when the game starts at a given initial state S. Games end when either both players pass in succession or else a total of n moves have been made. Studies are (...)
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  2. Stephen J. Field: Craftsman of the Law.Stephen J. Field & Carl Brent Swisher - 1970 - Ethics 81 (1):77-79.
     
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  3. Stephen J. Morse.Stephen J. Morse - 1999 - Legal Theory 5 (3):265-309.
     
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  4.  43
    Transmission Failures.Stephen J. White - 2017 - Ethics 127 (3):719-732.
    According to a natural view of instrumental normativity, if you ought to do φ, and doing ψ is a necessary means for you to do φ, then you ought to do ψ. In “Instrumental Normativity: In Defense of the Transmission Principle,” Benjamin Kiesewetter defends this principle against certain actualist-inspired counterexamples. In this article I argue that Kiesewetter’s defense of the transmission principle fails. His arguments rely on certain principles—Joint Satisfiability and Reason Transmission—which we should not accept in the unqualified forms (...)
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  5.  4
    Ethics and the Media: An Introduction.Stephen J. A. Ward - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a comprehensive introduction to media ethics and an exploration of how it must change to adapt to today's media revolution. Using an ethical framework for the new 'mixed media' ethics – taking in the global, interactive media produced by both citizens and professionals – Stephen J. A. Ward discusses the ethical issues which occur in both mainstream and non-mainstream media, from newspapers and broadcast to social media users and bloggers. He re-defines traditional conceptions of journalistic truth-seeking, (...)
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  6. Intention and Predicition in Means-End Reasoning.Stephen J. White - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (3):251-266.
    How, if at all, does one's intention to realize an end bear on the justification for taking the means to that end? Theories that allow that intending an end directly provides a reason to take the means are subject to a well-known "bootstrapping" objection. On the other hand, "anti-psychologistic" accounts—which seek to derive instrumental reasons directly from the reasons that support adopting the end itself—have unacceptable implications where an agent faces multiple rationally permissible options. An alternative, predictive, role for intention (...)
     
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  7.  1
    Is Executive Function the Universal Acid?Stephen J. Morse - 2022 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 16 (2):299-318.
    This essay responds to Hirstein, Sifferd and Fagan’s book, Responsible Brains, which claims that executive function is the guiding mechanism that supports both responsible agency and the necessity for some excuses. In contrast, I suggest that executive function is not the universal acid and the neuroscience at present contributes almost nothing to the necessary psychological level of explanation and analysis. To the extent neuroscience can be useful, it is virtually entirely dependent on well-validated psychology to correlate with the neuroscientific variables (...)
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  8.  5
    Global Journalism Ethics.Stephen J. A. Ward - 2010 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Stephen Ward argues that present media practices are narrowly based within the borders of single country and thus unable to successfully inform the public about a globalized world. Presenting an ethical framework for work in multimedia, the author extends John Rawl's theories of justice and the human good to redefine the aims for which journalism should strive and then applies this new foundation to issues such as the roles of patriotism and objectivity in journalism. An innovative argument that presents (...)
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  9.  73
    Responsibility and the Demands of Morality.Stephen J. White - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):315-338.
    Is it a good objection to a moral theory that it demands a great deal of individual agents? I argue that if we interpret the question to be about the potential welfare costs associated with our moral obligations, the answer must be “no.” However, the demands a moral theory makes can also be measured in terms of what it requires us to take responsibility for. I argue that this is distinct from what we may be required to do or give (...)
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  10.  38
    Self‐Prediction in Practical Reasoning: Its Role and Limits.Stephen J. White - 2021 - Noûs 55 (4):825-841.
    Are predictions about how one will freely and intentionally behave in the future ever relevant to how one ought to behave? There is good reason to think they are. As imperfect agents, we have responsibilities of self-management, which seem to require that we take account of the predictable ways we're liable to go wrong. I defend this conclusion against certain objections to the effect that incorporating predictions concerning one's voluntary conduct into one's practical reasoning amounts to evading responsibility for that (...)
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  11.  53
    Components of Attention.Michael I. Posner & Stephen J. Boies - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (5):391-408.
  12. Foucault and Education: Disciplines and Knowledge.Stephen J. Ball (ed.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    1 Introducing Monsieur Foucault Stephen J. Ball Michel Foucault is an enigma, a massively influential intellectual who steadfastly refused to align himself ...
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  13.  5
    Objectively Engaged Journalism: An Ethic.Stephen J. A. Ward - 2020 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    A timely call for a new ethic of journalism engagement for today's troubled media sphere, Objectively Engaged Journalism argues that media should be neither neutral nor partisan but engaged in protecting egalitarian democracy. It shows how journalists, professional or citizen, can be both objective in method and dedicated to improving a global public sphere toxic with disinformation, fake news, and extremism. Drawing from history, ethics, and current media issues, Stephen Ward rejects the ideals of neutrality and "just the facts" (...)
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  14. The Shape and Shaping of the American College and University: A Lively Experiment.Stephen J. Nelson - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    This book presents the issues, controversies, and key players that formed and enabled the American college and university to endure as a critical institution of the nation and society.
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  15.  3
    Human Evolution and Christian Ethics.Stephen J. Pope - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Can the origins of morality be explained entirely in evolutionary terms? If so, what are the implications for Christian moral theology and ethics? Is the latter redundant, as socio-biologists often assert? Stephen Pope argues that theologians need to engage with evolutionary theory rather than ignoring it. He shows that our growing knowledge of human evolution is compatible with Christian faith and morality, provided that the former is not interpreted reductionistically and the latter is not understood in fundamentalist ways. Christian (...)
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  16. The Invention of Journalism Ethics, Second Edition: The Path to Objectivity and Beyond.Stephen J. A. Ward - 2015 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Does objectivity exist in the news media? In The Invention of Journalism Ethics, Stephen Ward argues that given the current emphasis on interpretation, analysis, and perspective, journalists and the public need a new theory of objectivity. He explores the varied ethical assertions of journalists over the past few centuries, focusing on the changing relationship between journalist and audience. This historical analysis leads to an innovative theory of pragmatic objectivity that enables journalists and the public to recognize and avoid biased (...)
     
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  17.  7
    Shared Agency, Michael Bratman. [REVIEW]Stephen J. White - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):816-821.
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  18.  55
    Private Political Authority and Public Responsibility: Transnational Politics, Transnational Firms, and Human Rights.Stephen J. Kobrin - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (3):349-374.
    Transnational corporations have become actors with significant political power and authority which should entail responsibility and liability, specifically direct liability for complicity in human rights violations. Holding TNCs liable for human rights violations is complicated by the discontinuity between the fragmented legal/political structure of the TNC and its integrated strategic reality and the international state system which privileges sovereignty and non-intervention over the protection of individual rights. However, the post-Westphalian transition—the emergence of multiple authorities, increasing ambiguity of borders and jurisdiction (...)
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  19.  3
    Jonathan Edwards’s Writings: Text, Context, Interpretation.Stephen J. Stein (ed.) - 1996 - Indiana University Press.
    "This book will take its place in libraries next to the finest works abou;this creative thinker." —Religious Studies Review "... gives a fine sense of the present state and the future direction of Edwards studies... Recommended for upper-division undergraduate and graduate students." —Choice "... this volume opens up new windows, not only on previously neglected texts of Jonathan Edwards, but on the larger cultural functions and effects of those texts." —Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences Here is a (...)
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  20. The Shape and Shaping of the College and University in America: A Lively Experiment.Stephen J. Nelson - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    This book presents the issues, controversies, and key players that formed and enabled the American college and university to endure as a critical institution of the nation and society.
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  21. Rowe's Noseeum Arguments From Evil.Stephen J. Wykstra - 1996 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press. pp. 126--50.
  22.  13
    Erwin Straus: Suggestion and Hypnosis.Stephen J. Rojcewicz & James A. Beshai - 2018 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 49 (2):197-213.
    Despite his major contributions to phenomenology, the writings on suggestion and hypnosis by Erwin Straus have been underappreciated. In his German language publications of 1925 and 1927, Straus argues that we cannot elucidate the phenomenon of suggestion solely or even primarily through experimental design, a narrow natural scientific viewpoint, or an emphasis on abnormal or special states of dissociation. In contrast, a phenomenological study that begins with everyday experience demonstrates that suggestion is part of normal experience, and its understanding must (...)
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  23. The Foundations of Skeptical Theism.Stephen J. Wykstra & Timothy Perrine - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (4):375-399.
    Some skeptical theists use Wykstra’s CORNEA constraint to undercut Rowe-style inductive arguments from evil. Many critics of skeptical theism accept CORNEA, but argue that Rowe-style arguments meet its constraint. But Justin McBrayer argues that CORNEA is itself mistaken. It is, he claims, akin to “sensitivity” or “truth-tracking” constraints like those of Robert Nozick; but counterexamples show that inductive evidence is often insensitive. We here defend CORNEA against McBrayer’s chief counterexample. We first clarify CORNEA, distinguishing it from a deeper underlying principle (...)
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  24. The Hardening of the Modern Synthesis.Stephen J. Gould - unknown
    In 1937, just as Dobzhansky published the book that later generations would laud as the foundation of the modern synthesis, the American Naturnlist published a symposium on "supraspecific variation in nature and in classification." Alfred C. Kinsey, who later became one of America's most controversial intellectuals for his study of basic behaviors in another sort of WASP,1 led off the symposium with a summary of his extensive work on a family of gall wasps, the Cynipidae. In his article, Kinsey strongly (...)
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  25. Is Value Content a Component of Conventional Implicature?Stephen J. Barker - 2000 - Analysis 60 (3):268-279.
  26.  81
    Business Ethics and Religion: Religiosity as a Predictor of Ethical Awareness Among Students. [REVIEW]Stephen J. Conroy & Tisha L. N. Emerson - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):383-396.
    We survey students at two Southern United States universities (one public and one private, religiously affiliated). Using a survey instrument that includes 25 vignettes, we test two important hypotheses: whether ethical attitudes are affected by religiosity (H1) and whether ethical attitudes are affected by courses in ethics, religion or theology (H2). Using a definition of religiosity based on behavior (church attendance), our results indicate that religiosity is a statistically significant predictor of responses in a number of ethical scenarios. In seven (...)
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  27.  43
    War Metaphors in Public Discourse.Stephen J. Flusberg, Teenie Matlock & Paul H. Thibodeau - 2018 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (1):1-18.
    War metaphors are ubiquitous in discussions of everything from political campaigns to battles with cancer to wars against crime, drugs, poverty, and even salad. Why are warfare metaphors so common, and what are the potential benefits and costs to using them to frame important social and political issues? We address these questions in a detailed case study by reviewing the empirical literature on the subject and by advancing our own theoretical account of the structure and function of war metaphors in (...)
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  28. Freedom at the Center.Stephen J. Whitfield - forthcoming - Modern Intellectual History:1-11.
    Of course it's brilliant. The Free World represents the hugely ambitious culmination of the efforts of a scholar of exceptional talent to explicate mid-century American culture, and to put it within a broad political and social context. With its immense attention to detail, The Free World frequently offers such fresh readings of a wide variety of topics that perhaps only subspecialists can profess to find familiar the evidence and interpretations that Louis Menand provides. It is emblazoned with bold personal opinions (...)
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  29. Education Reform: A Critical and Post-Structural Approach.Stephen J. Ball - 1995 - British Journal of Educational Studies 43 (2):221-223.
  30.  4
    The Influence of Punishment on Learning.J. M. Stephens - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (4):536.
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  31. Cornea, Carnap, and Current Closure Befuddlement.Stephen J. Wykstra - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (1):87-98.
    Graham and Maitzen think my CORNEA principle is in trouble because it entails “intolerable violations of closure under known entailment.” I argue that the trouble arises from current befuddlement about closure itself, and that a distinction drawn by Rudolph Carnap, suitably extended, shows how closure, when properly understood, works in tandem with CORNEA. CORNEA does not obey Closure because it shouldn’t: it applies to “dynamic” epistemic operators, whereas closure principles hold only for “static” ones. What the authors see as an (...)
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  32. Politics and Policy Making in Education.Stephen J. Ball - 1991 - British Journal of Educational Studies 39 (4):450-453.
  33.  11
    Data Bearing on the Conditioning of Voluntary Reactions.J. M. Stephens - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):236.
  34.  4
    Stephen J. Spencer, Emotions in a Crusading Context, 1095–1291. (Emotions in History.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Pp. 320. $85. ISBN: 978-0-1988-3336-9. [REVIEW]Helen J. Nicholson - 2022 - Speculum 97 (3):895-896.
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  35.  61
    Performativity, Commodification and Commitment: An I-Spy Guide to the Neoliberal University.Stephen J. Ball - 2012 - British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (1):17-28.
  36.  23
    Conscious Identification: Where Do You Draw the Line?Stephen J. Lupker - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):37-38.
  37. Psychopathy and Criminal Responsibility.Stephen J. Morse - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):205-212.
    This article considers whether psychopaths should be held criminally responsible. After describing the positive law of criminal responsibility in general and as it applies to psychopaths, it suggests that psychopaths lack moral rationality and that severe psychopaths should be excused from crimes that violate the moral rights of others. Alternative forms of social control for dangerous psychopaths, such as involuntary civil commitment, are considered, and the potential legal implications of future scientific understanding of psychopathy are addressed.
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  38.  6
    Is Habit Formation Always Mediated by Cognition-Formation?J. M. Stephens - 1943 - Psychological Review 50 (4):430-437.
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  39.  28
    Regulation During Challenge: A General Model of Learned Performance Under Schedule Constraint.Stephen J. Hanson & William Timberlake - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (3):261-282.
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  40.  49
    Foucault, Power, and Education.Stephen J. Ball - 2012 - Routledge.
    Foucault, Power, and Education invites internationally renowned scholar Stephen J. Ball to reflect on the importance and influence of Foucault on his work in educational policy.
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  41. Irony and the Dogma of Force and Sense.Stephen J. Barker & Mihaela Popa-Wyatt - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):9-16.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional content. We argue that (...)
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  42.  2
    Chaos and Complexity in Psychology: The Theory of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems.Stephen J. Guastello, Matthijs Koopmans & David Pincus (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book reports recent landmark developments and the state of the art in NDS science in psychological theory and research.
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  43.  2
    Expectancy Vs. Effect—Substitution as a General Principle of Reinforcement.J. M. Stephens - 1942 - Psychological Review 49 (2):102-116.
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  44.  68
    On the Moral Objection to Coercion.Stephen J. White - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (3):199-231.
  45.  1
    Misconceptions About the Middle Ages.Stephen J. Harris & Bryon Lee Grigsby - 2007 - Routledge.
    Brought together by an impressive, international array of contributors this book presents a representative study of some of the many misinterpretations that have evolved concerning the medieval period.
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  46.  7
    Handbook of Global Media Ethics.Stephen J. A. Ward (ed.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This handbook is one of the first comprehensive research and teaching tools for the developing area of global media ethics. The advent of new media that is global in reach and impact has created the need for a journalism ethics that is global in principles and aims. For many scholars, teachers and journalists, the existing journalism ethics, e.g. existing codes of ethics, is too parochial and national. It fails to provide adequate normative guidance for a media that is digital, global (...)
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  47.  58
    Is Self-Respect a Moral or a Psychological Concept?Stephen J. Massey - 1982 - Ethics 93 (2):246-261.
  48.  50
    A Critical Review of Sustainable Business Indices and Their Impact.Stephen J. Fowler & C. Hope - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):243-252.
    Most studies into the performance of socially responsible investment vehicles have focused on the performance of sustainable or socially responsible mutual funds. This research has been complemented recently by a number of studies that have examined the performance of sustainable investment indices. In both cases, the majority of studies have concluded that the returns of socially responsible investment vehicles have either underperformed, or failed to outperform, comparable market indices. Although the impact of sustainable indices to date has been limited, the (...)
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  49. An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy.Stephen J. Laumakis - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this clearly written undergraduate textbook, Stephen Laumakis explains the origin and development of Buddhist ideas and concepts, focusing on the philosophical ideas and arguments presented and defended by selected thinkers and sutras from various traditions. He starts with a sketch of the Buddha and the Dharma, and highlights the origins of Buddhism in India. He then considers specific details of the Dharma with special attention to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology, and examines the development of Buddhism in China, Japan, (...)
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  50.  44
    Rights, Justice, and the Bounds of Liberty: Essays in Social Philosophy.Stephen J. Massey - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):438-442.
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