24 found
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  1. Does Anātman Rationally Entail Altruism? On Bodhicaryāvatāra 8: 101-103.Stephen Harris - 2011 - Journal of Buddhist Ethics 18.
    In the eighth chapter of the Bodhicaryāvatāra, the Buddhist philosopher Śāntideva has often been interpreted as offering an argument that accepting the ultimate nonexistence of the self (anātman) rationally entails a commitment to altruism, the view that one should care equally for self and others. In this essay, I consider reconstructions of Śāntideva’s argument by contemporary scholars Paul Williams, Mark Siderits and John Pettit. I argue that all of these various reconfigurations of the argument fail to be convincing. This suggests (...)
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  2. Suffering and the Shape of Well-Being in Buddhist Ethics.Stephen E. Harris - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (3):242-259.
    This article explores the defense Indian Buddhist texts make in support of their conceptions of lives that are good for an individual. This defense occurs, largely, through their analysis of ordinary experience as being saturated by subtle forms of suffering . I begin by explicating the most influential of the Buddhist taxonomies of suffering: the threefold division into explicit suffering , the suffering of change , and conditioned suffering . Next, I sketch the three theories of welfare that have been (...)
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  3. Demandingness, Well-Being and the Bodhisattva Path.Stephen E. Harris - 2015 - Sophia 54 (2):201-216.
    This paper reconstructs an Indian Buddhist response to the overdemandingness objection, the claim that a moral theory asks too much of its adherents. In the first section, I explain the objection and argue that some Mahāyāna Buddhists, including Śāntideva, face it. In the second section, I survey some possible ways of responding to the objection as a way of situating the Buddhist response alongside contemporary work. In the final section, I draw upon writing by Vasubandhu and Śāntideva in reconstructing a (...)
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  4. On the Classification of Śāntideva’s Ethics in the Bodhicaryāvatāra.Stephen E. Harris - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (1):249-275.
    In this essay several challenges are raised to the project of classifying Śāntideva’s ethical reasoning given in his Bodhicaryāvatāra, or Guide to the Way of the Bodhisattva, as a species of ethical theory such as consequentialism or virtue ethics. One set of difficulties highlighted here arises because Śāntideva wrote this text to act as a manual of psychological transformation, and it is therefore often difficult to determine when his statements indicate his own ethical views. Further, even assuming we can identify (...)
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  5.  6
    On the Logic of Interrogative Inquiry.Jaakko Hintikka & Stephen Harris - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:233-240.
    In Jaakko Hintikka's interrogative model of inquiry, the strategic principles governing empirical inquiry turn out to be closely related to those governing deductive reasoning. Hence it is important to study the precise analogies which obtain between deductive logic and interrogative inquiry. The basic concept of the interrogative model is the relation of model consequence $\text{M}\colon \text{T}\vdash \text{C}$. It is said to obtain iff C can be derived from T by means of an interrogative process in the model M. We prove (...)
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  6.  78
    Locke and botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  7.  8
    A model of transcriptional regulatory networks based on biases in the observed regulation rules.Stephen E. Harris, Bruce K. Sawhill, Andrew Wuensche & Stuart Kauffman - 2002 - Complexity 7 (4):23-40.
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  8.  9
    Gts and interrogative tableaux.Stephen Harris - 1994 - Synthese 99 (3):329 - 343.
    A variant of the standard deductive tableau system is introduced, and interrogative rules are added, resulting in a so-called interrogative tableau system. A game-theoretical account of entailment is sketched, and the deductive tableau system is interpreted in these terms. Finally, it is shown how to extend this account of entailment into an account of interrogative entailment, thereby providing a semantics for the interrogative tableau system.
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  9.  76
    John Locke’s seed lists: a case study in botanical exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day. Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated correspondence (...)
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  10. Antifoundationalism and the Commitment to Reducing Suffering in Rorty and Madhyamaka Buddhism.Stephen Harris - 2010 - Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (2):71-89.
    In his Contingency, Irony, Solidarity, Richard Rorty argues that one can be both a liberal and also an antifoundationalist ironist committed to private self creation. The liberal commitments of Rorty's ironists are likely to be in conflict with his commitment to self creation, since many identities will undercut commitments to reducing suffering. I turn to the antifoundationalist Buddhist Madhyamaka tradition to offer an example of a version of antifoundationalism that escapes this dilemma. The Madhyamaka Buddhist, I argue, because of his (...)
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  11. Where Does the Cetanic Break Take Place? Weakness of Will in Śāntideva’s Bodhicaryāvatāra.Stephen E. Harris - 2016 - Comparative Philosophy 7 (2).
    This article explores the role of weakness of will in the Indian Buddhist tradition, and in particular within Śāntideva’s Introduction to the Practice of Awakening. In agreement with Jay Garfield, I argue that there are important differences between Aristotle’s account of akrasia and Buddhist moral psychology. Nevertheless, taking a more expanded conception of weakness of will, as is frequently done in contemporary work, allows us to draw significant connections with the pluralistic account of psychological conflict found in Buddhist texts. I (...)
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  12.  9
    On the Logic of Interrogative Inquiry.Jaakko Hintikka & Stephen Harris - 1988 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988 (1):232-240.
    In earlier publications Jaakko Hintikka has introduced the interrogative model of inquiry and studied some of its applications.1 At its simplest, the interrogative model takes the form of a game between a player known as the Inquirer and a source of information we call Nature. The inquirer is trying to derive a conclusion C from a given set of premises T by standard deductive means augmented by additional information gained from Nature. (We can think of C as a set of (...)
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  13. Buddhism and existentialism: Saṃvega as existential dread of the human condition.Stephen Harris - 2024 - In Kevin Aho, Megan Altman & Hans Pedersen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Existentialism. Routledge.
     
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  14.  4
    Berkeley's Argument from Perceptual Relativity.Stephen Harris - 1997 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 14 (1):99 - 120.
  15.  23
    Buddhist Ethics and the Bodhisattva Path: Śāntideva on Virtue and Well-Being.Stephen Harris - 2023 - Bloomsbury.
    Santideva's 8th century Mahayana Buddhist classic, the Guide to the Practices of Awakening (Bodhicaryavatara), has been a source of philosophical inspiration in the Indian and Tibetan traditions for over a thousand years. Stephen Harris guides us through a philosophical exploration of Santideva's masterpiece, introducing us to his understanding of the compassionate bodhisattva, who vows to liberate the entire universe from suffering. Individual chapters provide studies of the bodhisattva virtues of generosity, patience, compassion, and wisdom, illustrating the role each plays in (...)
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  16.  9
    Misconceptions About the Middle Ages.Stephen J. Harris & Bryon Lee Grigsby - 2007 - Routledge.
    Brought together by an impressive, international array of contributors this book presents a representative study of some of the many misinterpretations that have evolved concerning the medieval period.
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  17.  5
    Pseudogenes.Alec J. Jeffreys & Stephen Harris - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (6):253-258.
    Our chromosomes are full of the dead relics of genes. DNA analysis is beginning to unravel the origin and fate of these pseudogenes, and the influence that they may have on genome organization and evolution.
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  18. Communicating Early English Manuscripts. [REVIEW]Stephen Harris - 2012 - The Medieval Review 10.
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  19.  37
    John M. Hill, ed., On the Aesthetics of Beowulf and Other Old English Poems. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010. Pp. vi, 299; black-and-white figures. $68. ISBN: 978-0-8020-9944-0. [REVIEW]Stephen J. Harris - 2014 - Speculum 89 (3):779-780.
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  20. Textual and Material Culture in Anglo-Saxon England: Thomas Nothcote Toller and the Toller Memorial Lectures. [REVIEW]Stephen Harris - 2004 - The Medieval Review 2.
     
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  21. Text and Picture in Anglo-Saxon England: Narrative Strategies in the Junius 11 Manuscript. [REVIEW]Stephen Harris - 2002 - The Medieval Review 12.
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  22. The Convert Kings: Power and Religious Affiliation in Early Anglo-Saxon England. [REVIEW]Stephen Harris - 1999 - The Medieval Review 1.
     
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  23. The Medieval Life of King Alfred the Great: A Translation and Commentary on the Text Attributed to Asser. [REVIEW]Stephen Harris - 2003 - The Medieval Review 1.
  24.  43
    The Narrative Pulse of “Beowulf”: Arrivals and Departures. [REVIEW]Stephen J. Harris - 2010 - Speculum 85 (1):146-147.
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