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Stephen Boulter [20]Stephen J. Boulter [10]
  1.  78
    Can Evolutionary Biology Do Without Aristotelian Essentialism?Stephen J. Boulter - 2012 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70:83-103.
    It is usually maintained by biologists and philosophers alike that essentialism is incompatible with evolutionary biology, and that abandoning essentialism was a precondition of progress being made in the biological sciences. These claims pose a problem for anyone familiar with both evolutionary biology and current metaphysics. Very few current scientific theories enjoy the prestige of evolutionary biology. But essentialism – long in the bad books amongst both biologists and philosophers – has been enjoying a strong resurgence of late amongst analytical (...)
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  2. The “Evolutionary Argument” and the Metaphilosophy of Commonsense.Stephen J. Boulter - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):369-382.
    Recently in these pages it has been argued that a relatively straightforward version of an old argument based on evolutionary biology and psychology can be employed to support the view that innate ideas are a naturalistic source of metaphysical knowledge. While sympathetic to the view that the “evolutionary argument” is pregnant with philosophical implications, I show in this paper how it needs to be developed and deployed in order to avoid serious philosophical difficulties and unnecessary complications. I sketch a revised (...)
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  3. Metaphysics From a Biological Point of View.Stephen Boulter - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    One of the most remarkable features of mid-to-late twentieth century analytic philosophy is the revival of interest in the traditional problems of metaphysics. However, given the long period of neglect from which metaphysics in only now emerging, it is perhaps not surprising that philosophers in the analytic tradition are still finding their metaphysical feet, particularly on meta-metaphysical and methodological matters. Thus contemporary metaphysicians find themselves in an exciting but ultimately unstable position: We are convinced that metaphysical questions are worth pursing, (...)
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  4.  1
    The Rediscovery of Common Sense Philosophy.Stephen Boulter - 2007 - Basingstoke, England: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book is a defence of the philosophy of common sense in the spirit of Thomas Reid and G.E. Moore, drawing on the work of Aristotle, evolutionary biology and psychology, and historical studies on the origins of early modern philosophy. It defines and explores common sense beliefs, and defends them from challenges from prominent philosophers.
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  5. Metaphysical Realism as a Pre-Condition of Visual Perception.Stephen J. Boulter - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (2):243-261.
    In this paper I present a transcendental argument based on the findings of cognitive psychology and neurophysiology which invites two conclusions: First and foremost, that a pre-condition of visual perception itself is precisely what the Aristotelian and other commonsense realists maintain, namely, the independent existence of a featured, or pre-packaged world; second, this finding, combined with other reflections, suggests that, contra McDowell and other neo-Kantians, human beings have access to things as they are in the world via non-projective perception. These (...)
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  6. The Medieval Origins of Conceivability Arguments.Stephen Boulter - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (5):617-641.
    The central recommendation of this article is that philosophers trained in the analytic tradition ought to add the sensibilities and skills of the historian to their methodological toolkit. The value of an historical approach to strictly philosophical matters is illustrated by a case study focussing on the medieval origin of conceivability arguments and contemporary views of modality. It is shown that common metaphilosophical views about the nature of the philosophical enterprise as well as certain inference patterns found in thinkers from (...)
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  7. Could Aquinas Accept Semantic Anti-Realism?Stephen J. Boulter - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):504-513.
  8.  24
    Education From a Biological Point of View.Stephen Boulter - 2017 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 36 (2):167-182.
    There appears to be an irresolvable disagreement between “progressives” and “conservatives” regarding the ultimate aims of education. This paper argues that the dispute is irresolvable as it currently stands because the traditional progressive/conservative dichotomies are false and based on distorted half-truths. The current impasse is due to the fact that educationalists and philosophers alike have hitherto misunderstood the fundamental purpose of educational activities. The central claim of this paper is that a biological perspective on education allows one to see past (...)
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  9.  35
    Whose Challenge? Which Semantics?Stephen Boulter - 2001 - Synthese 126 (1-2):325 - 337.
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  10.  8
    Whose Challenge? Which Semantics?Stephen Boulter - 2001 - Synthese 126 (1):325-337.
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  11. Could Aquinas Reject Semantic Realism? Reply to de Anna.Stephen J. Boulter - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):515-518.
  12.  58
    Can Consequences Be Right-Makers?Stephen Boulter - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):185-205.
    This paper sets out a novel challenge to consequentialism as a theory in normative ethics. The challenge is rooted in the ontological claim that consequences of actions do not exist at the time required to be that in virtue of which actions are right or wrong, and so consequences cannot play the role attributed to them by consequentialists. The challenge takes the form of a dilemma. The consequentialist is confronted with a set of propositions she will find individually plausible but (...)
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  13.  33
    On the Very Possibility of Historiography.Stephen Boulter - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (2):196-220.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 The familiar challenges to historiographical knowledge turn on epistemological concerns having to do with the unobservability of historical events, or with the problem of establishing a sufficiently strong inferential connection between evidence and the historiographical claim one wishes to convert from a true belief into knowledge. This paper argues that these challenges miss a deeper problem, viz., the lack of obvious truth-makers for historiographical claims. The metaphysical challenge to historiography is that reality does not appear (...)
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  14.  50
    Aquinas on Biological Individuals: An Essay in Analytical Thomism.Stephen Boulter - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (3):603-616.
    This paper presents a version of analytical Thomism that brings the principles of Aquinas into systematic and sustained contact with the sciences as opposed to contemporary philosophy. The leading idea of this version of analytical Thomism is to test the viability of scholastic principles by seeing if they provide the resources to cope with problems emerging from the natural and social sciences. If they do, then Thomism vindicates itself in the marketplace of ideas. If not, then the analytical Thomist knows (...)
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  15.  32
    On the Very Possibility of Historiography.Stephen Boulter - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 The familiar challenges to historiographical knowledge turn on epistemological concerns having to do with the unobservability of historical events, or with the problem of establishing a sufficiently strong inferential connection between evidence and the historiographical claim one wishes to convert from a true belief into knowledge. This paper argues that these challenges miss a deeper problem, viz., the lack of obvious truth-makers for historiographical claims. The metaphysical challenge to historiography is that reality does not appear (...)
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  16. Aquinas on Action and Action Explanation.Stephen Boulter - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  17. Susana Nuccetelli and Gary Seay, Eds., Themes From GE Moore: New Essays in Epistemology and Ethics.Stephen Boulter - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (3):210.
     
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  18.  42
    Contrastive Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Stephen Boulter - 2012 - Ratio 25 (4):425-441.
    Taxonomists in biology have traditionally been concerned to delimit and classify actual biological forms or kinds. But not all useful classification schemes are of actualised forms. This paper focuses on the need to delimit and classify non‐actual forms when offering contrastive explanations in evolutionary biology. Such a classification scheme sorts actual and non‐actual forms according to their modal status. Such a sorting has been offered by theoretical morphologists, but these efforts have paid insufficient attention to the metaphysics of modality. Contemporary (...)
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  19.  35
    M. V. Dougherty , Moral Dilemmas in Medieval Thought: From Gratian to Aquinas . Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (6):460-461.
  20.  36
    Henry of Ghent , Summa of Ordinary Questions: Articles Six to Ten on Theology , Trans. Roland J. Teske, SJ. Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (3):199–202.
  21. Hume on Induction: A Genuine Problem or Theology's Trojan Horse?Stephen J. Boulter - 2002 - Philosophy 77 (1):67-86.
    In this paper I offer a straight solution to Hume's problem of induction by defusing the assumptions on which it is based. I argue that Hume's problem only arises if we accept (i) that there is no necessity but logical necessity, or (ii) that it is unreasonable to believe that there is any form of necessity in addition to logical necessity. I show that Hume's arguments in favour of (i) and (ii) are unsound. I then offer a suggestion as to (...)
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  22.  17
    John Marenbon, Ed. Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind, and Language. Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (2):79-82.
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  23.  11
    Could Aquinas Accept Semantic Anti-Realism&Quest.Stephen J. Boulter - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):504-513.
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  24.  14
    John Marenbon, The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]Stephen Boulter - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (5):246-250.
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  25.  11
    Gyula Klima and Alexander W. Hall, Ed., Metaphysical Themes, Medieval and Modern. Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (6):263-266.
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  26.  15
    Nicholas Rescher , Aporetics: Rational Deliberation in the Face of Inconsistency . Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):330-331.
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  27. Susana Nuccetelli and Gary Seay, Eds. Themes From GE Moore: New Essays in Epistemology and Ethics Reviewed By.Stephen Boulter - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (3):210-214.
     
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  28.  6
    Could Aquinas Reject Semantic Realism&Quest; Reply to De Anna.Stephen J. Boulter - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):515-518.
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  29.  16
    Putnam's ‘Home Coming’.Stephen J. Boulter - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (282):595.
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  30.  25
    Putnam's 'Home Coming'.Stephen J. Boulter - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (282):595-601.
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