Results for 'Stephanie Spengler'

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  1.  10
    Minimizing motor mimicry by myself: Self-focus enhances online action-control mechanisms during motor contagion.Stephanie Spengler, Marcel Brass, Simone Kühn & Simone Schütz-Bosbach - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):98-106.
    Ideomotor theory of human action control proposes that activation of a motor representation can occur either through internally-intended or externally-perceived actions. Critically, sometimes these alternatives of eliciting a motor response may be conflicting, for example, when intending one action and perceiving another, necessitating the recruitment of enhanced action-control to avoid motor mimicry. Based on previous neuroimaging evidence, suggesting that reduced mimicry is associated with self-related processing, we aimed to experimentally enhance these action-control mechanisms during motor contagion by inducing self-focus. In (...)
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  2.  4
    A Responsive Approach to Organizational Misconduct: Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and the Reduction of Reoffense.Stephanie Bertels, Michael Cody & Simon Pek - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (3):343-370.
    ABSTRACT:In this article, we examine how regulators, prosecutors, and courts might support and encourage the efforts of organizations to not only reintegrate after misconduct but also to improve their conduct in a way that reduces their likelihood of re-offense (rehabilitation). We explore a novel experiment in creative sentencing in Alberta Canada that aimed to try to change the behaviour of an industry by publicly airing the root causes of a failure of one the industry’s leaders. Drawing on this case and (...)
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  3.  3
    Can Relative Prioritarianism Accommodate the Shift?Stephanie Van Fossen - 2024 - Ethics 134 (4):525-538.
    Lara Buchak argues that her version of rank-weighted utilitarianism can accommodate an implication of the separateness of persons known as “the shift,” since it requires individuals to be more willing to accept risk for themselves than to accept inequality in society. I argue that this is mistaken. Buchak’s model fails to yield the shift when the decision-maker is distinct from the affected individual, as well as in certain social decisions where the risk attitude of the group is known. These findings (...)
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  4.  9
    God and the Land: The Metaphysics of Farming in Hesiod and Vergil. With a Translation of Hesiod's Works and Days by David Grene.Stephanie A. Nelson - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this pathbreaking book, which includes a powerful new translation of Hesiod's Works and Days by esteemed translator David Grene, Stephanie Nelson argues that a society's vision of farming contains deep indications about its view of the human place within nature, and our relationship to the divine. She contends that both Hesiod in the Works and Days and Vergil in the Georgics saw farming in this way, and so wrote their poems not only about farming itself, but also about (...)
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  5.  6
    God and the Land.Stephanie A. Nelson - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this pathbreaking book, which includes a powerful new translation of Hesiod's Works and Days by esteemed translator David Grene, Stephanie Nelson argues that a society's vision of farming contains deep indications about its view of the human place within nature, and our relationship to the divine. She contends that both Hesiod in the Works and Days and Vergil in the Georgics saw farming in this way, and so wrote their poems not only about farming itself, but also about (...)
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  6.  4
    Money Talks: In Therapy, Society, and Life.Brenda Berger & Stephanie Newman (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Sometimes referred to as "the last taboo," money has remained something of a secret within psychoanalysis. Ironically, while it is an ingredient in almost every encounter between analyst and patient, the analyst's personal feelings about money are rarely discussed openly or in any great depth. So what is it about money that relegates it to the background, both on the couch and off? In _Money Talks_, Brenda Berger, Stephanie Newman, and their excellent cast of contributors address this and other (...)
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  7.  8
    Frontier migration fosters ethos of independence: Deconstructing the climato-economic theory of human culture.Stephanie de Oliveira Chen & Shinobu Kitayama - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):486 - 487.
    Evidence Van de Vliert draws on is more consistent with the idea that settlement in the frontier encourages independent mentality and individualistic social institutions. This cultural system can sometimes flourish, generating both wealth and power, but clearly not always. In our view, wealth is, for the most part, a measure of success of any given cultural group, and climate is important to the extent that it plays a role in creating rugged lands of frontier.
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  8.  4
    Consulting the community: Limits and expectations: Commentary on “strategies for consulting with the community: The cases of four large-scale databanks”.Stephanie J. Bird - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):481-482.
  9.  2
    Who Sits at the Table? A New Approach to Stakeholder Selection.Stephanie Bertels & Harrie Vredenburg - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:293-297.
    When assembling a collaborative initiative, how do you select the appropriate stakeholders to promote collaborative success? We examine the limitations of thestakeholder theory approach to resolving this issue. Instead, we argue that the domain-based perspective and the notion of requisite variety both offer worthwhile perspectives on the issue of participant selection. Combining these perspectives, we pave the way for a theory of participant selection that focuses on evaluating collaborative resources and capabilities at the individual, organizational and domain levels.
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  10.  31
    Cloning—another perspective.Stephanie J. Bird - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):355-356.
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  11.  9
    Communicating to the public via the media: Practical and ethical issues.Stephanie J. Bird & Raymond E. Spier - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):395-396.
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  12.  2
    Ethics as a core competency in science and engineering.Stephanie J. Bird - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):443-444.
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  13.  8
    Ethical challenges in research: Another look.Stephanie J. Bird - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):15 – 17.
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  14.  1
    Educational forum: Stimulating a sense of responsibility.Stephanie J. Bird - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):213-214.
  15.  5
    Word/picture interference effects in free recall.Stephanie Boesch & Lionel Standing - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):109-111.
  16.  3
    Compassion and Justice in The Merchant of Venice: A Political Critique of Care-Based Ethics.Stephanie Boisvert - 2009 - Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 25:85-102.
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  17.  3
    Alternative splicing and evolution.Stephanie Boue, Ivica Letunic & Peer Bork - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (11):1031-1034.
    Alternative splicing is a critical post‐transcriptional event leading to an increase in the transcriptome diversity. Recent bioinformatics studies revealed a high frequency of alternative splicing. Although the extent of AS conservation among mammals is still being discussed, it has been argued that major forms of alternatively spliced transcripts are much better conserved than minor forms.1 It suggests that alternative splicing plays a major role in genome evolution allowing new exons to evolve with less constraint. BioEssays 25:1031–1034, 2003. © 2003 Wiley (...)
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  18.  13
    Entre brevitas et digressions narratives : le dilemme du romancier dans la première moitié du XVIII siècle.Stéphanie Bouabane - 1999 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 18:13.
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  19.  12
    Philosophie & Weltbild: Philosophie und Wissenschaft im Diskurs: ein interdisziplinäres Projekt.Sandor Mihalyi, Alexander Gerhard Spengler & Hans-Joachim Petsche (eds.) - 2020 - Berlin: Trafo.
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  20.  2
    Pain: A Cultural History by Javier Moscoso. [REVIEW]Stephanie Eichberg - 2014 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 29 (2):316-318.
  21.  2
    Baroque Moment. By Francis Sweeney. [REVIEW]Sister Mary Stephanie - 1951 - Renascence 4 (1):87-89.
  22.  31
    Pornography, ethics, and video games.Stephanie Patridge - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (1):25-34.
    In a recent and provocative essay, Christopher Bartel attempts to resolve the gamer’s dilemma. The dilemma, formulated by Morgan Luck, goes as follows: there is no principled distinction between virtual murder and virtual pedophilia. So, we’ll have to give up either our intuition that virtual murder is morally permissible—seemingly leaving us over-moralizing our gameplay—or our intuition that acts of virtual pedophilia are morally troubling—seemingly leaving us under-moralizing our game play. Bartel’s attempted resolution relies on establishing the following three theses: (1) (...)
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  23. In Defense of Practical Reasons for Belief.Stephanie Leary - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):529-542.
    Many meta-ethicists are alethists: they claim that practical considerations can constitute normative reasons for action, but not for belief. But the alethist owes us an account of the relevant difference between action and belief, which thereby explains this normative difference. Here, I argue that two salient strategies for discharging this burden fail. According to the first strategy, the relevant difference between action and belief is that truth is the constitutive standard of correctness for belief, but not for action, while according (...)
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  24.  11
    Der Briefwechsel zwischen Oswald Spengler und Wolfgang E. Groeger: über russische Literatur, Zeitgeschichte und soziale Fragen.Oswald Spengler, Wolfgang E. Groeger & Xenia Werner - 1987 - Hamburg: Buske. Edited by Wolfgang E. Groeger & Xenia Werner.
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  25.  12
    INTRODUCTION Science communication in a changing world Stephanie Suhr.Stephanie Suhr - 2009 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 9 (1):1-4.
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  26.  5
    Knowing Stephanie.Charlee Brodsky, Stephanie Byram & Jennifer Matesa - 2003 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    A memoir of one womanÆs struggle against breast cancer reveals how she channeled her energy to transform her life, even as she was dying.
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  27. Non-naturalism and Normative Necessities.Stephanie Leary - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12.
    This chapter argues that the best way for a non-naturalist to explain why the normative supervenes on the natural is to claim that, while there are some sui generis normative properties whose essences cannot be fully specified in non-normative terms and do not specify any non-normative sufficient conditions for their instantiation, there are certain hybrid normative properties whose essences specify both naturalistic sufficient conditions for their own instantiation and sufficient conditions for the instantiation of certain sui generis normative properties. This (...)
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  28. Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals.Stephanie Collins - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Moral duties are regularly attributed to groups. Does this make conceptual sense or is this merely political rhetoric? And what are the implications for these individuals within groups? Collins outlines a Tripartite Model of group duties that can target political demands at the right entities, in the right way and for the right reasons.
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  29.  98
    Beyond Consent: Building Trusting Relationships With Diverse Populations in Precision Medicine Research.Stephanie A. Kraft, Mildred K. Cho, Katherine Gillespie, Meghan Halley, Nina Varsava, Kelly E. Ormond, Harold S. Luft, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Sandra Soo-Jin Lee - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):3-20.
    With the growth of precision medicine research on health data and biospecimens, research institutions will need to build and maintain long-term, trusting relationships with patient-participants. While trust is important for all research relationships, the longitudinal nature of precision medicine research raises particular challenges for facilitating trust when the specifics of future studies are unknown. Based on focus groups with racially and ethnically diverse patients, we describe several factors that influence patient trust and potential institutional approaches to building trustworthiness. Drawing on (...)
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  30.  9
    The Many Faces of Empathy: Parsing Emathic Phenomena through a Proximate, Dynamic-Systems View Reprsenting the Other in the Self.Stephanie D. Preston & Alicia J. Hofelich - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):24-33.
    A surfeit of research confirms that people activate personal, affective, and conceptual representations when perceiving the states of others. However, researchers continue to debate the role of self–other overlap in empathy due to a failure to dissociate neural overlap, subjective resonance, and personal distress. A perception–action view posits that neural-level overlap is necessary during early processing for all social understanding, but need not be conscious or aversive. This neural overlap can subsequently produce a variety of states depending on the context (...)
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  31.  31
    Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases.Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
    There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views. Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's corresponding representations, which in turn activate somatic and autonomic responses. This mechanism supports basic behaviors that are crucial for the reproductive success of animals living in groups. The Perception-Action Model, (...)
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  32.  35
    Informing, transforming, inquiring: Approaches to elementary social studies in methods course syllabi.Stephanie Schroeder, Natasha C. Murray-Everett, Jacob Gates & Sarah B. Shear - 2021 - Journal of Social Studies Research 45 (2):102-117.
    This study investigated approaches to the elementary social studies methods syllabus from instructors of courses across the United States. Using qualitative content analysis, we explored 48 methods syllabi using a deductive framework of Information Based Systems d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:3: 18:E: there is no attribute "volume" d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:3: 29:E: there is no attribute "issue" d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:3: 32:E: element "MetaIssue" undefined d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:4: 9:E: element "Provider" undefined d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:4: 9: open elements: MetaIssue d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:5: 4:E: element "TOC" undefined d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:5: 4: open elements: MetaIssue d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:6: 11:E: element "TocSection" undefined d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:6: 11: open elements: MetaIssue TOC d:\Sarjeet_Work\2023\Apr-2023\15apr\lot1\j-saib0004-20492\ssr_2014_38_1\spssr_38_1_meta_issue.xml:7: 8:E: element "Heading" undefined (...)
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  33.  15
    Bearing Fruit: Miocene Apes and Rosaceous Fruit Evolution.Robert N. Spengler, Frank Kienast, Patrick Roberts, Nicole Boivin, David R. Begun, Kseniia Ashastina & Michael Petraglia - 2023 - Biological Theory 18 (2):134-151.
    Extinct megafaunal mammals in the Americas are often linked to seed-dispersal mutualisms with large-fruiting tree species, but large-fruiting species in Europe and Asia have received far less attention. Several species of arboreal Maloideae (apples and pears) and Prunoideae (plums and peaches) evolved large fruits starting around nine million years ago, primarily in Eurasia. As evolutionary adaptations for seed dispersal by animals, the size, high sugar content, and bright colorful visual displays of ripeness suggest that mutualism with megafaunal mammals facilitated the (...)
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  34.  54
    Promoting virtual, informal learning now to thrive in a post‐pandemic world.Stephanie Zajac, Jason Randall & Courtney Holladay - 2022 - Business and Society Review 127 (S1):283-298.
    Business and Society Review, Volume 127, Issue S1, Page 283-298, Spring 2022.
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  35.  16
    Have Values a Place in Economics?Joseph J. Spengler - 1933 - International Journal of Ethics 44 (3):313.
  36.  21
    Have Values a Place in Economics?Joseph J. Spengler - 1934 - International Journal of Ethics 44 (3):313-331.
  37. Collectives' Duties and Collectivisation Duties.Stephanie Collins - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):231-248.
    Plausibly, only moral agents can bear action-demanding duties. This places constraints on which groups can bear action-demanding duties: only groups with sufficient structure—call them ‘collectives’—have the necessary agency. Moreover, if duties imply ability then moral agents (of both the individual and collectives varieties) can bear duties only over actions they are able to perform. It is thus doubtful that individual agents can bear duties to perform actions that only a collective could perform. This appears to leave us at a loss (...)
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  38.  17
    Positive feelings facilitate working memory and complex decision making among older adults.Stephanie M. Carpenter, Ellen Peters, Daniel Västfjäll & Alice M. Isen - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):184-192.
    The impact of induced mild positive feelings on working memory and complex decision making among older adults (aged 63–85) was examined. Participants completed a computer administered card task in which participants could win money if they chose from “gain” decks and lose money if they chose from “loss” decks. Individuals in the positive-feeling condition chose better than neutral-feeling participants and earned more money overall. Participants in the positive-feeling condition also demonstrated improved working-memory capacity. These effects of positive-feeling induction have implications (...)
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  39.  30
    Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations.Stephanie C. Goodhew & Mark Edwards - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 69:14-25.
  40.  44
    Value judgments in a COVID-19 vaccination model: A case study in the need for public involvement in health-oriented modelling.Stephanie Harvard, Eric Winsberg, John Symons & Amin Adibi - 2021 - Social Science and Medicine 114323 (286).
    Scientific modelling is a value-laden process: the decisions involved can seldom be made using ‘scientific’ criteria alone, but rather draw on social and ethical values. In this paper, we draw on a body of philosophical literature to analyze a COVID-19 vaccination model, presenting a case study of social and ethical value judgments in health-oriented modelling. This case study urges us to make value judgments in health-oriented models explicit and interpretable by non-experts and to invite public involvement in making them.
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  41.  8
    Should Popper’s View of Rationality Be Used for Promoting Teacher Knowledge?Stephanie Chitpin - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (8):833-844.
    Popper’s theory of learning is sometimes met with incredulity because Popper claims that there is no transference of knowledge or knowledge elements from outside the individual, neither from the physical environment nor from others. Instead, he claims that we can improve our present theories by discovering their inadequacies.The intent of this article is not to persuade educators to adopt Popper’s approach uncritically to build their professional knowledge. Rather, it presents a discussion on the need for teachers to adopt a critical (...)
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  42. The Core of Care Ethics.Stephanie Collins - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The ethics of care has flourished in recent decades yet we remain without a succinct statement of its core theoretical commitment. This book uses the methods of analytic philosophy to argue for a simple care ethical slogan: dependency relationships generate responsibilities. It uses this slogan to unify, specify and justify the wide range of views found within the care ethical literature.
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  43.  6
    Integrating Physical Constraints in Statistical Inference by 11-Month-Old Infants.Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908.
    Much research on cognitive development focuses either on early-emerging domain-specific knowledge or domain-general learning mechanisms. However, little research examines how these sources of knowledge interact. Previous research suggests that young infants can make inferences from samples to populations (Xu & Garcia, 2008) and 11- to 12.5-month-old infants can integrate psychological and physical knowledge in probabilistic reasoning (Teglas, Girotto, Gonzalez, & Bonatti, 2007; Xu & Denison, 2009). Here, we ask whether infants can integrate a physical constraint of immobility into a statistical (...)
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  44.  7
    Rethinking medical invasiveness in the clinical encounter.Stephanie K. Slack & Nathan Higgins - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (4):234-235.
    De Marco et al 1 argue that the standard account of medical ‘invasiveness’ (as ‘incision’ or ‘insertion’) fails to capture three aspects of its existing use, namely that invasiveness can come in degrees, often depends on features of alternative medical interventions and can be non-physical. They propose a new schematic account that suggests that medical interventions can possess ‘basic invasiveness’ (which can come in degrees and of which they suggest at least two types: physical and mental), and ‘threshold invasiveness’ which (...)
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  45. Misgendering and its Moral Contestability.Kapusta Stephanie - 2016 - Hypatia 31 (3):512-519.
    In this article, I consider the harms inflicted upon transgender persons through “misgendering,” that is, such deployments of gender terms that diminish transgender persons’ selfrespect, limit the discursive resources at their disposal to define their own gender, and cause them microaggressive psychological harms. Such deployments are morally contestable, that is, they can be challenged on ethical or political grounds. Two characterizations of “woman” proposed in the feminist literature are critiqued from this perspective. When we consider what would happen to transgender (...)
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  46.  35
    A Framework for Unrestricted Prenatal Whole-Genome Sequencing: Respecting and Enhancing the Autonomy of Prospective Parents.Stephanie C. Chen & David T. Wasserman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):3-18.
    Noninvasive, prenatal whole genome sequencing may be a technological reality in the near future, making available a vast array of genetic information early in pregnancy at no risk to the fetus or mother. Many worry that the timing, safety, and ease of the test will lead to informational overload and reproductive consumerism. The prevailing response among commentators has been to restrict conditions eligible for testing based on medical severity, which imposes disputed value judgments and devalues those living with eligible conditions. (...)
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  47.  22
    “Empiricism all the way down”: a defense of the value-neutrality of science in response to Helen Longino's contextual empiricism.Stéphanie Ruphy - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (2):189-214.
    : A central claim of Longino's contextual empiricism is that scientific inquiry, even when "properly conducted", lacks the capacity to screen out the influence of contextual values on its results. I'll show first that Longino's attack against the epistemic integrity of science suffers from fatal empirical weaknesses. Second I'll explain why Longino's practical proposition for suppressing biases in science, drawn from her contextual empiricism, is too demanding and, therefore, unable to serve its purpose. Finally, drawing on Bourdieu's sociological analysis of (...)
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  48.  25
    Public Attitudes toward Consent When Research Is Integrated into Care—Any “Ought” from All the “Is”?Stephanie R. Morain & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (2):22-32.
    Research that is integrated into ongoing clinical activities holds the potential to accelerate the generation of knowledge to improve the health of individuals and populations. Yet integrating research into clinical care presents difficult ethical and regulatory challenges, including how or whether to obtain informed consent. Multiple empirical studies have explored patients' and the public's attitudes toward approaches to consent for pragmatic research. Questions remain, however, about how to use the resulting empirical data in resolving normative and policy debates and what (...)
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  49.  17
    Orchestrating Governmental Corporate Social Responsibility Interventions through Financial Markets: The Case of French Socially Responsible Investment.Stéphanie Giamporcaro, Jean-Pascal Gond & Niamh O’Sullivan - 2020 - Business Ethics Quarterly 30 (3):288-334.
    ABSTRACTAlthough a growing stream of research investigates the role of government in corporate social responsibility, little is known about how governmental CSR interventions interact in financial markets. This article addresses this gap through a longitudinal study of the socially responsible investment market in France. Building on the “CSR and government” and “regulative capitalism” literatures, we identify three modes of governmental CSR intervention—regulatory steering, delegated rowing, and microsteering—and show how they interact through the two mechanisms of layering and catalyzing. Our findings: (...)
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  50. Letters, 1913-1936.Oswald Spengler - 1966 - London,: Allen & Unwin. Edited by Arthur Helps.
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