Results for 'Stephan Patrick Swinnen'

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  1.  40
    Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on the Recognition of Bodily Emotions from Point-Light Displays.Sharona Vonck, Stephan Patrick Swinnen, Nicole Wenderoth & Kaat Alaerts - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  21
    We know a lot about the cerebellum, but do we know what motor learning is?Stephan P. Swinnen, Charles B. Walter & Natalia Dounskaia - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):474-475.
    In the behavioral literature on human movement, a distinction is made between the learning of parameters and the learning of new movement forms or topologies. Whereas the target articles by Thach, Smith, and Houk et al. provide evidence for cerebellar involvement in parametrization learning and adaptation, the evidence in favor of its involvement in the generation of new movement patterns is less straightforward. A case is made for focusing more attention on the latter issue in the future. This would directly (...)
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  3.  13
    Is motor pathology associated with setting new CNS priorities or with increased difficulty in overcoming or suppressing preexisting CNS priorities?Stephan P. Swinnen, Sabine M. P. Verschueren & Natalia Dounskaia - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):87-88.
  4. Entanglement, Upper Probabilities and Decoherence in Quantum Mechanics.Patrick Suppes & Stephan Hartmann - 2009 - In Mauro Dorato et al (ed.), EPSA 2007: Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 93--103.
    Quantum mechanical entangled configurations of particles that do not satisfy Bell’s inequalities, or equivalently, do not have a joint probability distribution, are familiar in the foundational literature of quantum mechanics. Nonexistence of a joint probability measure for the correlations predicted by quantum mechanics is itself equivalent to the nonexistence of local hidden variables that account for the correlations (for a proof of this equivalence, see Suppes and Zanotti, 1981). From a philosophical standpoint it is natural to ask what sort of (...)
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  5.  20
    Proprioception in the cerebellum.Matthieu P. Boisgontier & Stephan P. Swinnen - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  10
    Multidomain Cognitive Training Transfers to Attentional and Executive Functions in Healthy Older Adults.Patrick D. Gajewski, Sven Thönes, Michael Falkenstein, Edmund Wascher & Stephan Getzmann - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  7.  25
    Systematic error in the organization of physical action.Charles B. Walter, Stephan P. Swinnen, Natalia Dounskaia & H. Van Langendonk - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (3):393-422.
    Current views of the control of complex, purposeful movements acknowledge that organizational processes must reconcile multiple concerns. The central priority is of course accomplishing the actor's goal. But in specifying the manner in which this occurs, the action plan must accommodate such factors as the interaction of mechanical forces associated with the motion of a multilinked system (classical mechanics) and, in many cases, intrinsic bias toward preferred movement patterns, characterized by so‐called “coordination dynamics.” The most familiar example of the latter (...)
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  8.  20
    Potential disparities between imagining and preparing motor skills.Charles B. Walter & Stephan P. Swinnen - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):227-228.
  9.  46
    Comptes rendus.Jean-Marc Drouin, Patrick Gautier Dalché, Fabien Chareix, Charles Lenay, Monique Cottret, Bernard Vandewalle, François Laplanche, Françoise Waquet, Agnès Spiquel, Ariane Poulantzas, Olivier Martin, Sophie Roux, Ilana Löwy, Isabelle Brian, Michel Cassan, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser, Jean-Michel Vienne, Marc Renneville, Bernard Lahire, Mikhaäl Xifaras, Bertrand Binoche, Stéphane Haber, Jean-François Pradeau, Noël Bonneuil & Marie Jaisson - 1997 - Revue de Synthèse 118 (4):551-613.
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  10.  8
    Physical Activity Predicts Performance in an Unpracticed Bimanual Coordination Task.Matthieu P. Boisgontier, Leen Serbruyns & Stephan P. Swinnen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  11.  18
    The role of the cerebellum in challenging postural control conditions.Leunissen Inge, Drijkoningen David, Hoogkamer Wouter, Caeyenberghs Karen & Swinnen Stephan - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  12.  12
    Comparative genetic architectures of schizophrenia in East Asian and European populations.Max Lam, Chia-Yen Chen, Zhiqiang Li, Alicia R. Martin, Julien Bryois, Xixian Ma, Helena Gaspar, Masashi Ikeda, Beben Benyamin, Brielin C. Brown, Ruize Liu, Wei Zhou, Lili Guan, Yoichiro Kamatani, Sung-Wan Kim, Michiaki Kubo, Agung Kusumawardhani, Chih-Min Liu, Hong Ma, Sathish Periyasamy, Atsushi Takahashi, Zhida Xu, Hao Yu, Feng Zhu, Wei J. Chen, Stephen Faraone, Stephen J. Glatt, Lin He, Steven E. Hyman, Hai-Gwo Hwu, Steven A. McCarroll, Benjamin M. Neale, Pamela Sklar, Dieter B. Wildenauer, Xin Yu, Dai Zhang, Bryan J. Mowry, Jimmy Lee, Peter Holmans, Shuhua Xu, Patrick F. Sullivan, Stephan Ripke, Michael C. O’Donovan, Mark J. Daly, Shengying Qin, Pak Sham, Nakao Iwata, Kyung S. Hong, Sibylle G. Schwab, Weihua Yue, Ming Tsuang, Jianjun Liu, Xiancang Ma, René S. Kahn, Yongyong Shi & Hailiang Huang - 2019 - Nature Genetics 51 (12):1670-1678.
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  13.  26
    Cross-Cultural Differences in the Valuing of Dominance by Young Children.Rawan Charafeddine, Hugo Mercier, Takahiro Yamada, Tomoko Matsui, Mioko Sudo, Patrick Germain, Stéphane Bernard, Thomas Castelain & Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst - 2019 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 19 (3-4):256-272.
    Developmental research suggests that young children tend to value dominant individuals over subordinates. This research, however, has nearly exclusively been carried out in Western cultures, and cross-cultural research among adults has revealed cultural differences in the valuing of dominance. In particular, it seems that Japanese culture, relative to many Western cultures, values dominance less. We conducted two experiments to test whether this difference would be observed in preschoolers. In Experiment 1, preschoolers in France and in Japan were asked to identify (...)
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  14.  24
    Le Mot et l’image.Françoise Waquet, Jacques Schlosser, Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, Joël Cornette, Marie-Anne Polo De Beaulieu, Marie-France Rouart, Patrice Sicard, Laurent Bourquin, Monique Cottret, Barbara de Negroni, Jean-François Baillon, François Moureau, Bertil Belfrage, Stéphane Michaud, Patrick Gautier Dalché & Frédéric Druck - 1995 - Revue de Synthèse 116 (1):151-192.
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  15. Critical Notice: The Open Future: Why Future Contingents Are All False, by Patrick Todd. [REVIEW]Stephan Torre - 2024 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (3):1036-1043.
    Patrick Todd's The Open Future defends the view that all future contingent statements, like ‘It will rain tomorrow’, are false.1 Not only is ‘It will rain tomor.
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  16.  26
    The Angel of History: Rosenzweig, Benjamin, Scholem. By Stéphane Mosès; translated by Barbara Harshav.Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):158-159.
  17. De se knowledge and the possibility of an omniscient being.Stephan Torre - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):191-200.
    In this paper I examine an argument that has been made by Patrick Grim for the claim that de se knowledge is incompatible with the existence of an omniscient being. I claim that the success of the argument depends upon whether it is possible for someone else to know what I know in knowing (F), where (F) is a claim involving de se knowledge. I discuss one reply to this argument, proposed by Edward Wierenga, that appeals to first-person propositions (...)
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  18.  7
    A study of judgment: a factorial analysis of the anchoring effects.Patrick J. Frawley - 1948 - Washington: Catholic Univ. of America Press.
    This anthology assembles original contributions by leadinganalytical philosophers to a broad range of topics on whichSuppes set out ideas which still point the way ahead. All the papersincluded were originally given at the 1st International LauenerSymposium on Analytical Philosophy, which accompanied the Presentationof the first Lauener Prize to Patrick Suppes. His detailedcommentaries on each of the revised articles as well as the addedinterview elicit a spirit of constructive academic conversation.The book joins together contributions by Patrick Suppes, DagfinnFllesdal, Nancy (...)
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  19. Imprecise Probabilities in Quantum Mechanics.Stephan Hartmann - 2015 - In Colleen E. Crangle, Adolfo García de la Sienra & Helen E. Longino (eds.), Foundations and Methods From Mathematics to Neuroscience: Essays Inspired by Patrick Suppes. Stanford Univ Center for the Study. pp. 77-82.
    In his entry on "Quantum Logic and Probability Theory" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Alexander Wilce (2012) writes that "it is uncontroversial (though remarkable) the formal apparatus quantum mechanics reduces neatly to a generalization of classical probability in which the role played by a Boolean algebra of events in the latter is taken over the 'quantum logic' of projection operators on a Hilbert space." For a long time, Patrick Suppes has opposed this view (see, for example, the paper (...)
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  20. The Art of Theology, by Stephan van Erp. [REVIEW]Patrick Sherry - 2005 - Ars Disputandi 5.
     
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  21.  9
    Pluralität der Perspektiven und Einheit der Wahrheit im Werk von G.W. Leibniz: Beiträge zu seinem philosophischen, theologischen und politischen Denken.Friedrich Beiderbeck & Stephan Waldhoff (eds.) - 2011 - Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz war der vielleicht letzte europäische Denker, der das Wissen und den gelehrten Diskurs seiner Zeit noch überblicken konnte. Dabei leitete ihn die Überzeugung, dass die Wahrheit erst in der Pluralität der Perspektiven erfahrbar werde. Dieses ebenso spannungsreiche wie produktive Verhältnis von Einheit und Pluralität erkunden die Autoren der Beiträge auf drei im Leibnizschen Werk eng miteinander verbundenen Gebieten: der Philosophie, der Theologie und dem politischen Denken. Ausgehend von den philosophischen Grundlagen wird die Theologie in Leibniz' Gesamtkonzept der (...)
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  22.  22
    Conceptual change.Glenn Pearce & Patrick Maynard (eds.) - 1973 - Boston,: D. Reidel.
    During Hallowe'en of 1970, the Department of Philosophy of the Univer sity of Western Ontario held its annual fall colloquium at London, On tario. The general topic of the sessions that year was conceptual change. The thirteen papers composing this volume stem more or less directly from those meetings; six of them are printed here virtually as delivered, while the remaining seven were subsequently written by invitation. The programme of the colloquium was to have consisted of major papers delivered by (...)
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  23. Scientific Models.Stephan Hartmann & Roman Frigg - 2005 - In Sahotra Sarkar et al (ed.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 2. Routledge.
    Models are of central importance in many scientific contexts. The roles the MIT bag model of the nucleon, the billiard ball model of a gas, the Bohr model of the atom, the Gaussian-chain model of a polymer, the Lorenz model of the atmosphere, the Lotka- Volterra model of predator-prey interaction, agent-based and evolutionary models of social interaction, or general equilibrium models of markets play in their respective domains are cases in point.
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  24. Grounding and Necessity.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):151-174.
    The elucidations and regimentations of grounding offered in the literature standardly take it to be a necessary connection. In particular, authors often assert, or at least assume, that if some facts ground another fact, then the obtaining of the former necessitates the latter; and moreover, that grounding is an internal relation, in the sense of being necessitated by the existence of the relata. In this article, I challenge the necessitarian orthodoxy about grounding by offering two prima facie counterexamples. First, some (...)
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  25. Bayesian Epistemology.Stephan Hartmann & Jan Sprenger - 2010 - In Sven Bernecker & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Epistemology. New York: Routledge. pp. 609-620.
    Bayesian epistemology addresses epistemological problems with the help of the mathematical theory of probability. It turns out that the probability calculus is especially suited to represent degrees of belief (credences) and to deal with questions of belief change, confirmation, evidence, justification, and coherence. Compared to the informal discussions in traditional epistemology, Bayesian epis- temology allows for a more precise and fine-grained analysis which takes the gradual aspects of these central epistemological notions into account. Bayesian epistemology therefore complements traditional epistemology; it (...)
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  26. Ceteris Absentibus Physicalism.Stephan Leuenberger - 2008 - In Dean W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 4--145.
  27.  27
    Memory for serial order.Stephan Lewandowsky & Bennet B. Murdock - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (1):25-57.
  28. The Weight of Competence under a Realistic Loss Function.Stephan Hartmann & Jan Sprenger - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):346-352.
    In many scientific, economic and policy-related problems, pieces of information from different sources have to be aggregated. Typically, the sources are not equally competent. This raises the question of how the relative weights and competences should be related to arrive at an optimal final verdict. Our paper addresses this question under a more realistic perspective of measuring the practical loss implied by an inaccurate verdict.
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  29.  3
    Models and stories in Hadron physics.Stephan Hartmann - 1999 - In Mary S. Morgan & Margaret Morrison (eds.), Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 326-346.
    Fundamental theories are hard to come by. But even if we had them, they would be too complicated to apply. Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is a case in point. This theory is supposed to govern all strong interactions, but it is extremely hard to apply and test at energies where protons, neutrons and ions are the effective degrees of freedom. Instead, scientists typically use highly idealized models such as the MIT Bag Model or the Nambu Jona-Lasinio Model to account for phenomena (...)
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  30.  68
    Valuations of human lives: normative expectations and psychological mechanisms of (ir)rationality.Stephan Dickert, Daniel Västfjäll, Janet Kleber & Paul Slovic - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):95-105.
    A central question for psychologists, economists, and philosophers is how human lives should be valued. Whereas egalitarian considerations give rise to models emphasizing that every life should be valued equally, empirical research has demonstrated that valuations of lives depend on a variety of factors that often do not conform to specific normative expectations. Such factors include emotional reactions to the victims and cognitive considerations leading to biased perceptions of lives at risk (e.g., attention, mental imagery, pseudo-inefficacy, and scope neglect). They (...)
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  31. Modeling in Philosophy of Science.Stephan Hartmann - 2008 - In W. K. Essler & M. Frauchiger (eds.), Representation, Evidence, and Justification: Themes From Suppes. Frankfort, Germany: Ontos Verlag. pp. 1-95.
    Models are a principle instrument of modern science. They are built, applied, tested, compared, revised and interpreted in an expansive scientific literature. Throughout this paper, I will argue that models are also a valuable tool for the philosopher of science. In particular, I will discuss how the methodology of Bayesian Networks can elucidate two central problems in the philosophy of science. The first thesis I will explore is the variety-of-evidence thesis, which argues that the more varied the supporting evidence, the (...)
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  32. A new argument for animalism.Stephan Blatti - 2012 - Analysis 72 (4):685-690.
    The view known as animalism asserts that we are human animals—that each of us is an instance of the Homo sapiens species. The standard argument for this view is known as the thinking animal argument . But this argument has recently come under attack. So, here, a new argument for animalism is introduced. The animal ancestors argument illustrates how the case for animalism can be seen to piggyback on the credibility of evolutionary theory. Two objections are then considered and answered.
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  33.  78
    Modeling Partially Reliable Information Sources: A General Approach Based on Dempster-Shafer Theory.Stephan Hartmann & Rolf Haenni - 2006 - Information Fusion 7:361-379.
    Combining testimonial reports from independent and partially reliable information sources is an important epistemological problem of uncertain reasoning. Within the framework of Dempster–Shafer theory, we propose a general model of partially reliable sources, which includes several previously known results as special cases. The paper reproduces these results on the basis of a comprehensive model taxonomy. This gives a number of new insights and thereby contributes to a better understanding of this important application of reasoning with uncertain and incomplete information.
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  34. Consensual Decision-Making Among Epistemic Peers.Stephan Hartmann, Carlo Martini & Jan Sprenger - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):110-129.
    This paper focuses on the question of how to resolve disagreement and uses the Lehrer-Wagner model as a formal tool for investigating consensual decision-making. The main result consists in a general definition of when agents treat each other as epistemic peers (Kelly 2005; Elga 2007), and a theorem vindicating the “equal weight view” to resolve disagreement among epistemic peers. We apply our findings to an analysis of the impact of social network structures on group deliberation processes, and we demonstrate their (...)
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  35.  34
    Welfare, Voting and the Constitution of a Federal Assembly.Stephan Hartmann & L. Bovens - 2008 - In Maria-Carla Galavotti (ed.), Reasoning, Rationality and Probability. CSLI Publications.
    Equal and proportional representation are two poles of a continuum of models of representation for the assembly of a federation of states. The choice of a model has repercussions on the welfare distribution in the federation. We determine, first by means of Monte Carlo simulations, what welfare distributions result after assemblies that were constituted on the basis of different models of representation have considered a large number of motions. We assess what model of representation is favored by a Rawlsian maximin (...)
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  36.  19
    Analyzing Theories in the Frame Model.Stephan Kornmesser & Gerhard Schurz - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (6):1313-1346.
    The frame model was developed in cognitive psychology and imported into the philosophy of science in order to provide representations of scientific concepts and conceptual taxonomies. The aim of this article is to show that beside the representation of scientific concepts the frame model is an efficient instrument to represent and analyze scientific theories. That is, we aim to establish the frame model as a representation tool for the structure of theories within the philosophy of science. For this, we will (...)
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  37. Ceteris Absentibus Physicalism.Stephan Leuenberger - 2008 - In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 4. Oxford University Press UK.
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  38.  91
    Models as a Tool for Theory Construction: Some Strategies of Preliminary Physics.Stephan Hartmann - 1995 - In William Herfel et al (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi.
    Theoretical models are an important tool for many aspects of scientific activity. They are used, i.a., to structure data, to apply theories or even to construct new theories. But what exactly is a model? It turns out that there is no proper definition of the term "model" that covers all these aspects. Thus, I restrict myself here to evaluate the function of models in the research process while using "model" in the loose way physicists do. To this end, I distinguish (...)
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  39. Grundlinien der Psychologie.Stephan Witasek - 1908 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 66:99-100.
     
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  40. The dual role of 'emergence' in the philosophy of mind and in cognitive science.Achim Stephan - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):485-498.
    The concept of emergence is widely used in both the philosophy of mind and in cognitive science. In the philosophy of mind it serves to refer to seemingly irreducible phenomena, in cognitive science it is often used to refer to phenomena not explicitly programmed. There is no unique concept of emergence available that serves both purposes.
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  41. Artificial Intelligence and its Methodological Implications.Stephan Hartmann - 2004 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Induction and Deduction in the Sciences. Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer. pp. 217.
    Donald Gillies is one of the pioneers in the philosophical analysis of artificial intelligence (AI). In his recent book, Gillies (1996) not only makes a new and rapidly developing field of science accessible to philosophers; he also introduces philosophical topics relevant to researchers in AI and thereby helps establish a dialogue between the two disciplines. His book clearly and convincingly demonstrates the fruitful interplay between AI and philosophy of science.
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  42.  87
    Can there be stochastic evolutionary causes?Patrick Forber & Kenneth Reisman - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):616-627.
    Do evolutionary processes such as selection and random drift cause evolutionary change, or are they merely convenient ways of describing or summarizing it? Philosophers have lined up on both sides of this question. One recent defense (Reisman and Forber 2005) of the causal status of selection and drift appeals to a manipulability theory of causation. Yet, even if one accepts manipulability, there are still reasons to doubt that genetic drift, in particular, is genuinely causal. We will address two challenges to (...)
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  43.  91
    Singular troubles with singleton socrates.Stephan Krämer - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 103 (1):40-56.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  44.  54
    Total logic.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):529-547.
  45.  31
    The Stakeholders as Investors.Stephan Cludts - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):673-676.
    In a recent contribution to this journal, Etzioni (1998) has introduced a “communitarian note on stakeholder theory” based on a principle of fairness. While we do not challenge the principle of fairness itself, we claim that when this principle is applied only to those who invest in the corporation, it cannot serve as the ground for an ethical stakeholder theory. A focus on low-skilled workers as astakeholder group will help us to illustrate this claim.
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  46.  6
    Logic.Stephan Käufer - 2005 - In Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.), A Companion to Heidegger. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 141–155.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Logic in the Nineteenth Century Hermeneutic Phenomenology and the Critique of Logic How to Read What Is Metaphysics? The Metaphysics of Truth 1: Assertion and Its Background The Metaphysics of Truth 2: Norms, Ground, and Inferences Conclusion.
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  47.  13
    Artificial Intelligence and Its Methodological Implications.Stephan Hartmann - 2004 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 11:217-223.
    Donald Gillies is one of the pioneers in the philosophical analysis of artificial intelligence. In his recent book, Gillies not only makes a new and rapidly developing field of science accessible to philosophers; he also introduces philosophical topics relevant to researchers in AI and thereby helps establish a dialogue between the two disciplines. His book clearly and convincingly demonstrates the fruitful interplay between AI and philosophy of science.
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  48.  20
    ‘Flowing’ under the radar in a multifaceted liquid reality: The ekerk narrative.Stephan Joubert - 2018 - HTS Theological Studies 74 (3).
    We live in a liquid new world driven by incessant change. Our reality is constantly shaped by new forms of non-linear individualism, which is expressed in countless factions, networks, tribes and alliances. Social systems do not maintain their shape for very long, because they decompose and melt faster than the time it takes to cast them, according to the sociologist Zygmunt Bauman. Religious institutions that do not come to terms with these rapid rates of change soon find themselves trapped in (...)
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  49.  26
    The Anthropology of Religion, Charisma, and Ghosts: Chinese Lessons for Adequate Theory.Stephan Feuchtwang - 2010 - De Gruyter.
    China has many religions. But rituals of local temples are none of these. They celebrate many gods and their powers to respond. Gods are invited as welcome guests by appropriate rituals of welcome and communication. Other rituals pacify ghosts and harmful powers. These rituals are rich with their own poetry, a poetry of performance, not just of contemplation. Interpreting this poetry demands revision of theories of ritual and religion. The author has spent over four decades studying Chinese ritual and religion (...)
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  50.  11
    LEGO® and the Building Blocks of Metaphysics.Stephan Leuenberger - 2017-07-26 - In William Irwin & Roy T. Cook (eds.), LEGO® and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 197–205.
    This chapter explores how LEGO compare to the metaphysics of the real, actual world—our universe. LEGO worlds and real worlds at least differ in how many there are: there are many LEGO worlds, but only one real world. According to David Lewis, there are worlds in which people were saved from entering the dark ages. There are worlds where they have a billion bricks at their disposal. But there are also worlds where LEGO has never been invented. On Lewis's view, (...)
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