Results for 'Sten Lindstr��m'

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  1. Logicism, Intuitionism, and Formalism - What has Become of Them?Sten Lindstr©œm, Erik Palmgren, Krister Segerberg & Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen (eds.) - 2008 - Berlin, Germany: Springer.
    The period in the foundations of mathematics that started in 1879 with the publication of Frege's Begriffsschrift and ended in 1931 with Gödel's Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme I can reasonably be called the classical period. It saw the development of three major foundational programmes: the logicism of Frege, Russell and Whitehead, the intuitionism of Brouwer, and Hilbert's formalist and proof-theoretic programme. In this period, there were also lively exchanges between the various schools culminating in (...)
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  2.  33
    Medico-Ethical Versus Biological Evaluationism, and the Concept of Disease.Jon A. Lindstrøm - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):165-173.
    According to the ‘fact-plus-value’ model of pathology propounded by K. W. M. Fulford, ‘disease’ is a value term that ought to reflect a ‘balance of values’ stemming from patients and doctors and other ‘stakeholders’ in medical nosology. In the present article I take issue with his linguistic-analytical arguments for why pathological status must be relative to such a kind of medico-ethical normativity. Fulford is right to point out that Boorse and other naturalists are compelled to utilize evaluative terminology when they (...)
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  3.  35
    Nonlinear Stochastic Integrals for Hyperfinite Lévy Processes.Tom Lindstrøm - 2008 - Logic and Analysis 1 (2):91-129.
    I develop a notion of nonlinear stochastic integrals for hyperfinite Lévy processes and use it to find exact formulas for expressions which are intuitively of the form $\sum_{s=0}^t\phi(\omega,dl_{s},s)$ and $\prod_{s=0}^t\psi(\omega,dl_{s},s)$ , where l is a Lévy process. These formulas are then applied to geometric Lévy processes, infinitesimal transformations of hyperfinite Lévy processes, and to minimal martingale measures. Some of the central concepts and results are closely related to those found in S. Cohen’s work on stochastic calculus for processes with jumps (...)
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  4.  54
    Why Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Is Not a True Medical Syndrome.Jon A. Lindstrøm - 2012 - Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry 14 (1):61-73.
    Critics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have repeatedly argued that there is no proof for the condition being symptomatic of an organic brain disease and that the current "ADHD epidemic" is an expression of medicalization. To this, the supporters of ADHD can retort that the condition is only defined as a mental disorder and not a physical disease. As such, ADHD needs only be a harmful mental dysfunction, which, like other genuine disorders, can have a complex and obscure etiology. This article (...)
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  5. In so Many Words Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Sven Danielsson on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday.Sven Danielsson, Wldzimierz Rabinowicz, M. Sten Lindstro & Filosofiska föreningen - 1989 - Philosophical Society and the Dept. Of Philosophy, University of Uppsala.
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  6. The Timing of First Birth: Analysis and Prediction of Swedish Birth Rates.Sten Martinelle, Q. Yang, D. M. Upchurch, J. McCarthy, J. S. Santelli, M. S. Jacobson, K. McPherson, E. Whelan, D. P. Sandler & D. R. McConnaughey - 1990 - Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (2):143-57.
     
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  7.  7
    Khotansakische Grammatik.M. S. Beeler, Sten Konow & Richard Hartmann - 1942 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 62 (4):350.
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  8.  12
    To Sympan Kai Ho Anthropos Sten Americanike Philosophia(The Universe and Man in American Philosophy).A. P. D. M. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):531-531.
    A series of four lectures given in Athens during the author's tenure of a Fulbright Fellowship. The intention is to introduce Athenian public to three classical American philosophers, as well as to contemporary trends. The author sees interesting parallels between Emerson and the Byzantine Mystics and predicts that the interest of Americans in Ancient Greek philosophy will lead to closer studies of Byzantine philosophy. The chief defect of the book is its willingness to sacrifice content for coverage. Presentation is cursory (...)
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  9.  17
    Codices Boethiani: A Conspectus of Manuscripts of the Works of Boethius, 1: Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland.M. T. Gibson, Lesley Smith, Joseph Ziegler. [REVIEW]Sten Ebbesen - 1998 - Speculum 73 (1):178-179.
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  10.  3
    Knowledge and the Sciences in Medieval Philosophy: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy (S.I.E.P.M.). [REVIEW]Simo Knuuttila, Reijo Työrinoja & Sten Ebbesen (eds.) - 1900 - [S.N.].
    This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections (...)
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  11.  9
    Les Chemins du Savoir En Suède de la Foundation de l'Université d'Upsal À Jacob Berzelius: Etudes Et Portraits. Sten Lindroth, Jean-François Battail.Evan M. Melhado - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):735-736.
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  12.  21
    The Complex Mind: An Interdisciplinary Approach.David McFarland, Keith Stenning & Maggie McGonigle (eds.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Notes on Contributors -- PART I: COMPLEXITY IN ANIMAL MINDS -- Introduction: M.McGonigle-Chalmers -- Relational and Absolute Discrimination Learning by Squirrel Monkeys: Establishing a Common Ground with Human Cognition; B.T.Jones -- Serial List Retention by Non-Human Primates: Complexity and Cognitive Continuity; F.R.Treichler -- The Use of Spatial Structure in Working Memory: A Comparative Standpoint; C.De Lillo -- The Emergence of Linear Sequencing in Children: A Continuity Account and a Formal Model; M.McGonigle-Chalmers&I.Kusel (...)
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  13.  44
    Early Supposition Theory II.Sten Ebbesen - 2013 - Vivarium 51 (1-4):60-78.
    In 1981 I published an article called Early Supposition Theory. Then as now, the magisterial work on the subject was L.M. de Rijk’s Logica Modernorum and then as now any discussion of the topic would have to rely to a great extent on the texts published there. This means that many of the problems that existed then still remain, but a couple of important new studies and several new texts have been published in the meantime, so it may be time (...)
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  14.  12
    Letters to the Editor.E. Stenager, K. Jensen, Sten Fredrikson, William M. Landau & José G. Rigau - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34 (2):311-313.
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  15.  7
    Non-Standard Analysis; Polymer Models, Quantum Fields.S. Albeverio - 1984 - In Heinrich Mitter & Ludwig Pittner (eds.), Stochastic Methods and Computer Techniques in Quantum Dynamics. Springer Verlag. pp. 233--254.
    We give an elementary introduction to non-standard analysis and its applications to the theory of stochastic processes. This is based on a joint book with J. E. Fenstad, R. Høegh-Krohn and T. Lindstrøm. In particular we give a discussion of an hyperfinite theory of Dirichlet forms with applications to the study of the Hamiltonian for a quantum mechanical particle in the potential created by a polymer. We also discuss new results on the existence of attractive polymer measures in dimension d (...)
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  16.  27
    Configurations of Pluralisms. Navigating Polyphony and Diversity in Philosophy and Beyond.Machiel Keestra - 2022 - In Keith Stenning & Martin Stokhof (eds.), Rules, Regularities, Randomness. Festschrift for Michiel van Lambalgen. Amsterdam: Institute for Logic, Language and Computation. pp. 87-99.
    In western philosophy and beyond, a tension between pluralism and monism has sparked many developments and debates. Pluralism of norms, of forms of knowledge, of aesthetic and moral values, of interests etc. has often been pitted against monism. Monism usually implies a hierarchical order of such norms etc. After having traced the origin of this tension between pluralism and monism in ancient tragedy and philosophy, I’m asking in this article whether a rejection of monism and embrace of pluralism necessarily raises (...)
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  17. Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science.Keith Stenning & Michiel van Lambalgen - 2008 - Boston, USA: MIT Press.
    In the late summer of 1998, the authors, a cognitive scientist and a logician, started talking about the relevance of modern mathematical logic to the study of human reasoning, and we have been talking ever since. This book is an interim report of that conversation. It argues that results such as those on the Wason selection task, purportedly showing the irrelevance of formal logic to actual human reasoning, have been widely misinterpreted, mainly because the picture of logic current in psychology (...)
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  18.  52
    Greek–Latin Philosophical Interaction: Collected Essays of Sten Ebbesen Volume 1.Sten Ebbesen - 2007 - Ashgate.
    The Greek under the Latin and the Latin under the Greek -- Greek-Latin philosophical interaction -- The odyssey of semantics from the Stoa to Buridan -- The Chimera's diary -- Where were the stoics in the late Middle Ages? -- Theories of language in the Hellenistic age and in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries -- Late-ancient ancestors of medieval philosophical commentaries -- Boethius on Aristotle -- Boethius on the metaphysics of words -- Western and Byzantine approaches to logic -- Greek (...)
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  19.  5
    Temanummer om «etikkbølgen» i yrkesutdanning og -praksis.Siri Granum Carson & May Thorseth - 2013 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):1-3.
    Temanummer om «etikkbølgen» i yrkesutdanning og -praksisHøstens utgave av Etikk i praksis er et temanummer om «etikkbølgen» innen yrkesutdanning og -praksis, altså tendensen til å gjøre etikk til et eksplisitt tema for fag, kurs, kodekser og retningslinjer innen ulike profesjoner og utdanningsløp. Den tematiske delen består av fire artikler som omhandler ulike yrkesgruppers møte med «etikkbølgen». I den åpne delen har vi to artikler: en som drøfter vårens store profesjonsetiske slag i norsk politikk, nemlig fastlegenes reservasjonsrett, og en som tar (...)
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  20. David M. Kaplan, Ed., Readings in the Philosophy of Technology; Judith Wajcman, Technofeminism.M. Stern - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
     
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  21. Topics in Latin Philosophy From the 12th–14th Centuries: Collected Essays of Sten Ebbesen Volume 2.Sten Ebbesen - 2009 - Ashgate.
  22.  82
    Situations and Attitudes.Sten Lindstrom - 1991 - Noûs 25 (5):743-770.
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  23. Intellect Et Imagination Dans la Philosophie Médiévale. Actes du XIe Congrès International de Philosophie Médiévale de la S.I.E.P.M., Porto du 26 au 31 Août 2002.M. C. Pacheco & J. Meirinhos (eds.) - 2004 - Brepols Publishers.
    Le XI.ème Congrès International de Philosophie Médiévale de la Société Internationale pour l’Étude de la Philosophie Médiévale (S.I.E.P.M..) s’est déroulé à Porto (Portugal), du 26 au 30 août 2002, sous le thème général: Intellect et Imagination dans la Philosophie Médiévale. A partir des héritages platonicien, aristotélicien, stoïcien, ou néo-platonicien (dans leurs variantes grecques, latines, arabes, juives), la conceptualisation et la problématisation de l’imagination et de l’intellect, ou même des facultés de l’âme en général, apparaissaient comme une ouverture possible pour aborder (...)
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  24.  46
    The Deeds of Augustus. By David M. Robinson. (Reprinted From The American Journal of Philology, Vol. XLVIL, No. 1.) Pp. 1–54, with 7 Plates. [REVIEW]M. P. Charlesworth - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (2):88-89.
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  25.  77
    Commentators and Commentaries on Aristotle's Sophistici Elenchi: A Study of Post-Aristotelian Ancient and Medieval Writings on Fallacies.Sten Ebbesen - 1981 - E.J. Brill.
    v. 1. The Greek tradition -- v. 2. Greek texts and fragments of the Latin translation of "Alexander's" commentary -- v. 3. Appendices, Danish summary, indices.
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  26.  97
    Thinking Impossible Things.Sten Lindström - 2002 - In Sten Lindström & Pär Sundström (eds.), Physicalism, Consciousness, and Modality: Essays in the Philosophy of Mind. Umeå, Sverige: pp. 125-132.
    “There is no use in trying,” said Alice; “one can’t believe impossible things.” “I dare say you haven’t had much practice,” said the Queen. “When I was your age, I always did it for half an hour a day. Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast”. Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass. -/- It is a rather common view among philosophers that one cannot, properly speaking, be said to believe, conceive, imagine, hope for, or seek (...)
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  27.  2
    In Defense of Tradition: Collected Shorter Writings of Richard M. Weaver, 1929-1963.Richard M. Weaver & Ted J. Smith - 2000
    Richard M Weaver, a thinker and writer celebrated for his unsparing diagnoses and realistic remedies for the ills of our age, is known largely through a few of his works that remain in print. This new collection of Weaver's shorter writings, assembled by Ted J Smith III, Weaver's leading biographer, presents many long-out-of-print and never-before-published works that give new range and depth to Weaver's sweeping thought. Included are eleven previously unpublished essays and speeches that were left in near-final form at (...)
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  28.  79
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  29. Epistemic Entrenchment with Incomparabilities and Relational Belief Revision.Sten Lindström & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 1991 - In André Fuhrmann & Michael Morreau (eds.), The Logic of Theory Change. Springer. pp. 93--126.
    In earlier papers (Lindström & Rabinowicz, 1989. 1990), we proposed a generalization of the AGM approach to belief revision. Our proposal was to view belief revision as a relation rather thanas a function on theories (or belief sets). The idea was to allow for there being several equally reasonable revisions of a theory with a given proposition. In the present paper, we show that the relational approach is the natural result of generalizing in a certain way an approach to belief (...)
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  30. Belief Revision, Epistemic Conditionals and the Ramsey Test.Sten Lindström & Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz - 1992 - Synthese 91 (3):195-237.
    Epistemic conditionals have often been thought to satisfy the Ramsey test : If A, then B is acceptable in a belief state G if and only if B should be accepted upon revising G with A. But as Peter Gärdenfors has shown, RT conflicts with the intuitively plausible condition of Preservation on belief revision. We investigate what happens if RT is retained while Preservation is weakened, or vice versa. We also generalize Gärdenfors' approach by treating belief revision as a relation (...)
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  31.  36
    Baalbek—Palmyra. Photographs by Hoyningen–Huene, Text by David M. Robinson. Pp. 136; 66 Pjates, 2 Plans. New York: J. J. Augustin, 1946. Cloth, 17.50. [REVIEW]A. H. M. Jones - 1948 - The Classical Review 62 (3-4):168-.
  32.  12
    Sten Ebbesen, John Marenbon, and Paul Thom, Eds., Aristotle’s “Categories” in the Byzantine, Arabic and Latin Traditions. Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 2013. Paper. Pp. 340. Kr300. ISBN: 978-87-7304-372-1. [REVIEW]Alessandro D. Conti - 2017 - Speculum 92 (4):1186-1187.
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  33.  13
    Baalbek—Palmyra. Photographs by Hoyningen–Huene, Text by David M. Robinson. Pp. 136; 66 Pjates, 2 Plans. New York: J. J. Augustin, 1946. Cloth, 17.50. [REVIEW]A. H. M. Jones - 1948 - The Classical Review 62 (3-4):168-168.
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  34.  20
    Seeing Reason: Image and Language in Learning to Think.Keith Stenning - 2002 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    In an age of information glut, knowledge can be hard to come by. Education must equip us to transform information for our own individual requirements. Full citizenship of the world requires that we learn to reason and communicate. So how do we do it? This book shares new insights into how people process information, and how we use that information to reason, make decisions, and develop theories about the world in which we live.
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  35. Mens En Recht Essays Tussen Rechtstheorie En Rechtspraktijk : Liber Amicorum J.M. Broekman.Jan M. Broekman & Frank Fleerackers - 1997
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  36. The Psychiatrist in the Courtroom: Selected Papers of Bernard L. Diamond, M. D.Jacques M. Quen (ed.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Over the course of an illustrious career, the late Bernard Diamond established himself as the preeminent forensic psychiatrist of the century. _The Psychiatrist in the Courtroom_ brings together in a single volume Diamond's pivotal contributions to a variety of important issues, including the nature of diminished capacity, the fallacy of the impartial expert, the predictability of dangerousness, and the unacceptability of hypnotically facilitated memory in courtroom proceedings. Ably introduced and edited by Jacques M. Quen, M.D., a close colleague of Diamond's (...)
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  37. Unity, Plurality and Politics: Essays in Honour of F. M. Barnard.Richard Vernon & J. M. Porter - 1986 - Routledge.
    First published in 1986. Nations have a unity often described as 'cultural'; and within them there are divergences some of which are termed 'political'. But culture and politics do not, therefore, comprise two wholly distinct zones or orders of experience, the one marked by unity, the other by plurality. Unity and plurality interpenetrate. These insights, which derive from the thinking of Herder, have been fundamental to the work of F. M. Barnard. In this volume a number of scholars contribute, in (...)
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  38. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  39.  21
    Image and Language in Human Reasoning: A Syllogistic Illustration.Keith Stenning & Peter Yule - 1997 - Cognitive Psychology 34:109--159.
    Existing accounts of syllogistic reasoning oppose rule-based and model-based methods. Stenning \& Oberlander show that the latter are isomorphic to well-known graphical methods, when these are correctly interpreted. We here extend these results by showing that equivalent sentential implementations exist, thus revealing that all these theories are members of a family of abstract {\it individual identification algorithms} variously implemented in diagrams or sentences. This abstract logical analysis suggests a novel {\it individual identification task} for observing syllogistic reasoning processes. Comparison of (...)
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  40. DDL Unlimited: Dynamic Doxastic Logic for Introspective Agents.Sten Lindström & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50 (2-3):353-385.
    The theories of belief change developed within the AGM-tradition are not logics in the proper sense, but rather informal axiomatic theories of belief change. Instead of characterizing the models of belief and belief change in a formalized object language, the AGM-approach uses a natural language — ordinary mathematical English — to characterize the mathematical structures that are under study. Recently, however, various authors such as Johan van Benthem and Maarten de Rijke have suggested representing doxastic change within a formal logical (...)
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  41.  29
    A Cognitive Theory of Graphical and Linguistic Reasoning: Logic and Implementation.Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (1):97-140.
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  42. Modal Logic and Philosophy.Sten Lindström & Krister Segerberg - 2007 - In Patrick Blackburn, Johan van Benthem & Frank Wolter (eds.), Handbook of Modal Logic. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier. pp. 1149-1214.
    Modal logic is one of philosophy’s many children. As a mature adult it has moved out of the parental home and is nowadays straying far from its parent. But the ties are still there: philosophy is important to modal logic, modal logic is important for philosophy. Or, at least, this is a thesis we try to defend in this chapter. Limitations of space have ruled out any attempt at writing a survey of all the work going on in our field—a (...)
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  43.  47
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  44. Artificiell Intelligens: Tankar utan innehåll?Sten Lindström & Ingar Brinck - 1993 - In Åke E. Andersson & Nils-Eric Sahlin (eds.), Huvudinnehåll: Tolv Filosofiska Uppsatser. 641 91 Nora, Sverige: pp. 121-146.
    Artificiell intelligens (AI) är ett ungt forskningsområde där många av de grundläggande problemen förefaller att vara av filosofisk art.1 Ämnet har sina filosofiska rötter dels i traditionen från Leibniz, Frege, Russell och Hilbert, som strävar efter att formalisera principerna för exakt tänkande, dels i den klassiska mekanismen: idén att människan är en maskin och att det mänskliga tänkandet är en mekanisk process. Som en första approximation kan vi säga att AI är det vetenskapliga studiet av hur man konstruerar och bygger (...)
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  45.  1
    Master Richard Sophista: Abstractiones.Sten Ebbesen & E. Jennifer Ashworth (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Theiones is a work in medieval logic from the second half of the 13th century. Clearly a product of the British university culture and much cited, quoted and imitated, it is attributed in two manuscripts to 'Master Richard the Sophist'. This Richard is referred to by other philosophers and logicians as 'The Master of Abstractions' - an honorific title which indicates that his work was a standard textbook. The Abstractiones is a collection of sophismata, or logical puzzles of increasing complexity (...)
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  46.  44
    Plato's Ion Translated by W. R. M. Lamb (Loeb Text, Greek-English). Plato & W. R. M. Lamb - 1925 - Loeb Classical Library.
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  47.  81
    Logic in the Study of Psychiatric Disorders: Executive Function and Rule-Following.Keith Stenning & Michiel van Lambalgen - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):97-114.
    Executive function has become an important concept in explanations of psychiatric disorders, but we currently lack comprehensive models of normal executive function and of its malfunctions. Here we illustrate how defeasible logical analysis can aid progress in this area. We illustrate using autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as example disorders, and show how logical analysis reveals commonalities between linguistic and non-linguistic behaviours within each disorder, and how contrasting sub-components of executive function are involved across disorders. This analysis reveals (...)
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  48.  62
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  49. On Probabilistic Representation of Non-Probabilistic Belief Revision.Sten Lindström & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 1989 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 18 (1):69 - 101.
  50. An Exposition and Development of Kanger's Early Semantics for Modal Logic.Sten Lindström - 1998 - In J. H. Fetzer & P. Humphreys (eds.), The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its origins. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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